NOTE: This page was created in Balarama Font for better transliteration of Sanskrit into English. Balarama Font is available here.

Ka, The Supreme Personality of Godhead

 

DEDICATION:
To My Father, Gour Mohan De
(1849-1930)
Words from Apple,
George Harrison

Preface

Introduction

1: The Advent of Lord Ka

2: Prayers by the Demigods for Lord Ka in the Womb

3: The Birth of Lord Ka

4: Kasa Begins His Persecutions

5: The Meeting of Nanda and Vasudeva

6: Ptan Killed

7: The Salvation of Tvarta

8: Vision of the Universal Form

9: Mother Yaod Binds Lord Ka

10: The Deliverance of Nalakvara and Maigrva

11: Killing the Demons Vatssura and Baksura

12: The Killing of the Aghsura Demon

13: The Stealing of the Boys and Calves by Brahm

14: Prayers Offered by Lord Brahm to Lord Ka

15: The Killing of Dhenuksura

16: Subduing Kliya

17: Extinguishing the Forest Fire

18: Killing the Demon Pralambsura

19: Devouring the Forest Fire

20: Description of Autumn

21: The Gops Attracted by the Flute

22: Stealing the Garments of the Unmarried Gop Girls

23: Delivering the Wives of the Brhmaas Who Performed Sacrifices

24: Worshiping Govardhana Hill

25: Devastating Rainfall in Vndvana

26: Wonderful Ka

27: Prayers by Indra, the King of Heaven

28: Releasing Nanda Mahrja from the Clutches of Varua

29: The Rsa Dance: Introduction

30: Ka's Hiding from the Gops

31: Songs by the Gops

32: Ka Returns to the Gops

33: Description of the Rsa Dance

34: Vidydhara Liberated and the Demon akhaca Killed

35: The Gops' Feelings of Separation

36: Kasa Sends Akrra for Ka

37: Killing the Ke Demon and Vyomsura

38: Akrra's Arrival in Vndvana

39: Akrra's Return Journey and His Vision of Viuloka
Within the Yamun River

40: Prayers by Akrra

41: Ka Enters Mathur

42: The Breaking of the Bow in the Sacrificial Arena

43: The Killing of the Elephant Kuvalaypa

44: The Killing of Kasa

45: Ka Recovers the Son of His Teacher

46: Uddhava Visits Vndvana

47: Delivery of the Message of Ka to the Gops

48: Ka Pleases His Devotees

49: Ill-motivated Dhtarra

50: Ka Erects the Dvrak Fort

51: The Deliverance of Mucukunda

52: Ka, the Raacora

53: Ka Kidnaps Rukmi

54: Ka Defeats All the Princes and Takes Rukmi Home to Dvrak

55: Pradyumna Born to Ka and Rukmi

56: The Story of the Syamantaka Jewel

57: The Killing of Satrjit and atadhanv

58: Five Queens Married by Ka

59: The Deliverance of the Demon Bhaumsura

60: Talks Between Ka and Rukmi

61: The Genealogy of the Family of Ka

62: The Meeting of and Aniruddha

63: Lord Ka Fights with Bsura

64: The Story of King Nga

65: Lord Balarma Visits Vndvana

66: The Deliverance of Pauraka and the King of K

67: The Deliverance of Dvivida Gorilla

68: The Marriage of Smba

69: The Great Sage Nrada Visits the Different Homes of Lord Ka

70: Lord Ka's Daily Activities

71: Lord Ka in Indraprastha City

72: The Liberation of King Jarsandha

73: Lord Ka Returns to the City of Hastinpura

74: The Deliverance of iupla

75: Why Duryodhana Felt Insulted at the End of the Rjasya Sacrifice

76: The Battle Between lva and Members of the Yadu Dynasty

77: The Deliverance of lva

78: The Killing of Dantavakra, Vidratha and Romaharaa

79: The Liberation of Balvala, and Lord Balarma's Touring the Sacred Places

80: The Meeting of Lord Ka with Sudm Brhmaa

81: The Brhmaa Sudm Blessed by Lord Ka

82: Lord Ka and Balarma meet the inhabitants of Vndvana

83: Draupad Meets the Queens of Ka

84: Sacrificial Ceremonies Performed by Vasudeva

85: Spiritual Instruction for Vasudeva, and the Return of the
Six Dead Sons of Devak by Lord
Ka

86: The Kidnapping of Subhadr, and Lord Ka's
Visiting rutadeva and Bahulva

87: Prayers by the Personified Vedas

88: The Deliverance of Lord iva

89: The Superexcellent Power of Ka

90: Summary Description of Lord Ka's Pastimes

 

To My Father, Gour Mohan De (1849-1930)

A pure devotee of Ka, who raised me as a Ka concious child from the beginning of my life. In my boyhood ages he instructed me how to play the mdanga. He gave me Rdh-Ka Vigraha to worship, and he gave me Jaganntha-Ratha to duly observe the festival as my childhood play. He was kind to me, and I imbibed from him the ideas later on solidified by my spiritual master, the eternal father.

Words from Apple [i]*

Everybody is looking for Ka.

Some don't realize that they are, but they are.

KA is GOD, the source of all that exists, the Cause of all that is, was, or ever will be.

As GOD is unlimited, HE has many Names.

Allah-Buddha-Jehova-Rama: ALL are KA, all are ONE.

God is not abstract; He has both the impersonal and the personal GOD is abstract ; He has both the impersonal and the personal aspects to His personality which is SUPREME, ETERNAL, BLISSFUL, and full of KNOWLEDGE. As a single drop of water has the same qualities as an ocean of water, so has our consciousness the qualities of GOD'S consciousness but through our identification and attachment with material energy (physical body, sense pleasures, material possessions, ego, etc.) our true TRANSCENDENTAL CONSCIOUSNESS has been polluted, and like a dirty mirror it is unable to reflect a pure image.

With many lives our association with the TEMPORARY has grown. This impermanent body, a bag of bones and flesh, is mistaken for our true self, and we have accepted this temporay condition to be final.

Through all ages, great SAINTS have remained as living proof that this non-temporary, permanent state of GOD CONSCIOUSNESS can be revived in all living Souls. Each soul is potentially divine.

Ka says in Bhagavad Gita: "Steady in the Self, being freed from all material contamination, the yogi achieves the highest perfectional stage of happiness in touch with the Supreme Consciousness." (VI, 28)

YOGA (a scientific method for GOD (SELF) realization) is the process by which we purify our consciousness, stop further pollution, and arrive at the state of Perfection, full KNOWLEDGE, full BLISS.

If there's a God, I want to see Him. It's pointless to believe in something without proof, and Ka Consciousness and meditation are methods where you can actually obtain GOD perception. You can actually see God, and hear Him, play with Him. It might sound crazy, but He is actually there, actually with you.

There are many yogic Paths-Raja, Jnana, Hatha, Kriya, Karma, Bhakti-which are all acclaimed by the MASTERS of each method.

SWAMI BHAKTIVEDANTA is as his title says, a BHAKTI Yogi following the path of DEVOTION. By serving GOD through each thought, word and DEED, and by chanting HIS Holy Names, the devotee quickly develops God-consciousness. By chanting

Hare Ka, Hare Ka
Ka Ka, Hare Hare
Hare Rma, Hare Rma
Rma Rma, Hare Hare

One inevitable arrives at KA Consciousness. (The proof of the pudding is in the eating!)

I request that you take advantage of this book KA, and enter into its understanding. I also request that you make an appointment to meet your God now, through the self liberating process of YOGA (UNION) and GIVE PEACE A CHANCE.

 

(hand written)

All you need is Love (Krishna) Hari Bol.

George Harrison 31/3/70

 

Apple Corps Ltd 3 Savile Row London W1 Gerrard 2771/3993 Telex Apcore London

KB Preface

Preface

nivtta-tarair upagyamnd
bhavauadhc chrotra-mano-bhirmt
ka uttamaloka-gunuvdt
pumn virajyeta vin pau-ghnt

(rmad-Bhgavatam 10.1.4)

In the Western countries, when someone sees the cover of a book like Ka, he immediately asks, Who is Ka? Who is the girl with Ka? etc.

The immediate answer is that Ka is the Supreme Personality of Godhead. How is that? Because He conforms in exact detail to descriptions of the Supreme Being, the Godhead. In other words, Ka is the Godhead because He is all-attractive. Outside the principle of all-attraction, there is no meaning to the word Godhead. How is it one can be all-attractive? First of all, if one is very wealthy, if he has great riches, he becomes attractive to the people in general. Similarly, if someone is very powerful, he also becomes attractive, and if someone is very famous, he also becomes attractive, and if someone is very beautiful or wise or unattached to all kinds of possessions, he also becomes attractive. So from practical experience we can observe that one is attractive due to (1) wealth, (2) power, (3) fame, (4) beauty, (5) wisdom and (6) renunciation. One who is in possession of all six of these opulences at the same time, who possesses them to an unlimited degree, is understood to be the Supreme Personality of Godhead. These opulences of the Godhead are delineated by Parara Muni, a great Vedic authority.

We have seen many rich persons, many powerful persons, many famous persons, many beautiful persons, many learned and scholarly persons, and persons in the renounced order of life unattached to material possessions. But we have never seen any one person who is unlimitedly and simultaneously wealthy, powerful, famous, beautiful, wise and unattached, like Ka, in the history of humanity. Ka, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, is a historical person who appeared on this earth 5,000 years ago. He stayed on this earth for 125 years and played exactly like a human being, but His activities were unparalleled. From the very moment of His appearance to the moment of His disappearance, every one of His activities is unparalleled in the history of the world, and therefore anyone who knows what we mean by Godhead will accept Ka as the Supreme Personality of Godhead. No one is equal to the Godhead, and no one is greater than Him. That is the import of the familiar saying God is great.

There are various classes of men in the world who speak of God in different ways, but according to the Vedic literature and according to the great cryas, the authorized persons versed in the knowledge of God in all ages, like cryas akara, Rmnuja, Madhva, Viusvm, Lord Caitanya and all their followers by disciplic succession, all unanimously agree that Ka is the Supreme Personality of Godhead. As far as we, the followers of Vedic civilization, are concerned, we accept the Vedic history of the whole universe, which consists of different planetary systems called Svargalokas, or the higher planetary system, Martyalokas, or the intermediary planetary system, and Ptlalokas, or the lower planetary system. The modern historians of this earth cannot supply historical evidences of events that occurred before 5,000 years ago, and the anthropologists say that 40,000 years ago Homo sapiens had not appeared on this planet because evolution had not reached that point. But the Vedic histories, the Puras and Mahbhrata, relate human histories which extend millions and billions of years into the past.

For example, from these scriptures we are given the histories of Kas appearances and disappearances millions and billions of years ago. In the Fourth Chapter of the Bhagavad-gt Ka tells Arjuna that both He and Arjuna had had many births before and that He (Ka) could remember all of them and that Arjuna could not. This illustrates the difference between the knowledge of Ka and that of Arjuna. Arjuna might have been a very great warrior, a well-cultured member of the Kuru dynasty, but after all, he was an ordinary human being, whereas Ka, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, is the possessor of unlimited knowledge. Because He possesses unlimited knowledge, Ka has a memory that is boundless.

Kas knowledge is so perfect that He remembers all the incidents of His appearances some millions and billions of years in the past, but Arjunas memory and knowledge are limited by time and space, for he is an ordinary human being. In the Fourth Chapter Ka states that He can remember instructing the lessons of the Bhagavad-gt some millions of years ago to the sun-god, Vivasvn.

Nowadays it is the fashion of the atheistic class of men to try to become God by following some mystic process. Generally the atheists claim to be God by dint of their imagination or their meditational prowess. Ka is not that kind of God. He does not become God by manufacturing some mystic process of meditation, nor does He become God by undergoing the severe austerities of the mystic yogic exercises. Properly speaking, He never becomes God because He is the Godhead in all circumstances.

Within the prison of His maternal uncle Kasa, where His father and mother were confined, Ka appeared outside His mothers body as the four-handed Viu-Nryaa. Then He turned Himself into a baby and told His father to carry Him to the house of Nanda Mahrja and his wife Yaod. When Ka was just a small baby the gigantic demoness Ptan attempted to kill Him, but when He sucked her breast He pulled out her life. That is the difference between the real Godhead and a God manufactured in the mystic factory. Ka had no chance to practice the mystic yoga process, yet He manifested Himself as the Supreme Personality of Godhead at every step, from infancy to childhood, from childhood to boyhood, and from boyhood to young manhood. In this book, Ka, all of His activities as a human being are described. Although Ka plays like a human being, He always maintains His identity as the Supreme Personality of Godhead.

Since Ka is all-attractive, one should know that all his desires should be focused on Ka. In the Bhagavad-gt it is said that the individual person is the proprietor or master of his own body but that Ka, who is the Supersoul present in everyones heart, is the supreme proprietor and supreme master of each and every individual body. As such, if we concentrate our loving propensities upon Ka only, then immediately universal love, unity and tranquillity will be automatically realized. When one waters the root of a tree, he automatically waters the branches, twigs, leaves and flowers; when one supplies food to the stomach through the mouth, he satisfies all the various parts of the body.

The art of focusing ones attention on the Supreme and giving ones love to Him is called Ka consciousness. We have inaugurated the Ka consciousness movement so that everyone can satisfy his propensity for loving others simply by directing his love towards Ka. The whole world is very anxious to satisfy the dormant propensity of love for others, but the various invented methods like socialism, communism, altruism, humanitarianism and nationalism, along with whatever else may be manufactured for the peace and prosperity of the world, are all useless and frustrating because of our gross ignorance of the art of loving Ka. Generally people think that by advancing the cause of moral principles and religious rites they will be happy. Others may think that happiness can be achieved by economic development, and yet others think that simply by sense gratification they will be happy. But the real fact is that people can be happy only by loving Ka.

Ka can perfectly reciprocate ones loving propensities in different relationships called mellows, or rasas. Basically there are twelve loving relationships. One can love Ka as the supreme unknown, as the supreme master, the supreme friend, the supreme child, the supreme lover. These are the five basic love rasas. One can also love Ka indirectly in seven different relationships, which are apparently different from the five primary relationships. All in all, however, if one simply reposes his dormant loving propensity in Ka, then his life becomes successful. This is not a fiction but is a fact that can be realized by practical application. One can directly perceive the effects that love for Ka has on his life.

In the Ninth Chapter of the Bhagavad-gt this science of Ka consciousness is called the king of all knowledge, the king of all confidential things, and the supreme science of transcendental realization. Yet we can directly experience the results of this science of Ka consciousness because it is very easy to practice and is very pleasurable. Whatever percentage of Ka consciousness we can perform will become an eternal asset to our life, for it is imperishable in all circumstances. It has now been actually proved that todays confused and frustrated younger generation in the Western countries can directly perceive the results of channeling the loving propensity toward Ka alone.

It is said that although one executes severe austerities, penances and sacrifices in his life, if he fails to awaken his dormant love for Ka, then all his penances are to be considered useless. On the other hand, if one has awakened his dormant love for Ka, then what is the use in executing austerities and penances unnecessarily?

The Ka consciousness movement is the unique gift of Lord Caitanya to the fallen souls of this age. It is a very simple method which has actually been carried out during the last four years in the Western countries, and there is no doubt that this movement can satisfy the dormant loving propensities of humanity. This book, Ka, is another presentation to help the Ka consciousness movement in the Western world. This transcendental work of literature is published with profuse illustrations. People love to read various kinds of fiction to spend their time and energy. Now this tendency can be directed to Ka. The result will be the imperishable satisfaction of the soul, both individually and collectively.

It is said in the Bhagavad-gt that even a little effort expended on the path of Ka consciousness can save one from the greatest danger. Hundreds of thousands of examples can be cited of people who have escaped the greatest dangers of life due to a slight advancement in Ka consciousness. We therefore request everyone to take advantage of this great transcendental literary work. One will find that by reading one page after another, an immense treasure of knowledge in art, science, literature, philosophy and religion will be revealed, and ultimately, by reading this one book, Ka, love of Godhead will fructify.

My grateful acknowledgement is due to rmn George Harrison, now chanting Hare Ka, for his liberal contribution of $19,000 to meet the entire cost of printing this volume. May Ka bestow upon this nice boy further advancement in Ka consciousness.

And at last my ever-willing blessings are bestowed upon rmn ymasundara dsa Adhikr, rmn Brahmnanda dsa Brahmacr, rmn Hayagrva dsa Adhikr, rmn Satsvarpa dsa Adhikr, rmat Devahti-dev ds, rmat Jadur-dev ds, rmn Muraldhara dsa Brahmacr, rmn Bhradvja dsa Adhikr and rmn Pradyumna dsa Adhikr, etc., for their hard labor in different ways to make this publication a great success.

Hare Ka.

Advent Day of
rla Bhaktisiddhnta Sarasvat

February 26th, 1970
ISKCON Headquarters
3764 Watseka Avenue
Los Angeles, California

KB Introduction

Introduction

ka! ka! ka! ka! ka! ka! ka! he
ka! ka! ka! ka! ka! ka! ka! he
ka! ka! ka! ka! ka! ka! raka mm
ka! ka! ka! ka! ka! ka! phi mm
rma! rghava! rma! rghava! rma! rghava! raka mm
ka! keava! ka! keava! ka! keava! phi mm

Caitanya-caritmta (Madhya 7.96)

While attempting to write this book, Ka, let me first offer my respectful obeisances unto my spiritual master, O Viupda 108 r rmad Bhaktisiddhnta Sarasvat Gosvm Mahrja Prabhupda. Then let me offer my respectful obeisances to the ocean of mercy, Lord r Ka Caitanya Mahprabhu. He is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Ka Himself, appearing in the role of a devotee just to distribute the highest principles of devotional service. Lord Caitanya began His preaching from the country known as Gauadea (West Bengal). And as I belong to the Madhva-Gauya-sampradya, I must therefore offer my respectful obeisances to the disciplic succession of that name. This Madhva-Gauya-sampradya is also known as the Brahma-sampradya because the disciplic succession originally began from Brahm. Brahm instructed the sage Nrada, Nrada instructed Vysadeva, and Vysadeva instructed Madhva Muni, or Madhvcrya. r Mdhavendra Pur, the originator of the Madhva-Gauya-sampradya, was a sannys (renunciant) who belonged to the Madhvcrya disciplic succession. He had many renowned disciples, such as Nitynanda Prabhu, Advaita Prabhu and vara Pur. vara Pur happened to be the spiritual master of Lord Caitanya Mahprabhu. So let us offer our respectful obeisances to vara Pur, Nitynanda Prabhu, r Advaita crya Prabhu, rvsa Paita and r Gaddhara Paita. Next, let us offer our respectful obeisances to Svarpa Dmodara, who acted as the private secretary to Lord Caitanya Mahprabhu; and let us offer our respectful obeisances to r Vsudeva Datta and the constant attendant of Lord Caitanya, r Govinda, and the constant friend of Lord Caitanya, Mukunda, and also to Murri Gupta. And let us offer our respectful obeisances to the six Gosvms of Vndvanar Rpa Gosvm, r Santana Gosvm, r Raghuntha Bhaa Gosvm, r Gopla Bhaa Gosvm, r Jva Gosvm and r Raghuntha dsa Gosvm.

Ka Himself has explained in the Bhagavad-gt that He is the Supreme Personality of Godhead and that whenever there are discrepancies in the regulative principles of mans religious life and a prominence of irreligious activities, He appears on this earthly planet. In other words, when Lord r Ka appeared, there was a necessity of minimizing the load of sinful activities accumulated on this planet, or in this universe. For affairs of the material creation, Lord Mah-Viu, the plenary portion of Ka, is in charge.

When the Lord descends, the incarnation emanates from Viu. Mah-Viu is the original cause of material creation, and from Him Garbhodakay Viu expands, and then Krodakay Viu. Generally, all the incarnations appearing within this material universe are plenary expansions from Krodakay Viu. Therefore, the business of minimizing the overload of sinful activities on this earth does not belong to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Ka Himself. But when Ka appears, all the Viu expansions also join with Him. Kas different expansionsnamely Nryaa, the quadruple expansion of Vsudeva, Sakaraa, Pradyumna and Aniruddha, as well as partial plenary expansions like Matsya, the incarnation of a fish, and the yuga-avatras (incarnations for the millennium) and the manvantara-avatras (incarnations who appear during the reigns of the Manus)all combine together and appear with the body of Ka, the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Ka is the complete whole, and thus all plenary expansions and incarnations always live with Him.

Therefore when Ka appeared, Lord Viu was also with Him. Ka actually appears in order to demonstrate His Vndvana pastimes and in this way attract the fortunate conditioned souls and invite them back home, back to Godhead. The killing of the demons in Vndvana was carried out only by the Viu portion of Ka.

The Lords abode is described in the Bhagavad-gt, Eighth Chapter, twentieth verse, where it is stated that there is another, eternal nature, the spiritual sky, which is transcendental to this manifested and nonmanifested matter. The manifested world can be seen in the form of many stars and planetary systems, such as the sun and moon, but beyond this there is a nonmanifested portion, which is not approachable by anyone in this body. And beyond that nonmanifested matter is the spiritual kingdom. That kingdom is described in the Bhagavad-gt as supreme and eternal, never to be annihilated. This material nature is subjected to repeated creation and annihilation. But that part, the spiritual nature, remains as it is, eternally.

The supreme abode of the Personality of Godhead, Ka, is also described in the Brahma-sahit as the abode of cintmai. That abode of Lord Ka, known as Goloka Vndvana, is full of palaces made of touchstone. There the trees are called desire trees, and the cows are called surabhi. The Lord is served there by hundreds and thousands of goddesses of fortune. His name is Govinda, the Primeval Lord, and He is the cause of all causes. There the Lord plays His flute, His eyes are like lotus petals, and the color of His body is like that of a beautiful cloud. On His head is a peacock feather. He is so attractive that He excels thousands of Cupids. Lord Ka gives only a little hint in the Gt of His personal abode, which is the supermost planet in the spiritual kingdom. But in rmad-Bhgavatam Ka actually appears with all His paraphernalia and demonstrates His activities in Vndvana, then at Mathur, and then at Dvrak. The subject matter of this book will gradually reveal all these activities.

The family in which Ka appeared is called the Yadu dynasty. This Yadu dynasty belongs to the family descending from Soma, the god in the moon planet. There are two different katriya families of the royal order, one descending from the king of the moon planet and the other descending from the king of the sun planet. Whenever the Supreme Personality of Godhead appears, He generally appears in a katriya family because He has to establish religious principles or the life of righteousness. The katriya family is the protector of the human race, according to the Vedic system. When the Supreme Personality of Godhead appeared as Lord Rmacandra, He appeared in the family descending from the sun-god, known as Raghu-vaa; and when He appeared as Lord Ka, He did so in the family of Yadu-vaa. There is a long list of the kings of the Yadu-vaa in the Ninth Canto, Twenty-fourth Chapter, of rmad-Bhgavatam. All of them were great, powerful kings. Kas fathers name was Vasudeva, son of rasena, descending from the Yadu dynasty. Actually, the Supreme Personality of Godhead does not belong to any dynasty of this material world, but the family in which the Supreme Personality of Godhead appears becomes famous, by His grace. For example, sandalwood is produced in the states of Malaya. Sandalwood has its own qualifications apart from Malaya, but because accidentally this wood is mainly produced in the states of Malaya, it is known as Malayan sandalwood. Similarly, Ka, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, belongs to everyone, but just as the sun rises from the east, although there are other directions from which it could rise, so by His own choice the Lord appears in a particular family, and that family becomes famous.

As explained above, when Ka appears, all His plenary expansions also appear with Him. Ka appeared along with Balarma (Baladeva), who is known as His elder brother. Balarma is the origin of Sakaraa, of the quadruple expansion. Balarma is also the plenary expansion of Ka. In this book, the attempt will be made to show how Ka appeared in the family of the Yadu dynasty and how He displayed His transcendental characteristics. This is very vividly described in rmad-Bhgavatamspecifically, the Tenth Cantoand thus the basis of this book will be the Tenth Canto of rmad-Bhgavatam.

The pastimes of the Lord are generally heard and relished by liberated souls. Those who are conditioned souls are interested in reading stories of the material activities of some common man. Although similar narrations describing the transcendental activities of the Lord are found in rmad-Bhgavatam and other Puras, the conditioned souls still prefer to study ordinary narrations. They are not so interested in studying the narrations of the pastimes of the Lord, Ka. And yet the descriptions or the pastimes of Lord Ka are so attractive that they are relishable for all classes of men. There are three classes of men in this world. One class consists of liberated souls, another consists of those who are trying to be liberated, and the third consists of materialistic men. Whether one is liberated or is trying to be liberated, or is even grossly materialistic, the pastimes of Lord Ka are worth studying.

Liberated souls have no interest in materialistic activities. The impersonalist theory that after liberation one becomes inactive and needs to hear nothing does not prove that a liberated person is actually inactive. A living soul cannot be inactive. He is either active in the conditioned state or in the liberated state. A diseased person, for example, is also active, but his activities are all painful. The same person, when freed from the diseased condition, is still active, but in the healthy condition the activities are full of pleasure. Similarly, the impersonalists only seek to get free from the diseased, conditioned activities, but they have no information of activities in the healthy condition. Those who are actually liberated and in full knowledge take to hearing the activities of Ka; such engagement is pure spiritual activity.

It is essential for persons who are actually liberated to hear about the pastimes of Ka. That is the supreme relishable subject matter for one in the liberated state. Also, if persons who are trying to be liberated hear such narrations as the Bhagavad-gt and rmad-Bhgavatam, then their path of liberation becomes very clear. The Bhagavad-gt is the preliminary study of rmad-Bhgavatam. By studying the Gt, one becomes fully conscious of the position of Lord Ka; and when he is situated at the lotus feet of Ka, he understands the narrations of Ka as described in rmad-Bhgavatam. Lord Caitanya has therefore advised His followers that their business is to propagate ka-kath.

Ka-kath means narrations about Lord Ka. There are two ka-kaths: narrations spoken by Ka and narrations spoken about Ka. The Bhagavad-gt is the narration or the philosophy on the science of God, spoken by Ka Himself. rmad-Bhgavatam is the narration about the activities and transcendental pastimes of Ka. Both are ka-kath. It is the order of Lord Caitanya that ka-kath should be spread all over the world, because if the conditioned souls, suffering under the pangs of material existence, take to ka-kath, then their path of liberation will be open and clear. The purpose of presenting this book is primarily to induce people to understand Ka or ka-kath, because thereby they can become freed from material bondage.

This ka-kath will also be very much appealing to the most materialistic persons because Kas pastimes with the gops (cowherd girls) are exactly like the loving affairs between young girls and boys within this material world. Actually, the sex feeling found in human society is not unnatural because this same sex feeling is there in the original Personality of Godhead. The pleasure potency is called rmat Rdhr. The attraction of loving affairs on the basis of sex feeling is the original feature of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and we, the conditioned souls, being part and parcel of the Supreme, have such feelings also, but they are experienced within a perverted, minute condition. Therefore, when those who are after sex life in this material world hear about Kas pastimes with the gops, they will relish transcendental pleasure, although it appears to be materialistic. The advantage will be that they will gradually be elevated to the spiritual platform. In the Bhgavatam it is stated that if one hears the pastimes of Lord Ka with the gops, from authorities with submission, then he will be promoted to the platform of transcendental loving service to the Lord, and the material disease of lust within his heart will be completely vanquished. In other words, such hearing will counteract material sex life.

This book, Ka, which is filled with ka-kath, will thus appeal equally to the liberated souls and to persons who are trying to be liberated, as well as to the gross, conditioned materialist. According to the statement of Mahrja Parkit, who heard about Ka from ukadeva Gosvm, ka-kath is equally applicable to every human being, whatever condition of life he is in. Surely everyone will appreciate it to the highest magnitude. But Mahrja Parkit also warned that persons who are simply engaged in killing animals and in killing themselves may not be very much attracted to ka-kath. In other words, ordinary persons who are following the regulative moral principles of scriptures, no matter in what condition they are found, will certainly be attracted, but not persons who are killing themselves. The exact word used in rmad-Bhgavatam is pau-ghna, which means killing animals or killing oneself. Persons who are not self-realized and who are not interested in spiritual realization are killing themselves; they are committing suicide. Because this human form of life is especially meant for self-realization, by neglecting this important part of his activities one simply wastes his time like the animals. So he is pau-ghna. The other meaning of the word refers to those who are actually killing animals. This means persons who are animal-eaters (even dog-eaters), for they are all engaged in killing animals in so many ways, such as hunting and opening slaughterhouses. Such persons cannot be interested in ka-kath.

King Parkit was especially interested in hearing ka-kath because he knew that his forefathers, particularly his grandfather, Arjuna, were victorious in the great Battle of Kuruketra only because of Ka. We may also take this material world as a Battlefield of Kuruketra. Everyone is struggling hard for existence on this battlefield, and at every step there is danger. According to Mahrja Parkit, the Battlefield of Kuruketra was just like a vast ocean full of dangerous animals. His grandfather Arjuna had to fight with such great heroes as Bhma, Droa, Kara and many others who were not ordinary fighters. Such warriors have been compared to the timigila fish in the ocean. The timigila fish can very easily swallow up big whales. The great fighters on the Battlefield of Kuruketra could swallow many, many Arjunas very easily, but simply due to Kas mercy, Arjuna was able to kill all of them. Just as one can cross with no exertion over the little bit of water contained in the hoofprint of a calf, so Arjuna, by the grace of Ka, was able to very easily jump over the ocean of the Battle of Kuruketra.

Mahrja Parkit very much appreciated Kas activities for many other reasons. Not only was his grandfather saved by Ka, but he himself also was saved by Ka. By the end of the Battle of Kuruketra, all the members of the Kuru dynasty, both the sons and grandsons on the side of Dhtarra and those on the side of the Pavas, had died in the fighting. Except the five Pava brothers, everyone died on the Battlefield of Kuruketra. Mahrja Parkit was at that time within the womb of his mother. His father, Abhimanyu, the son of Arjuna, also died on the Battlefield of Kuruketra, and so Mahrja Parkit was a posthumous child. When he was in the womb of his mother, a brahmstra weapon was released by Avatthm to kill the child. When Parkit Mahrjas mother, Uttar, approached Ka, Ka, seeing the danger of abortion, entered her womb as the Supersoul and saved Mahrja Parkit. Mahrja Parkits other name is Viurta because he was saved by Lord Viu Himself while still within the womb.

Thus everyone, in any condition of life, should be interested in hearing about Ka and His activities because He is the Supreme Absolute Truth, the Personality of Godhead. He is all-pervading: inside He is living within everyones heart, and outside He is living as His universal form. And yet, as described in the Bhagavad-gt, He appears as He is in the human society just to invite everyone to His transcendental abode, back home, back to Godhead. Everyone should be interested in knowing about Ka, and this book is presented with this purpose: that people may know about Ka and be perfectly benefited in this human form of life.

In the Ninth Canto of rmad-Bhgavatam, r Baladeva is described as the son of Rohi, a wife of Vasudeva. Vasudeva, the father of Ka, had sixteen wives, and one of them was Rohi, the mother of Baladeva. But Baladeva is also described as the son of Devak, so how could He be the son of both Devak and Rohi? This was one of the questions put by Mahrja Parkit to ukadeva Gosvm, and it will be answered in due course. Mahrja Parkit also asked ukadeva Gosvm why r Ka, just after His appearance as the son of Vasudeva, was immediately carried to the house of Nanda Mahrja in Vndvana, Gokula. He also wanted to know what the activities of Lord Ka were while He was in Vndvana and while He was in Mathur. Besides that, he was especially inquisitive to know why Ka killed His maternal uncle, Kasa. Kasa, being the brother of His mother, was a very intimate superior to Ka, so how was it that He killed Kasa? Also, Mahrja Parkit asked how many years Lord Ka remained in human society, how many years He reigned over the kingdom of Dvrak, and how many wives He accepted there. A katriya king is generally accustomed to accept more than one wife; therefore Mahrja Parkit also inquired about His number of wives. The subject matter of this book is ukadeva Gosvms answering of these and other questions asked by Mahrja Parkit.

The position of Mahrja Parkit and ukadeva Gosvm is unique. Mahrja Parkit is the right person to hear about the transcendental pastimes of Ka, and ukadeva Gosvm is the right person to describe them. If such a fortunate combination is made possible, then ka-kath immediately becomes revealed, and people may benefit to the highest possible degree from such a conversation.

This narration was presented by ukadeva Gosvm when Mahrja Parkit was prepared to give up his body, fasting on the bank of the Ganges. In order to assure ukadeva Gosvm that by hearing ka-kath he would not feel tired, Mahrja Parkit expressed himself very frankly: Hunger and thirst may give trouble to ordinary persons or to me, but the topics of Ka are so nice that one can continue to hear them without feeling tired because such hearing situates one in the transcendental position. It is understood that one must be very fortunate to hear ka-kath seriously, like Mahrja Parkit. He was especially intent on the subject matter because he was expecting death at any moment. Every one of us should be conscious of death at every moment. This life is not at all assured; at any time one can die. It does not matter whether one is a young man or an old man. So before death takes place, we must be fully Ka conscious.

At the point of his death, King Parkit was hearing rmad-Bhgavatam from ukadeva Gosvm. When King Parkit expressed his untiring desire to hear about Ka, ukadeva Gosvm was very much pleased. ukadeva was the greatest of all Bhgavata reciters, and thus he began to speak about Kas pastimes, which destroy all inauspiciousness in this Age of Kali. ukadeva Gosvm thanked the King for his eagerness to hear about Ka, and he encouraged him by saying, My dear King, your intelligence is very keen because you are so eager to hear about the pastimes of Ka. He informed Mahrja Parkit that hearing and chanting the pastimes of Ka are so auspicious that the processes purify the three varieties of men involved: he who recites the transcendental topics of Ka, he who hears such topics, and he who inquires about Him. These pastimes are just like the Ganges water, which flows from the toe of Lord Viu: they purify the three worlds, the upper, middle and lower planetary systems.

KB 1: The Advent of Lord Ka

CHAPTER ONE

The Advent of Lord Ka

Once the world was overburdened by the unnecessary defense force of different kings, who were actually demons but were posing themselves as the royal order. At that time, the whole world became perturbed, and the predominating deity of this earth, known as Bhmi, went to see Lord Brahm to tell of her calamities due to the demoniac kings. Bhmi assumed the shape of a cow and presented herself before Lord Brahm with tears in her eyes. She was bereaved and was weeping just to invoke the lords compassion. She related the calamitous position of the earth, and after hearing this, Lord Brahm became much aggrieved, and he at once started for the ocean of milk, where Lord Viu resides. Lord Brahm was accompanied by all the demigods headed by Lord iva, and Bhmi also followed. Arriving on the shore of the milk ocean, Lord Brahm began to pacify Lord Viu, who formerly saved the earthly planet by assuming the transcendental form of a boar.

In the Vedic mantras, there is a particular type of prayer called Purua-skta. Generally, the demigods offer their obeisances unto Viu, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, by chanting the Purua-skta. It is understood herein that the predominating deity of every planet can see the supreme lord of this universe, Brahm, whenever there is some disturbance on his planet. And Brahm can approach the Supreme Lord Viu, not by seeing Him directly but by standing on the shore of the ocean of milk. There is a planet within this universe called vetadvpa, and on that planet there is an ocean of milk. It is understood from various Vedic scriptures that just as there is the ocean of salt water on this planet, there are various kinds of oceans on other planets. Somewhere there is an ocean of milk, somewhere there is an ocean of oil, and somewhere an ocean of liquor and many other types of oceans. Purua-skta is the standard prayer which the demigods recite to appease the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krodakay Viu. Because He is lying on the ocean of milk, He is called Krodakay Viu. He is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, through whom all the incarnations within this universe appear.

After all the demigods offered the Purua-skta prayer to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, they apparently heard no response. Then Lord Brahm personally sat in meditation, and there was a message-transmission from Lord Viu to Brahm. Brahm then broadcast the message to the demigods. That is the system of receiving Vedic knowledge. The Vedic knowledge is received first by Brahm from the Supreme Personality of Godhead, through the medium of the heart. As stated in the beginning of rmad-Bhgavatam, tene brahma hd ya di-kavaye: the transcendental knowledge of the Vedas was transmitted to Lord Brahm through the heart. Here also, in the same way, only Brahm could understand the message transmitted by Lord Viu, and he broadcast it to the demigods for their immediate action. The message was this: The Supreme Personality of Godhead would appear on the earth very soon, along with His supreme powerful potencies, and as long as He remained on the earth planet to execute His mission of annihilating the demons and establishing the devotees, the demigods should also remain there to assist Him. They should all immediately take birth in the family of the Yadu dynasty, wherein the Lord would also appear in due course of time. The Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself, Ka, would personally appear as the son of Vasudeva. Before His appearance, all the demigods, along with their wives, should appear in different pious families in the world just to assist the Lord in executing His mission. The exact word used here is tat-priyrtham, which means the demigods should appear on the earth in order to please the Lord. In other words, any living entity who lives only to satisfy the Lord is a demigod. The demigods were further informed that the plenary portion of Lord Ka, Ananta, who is maintaining the universal planets by extending His millions of hoods, would also appear on earth before Lord Kas appearance. They were also informed that the external potency of Viu (My), with whom all the conditioned souls are enamored, would also appear by the order of the Supreme Lord, just to execute His purpose.

After instructing and pacifying all the demigods, as well as Bhmi, with sweet words, Lord Brahm, the father of all prajpatis, or progenitors of universal population, departed for his abode, the highest material planet, called Brahmaloka.

The leader of the Yadu dynasty, King rasena, was ruling over the country known as Mthura, wherein lies the city of Mathur, as well as the district known as rasena, which was named after him. On account of the rule of King rasena, Mathur became the capital city of all the kings of the Yadus. Mathur was also made the capital of the kings of the Yadu dynasty because the Yadus were a very pious family and knew that Mathur is the place where Lord r Ka lives eternally, just as He also lives in Dvrak.

Once upon a time, Vasudeva, the son of rasena, just after marrying Devak, was going home on his chariot with his newly wedded wife. The father of Devak, known as Devaka, had contributed a sufficient dowry because he was very affectionate toward his daughter. He had contributed hundreds of chariots completely decorated with gold equipment. At that time, Kasa, the son of Ugrasena, in order to please his sister, Devak, had voluntarily taken the reins of the horses of Vasudevas chariot and was driving. According to the custom of the Vedic civilization, when a girl is married, the brother takes the sister and brother-in-law to their home. Because the newly married girl may feel too much separation from her fathers family, the brother goes with her until she reaches her father-in-laws house. The full dowry contributed by Devaka was as follows: 400 elephants fully decorated with golden garlands, 15,000 decorated horses, and 1,800 chariots. He also arranged for 200 beautiful girls to follow his daughter. The katriya system of marriage, still current in India, dictates that when a katriya is married, a few dozen of the brides young girlfriends (in addition to the bride) go to the house of the king. The followers of the queen are called maidservants, but actually they act as friends of the queen. This practice is prevalent from time immemorial, traceable at least to the time before the advent of Lord Ka 5,000 years ago. So Vasudeva brought home another 200 beautiful girls along with his wife Devak.

While the bride and bridegroom were passing along on the chariot, there were different kinds of musical instruments playing to indicate the auspicious moment. There were conchshells, bugles, drums and kettledrums; combined together, they were vibrating a nice concert. The procession was passing very pleasingly, and Kasa was driving the chariot, when suddenly there was a miraculous sound vibrated from the sky which especially announced to Kasa: Kasa, you are such a fool! You are driving the chariot of your sister and your brother-in-law, but you do not know that the eighth child of this sister will kill you.

Kasa was the son of Ugrasena, of the Bhoja dynasty. It is said that Kasa was the most demoniac of all the Bhoja dynasty kings. Immediately after hearing the prophecy from the sky, he caught hold of Devaks hair and was just about to kill her with his sword. Vasudeva was astonished at Kasas behavior, and in order to pacify the cruel, shameless brother-in-law, he began to speak as follows, with great reason and evidence. He said, My dear brother-in-law Kasa, you are the most famous king of the Bhoja dynasty, and people know that you are the greatest warrior and a valiant king. How is it that you are so infuriated that you are prepared to kill a woman who is your own sister at this auspicious time of her marriage? Why should you be so much afraid of death? Death is already born along with your birth. From the very day you took your birth, you began to die. Suppose you are twenty-five years old; that means you have already died twenty-five years. Every moment, every second, you are dying. Why then should you be so much afraid of death? Final death is inevitable. You may die either today or in a hundred years; you cannot avoid death. Why should you be so much afraid? Actually, death means annihilation of the present body. As soon as the present body stops functioning and mixes with the five elements of material nature, the living entity within the body accepts another body, according to his present action and reaction. It is just like when a man walks on the street: he puts forward his foot, and when he is confident that his foot is situated on sound ground, he lifts the other foot. In this way, one after another, the bodies change and the soul transmigrates. See how the plantworms change from one twig to another so carefully! Similarly, the living entity changes his body as soon as the higher authorities decide on his next body. As long as a living entity is conditioned within this material world, he must take material bodies one after another. His next particular body is offered by the laws of nature, according to the actions and reactions of this life.

This body is exactly like one of the bodies which we always see in dreams. During our dream of sleep, we create so many bodies according to mental creation. We have seen gold, and we have also seen a mountain, so in a dream we can see a golden mountain by combining the two ideas. Sometimes in dreams we see that we have a body which is flying in the sky, and at that time we completely forget our present body. Similarly, these bodies are changing. When you have one body, you forget the past body. During a dream, we may make contact with so many new kinds of bodies, but when we are awake we forget them all. And actually these material bodies are the creations of our mental activities. But at the present moment we do not recollect our past bodies.

The nature of the mind is flickering. Sometimes it accepts something, and immediately it rejects the same thing. Accepting and rejecting is the process of the mind in contact with the five objects of sense gratification: form, taste, smell, sound and touch. In its speculative way, the mind comes in touch with the objects of sense gratification, and when the living entity desires a particular type of body, he gets it. Therefore, the body is an offering by the laws of material nature. The living entity accepts a body and comes out again into the material world to enjoy or suffer according to the construction of the body. Unless we have a particular type of body, we cannot enjoy or suffer according to our mental proclivities inherited from the previous life. The particular type of body is actually offered to us according to our mental condition at the time of death.

The luminous planets like the sun, moon or stars reflect themselves in different types of reservoirs, like water, oil or ghee. The reflection moves according to the movement of the reservoir. The reflection of the moon is on the water, and the moving water makes the moon also appear to be moving, but actually the moon is not moving. Similarly, by mental concoction the living entity attains different kinds of bodies, although actually he has no connection with such bodies. But on account of illusion, being enchanted by the influence of my, the living entity thinks that he belongs to a particular type of body. That is the way of conditioned life. Suppose a living entity is now in a human form of body. He thinks that he belongs to the human community, or a particular country or particular place. He identifies himself in that way and unnecessarily prepares for another body, which is not required by him. Such desires and mental concoctions are the cause of different types of body. The covering influence of material nature is so strong that the living entity is satisfied in whatever body he gets, and he identifies with that body with great pleasure. Therefore, I beg to request you not to be overwhelmed by the dictation of your mind and body.

Vasudeva thus requested Kasa not to be envious of his newly married sister. One should not be envious of anyone, because envy is the cause of fear both in this world and in the next, when one is before Yamarja (the lord of punishment after death). Vasudeva appealed to Kasa on behalf of Devak, stating that she was his younger sister. He also appealed at an auspicious moment, at the time of marriage. A younger sister or brother is supposed to be protected as ones child. The position is overall so delicate, Vasudeva reasoned, that if you kill her, it will go against your high reputation.

In this way Vasudeva tried to pacify Kasa by good instruction as well as by philosophical discrimination, but Kasa was not to be pacified because his association was demoniac. Because of his demoniac associations, he was a demon, although born in a very high royal family. A demon never cares for any good instruction. He is just like a determined thief: one can give him moral instruction, but it will not be effective. Similarly, those who are demoniac or atheistic by nature can hardly assimilate any good instruction, however authorized it may be. That is the difference between demigod and demon. Those who can accept good instruction and try to live their lives in that way are called demigods, and those who are unable to take such good instruction are called demons.

Failing in his attempt to pacify Kasa, Vasudeva wondered how he would protect his wife, Devak. When there is imminent danger, an intelligent person should try to avoid the dangerous position as far as possible. But if, in spite of endeavoring by all intelligence, one fails to avoid the dangerous position, there is no fault on his part. One should try his best to execute his duties, but if the attempt fails, he is not at fault.

Vasudeva thought of his wife as follows: For the present let me save the life of Devak; then later on, if there are children, I shall see how to save them. He further thought, If in the future I get a child who can kill Kasajust as Kasa is thinkingthen both Devak and the child will be saved because the law of Providence is inconceivable. But now, some way or other, let me save the life of Devak.

There is no certainty how a living entity contacts a certain type of body, just as there is no certainty how a blazing fire comes in contact with a certain type of wood in the forest. When there is a forest fire, it is experienced that the blazing fire sometimes leaps over one tree and catches another by the influence of the wind. Similarly, a living entity may be very careful in the matter of executing his duties, but it is still very difficult for him to know what type of body he is going to get in the next life. Mahrja Bharata was very faithfully executing the duties of self-realization, but by chance he developed temporary affection for a deer, and in his next life he had to accept the body of a deer.

Vasudeva, after deliberating on how to save his wife, began to speak to Kasa with great respect, although Kasa was the most sinful man. Sometimes it happens that a most virtuous person like Vasudeva has to flatter a person like Kasa, a most vicious person. That is the way of all diplomatic transactions. Although Vasudeva was deeply aggrieved, he smiled outwardly. He addressed the shameless Kasa in that way because he was so atrocious. Vasudeva said to Kasa, My dear brother-in-law, please consider that you have no danger from your sister. You are awaiting some danger because you have heard a prophetic voice in the sky. But the danger is to come from the sons of your sister, who are not present now. And who knows? There may or may not be sons in the future. Considering all this, you are safe for the present. Nor is there cause of fear from your sister. If there are any sons born of her, I promise that I shall present all of them to you for necessary action.

Kasa knew the value of Vasudevas word of honor, and he was convinced by his argument. For the time being, he desisted from the heinous killing of his sister. Thus Vasudeva was pleased and praised the decision of Kasa. In this way, he returned to his home.

Each year thereafter, in due course of time, Devak gave birth to a child. Thus she gave birth to eight male children, as well as one daughter. When the first son was born, Vasudeva kept his word of honor and immediately brought the child before Kasa. It is said that Vasudeva was very much elevated and famous for his word of honor, and he wanted to maintain this fame. Although it was very painful for Vasudeva to hand over the newly born child, Kasa was very glad to receive him. But he became a little compassionate with the behavior of Vasudeva. This event is very exemplary. For a great soul like Vasudeva, there is nothing considered to be painful in the course of discharging ones duty. A learned person like Vasudeva carries out his duties without hesitation. On the other hand, a demon like Kasa never hesitates in committing any abominable action. It is said, therefore, that a saintly person can tolerate all kinds of miserable conditions of life, a learned man can discharge his duties without awaiting favorable circumstances, a heinous person like Kasa can act in any sinful way, and a devotee can sacrifice everything to satisfy the Supreme Personality of Godhead.

Kasa became satisfied by the action of Vasudeva. He was surprised to see Vasudeva keeping his promise, and being compassionate upon him and pleased, he began to speak as follows: My dear Vasudeva, you need not present this child to me. I am not in danger from this child. I have heard that the eighth child born of you and Devak will kill me. Why should I accept this child unnecessarily? You can take him back.

When Vasudeva was returning home with his firstborn child, although he was pleased by the behavior of Kasa, he could not believe in him because he knew that Kasa was uncontrolled. An atheistic person cannot be firm in his word of honor. One who cannot control the senses cannot be steady in his determination. The great politician Cakya Paita said, Never put your trust in a diplomat or in a woman. Those who are addicted to unrestricted sense gratification can never be truthful, nor can they be trusted with any faith.

At that time the great sage Nrada came to Kasa. He was informed of Kasas becoming compassionate to Vasudeva and returning his firstborn child. Nrada was very anxious to accelerate the descent of Lord Ka as soon as possible. He therefore informed Kasa that in Vndvana personalities like Nanda Mahrja and all the other cowherd men and their wives, and on the other side Vasudeva, his father rasena and all his relatives born in the family of Vi of the Yadu dynasty, along with all their friends and well-wishers, were actually demigods. Nrada warned Kasa to be careful of them, since Kasa and his friends and advisors were all demons. Demons are always afraid of demigods. After being thus informed by Nrada about the appearance of the demigods in different families, Kasa at once became very much alarmed. He understood that since the demigods had already appeared, Lord Viu must be coming soon. He at once arrested both his brother-in-law Vasudeva and Devak and put them behind prison bars.

Within the prison, shackled in iron chains, Vasudeva and Devak gave birth to a male child year after year, and Kasa, thinking each of the babies to be the incarnation of Viu, killed them one after another. He was particularly afraid of the eighth child, but after the visit of Nrada, he came to the conclusion that any child might be Ka. Therefore it was better to kill all the babies who took birth from Devak and Vasudeva.

This action of Kasa is not very difficult to understand. There are many instances in the history of the world of persons in the royal order who have killed father, brother or a whole family and friends for the satisfaction of their ambitions. There is nothing astonishing about this, for members of the demoniac, greedy royal order can kill anyone for their nefarious ambitions.

Kasa was made aware of his previous birth by the grace of Nrada. He learned that in his previous birth he was a demon of the name Klanemi and that he was killed by Viu. Having taken his birth in the Bhoja family, he decided to become the deadly enemy of the Yadu dynasty; Ka was going to take birth in that family, and Kasa was very much afraid that he would be killed by Ka, just as he had been killed in his last birth.

He first of all imprisoned his father, Ugrasena, because he was the chief king among the Yadu, Bhoja and Andhaka dynasties, and he also occupied the kingdom of rasena, Vasudevas father. He declared himself the king of all such places.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the First Chapter of Ka, The Advent of Lord Ka.

KB 2: Prayers by the Demigods for Lord Ka in the Womb

CHAPTER TWO

Prayers by the Demigods for Lord Ka in the Womb

King Kasa not only occupied the kingdoms of the Yadu, Bhoja and Andhaka dynasties and the kingdom of rasena, but he also made alliances with all the other demoniac kings, as follows: the demon Pralamba, demon Baka, demon Cra, demon Tvarta, demon Aghsura, demon Muika, demon Aria, demon Dvivida, demon Ptan, demon Ke and demon Dhenuka. At that time, Jarsandha was the king of Magadha province (known at present as Bihar state). Thus by his diplomatic policy, Kasa consolidated the most powerful kingdom of his time, under the protection of Jarsandha. He made further alliances with such kings as Bsura and Bhaumsura, until he was the strongest. Then he began to behave most inimically towards the Yadu dynasty, into which Ka was to take His birth.

Being harassed by Kasa, the kings of the Yadu, Bhoja and Andhaka dynasties began to take shelter in different states such as the state of the Kurus, the state of the Paclas, and the states known as Kekaya, lva, Vidarbha, Niadha, Videha and Koala. Kasa broke the solidarity of the Yadu kingdom, as well as the Bhoja and Andhaka. He made his position the most solid within the vast tract of land known at that time as Bhrata-vara.

When Kasa killed the six babies of Devak and Vasudeva one after another, many friends and relatives of Kasa approached him and requested him to discontinue these heinous activities. But all of them became worshipers of Kasa.

When Devak became pregnant for the seventh time, a plenary expansion of Ka known as Ananta appeared within her womb. Devak was overwhelmed with both jubilation and lamentation. She was joyful, for she could understand that Lord Viu had taken shelter within her womb, but at the same time she was sorry that as soon as her child would come out, Kasa would kill Him. At that time the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Ka, being compassionate upon the Yadus, who were fearful due to the atrocities committed by Kasa, ordered the appearance of Yogamy, His internal potency. Ka is the Lord of the universe, but He is especially the Lord of the Yadu dynasty.

This Yogamy is the principal potency of the Personality of Godhead. In the Vedas it is stated that the Lord, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, has multipotencies. Parsya aktir vividhaiva ryate. All the different potencies are acting externally and internally, and Yogamy is the chief of all potencies. He ordered the appearance of Yogamy in the land of Vrajabhmi, in Vndvana, which is always decorated and full with beautiful cows. In Vndvana, Rohi, one of the wives of Vasudeva, was residing at the house of King Nanda and Queen Yaod. Not only Rohi but many others in the Yadu dynasty were scattered all over the country due to their fear of the atrocities of Kasa. Some of them were even living in the caves of the mountains.

The Lord thus informed Yogamy: Under the imprisonment of Kasa are Devak and Vasudeva, and at the present moment My plenary expansion, ea, is within the womb of Devak. You can arrange the transfer of ea from the womb of Devak to the womb of Rohi. After this arrangement, I am personally going to appear in the womb of Devak with My full potencies. Then I shall appear as the son of Devak and Vasudeva. And you shall appear as the daughter of Nanda and Yaod in Vndvana.

Since you will appear as My contemporary sister, and since you will quickly satisfy desires for sense gratification, people within the world will worship you with all kinds of valuable presentations: incense, candles, flowers and offerings of sacrifice. People who are after materialistic perfection will worship you under the different forms of your expansions, which will be named Durg, Bhadrakl, Vijay, Vaiav, Kumud, Caik, K, Mdhav, Kanyak, My, Nrya, n, rad and Ambik.

Ka and Yogamy appeared as brother and sisterthe Supreme Powerful and the supreme power. Although there is no clear distinction between the Powerful and the power, power is always subordinate to the Powerful. Those who are materialistic are worshipers of the power, but those who are transcendentalists are worshipers of the Powerful. Ka is the Supreme Powerful, and Durg is the supreme power within the material world. Actually people in the Vedic culture worship both the Powerful and the power. There are many hundreds and thousands of temples of Viu and Dev, and sometimes they are worshiped simultaneously. The worshiper of the power, Durg, or the external energy of Ka, may achieve all kinds of material success very easily, but anyone who wants to be elevated transcendentally must engage in worshiping the Powerful in Ka consciousness.

The Lord also declared to Yogamy, My plenary expansion, Ananta ea, is within the womb of Devak. On account of being forcibly attracted to the womb of Rohi, He will be known as Sakaraa and will be the source of all spiritual power, or bala, by which one can attain the highest bliss of life, which is called ramaa. Therefore the plenary portion Ananta will be known after His appearance either as Sakaraa or as Balarma.

In the Upaniads it is stated, nyam tm bala-hnena labhya. The purport is that one cannot attain the supreme platform of self-realization without being sufficiently favored by Balarma. Bala does not mean physical strength. No one can attain spiritual perfection by physical strength. One must have the spiritual strength which is infused by Balarma, or Sakaraa. Ananta, or ea, is the power which sustains all the planets in their different positions. Materially this sustaining power is known as the law of gravitation, but actually it is a display of the potency of Sakaraa. Balarma, or Sakaraa, is spiritual power, or the original spiritual master. Therefore Lord Nitynanda Prabhu, who is also the incarnation of Balarma, is the original spiritual master. And the spiritual master is the representative of Balarma, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who supplies spiritual strength. In the Caitanya-caritmta it is confirmed that the spiritual master is the manifestation of the mercy of Ka.

Thus ordered by the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Yogamy circumambulated the Lord and then appeared within this material world according to His order. When Yogamy, the supreme power of the supremely powerful Personality of Godhead, transferred Lord ea from the womb of Devak to the womb of Rohi, both Devak and Rohi were under Yogamys spell, which is called yoga-nidr. When this was done, people understood that Devaks seventh pregnancy had been a miscarriage. Thus although Balarma appeared as the son of Devak, He was transferred to the womb of Rohi to appear as her son. After this arrangement, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Ka, who is always ready to protect His unalloyed devotees, entered within the mind of Vasudeva as the Lord of the whole creation, with full inconceivable potencies. It is understood in this connection that Lord Ka first of all situated Himself in the unalloyed heart of Vasudeva and was then transferred to the heart of Devak. He was not put into the womb of Devak by seminal discharge. The Supreme Personality of Godhead, by His inconceivable potency, can appear in any way. It is not necessary for Him to appear in the ordinary way, by seminal injection within the womb of a woman.

When Vasudeva was sustaining the form of the Supreme Personality of Godhead within his heart, he appeared just like the glowing sun, whose shining rays are always unbearable and scorching to the common man. The form of the Lord situated in the pure unalloyed heart of Vasudeva is not different from the original form of Ka. The appearance of the form of Ka anywhere, and specifically within the heart, is called dhma. Dhma refers not only to Kas form but also to His name, His qualities and His paraphernalia. Everything becomes manifest simultaneously.

Thus the eternal form of the Supreme Personality of Godhead with full potencies was transferred from the mind of Vasudeva to the mind of Devak, exactly as the setting suns rays are transferred to the full moon rising in the east.

Ka, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, thus entered the body of Devak from the body of Vasudeva without being subject to any of the conditions of an ordinary living entity. Since Ka was there, it is to be understood that all His plenary expansions, such as Nryaa, and incarnations like Lord Nsiha and Varha, were with Him, and They also were not subject to the conditions of material existence. In this way, Devak became the residence of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is one without a second and the cause of all creation. Devak became the residence of the Absolute Truth, but because she was confined within the house of Kasa, she looked just like a suppressed fire, or like misused education. When fire is kept in a jug, the illuminating rays of the fire cannot be very much appreciated. Similarly, misused knowledge, which does not benefit the people in general, is not very much appreciated. So Devak was kept within the prison walls of Kasas palace, and no one could see her transcendental beauty, which resulted from her conceiving the Supreme Personality of Godhead.

Kasa, however, saw the transcendental beauty of his sister Devak, and he at once concluded that the Supreme Personality of Godhead had taken shelter in her womb. She had never before looked so wonderfully beautiful. He could distinctly understand that there was something wonderful within the womb of Devak. In this way, Kasa became perturbed because he was sure that the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who would kill him in the future, had now come. Kasa began to think, What is to be done with Devak? Surely she has Viu or Ka within her womb, so it is certain that Ka has come to execute the mission of the demigods. And even if I immediately kill Devak, His mission cannot be frustrated. Kasa knew very well that no one can frustrate the purpose of Viu. Any intelligent man can understand that the laws of God cannot be violated. His purpose will be served in spite of all impediments offered by the demons. Kasa thought, If I kill Devak at the present moment, Viu will enforce His supreme will more vehemently. To kill Devak just now would be a most abominable act. No one desires to kill his reputation, even in an awkward situation; if I kill Devak now, my reputation will be spoiled. Devak is a woman, and she is under my shelter; she is pregnant, and if I kill her, immediately my reputation, the results of my pious activities and my duration of life will all be finished.

He further deliberated, A person who is too cruel is as good as dead, even in this lifetime. No one likes a cruel person during his lifetime, and after his death, people curse him. On account of his self-identification with the body, he must be degraded and pushed into the darkest region of hell. Kasa thus meditated on all the pros and cons of killing Devak at that time.

Kasa finally decided not to kill Devak right away but to wait for the inevitable future. But his mind became absorbed in animosity against the Personality of Godhead. He patiently waited for the deliverance of the child, expecting to kill Him, as he had done previously with the other babies of Devak. Thus being merged in the ocean of animosity against the Personality of Godhead, he began to think of Ka or Viu while sitting, while sleeping, while walking, while eating, while workingin all the situations of his life. His mind became so much absorbed with the thought of the Supreme Personality of Godhead that indirectly he could see only Ka or Viu around him. Unfortunately, although his mind was so absorbed in the thought of Viu, he is not recognized as a devotee because he was thinking of Ka as an enemy. The state of mind of a great devotee is also to be always absorbed in Ka, but a devotee thinks of Him favorably, not unfavorably. To think of Ka favorably is Ka consciousness, but to think of Ka unfavorably is not Ka consciousness.

At this time Lord Brahm and Lord iva, accompanied by great sages like Nrada and followed by many other demigods, invisibly appeared in the house of Kasa. They began to pray to the Supreme Personality of Godhead in select verses, which are very pleasing to the devotees and which award fulfillment of their desires. The first words they spoke acclaimed that the Lord is true to His vow. As stated in the Bhagavad-gt, Ka descends to this material world just to protect the pious and destroy the impious. That is His vow. The demigods could understand that the Lord had taken His residence within the womb of Devak to fulfill His vow, and they were very glad that the Lord was appearing in order to fulfill His mission.

Then the demigods addressed the Lord as satya param, or the Supreme Absolute Truth. Everyone is searching after the truth. That is the philosophical way of life. The demigods give information that the Supreme Absolute Truth is Ka. One who becomes fully Ka conscious can attain the Absolute Truth. Ka is the Absolute Truth because, unlike relative truth, He is Truth in all the three phases of eternal time. Time is divided into past, present and future. Ka is Truth alwayspast, present and future. In the material world everything is being controlled by supreme time, in the course of past, present and future. But before the creation, Ka was existing, and when there is creation, everything is resting in Ka, and when this creation is finished, Ka will remain. Therefore, He is Absolute Truth in all circumstances. If there is any truth within this material world, it emanates from the Supreme Truth, Ka. If there is any opulence within this material world, the cause of the opulence is Ka. If there is any reputation within this material world, the cause of the reputation is Ka. If there is any strength within this material world, the cause of such strength is Ka. If there is any wisdom and education within this material world, the cause of such wisdom and education is Ka. Therefore Ka is the source of all relative truths.

This material world is composed of five principal elements earth, water, fire, air and etherand all such elements are emanations from Ka. The material scientists accept these primary five elements as the cause of the material manifestation, but the elements in their gross and subtle states are produced by Ka. The living entities who are working within this material world are products of His marginal potency. In the Seventh Chapter of the Bhagavad-gt, it is clearly stated that the whole manifestation is a combination of two kinds of energies of Ka, the superior energy and the inferior energy. The living entities are the superior energy, and the dead material elements are His inferior energy. In its dormant stage, everything remains in Ka.

The demigods continued to offer their respectful prayers unto the supreme form of the Personality of Godhead, Ka, by analytical study of the material manifestation. What is this material manifestation? It is just like a tree. A tree stands on the ground. Similarly, the tree of the material manifestation is standing on the ground of material nature. This material manifestation is compared to a tree because a tree is ultimately cut off in due course of time. A tree is called vka. Vka means that thing which will be ultimately cut off. Therefore, this tree of the material manifestation cannot be accepted as the Ultimate Truth, because it is influenced by time. But Kas body is eternal: He existed before the material manifestation, He is existing while the material manifestation is continuing, and when it will be dissolved, He will continue to exist. Therefore only Ka can be accepted as the Absolute Truth.

The Kaha Upaniad also cites this example of the tree of material manifestation standing on the ground of material nature. This tree has two kinds of fruits, distress and happiness. Those who are living on the tree of the body are just like two birds. One bird is the localized aspect of Ka known as the Paramtm, and the other bird is the living entity. The living entity is eating the fruits of this material manifestation. Sometimes he eats the fruit of happiness, and sometimes he eats the fruit of distress. But the other bird is not interested in eating the fruit of distress or happiness because he is self-satisfied. The Kaha Upaniad states that one bird on the tree of the body is eating the fruits, and the other bird is simply witnessing. The roots of this tree extend in three directions. This means that the root of the tree is the three modes of material nature: goodness, passion and ignorance. Just as the trees root expands, so, by association of the modes of material nature (goodness, passion and ignorance), one expands his duration of material existence. The tastes of the fruits are of four kinds: religiosity, economic development, sense gratification and, ultimately, liberation. According to the different associations in the three modes of material nature, the living entities are tasting different kinds of religiosity, different kinds of economic development, different kinds of sense gratification and different kinds of liberation. Practically all material work is performed in ignorance, but because there are three qualities, sometimes the quality of ignorance is covered with goodness or passion. The taste of these material fruits is accepted through five senses. The five sense organs through which knowledge is acquired are subjected to six kinds of whips: lamentation, illusion, infirmity, death, hunger and thirst. This material body, or the material manifestation, is covered by seven layers: skin, flesh, blood, marrow, bone, fat and semen. The branches of the tree are eight: earth, water, fire, air, ether, mind, intelligence and ego. There are nine gates in this body: the two eyes, two nostrils, two ears, one mouth, one genital, one rectum. And there are ten kinds of internal air passing within the body: pra, apna, udna, vyna, samna, etc. The two birds seated in this tree, as explained above, are the living entity and the localized Supreme Personality of Godhead, Paramtm.

The root cause of the material manifestation described here is the Supreme Personality of Godhead. The Supreme Personality of Godhead expands Himself to take charge of the three qualities of the material world. Viu takes charge of the mode of goodness, Brahm takes charge of the mode of passion, and Lord iva takes charge of the mode of ignorance. Brahm, by the mode of passion, creates this manifestation, Lord Viu maintains this manifestation by the mode of goodness, and Lord iva annihilates it by the mode of ignorance. The whole creation ultimately rests in the Supreme Lord. He is the cause of creation, maintenance and dissolution. And when the whole manifestation is dissolved, in its subtle form as the Supreme Lords energy it rests within His body.

At the present, the demigods prayed, the Supreme Lord Ka is appearing just for the maintenance of this manifestation. Actually the Supreme Cause is one, but, being deluded by the three modes of material nature, less intelligent persons see that the material world is manifested through different causes. Those who are intelligent can see that the cause is one, Ka. As it is stated in the Brahma-sahit, sarva-kraa-kraam [Bs. 5.1]. Ka, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, is the cause of all causes. Brahm is the deputed agent for creation, Viu is the expansion of Ka for maintenance, and Lord iva is the expansion of Ka for dissolution.

Our dear Lord, the demigods prayed, it is very difficult to understand Your eternal form or personality. People in general are unable to understand Your actual form; therefore You are personally descending to exhibit Your original eternal form. Somehow people can understand the different incarnations of Your Lordship, but they are puzzled to understand the eternal form of Ka with two hands, moving among human beings exactly like one of them. This eternal form of Your Lordship gives ever-increasing transcendental pleasure to the devotees, but for the nondevotees this form is very dangerous. As stated in the Bhagavad-gt, Ka is very pleasing to the sdhus (paritrya sdhnm) [Bg. 4.8]. But this form is very dangerous for the demons because Ka also descends to kill the demons. He is, therefore, simultaneously pleasing to the devotees and dangerous to the demons.

Our dear lotus-eyed Lord, You are the source of pure goodness. There are many great sages who simply by samdhi, or transcendentally meditating upon Your lotus feet and thus being absorbed in Your thought, have easily transformed the great ocean of nescience created by the material nature into no more than the water in a calfs hoofprint. The purpose of meditation is to focus the mind upon the Personality of Godhead, beginning from His lotus feet. Simply by meditation on the lotus feet of the Lord, great sages cross over this vast ocean of material existence without difficulty.

O self-illuminated one, the great saintly persons who have crossed over the ocean of nescience by the help of the transcendental boat of Your lotus feet have not taken away that boat. It is still lying on this side. If one takes a boat to cross over a river, the boat also goes with one to the other side of the river. And so when one reaches the destination, how can the same boat be available to those who are still on this side? To answer this difficulty, the demigods say in their prayer that the boat of the Lords lotus feet is not taken away. The devotees still remaining on this side are able to pass over the ocean of material nature because the pure devotees do not take the boat with them when they cross over. When one simply approaches the boat, the whole ocean of material nescience is reduced to the size of the water in a calfs hoofprint. Therefore, the devotees do not need to take the boat to the other side: they simply cross the ocean immediately. Because the great saintly persons are compassionate toward all conditioned souls, the boat is still lying on this side. In other words, one can meditate upon the lotus feet of the Lord at any time, and by so doing one can cross over the great ocean of material existence.

Meditation means concentration upon the lotus feet of the Lord. Lotus feet indicate the Supreme Personality of Godhead. But those who are impersonalists do not recognize the lotus feet of the Lord, and therefore their object of meditation is something impersonal. The demigods express their mature verdict that persons who are interested in meditating on something void or impersonal cannot cross over the ocean of nescience. Such persons are simply imagining that they have become liberated. O lotus-eyed Lord! Their intelligence is contaminated because they fail to meditate upon the lotus feet of Your Lordship. As a result of this neglectful activity, the impersonalists fall down again into the material way of conditioned life, although they may temporarily rise to the point of impersonal realization. Impersonalists undergo severe austerities and penances to merge themselves into the Brahman effulgence, or impersonal Brahman existence. But their minds are not free from material contamination; they have simply tried to negate the material ways of thinking. That does not mean that they have become liberated. Thus they fall down.

In the Bhagavad-gt it is stated that the impersonalist has to undergo great tribulation in realizing his ultimate goal. At the beginning of rmad-Bhgavatam it is also stated that without devotional service to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, one cannot achieve liberation from the bondage of fruitive activities. The statement of Lord Ka is there in the Bhagavad-gt, and in rmad-Bhgavatam the statement of the great sage Nrada is there, and here also the demigods confirm it. Persons who have not taken to devotional service are understood to have come short of the ultimate purpose of knowledge and are not favored by Your grace. The impersonalists simply think that they are liberated, but actually they have no feeling for the Personality of Godhead. They think that when Ka comes into the material world He accepts a material body. They therefore overlook the transcendental body of Ka. This is also confirmed in the Bhagavad-gt: avajnanti m mh. In spite of conquering material lust and rising to the point of liberation, the impersonalists fall down. If they are engaged just in knowing things for the sake of knowledge and do not take to the devotional service of the Lord, they cannot achieve the desired result. Their achievement is the trouble they take, and that is all.

It is clearly stated in the Bhagavad-gt that to realize Brahman identification is not all. Brahman identification may help one become joyful without material attachment or detachment and to achieve the platform of equanimity, but after this stage one has to take to devotional service. When one takes to devotional service after being elevated to the platform of Brahman realization, he is then admitted into the spiritual kingdom for permanent residence in association with the Supreme Personality of Godhead. That is the result of devotional service. Those who are devotees of the Supreme Personality of Godhead never fall down like the impersonalists. Even if the devotees fall down, they remain affectionately attached to their Lord. They can meet all kinds of obstacles on the path of devotional service, and freely, without any fear, they can surmount such obstacles. Because of their surrender, they are certain that Ka will always protect them. As it is promised by Ka in the Bhagavad-gt, My devotees are never vanquished.

Our dear Lord, the demigods continued, You have appeared in Your original unalloyed form, the eternal form of goodness, for the welfare of all living entities within this material world. Taking advantage of Your appearance, all of them can now very easily understand the nature and form of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Persons who belong to the four divisions of the social order (the brahmacrs, the ghasthas, the vnaprasthas and the sannyss) can all take advantage of Your appearance.

Dear Lord, husband of the goddess of fortune, devotees who are dovetailed in Your service do not fall down from their high position like the impersonalists. Being protected by You, the devotees are able to traverse over the heads of many of Mys commanders in chief, who can always put stumbling blocks on the path of liberation. My dear Lord, You appear in Your eternal transcendental form for the benefit of the living entities so that they can see You face to face and offer their worshipful sacrifices by ritualistic performance of the Vedas, mystic meditation and devotional service as recommended in the scriptures. Dear Lord, if You did not appear in Your eternal transcendental form, full of bliss and knowledgea form which can eradicate all kinds of speculative ignorance about Your positionthen all people would simply speculate about You according to their respective modes of material nature.

The appearance of Ka is the answer to all imaginative iconography of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Everyone imagines the form of the Supreme Personality of Godhead according to his mode of material nature. In the Brahma-sahit it is said that the Lord is the oldest person. Therefore a section of religionists imagine that God must be very old, and therefore they depict a form of the Lord like a very old man. But in the same Brahma-sahit, that is contradicted: although He is the oldest of all living entities, He has His eternal form as a fresh youth. The exact words used in this connection in rmad-Bhgavatam are vijnam ajna-bhidpamrjanam. Vijnam means transcendental knowledge of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Vijnam is also experienced knowledge. Transcendental knowledge has to be accepted by the descending process of disciplic succession as Brahm presents the knowledge of Ka in the Brahma-sahit. The Brahma-sahit is vijnam as realized by Brahms transcendental experience, and in that way he presented the form and the pastimes of Ka in the transcendental abode. This knowledge is ajna-bhidpamrjanam, that which can smash all kinds of speculation in ignorance. People are imagining the form of the Lord: sometimes He has no form and sometimes He has form, according to their different imaginations. But the presentation of Ka in the Brahma-sahit is vijnamscientific, experienced knowledge given by Lord Brahm and accepted by Lord Caitanya. There is no doubt about it. Kas form, Kas flute, Kas coloreverything is reality. Here it is said that this vijnam is always defeating all kinds of speculative knowledge. Therefore, without Your appearing as Ka, as You are, neither ajna-bhid (the nescience of speculative knowledge) nor vijnam would be realized. Ajna-bhidpamrjanamby Your appearance the speculative knowledge of ignorance will be vanquished, and the real experienced knowledge of authorities like Lord Brahm will be established. Men influenced by the three modes of material nature imagine their own God according to the modes of material nature. In this way God is presented in various ways, but Your appearance will establish what the real form of God is.

The highest blunder committed by the impersonalists is to think that when the incarnation of God comes He accepts the form of matter in the mode of goodness. Actually the form of Ka or Nryaa is transcendental to any material idea. Even the greatest impersonalist, akarcrya, has admitted, nryaa paro vyaktt: the material creation is caused by the avyakta (impersonal) manifestation of matter, or the nonphenomenal total reservoir of matter, but Ka is transcendental to that material conception. That is expressed in rmad-Bhgavatam as uddha-sattva, or transcendental. He does not belong to the material mode of goodness, and He is above the position of material goodness. He belongs to the transcendental, eternal status of bliss and knowledge.

Dear Lord, when You appear in Your different incarnations, You take different names and forms according to different situations. Lord Ka is Your name because You are all-attractive; You are called ymasundara because of Your transcendental beauty. yma means blackish, yet it is said that You are more beautiful than thousands of Cupids (kandarpa-koi-kamanya). Although You appear in a color which is compared to the blackish cloud, because You are Transcendental Absolute, Your beauty is many, many times more attractive than the delicate body of Cupid. Sometimes You are called Giridhr because You lifted the hill known as Govardhana. You are sometimes called Nandanandana or Vsudeva or Devaknandana because You appear as the son of Mahrja Nanda or Vasudeva or Devak. Impersonalists think that Your many names or forms are according to a particular type of work and quality because they accept You from the position of a material observer.

Our dear Lord, the way of understanding is not to study Your absolute nature, form and activities by mental speculation. One must engage himself in devotional service; then one can understand Your absolute nature and Your transcendental form, name and qualities. Actually only a person who has a little taste for the service of Your lotus feet can understand Your transcendental nature or form and qualities. Others may go on speculating for millions of years, but it is not possible for them to understand even a single part of Your actual position. In other words, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Ka, cannot be understood by the nondevotees because there is a curtain of Yogamy which covers Kas actual features. As confirmed in the Bhagavad-gt, nha praka sarvasya [Bg. 7.25]. The Lord says, I am not exposed to anyone and everyone. When Ka came, He was actually present on the Battlefield of Kuruketra, and everyone saw Him. But not everyone could understand that He was the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Still, everyone who died in His presence attained complete liberation from material bondage and was transferred to the spiritual world.

O Lord, the impersonalists or nondevotees cannot understand that Your name is identical with Your form. Since the Lord is absolute, there is no difference between His name and His actual form. In the material world there is a difference between form and name. The mango fruit is different from the name of the mango. One cannot taste the mango fruit simply by chanting mango, mango, mango. But the devotee who knows that there is no difference between the name and the form of the Lord chants Hare Ka, Hare Ka, Ka Ka, Hare Hare / Hare Rma, Hare Rma, Rma Rma, Hare Hare and realizes that he is always in Kas company.

For persons who are not very advanced in absolute knowledge of the Supreme, Lord Ka exhibits His transcendental pastimes. They can simply think of the pastimes of the Lord and get full benefit. Since there is no difference between the transcendental name and form of the Lord, there is no difference between the transcendental pastimes and the form of the Lord. For those who are less intelligent (like women, laborers or the mercantile class), the great sage Vysadeva wrote the Mahbhrata. In the Mahbhrata Ka is present in His different activities. The Mahbhrata is history, and simply by studying, hearing and memorizing the transcendental activities of Ka, the less intelligent can also gradually rise to the standard of pure devotees.

The pure devotees, who are always absorbed in the thought of the transcendental lotus feet of Ka and who are always engaged in devotional service in full Ka consciousness, are never to be considered to be in the material world. rla Rpa Gosvm has explained that those who are always engaged in Ka consciousness with body, mind and activities are to be considered liberated even within this body. This is confirmed in the Bhagavad-gt: those who are engaged in the devotional service of the Lord have already transcended the material position.

Ka appears in order to give a chance to both the devotees and the nondevotees for realization of the ultimate goal of life. The devotees get the direct chance to see Him and worship Him. Those who are not on that platform get the chance to become acquainted with His activities and thus become elevated to the same position.

Our dear Lord, O supreme controller, when You appear on earth, all the demons like Kasa and Jarsandha will be vanquished, and all good fortune will be ushered into the world. When You walk on the globe, Your lotus feet will impress on the ground the marks of Your sole, such as the flag, the trident and the thunderbolt. Thus You will grace both the earth and us on the heavenly planets who shall see those marks.

O dear Lord, the demigods continued, You are unborn; therefore we do not find any reason for Your appearance other than for Your pleasurable pastimes. Although the reason for the appearance of the Lord is stated in the Bhagavad-gt (He descends just to give protection to the devotees and vanquish the nondevotees), actually He descends for His pleasure-meeting with the devotees, not really to vanquish the nondevotees. The nondevotees can be vanquished simply by one kick of material nature. The actions and reactions of material nature (creation, maintenance and annihilation) are being carried out automatically. But simply by taking shelter of Your holy name the devotees are sufficiently protected, because Your holy name and Your personality are nondifferent. The protection of the devotees and the annihilation of the nondevotees are actually not the business of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. When He descends, it is just for His transcendental pleasure. There cannot be any other reason for His appearance.

Our dear Lord, You are appearing as the best of the Yadu dynasty, and we are offering our respectful humble obeisances unto Your lotus feet. Before this appearance, You also appeared as the fish incarnation, as the horse incarnation, as the tortoise incarnation, as the half-man, half-lion incarnation, as the boar incarnation, as the swan incarnation, as King Rmacandra, as Paraurma and as many other incarnations. You appeared just to protect the devotees, and we request You in Your present appearance as the Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself to give us similar protection all over the three worlds and remove all obstacles for the peaceful execution of our lives.

Dear mother Devak, within your womb is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, appearing along with all His plenary extensions. He is the original Personality of Godhead, appearing for our welfare. Therefore you should not be afraid of your brother, the King of Bhoja. Your son Lord Ka, who is the original Personality of Godhead, will appear for the protection of the pious Yadu dynasty. The Lord is appearing not alone but accompanied by His immediate plenary portion, Baladeva.

Devak was very much afraid of her brother Kasa because he had already killed so many of her children. So she was very anxious about Ka. In the Viu Pura it is stated that in order to pacify Devak, all the demigods, along with their wives, used to visit her to encourage her not to be afraid that her son would be killed by Kasa. Ka, who was within her womb, was to appear not only to diminish the burden of the world but specifically to protect the interests of the Yadu dynasty, and certainly to protect Devak and Vasudeva. It is understood that Ka had been transferred from the mind of Vasudeva to the mind of Devak, and from there to her womb. Thus all the demigods worshiped Devak, the mother of Ka.

After thus worshiping the transcendental form of the Lord, all the demigods, with Lord Brahm and Lord iva placed in front, departed for their heavenly abodes.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Second Chapter of Ka, Prayers by the Demigods for Lord Ka in the Womb.

KB 3: The Birth of Lord Ka

CHAPTER THREE

The Birth of Lord Ka

In the Bhagavad-gt the Lord says that His appearance, birth and activities are all transcendental and that one who understands them factually becomes immediately eligible to be transferred to the spiritual world. The Lords appearance or birth is not like that of an ordinary man, who is forced to accept a material body according to his past deeds. The Lords appearance is explained in the Second Chapter: He appears out of His own sweet pleasure. When the time was mature for the appearance of the Lord, the constellations became very auspicious. The astrological influence of the star known as Rohi was predominant. This star is considered to be very auspicious and is under the direct supervision of Brahm. According to the astrological conclusion, besides the proper situation of the stars, there are auspicious and inauspicious moments due to the different situations of the different planetary systems. At the time of Kas birth, the planetary systems were automatically adjusted so that everything became auspicious.

At that time, in all directionseast, west, south, north, everywherethere was an atmosphere of peace and prosperity. There were auspicious stars visible in the sky, and on the surface in all towns and villages and pasturing grounds and within the minds of everyone there were signs of good fortune. The rivers were flowing full of waters, and lakes were beautifully decorated with lotus flowers. The forests were full with beautiful birds and peacocks. All the birds within the forests began to sing with sweet voices, and the peacocks began to dance along with their consorts. The wind blew very pleasantly, carrying the aroma of different flowers, and the sensation of bodily touch was very pleasing. At home, the brhmaas, who were accustomed to offering sacrifices in the fire, found their homes very pleasant for offerings. Due to disturbances created by the demoniac kings, the sacrificial fire had been almost stopped in the houses of brhmaas, but now they could find the opportunity to start the fire peacefully. Being forbidden to offer sacrifices, the brhmaas had been very much distressed in mind, intelligence and activities, but just on the point of Kas appearance, automatically their minds became full of joy because they could hear transcendental vibrations in the sky proclaiming the appearance of the Supreme Personality of Godhead.

The denizens of the Gandharva and Kinnara planets began to sing, and the denizens of Siddhaloka and the planets of the Craas began to offer prayers in the service of the Personality of Godhead. In the heavenly planets, the angels along with their wives, as well as the Vidydharas along with their wives, began to dance.

The great sages and the demigods, being pleased, began to shower flowers. At the seashore there was the sound of mild waves, and above the sea there were clouds in the sky which began to thunder very pleasingly.

When things were adjusted like this, Lord Viu, who is residing within the heart of every living entity, appeared in the darkness of night as the Supreme Personality of Godhead before Devak, who also appeared as one of the demigoddesses. The appearance of Lord Viu at that time could be compared to the rising of the full moon over the eastern horizon. The objection may be raised that since Lord Ka appeared on the eighth day of the waning moon, there could be no rising of the full moon. In answer to this it may be said that Lord Ka appeared in the dynasty which is in the hierarchy of the moon; therefore, although the moon was incomplete on that night, because of the Lords appearance in the dynasty wherein the moon is himself the original person, the moon was in an overjoyous condition, so by the grace of Ka he could appear just as a full moon.

In an astronomical treatise by the name Khamaikya, the constellations at the time of the appearance of Lord Ka are very nicely described. It is confirmed that the child born at that auspicious moment was the Supreme Brahman, or the Absolute Truth.

Vasudeva saw that wonderful child born as a baby with four hands, holding conchshell, club, disc and lotus flower, decorated with the mark of rvatsa, wearing the jeweled necklace of kaustubha stone, dressed in yellow silk, appearing dazzling like a bright blackish cloud, wearing a helmet bedecked with the vaidrya stone, valuable bracelets, earrings and similar other ornaments all over His body and an abundance of hair on His head. Due to the extraordinary features of the child, Vasudeva was struck with wonder. How could a newly born child be so decorated? He could therefore understand that Lord Ka had now appeared, and he became overpowered by the occasion. Vasudeva very humbly wondered that although he was an ordinary living entity conditioned by material nature and was externally imprisoned by Kasa, the all-pervading Personality of Godhead, Viu, or Ka, was appearing as a child in his home, exactly in His original position. No earthly child is born with four hands, decorated with ornaments and nice clothing, fully equipped with all the signs of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Over and over again Vasudeva glanced at his child, and he considered how to celebrate this auspicious moment: Generally, when a male child is born, he thought, people observe the occasion with jubilant celebrations, and in my home, although I am imprisoned, the Supreme Personality of Godhead has taken birth. How many millions and millions of times should I be prepared to observe this auspicious ceremony!

When Vasudeva, who is also called nakadundubhi, was looking at his newborn baby, he was so happy that he wanted to give many thousands of cows in charity to the brhmaas. According to the Vedic system, whenever there is an auspicious ceremony in the katriya kings palace, out of joy the king gives many things in charity. Cows decorated with golden ornaments are delivered to the brhmaas and sages. Vasudeva wanted to perform a charitable ceremony to celebrate Kas appearance, but because he was shackled within the walls of Kasas prison, this was not possible. Instead, within his mind he gave thousands of cows to the brhmaas.

When Vasudeva was convinced that the newborn child was the Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself, he bowed down with folded hands and began to offer Him prayers. At that time Vasudeva was in the transcendental position, and he became completely free from all fear of Kasa. The newborn baby was also flashing His effulgence within the room in which He appeared.

Vasudeva then began to offer his prayers. My dear Lord, I can understand who You are. You are the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the Supersoul of all living entities and the Absolute Truth. You have appeared in Your own eternal form, which is directly perceived by us. I understand that because I am afraid of Kasa You have appeared just to deliver me from that fear. You do not belong to this material world; You are the same person who brings about the cosmic manifestation simply by glancing over material nature.

One may argue that the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who creates the whole cosmic manifestation simply by His glance, cannot come within the womb of Devak, the wife of Vasudeva. To eradicate this argument, Vasudeva said, My dear Lord, it is not a very wonderful thing that You have appeared within the womb of Devak, because the creation was also made in that way. You were lying in the Causal Ocean as Mah-Viu, and by Your breathing process, innumerable universes came into existence. Then You entered into each of the universes as Garbhodakay Viu. Then again You expanded Yourself as Krodakay Viu and entered into the hearts of all living entities and even within the atoms. Therefore Your entrance into the womb of Devak is understandable in the same way. You appear to have entered, but You are simultaneously all-pervading. We can understand Your entrance and nonentrance from material examples. The total material energy remains intact even after being divided into sixteen elements. The material body is nothing but the combination of the five gross elementsnamely earth, water, fire, air and ether. Whenever there is a material body, it appears that such elements are newly created, but actually the elements are always existing outside of the body. Similarly, although You have appeared as a child in the womb of Devak, You are also existing outside. You are always in Your abode, but still You can simultaneously expand Yourself into millions of forms.

One has to understand Your appearance with great intelligence because the material energy is also emanating from You. You are the original source of the material energy, just as the sun is the source of the sunshine. The sunshine cannot cover the sun globe, nor can the material energybeing an emanation from Youcover You. You appear to be in the three modes of material energy, but actually the three modes of material energy cannot cover You. This is understood by the highly intellectual philosophers. In other words, although You appear to be within the material energy, You are never covered by it.

We hear from the Vedic version that the Supreme Brahman exhibits His effulgence and therefore everything becomes illuminated. We can understand from the Brahma-sahit that the brahmajyoti, or the Brahman effulgence, emanates from the body of the Supreme Lord. And from the Brahman effulgence, all creation takes place. It is also stated in the Bhagavad-gt that the Lord is the support of the Brahman effulgence. Therefore, originally He is the root cause of everything. But persons who are less intelligent think that when the Supreme Personality of Godhead comes within this material world, He accepts the material qualities. Such conclusions are not very mature but are made by the less intelligent.

The Supreme Personality of Godhead is directly and indirectly existing everywhere; He is outside this material creation, and He is also within it. He is within this material creation not only as Garbhodakay Viu; He is also within the atom. The existence of the atom is due to His presence. Nothing can be separated from His existence. In the Vedic injunctions we find that the Supreme Soul, or the root cause of everything, has to be searched out because nothing exists independently of the Supreme Soul. Therefore the material manifestation is also a transformation of His potency. Both inert matter and the living forcethe soulare emanations from Him. Only the foolish conclude that when the Supreme Lord appears He accepts the conditions of matter. Even if He appears to have accepted the material body, He is still not subjected to any material condition. Ka has therefore appeared and defeated all imperfect conclusions about the appearance and disappearance of the Supreme Personality of Godhead.

My Lord, Your appearance, existence and disappearance are beyond the influence of the material qualities. Because Your Lordship is the Supreme Brahman and the controller of everything, there is nothing inconceivable or contradictory in You. As You have said, material nature works under Your superintendence, just like a government officer working under the orders of the chief executive. The influence of subordinate activities cannot affect You. Since You are the Supreme Brahman, everything is existing within You, and since all the activities of material nature are controlled by Your Lordship, none of these activities affect You.

You are called uklam. uklam, or whiteness, is the symbolic representation of the Absolute Truth because it is unaffected by the material qualities. Lord Brahm is called rakta, or red, because Brahm represents the quality of passion for creation. Darkness is entrusted to Lord iva because he annihilates the cosmos. The creation, annihilation and maintenance of this cosmic manifestation are conducted by Your potencies, yet You are always unaffected by those qualities. As confirmed in the Vedas, harir hi nirgua skt: the Supreme Personality of Godhead is always free from all material qualities. It is also said that the qualities of passion and ignorance are nonexistent in the person of the Supreme Lord.

My Lord, You are the supreme controller, the Personality of Godhead, the supreme great, maintaining the order of this cosmic manifestation. Yet in spite of Your being the supreme controller, You have so kindly appeared in my home. The purpose of Your appearance is to kill the followers of the demoniac rulers of the world, who are in the dress of royal princes but are actually demons. I am sure that You will kill all of them and their followers and soldiers.

I understand that You have appeared in order to kill the uncivilized Kasa and his followers. But knowing that You were to appear in order to kill him and his followers, he has already killed so many of Your predecessors, Your elder brothers. Now he is simply awaiting the news of Your birth. As soon as he hears about it, he will immediately appear with all kinds of weapons to kill You.

After this prayer of Vasudeva, Devak, the mother of Ka, offered her prayers. She was very frightened because of her brothers atrocities. Devak said, My dear Lord, Your eternal forms, like Nryaa, Lord Rma, Hayara, Varha, Nsiha, Vmana, Baladeva and millions of similar incarnations emanating from Viu, are described in the Vedic literature as original. You are original because all Your forms as incarnations are outside of this material creation. Your form was existing before this cosmic manifestation was created. Your forms are eternal and all-pervading. They are self-effulgent, changeless and uncontaminated by the material qualities. Such eternal forms are evercognizant and full of bliss; they are situated in transcendental goodness and are always engaged in different pastimes. You are not limited to a particular form only; all such transcendental, eternal forms are self-sufficient. I can understand that You are the Supreme Lord Viu.

After many millions of years, when Lord Brahm comes to the end of his life, the annihilation of the cosmic manifestation takes place. At that time the five elementsnamely earth, water, fire, air and etherenter into the mahat-tattva. The mahat-tattva then enters, by the force of time, into the nonmanifested total material energy, the total material energy enters into the energetic pradhna, and the pradhna enters into You. Therefore after the annihilation of the whole cosmic manifestation, You alone remain with Your transcendental name, form, qualities and paraphernalia.

My Lord, I offer my respectful obeisances unto You because You are the director of the unmanifested total energy and the ultimate reservoir of the material nature. My Lord, the whole cosmic manifestation is under the influence of time, beginning from the moment up to the duration of the year. All act under Your direction. You are the original director of everything and the reservoir of all potent energies.

All the conditioned souls are continually fleeing from one body to another and one planet to another, yet they do not get free from the onslaught of birth and death. But when one of these fearful living entities comes under the shelter of Your lotus feet, he can lie down without anxiety of being attacked by formidable death. This statement by Devak is confirmed in the Bhagavad-gt by the Lord Himself. There the Lord says that even after traveling all over the universe, from Brahmaloka to Ptlaloka, one cannot escape the attack of birth, death, disease and old age. But one who enters the kingdom of God, the Lord says, is never again obliged to come to the material world.

Therefore, my Lord, I request You to save me from the cruel hands of the son of Ugrasena, Kasa. I am praying to Your Lordship to please rescue me from this fearful condition because You are always ready to give protection to Your servitors. The Lord has confirmed this statement in the Bhagavad-gt by assuring Arjuna, You may declare to the world, My devotee shall never be vanquished.

While thus praying to the Lord for rescue, mother Devak nonetheless expressed her motherly affection: I understand that this transcendental form is generally perceived in meditation by the great sages, but I am still afraid because as soon as Kasa understands that You have appeared, he might harm You. So I request that for the time being You become invisible to our material eyes. In other words, she requested the Lord to assume the form of an ordinary child. My only cause of fear from my brother Kasa is due to Your appearance. My Lord Madhusdana, Kasa may not know that You are already born. Therefore I request You to conceal this four-armed form of Your Lordship, which holds the four symbols of Viunamely the conchshell, the disc, the club and the lotus flower. My dear Lord, at the end of the annihilation of the cosmic manifestation, You put the whole universe within Your abdomen; still by Your unalloyed mercy You have appeared in my womb. I am surprised that You imitate the activities of ordinary human beings just to please Your devotee.

On hearing the prayers of Devak, the Lord replied, My dear mother, in the millennium of Svyambhuva Manu, My father Vasudeva was living as one of the Prajpatis. His name at that time was Sutap, and you were his wife named Pni. At that time, when Lord Brahm was desiring to increase the population, he requested you to generate offspring. You controlled your senses and performed severe austerities. By practicing the breathing exercises of the yoga system, both you and your husband could tolerate all the influences of the material laws: the rainy season, the onslaught of the wind, and the scorching heat of the sunshine. You also executed all religious principles. In this way you were able to cleanse your heart and control the influences of material laws. In executing your austerity, you used to eat only the leaves of the trees which fell to the ground. Then with a steady mind and controlled sex drive, you worshiped Me, desiring some wonderful benediction from Me. Both of you practiced severe austerities for twelve thousand years by the calculation of the demigods. During that time, your mind was always absorbed in Me. When you were executing devotional service and always thinking of Me within your heart, I was very much pleased with you. O sinless mother, your heart is therefore always pure. At that time also I appeared before you in this form just to fulfill your desire, and I asked you to ask whatever you desired. At that time you wished to have Me born as your son. Although you saw Me personally, instead of asking for your complete liberation from material bondage, under the influence of My energy you asked Me to become your son.

In other words, to appear in the material world the Lord selected His mother and fathernamely Pni and Sutap, respectively. Whenever the Lord comes as a human being, He must have a mother and a father, so He selected Pni and Sutap perpetually as His mother and father. And on account of this, neither Pni nor Sutap could ask the Lord for liberation. Liberation is not so important as the transcendental loving service of the Lord. The Lord could have awarded Pni and Sutap immediate liberation, but He preferred to keep them within this material world for His different appearances, as will be explained in the following verses. On receiving the benediction from the Lord to become His father and mother, both Pni and Sutap retired from the activities of austerity and lived as husband and wife in order to beget a child who was the Supreme Lord Himself.

In due course of time Pni became pregnant and gave birth to the child. The Lord spoke to Devak and Vasudeva: At that time My name was Pnigarbha. In the next millennium you took birth as Aditi and Kayapa, and I became your child of the name Upendra. At that time My form was just like a dwarf, and for this reason I was known as Vmanadeva. I gave you the benediction that I would take birth as your son three times. The first time I was known as Pnigarbha, born of Pni and Sutap, the next birth I was Upendra, born of Aditi and Kayapa, and now for the third time I am born as Ka from you, Devak and Vasudeva. I have appeared in this Viu form just to convince you that I am the same Supreme Personality of Godhead again taken birth. I could have appeared just like an ordinary child, but in that way you would not have believed that the Supreme Personality of Godhead had taken birth in your womb. My dear father and mother, you have therefore raised Me many times as your child, with great affection and love, and I am therefore very pleased and obliged to you. And I assure you that this time you shall go back home, back to Godhead, on account of your perfection in your mission. I know you are very concerned about Me and afraid of Kasa. Therefore I order you to take Me immediately to Gokula and exchange Me with the daughter who has just been born to Yaod.

Having spoken thus to His father and mother, the Lord turned Himself into an ordinary child in their presence and remained silent.

Being ordered by the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Vasudeva prepared to take his son from the delivery room, and exactly at that time, a daughter was born to Nanda and Yaod. She was Yogamy, the internal potency of the Lord. By the influence of this internal potency, Yogamy, all the residents of Kasas palace, especially the doorkeepers, were overwhelmed with deep sleep, and all the palace doors opened, although they were barred and shackled with iron chains. The night was very dark, but as soon as Vasudeva took Ka on his lap and went out, he could see everything just as in the sunlight.

In the Caitanya-caritmta it is said that Ka is just like sunlight and that wherever there is Ka, the illusory energy, which is compared to darkness, cannot remain. When Vasudeva was carrying Ka, the darkness of the night disappeared. All the prison doors automatically opened. At the same time there was thunder in the sky and severe rainfall. While Vasudeva was carrying his son Ka in the falling rain, Lord ea in the shape of a serpent spread His hood over the head of Vasudeva so that he would not be hampered by the rainfall. Vasudeva came onto the bank of the Yamun and saw that the water of the Yamun was roaring with waves and that the whole span was full of foam. Still, in that furious feature, the river gave passage to Vasudeva to cross, just as the great Indian Ocean gave a path to Lord Rma when He was bridging over the gulf. In this way Vasudeva crossed the river Yamun. On the other side, he went to the place of Nanda Mahrja, situated in Gokula, where he saw that all the cowherd men were fast asleep. He took the opportunity of silently entering into the house of Yaod, and without difficulty he exchanged his son with the baby girl newly born in the house of Yaod. Then, after entering the house very silently and exchanging the boy with the girl, he returned to the prison of Kasa and silently put the girl on the lap of Devak. He again clamped the shackles on himself so that Kasa could not recognize that so many things had happened.

Mother Yaod understood that a child was born to her, but because she was very tired from the labor of childbirth, she was fast asleep. When she awoke, she could not remember whether she had given birth to a male or a female child.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Third Chapter of Ka, The Birth of Lord Ka.

KB 4: Kasa Begins His Persecutions

CHAPTER FOUR

Kasa Begins His Persecutions

After Vasudeva adjusted things as they had been before he carried Ka to Gokula, and all the doors and gates became similarly closed, the gatekeepers awoke and heard the newborn child crying. Kasa was waiting to hear the news of the childs birth, and the gatekeepers immediately approached him and informed him that the child was born. At that time, Kasa got up from his bed very quickly and exclaimed, Now the cruel death of my life is born! Kasa became perplexed now that his death was approaching, and his hair scattered. Immediately he proceeded toward the place where the child was born.

Devak, on seeing her brother approaching, prayed in a very meek attitude to Kasa: My dear brother, please do not kill this female child. I promise that this child will be the wife of your son; therefore dont kill her. You are not to be killed by any female child. That was the prophecy. You are to be killed by a male child, so please do not kill her. My dear brother, you have killed so many of my children who were just born, shining as the sun. That is not your fault. You have been advised by demoniac friends to kill my children. But now I beg you to excuse this girl at least. Let her live as my daughter.

Kasa was so cruel that he did not listen to the pitiful prayers of his sister Devak. He forcibly grabbed the newborn child to rebuke his sister and attempted to dash her on the stone mercilessly. This is a graphic example of a cruel demon who could sacrifice all relationships for the sake of personal gratification. But the child immediately slipped out of his hands, went up into the sky and appeared with eight arms as the younger sister of Viu. She was decorated with nice garments and flower garlands and ornaments; in her eight hands she held a bow, lance, arrows, sword, conchshell, disc, club and shield.

Seeing the appearance of the child (who was actually the goddess Durg), all the demigods from different planets like Siddhaloka, Craaloka, Gandharvaloka, Apsaroloka, Kinnaraloka and Uragaloka presented her with various articles and began to offer their respective prayers. From above, the goddess addressed Kasa: You rascal, how can you kill me? The child who will kill you is already born before me somewhere within this world. Dont be so cruel to your poor sister. After this appearance, the goddess Durg became known by various names in various parts of the world.

After hearing these words, Kasa became very much overwhelmed with fear. Out of pity, he immediately released Vasudeva and Devak from the bondage of their shackles and very politely began to address them. He said, My dear sister and brother-in-law, I have acted just like a demon in killing my own nephewsyour childrenand thereby I have given up all consideration of our intimate relationship. I do not know what will be the result of these envious acts of mine. Probably I shall be sent to the hell where killers of brhmaas go. I am surprised, however, that the celestial prophecy has not come true. It is not only in human society that false propaganda is found. Now it appears that even the celestial denizens speak lies. Because I believed in the words of the celestial denizens, I have committed so many sins by killing the children of my sister. My dear Vasudeva and Devak, you are both very great souls. I have no instructions to give you, but still I request that you not be sorry for the death of your children. Every one of us is under the control of superior power, and that superior power does not allow us to remain together. We are bound to be separated from our friends and relatives in due course of time. But we must know for certain that even after the disappearance of the different material bodies, the soul remains intact eternally. For example, there are many pots made of earthly clay, and they are prepared and also broken. But in spite of this, the earth remains as it is perpetually. Similarly, the bodies of the soul under different conditions are made and destroyed, but the spirit soul remains eternally. So there is nothing to lament over. Everyone should understand that this material body is different from the spirit soul, and so long as one does not come to that understanding, he is sure to accept the processes of transmigration from one body to another.
My dear sister Devak, you are so gentle and kind. Please excuse medont be aggrieved by the death of your children, which I have caused. Actually this was not done by me, because all these are predestined activities. One has to act according to the predestined plan, even unwillingly. People misunderstand that with the end of the body the self dies, or they think that one can kill another living entity. All these misconceptions oblige one to accept the conditions of material existence. In other words, as long as one is not firmly convinced of the eternality of the soul, one is subjected to the tribulation of being killer and killed. My dear sister Devak and brother-in-law Vasudeva, kindly excuse the atrocities I have committed against you. I am very poor-hearted, and you are so great-hearted, so take compassion upon me and excuse me.

While Kasa was speaking to his brother-in-law and sister, tears flowed from his eyes, and he fell down at their feet. Believing the words of Durg-dev, whom he had tried to kill, Kasa immediately released his brother-in-law and sister. He personally unlocked the iron shackles and very sympathetically showed his friendship for his family members.

When Devak saw her brother so repentant, she also became pacified and forgot all his atrocious activities against her children. Vasudeva also, forgetting all past incidents, spoke smilingly with his brother-in-law. Vasudeva told Kasa, My dear fortunate brother-in-law, what you are saying about the material body and the soul is correct. Every living entity is born ignorant, misunderstanding this material body to be his self. This conception of life is due to ignorance, and on the basis of this ignorance we create enmity or friendship. Lamentation, jubilation, fearfulness, envy, greed, illusion and madness are different features of our material concept of life. A person influenced like this engages in enmityonly due to the material body. Being engaged in such activities, we forget our eternal relationship with the Supreme Personality of Godhead.

Vasudeva took the opportunity of Kasas benevolence and informed him that his atheistic activities were also due to this misconception of lifenamely taking the material body to be the self. When Vasudeva talked with Kasa in such an illuminating way, Kasa became very much pleased, and his guilt for killing his nephews subsided. With the permission of his sister Devak and brother-in-law Vasudeva, he returned to his home with a relieved mind.

But the next day Kasa called all his counselors together and narrated to them all the incidents that had happened the night before. All the counselors of Kasa were demons and eternal enemies of the demigods, so they became depressed upon hearing their master speak of the nights events. And although they were not very much experienced or learned, they began to give instructions to Kasa as follows: Dear sir, let us now make arrangements to kill all children who were born within the last ten days in all towns, counties, villages and pasturing grounds. Let us execute this plan indiscriminately. We think that the demigods cannot do anything against us if we perform these atrocities. They are always afraid of fighting with us, and even if they wish to check our activities, they will not dare to do so. Because of your immeasurable strength, they fear your bow. Indeed, we have practical experience that whenever you stood to fight with them and began to shower your arrows on them, they immediately fled in all directions just to save their lives. Many of the demigods were unable to fight with you, and they immediately surrendered themselves unto you by loosening their turbans and the tufts of hair on their heads. With folded hands they begged you to spare them and said, My lord, we are all afraid of your strength. Please release us from this dangerous fight. We have also seen many times that you would never kill such surrendered fighters when they were all fearful, their bows, arrows and chariots broken, forgetful of their military activities and unable to fight with you. So actually we have nothing to fear from these demigods. They are very proud of being great fighters in peacetime outside the war field, but actually they cannot show any talent or military power on the war field. Although Lord Viu, Lord iva and Lord Brahm are always ready to help the demigods, headed by Indra, we have no reason to be afraid of them. As far as Lord Viu is concerned, He has already hidden Himself within the hearts of all living entities, and He cannot come out. As far as Lord iva is concerned, he has renounced all activities; he has already entered into the forest. And Lord Brahm is always engaged in different types of austerities and meditation. And what to speak of Indrahe is a straw in comparison to your strength. Therefore we have nothing to fear from any of these demigods. But we must not neglect them, for the demigods are our determined enemies. We must be careful to protect ourselves. To root them out from their very existence, we should just engage ourselves in your service and be always ready for your command.

The demons continued to say, If there is some disease in the body which is neglected, it worsens and becomes incurable. Similarly, when one is not careful about restraining the senses and lets them loose, it is then very difficult to control them. Therefore, we must now be very careful of the demigods before they get too strong to be subdued. The foundation of strength of the demigods is Lord Viu, because the ultimate goal of all religious principles is to satisfy Him. The Vedic injunctions, the brhmaas, the cows, austerities, sacrifices, performances of charity and distribution of wealth are all for the satisfaction of Lord Viu. So let us immediately begin by killing all the brhmaas who are in charge of the Vedic knowledge and the great sages who are in charge of sacrificial ritualistic performances. Let us kill all the cows, which are the source of butter, which is so necessary for performing sacrifices. Please give us your permission to kill all these creatures.

Actually the limbs of the transcendental body of Lord Viu are the brhmaas, the cows, Vedic knowledge, austerity, truthfulness, sense and mind control, faithfulness, charity, tolerance and performance of sacrifices. Lord Viu is situated in everyones heart and is the leader of all demigods, including Lord iva and Lord Brahm. Therefore we think that to persecute the great sages and brhmaas is to kill Lord Viu.

Thus being advised by his demoniac ministers, Kasa, who was from the very beginning the greatest rascal, decided to persecute the brhmaas and Vaiavas, being entrapped by the shackles of all-devouring, eternal time. He ordered the demons to harass all kinds of saintly persons, and then he entered his house. The adherents of Kasa were all influenced by the mode of passion as well as illusioned by the mode of ignorance, and their only business was to create enmity with saintly persons. Such activities can only reduce ones duration of life. The demons accelerated the process and invited their deaths as soon as possible. The result of persecuting saintly persons is not only untimely death. The act is so offensive that the perpetrator also gradually loses his beauty, his fame and his religious principles, and thus his promotion to higher planets is checked. Driven by various kinds of mental concoctions, the demons diminish all kinds of auspiciousness. An offense at the lotus feet of the devotees and brhmaas is a greater offense than that committed at the lotus feet of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. A civilization that commits such sinful activities generally loses all faith in the Supreme Lord, and such a godless civilization becomes the source of all calamities in human society.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Fourth Chapter of Ka, Kasa Begins His Persecutions.

KB 5: The Meeting of Nanda and Vasudeva

CHAPTER FIVE

The Meeting of Nanda and Vasudeva

Although Ka was the real son of Vasudeva and Devak, because of Kasas atrocious activities Vasudeva could not enjoy the birth ceremony of his son. But Nanda Mahrja, the foster father, celebrated the birth ceremony of Ka very joyfully. The next day, it was declared that a male child had been born to Yaod. According to Vedic custom, Nanda Mahrja called for learned astrologers and brhmaas to perform the birth ceremony. After the birth of a child, the astrologers calculate the moment of the birth and make a horoscope of the childs future life. Another ceremony takes place after the birth of the child: the family members take baths, cleanse themselves and decorate themselves with ornaments and nice garments; then they come before the child and the astrologer to hear of the future life of the child. Nanda Mahrja and other members of the family dressed and sat down in front of the birthplace. All the brhmaas who were assembled there on this occasion chanted auspicious mantras, according to the rituals, while the astrologers performed the birth ceremony. All the demigods are also worshiped on this occasion, as well as the forefathers of the family. Nanda Mahrja distributed to the brhmaas 200,000 cows, which were well decorated with cloth and ornaments. He gave the brhmaas not only cows in charity but also hills of grain decorated with ornaments and golden-bordered cloth.

In the material world we possess riches and wealth in many ways, but sometimes not in very honest and pious ways, because that is the nature of accumulating wealth. According to Vedic injunction, therefore, one should purify such wealth by giving cows and gold in charity to the brhmaas. A newborn child is also purified by gifts of grains in charity to the brhmaas. In this material world it is to be understood that we are always living in a contaminated state. We therefore have to purify the duration of our lives, our possession of wealth and our self. We can purify our duration of life by taking daily bath and cleansing the body inside and outside and accepting the ten kinds of purificatory processes. By austerities, by worship of the Lord, and by distribution of charity, we can purify the possession of wealth. We can purify our self by studying the Vedas in order to understand the Absolute Truth and achieve self-realization. It is therefore stated in the Vedic literature that by birth everyone is born a dra, that by accepting the purificatory process one becomes twice-born, that by studying the Vedas one becomes a vipra, which is the preliminary qualification for becoming a brhmaa, and that when one perfectly understands the Absolute Truth he is called a brhmaa. And when the brhmaa reaches further perfection, he becomes a Vaiava, or a devotee.

In that ceremony, all the assembled brhmaas began to chant different kinds of Vedic mantras to invoke all good fortune for the child. There are different kinds of chanting, known as sta, mgadha, vandja and virudval. Along with this chanting of mantras and songs, bugles and kettledrums are sounded outside the house. On this occasion, the joyous vibrations could be heard in all the pasturing grounds and all the houses. Within and outside of the houses there were varieties of artistic paintings, done with rice pulp, and scented water was sprinkled everywhere, even on the roads and streets. Ceilings and roofs were decorated with different kinds of flags, festoons and green leaves. The gates were made of green leaves and flowers. All the cows, bulls and calves were smeared with a mixture of oil and turmeric and painted with minerals like red oxide, yellow clay and manganese. They wore garlands of peacock feathers and were covered with nice colored cloths and gold necklaces.

When all the ecstatic cowherd men heard that Nanda Mahrja, the father of Ka, was celebrating the birth ceremony of his son, they became spontaneously joyful. They dressed themselves with very costly garments and ornamented their bodies with different kinds of earrings and necklaces and wore great turbans on their heads. After dressing themselves in this gorgeous way, they took various kinds of presentations and thus approached the house of Nanda Mahrja.

As soon as they heard that mother Yaod had given birth to a child, all the cowherd women became overwhelmed with joy, and they also dressed themselves with various kinds of costly garments and ornaments and smeared scented cosmetics on their bodies.

As the dust on the lotus flower exhibits the exquisite beauty of the flower, all the gops (cowherd women) applied the dust of kukuma on their lotuslike faces. These beautiful gops took their different presentations and very soon reached the house of Mahrja Nanda. Overburdened with their heavy hips and swollen breasts, the gops could not proceed very quickly towards the house of Nanda Mahrja, but out of ecstatic love for Ka they proceeded as quickly as possible. Their ears were decorated with pearl rings, their necks were decorated with jewel lockets, their lips and eyes were decorated with different kinds of lipstick and ointment, and their hands were decorated with nice golden bangles. As they were very hastily passing over the stone road, the flower garlands which were decorating their bodies fell to the ground, and it appeared that a shower of flowers was falling from the sky. From the movement of the different kinds of ornaments on their bodies, they were looking still more beautiful. In this way, they all reached the house of Nanda-Yaod and blessed the child: Dear child, You live long just to protect us. While they were blessing child Ka in this way, they offered a mixture of turmeric powder, oil, yogurt, milk and water. They sprinkled this mixture not only on the body of child Ka but on all other persons who were present there. Also on that auspicious occasion, there were different bands of expert musicians playing.

When the cowherd men saw the pastimes of the cowherd women, they became very joyful, and in response they also began to throw yogurt, milk, clarified butter and water upon the bodies of the gops. Then both parties began to throw butter on each others bodies. Nanda Mahrja was also very happy to see the pastimes of the cowherd men and women, and he became very liberal in giving charity to the different singers who were assembled there. Some singers were reciting great verses from the Upaniads and Puras, some were glorifying the family ancestors, and some were singing very sweet songs. There were also many learned brhmaas present, and Nanda Mahrja, being very satisfied on this occasion, gave them different kinds of garments, ornaments and cows in charity.

It is very important to note in this connection how wealthy the inhabitants of Vndvana were simply by raising cows. All the cowherd men belonged to the vaiya community, and their business was to protect the cows and cultivate crops. By their dress and ornaments, and by their behavior, it appears that although they were in a small village, they still were rich in material possessions. They possessed such an abundance of various kinds of milk products that they were throwing butter lavishly on each others bodies without restriction. Their wealth was in milk, yogurt, clarified butter and many other milk products, and by trading their agricultural products, they were rich in various kinds of jewelry, ornaments and costly garments. Not only did they possess all these things, but they could give them away in charity lavishly, as did Nanda Mahrja.

Thus Nanda Mahrja, the foster father of Lord Ka, began to satisfy the desires of all the men assembled there. He respectfully received them and gave them in charity whatever they desired. The learned brhmaas, who had no other source of income, were completely dependent on the vaiya community for their maintenance, and they received gifts on such festive occasions as birthdays and marriages. While Nanda Mahrja was worshiping Lord Viu on this occasion and was trying to satisfy all the people there, his only desire was that the newborn child Ka be happy. Nanda Mahrja had no knowledge that this child was the origin of Viu; he was praying to Lord Viu to protect Him.

Rohidev, the mother of Balarma, was the most fortunate wife of Vasudeva. She was away from her husband, yet just to congratulate Mahrja Nanda on the occasion of the birth ceremony of his son, Ka, she dressed herself very nicely. Wearing a garland, a necklace and other bodily ornaments, she appeared on the scene and moved hither and thither. According to the Vedic system, a woman whose husband is not at home does not dress herself very nicely. But although Rohis husband was away, she still dressed herself very nicely on this occasion.

From the opulence of the birth ceremony of Ka, it is very clear that at that time Vndvana was rich in every respect. Because Lord Ka took birth in the house of King Nanda and mother Yaod, the goddess of fortune was obliged to manifest her opulences in Vndvana. It appeared that Vndvana had already become a site for the pastimes of the goddess of fortune.

After the birth ceremony, Nanda Mahrja decided to go to Mathur to pay the annual tax to the government of Kasa. Before leaving, he called for the able cowherd men of the village and asked them to take care of Vndvana in his absence. When Nanda Mahrja arrived in Mathur, Vasudeva got the news and was very eager to congratulate his friend. He immediately went to the place where Nanda Mahrja was staying. When Nanda saw Vasudeva, he felt that he had regained his life. Nanda, overwhelmed with joy, immediately stood up and embraced Vasudeva. Vasudeva was received very warmly and offered a nice place to sit. Anxious about his two sons, who had been put under the protection of Nanda without Nandas knowledge, Vasudeva inquired about Them with great anxiety. Both Balarma and Ka were the sons of Vasudeva. Balarma was transferred to the womb of Rohi, Vasudevas own wife, but Rohi was kept under the protection of Nanda Mahrja. Ka was personally delivered to Yaod and exchanged with her daughter. Nanda Mahrja knew that Balarma was the son of Vasudeva, although he did not know that Ka was also Vasudevas son. But Vasudeva was aware of this fact and inquired very eagerly about Ka and Balarma.

Vasudeva then addressed him, My dear brother, you were old and very anxious to beget a son, and yet you had none. Now by the grace of the Lord you are fortunate to have a very nice son. I think that this incident is very auspicious for you. Dear friend, I was imprisoned by Kasa, and now I am released; therefore this is another birth for me. I had no hope of seeing you again, but by Gods grace I can see you. In this way, Vasudeva indirectly expressed his anxiety about Ka. Ka was sent incognito to the bed of mother Yaod, and after very pompously celebrating His birth ceremony, Nanda went to Mathur. So Vasudeva was very pleased and said, This is a new birth for me. He never expected that Ka would live, because all his other sons had been killed by Kasa.

Vasudeva continued, My dear friend, it is very difficult for us to live together. Although we have our family and relatives, sons and daughters, by natures way we are generally separated from one another. The reason for this is that every living entity appears on this earth under different pressures of fruitive activities; although they assemble together, there is no certainty of their remaining together for a long time. According to ones fruitive activities, one has to act differently and thereby be separated. For example, many plants and creepers are floating on the waves of the ocean. Sometimes they come together, and sometimes they separate forever: one plant goes one way, and another plant goes another. Similarly, our family assembly may be very nice while we are living together, but after some time, in the course of the waves of time, we are separated.

The purport of this expression by Vasudeva is this: although he had eight sons born in the womb of Devak, unfortunately they were all gone. He could not even keep his one son Ka with him. Vasudeva was feeling His separation, but he could not express the real fact. Please tell me about the welfare of Vndvana, he said. You have many animalsare they happy? Are they getting sufficient grass and water? Please also let me know whether the place where you are now living is undisturbed and peaceful. This inquiry was made by Vasudeva because he was very anxious about Kas safety. He knew that Kasa and his followers were trying to kill Ka by sending various kinds of demons. They had already resolved that all children born within ten days of the birthday of Ka should be killed. Because Vasudeva was so anxious about Ka, he inquired about the safety of His residence. He also inquired about Balarma and His mother, Rohi, who were entrusted to the care of Nanda Mahrja. Vasudeva also reminded Nanda Mahrja that Balarma did not know His real father. He knows you as His father. And now you have another child, Ka, and I think you are taking very nice care for both of Them. It is also significant that Vasudeva inquired about the welfare of Nanda Mahrjas animals. The animals, and especially the cows, were protected exactly in the manner of ones children. Vasudeva was a katriya, and Nanda Mahrja was a vaiya. It is the duty of the katriyas to give protection to the citizens, and it is the duty of the vaiyas to give protection to the cows. The cows are as important as the citizens. Just as the human citizens should be given all kinds of protection, so the cows also should be given full protection.

Vasudeva continued to say that the maintenance of religious principles, economic development and the satisfactory execution of meeting the demands of the senses depend on cooperation among relatives, nations and all humanity. Therefore, it is everyones duty to see that his fellow citizens and the cows are not put into difficulty. One should see to the peace and comfort of his fellow man and the animals. The development of religious principles, economic development and sense gratification can then be achieved without difficulty. Vasudeva expressed his sorrow due to not being able to give protection to his own sons born of Devak. He was thinking that religious principles, economic development and the satisfaction of his senses were therefore all lost.

Upon hearing this, Nanda Mahrja replied, My dear Vasudeva, I know that you are very much aggrieved because the cruel king Kasa has killed all your sons born of Devak. Although the last child was a daughter, Kasa could not kill her, and she has entered into the celestial planets. My dear friend, do not be aggrieved; we are all being controlled by our past unseen activities. Everyone is subjected to his past deeds, and one who is conversant with the philosophy of karma and its reactions is a man in knowledge. Such a person will not be aggrieved at any incident, happy or miserable.

Vasudeva then replied, My dear Nanda, if you have already paid the government taxes, then return soon to your place, because I think that there may be some disturbances in Gokula.

After the friendly conversation between Nanda Mahrja and Vasudeva, Vasudeva returned to his home. Nanda Mahrja and the other cowherd men, who had come to Mathur to pay their taxes, also returned home.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Fifth Chapter of Ka, The Meeting of Nanda and Vasudeva.

KB 6: Ptan Killed

CHAPTER SIX

Ptan Killed

While Nanda Mahrja was returning home, he considered Vasudevas warning that there might be some disturbance in Gokula. Certainly the advice was friendly and not false. So Nanda thought, There is some truth in it. Therefore, out of fear, he began to take shelter of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. It is quite natural for a devotee in danger to think of Ka, because he has no other shelter. When a child is in danger, he takes shelter of his mother or father. Similarly, a devotee is always under the shelter of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, but when he specifically sees some danger, he remembers the Lord very rapidly.

After consulting with his demoniac ministers, Kasa instructed a witch named Ptan, who knew the black art of killing small children by ghastly sinful methods, to kill all kinds of children in the cities, villages and pasturing grounds. Such witches can play their black art only where there is no chanting or hearing of the holy name of Ka. It is said that wherever the chanting of the holy name of Ka is done, even negligently, all bad elementswitches, ghosts and dangerous calamitiesimmediately disappear. And this is certainly true of the place where the chanting of the holy name of Ka is done seriouslyespecially in Vndvana when the Supreme Lord was personally present. Therefore, the doubts of Nanda Mahrja were certainly based on affection for Ka. Actually there was no danger from the activities of Ptan, despite her powers. Such witches are called khecar, which means they can fly in the sky. This black art of witchcraft is still practiced by some women in the remote northwestern side of India. They can transfer themselves from one place to another on the branch of an uprooted tree. Ptan knew this witchcraft, and therefore she is described in the Bhgavatam as khecar.

Ptan entered the county of Gokula, the residential quarter of Nanda Mahrja, without permission. Dressing herself just like a beautiful woman, she entered the house of mother Yaod. She appeared very beautiful, with raised hips, nicely swollen breasts, earrings, and flowers in her hair. She looked especially beautiful on account of her thin waist. She was glancing at everyone with very attractive looks and smiling face, and all the residents of Vndvana were captivated. The innocent cowherd women thought that she was the goddess of fortune appearing in Vndvana with a lotus flower in her hand. It seemed to them that she had personally come to see Ka, who is her husband. Because of her exquisite beauty, no one checked her movement, and therefore she freely entered the house of Nanda Mahrja. Ptan, the killer of many, many children, found baby Ka lying on a small bed, and she could at once perceive that the baby was hiding His unparalleled potencies, which resembled fire covered by ashes. Ptan thought, This child is so powerful that He can destroy the whole universe immediately.

Ptans understanding is very significant. The Supreme Personality of Godhead, Ka, is situated in everyones heart. It is stated in the Bhagavad-gt that He gives one necessary intelligence, and He also causes one to forget. Ptan was immediately aware that the child whom she was observing in the house of Nanda Mahrja was the Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself. He was lying there as a small baby, but that does not mean He was less powerful. The materialistic theory that God-worship is anthropomorphic is not correct. No living being can become God by undergoing meditation or austerities. God is always God. Ka as a baby is as complete as He is as a full-fledged youth. The Myvda theory holds that the living entity was formerly God but has now become overwhelmed by the influence of my. Therefore they say that presently he is not God, but when the influence of my is taken away, then he again becomes God. This theory cannot be applied to the minute living entities. The living entities are minute parts and parcels of the Supreme Personality of Godhead; they are minute particles or sparks of the original fire. So these sparks can be covered by the influence of my, but the original fire, Ka, cannot. Ka is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, even from the beginning of His appearance in the house of Vasudeva and Devak.

Ka showed the nature of a small baby and closed His eyes, as if to avoid the face of Ptan. This closing of the eyes is interpreted and studied in different ways by the devotees. Some say that Ka closed His eyes because He did not like to see the face of Ptan, who had killed so many children and who had now come to kill Him. Others say that Ptan hesitated to take the baby on her lap because something extraordinary was being dictated to her from within, and in order to give her assurance, Ka closed His eyes so that she would not be frightened. And yet others interpret in this way: Ka appeared in order to kill the demons and give protection to the devotees, as stated in the Bhagavad-gt: paritrya sdhn vinya ca duktm [Bg. 4.8]. The first demon to be killed was a woman. According to Vedic rules, the killing of a woman, a brhmaa, cows or a child is strictly forbidden. Ka was obliged to kill the demon Ptan, and because the killing of a woman is forbidden according to Vedic stra, He could not help but close His eyes. Another interpretation is that Ka closed His eyes because He simply took Ptan to be His nurse. Ptan came to Ka just to offer her breast for the Lord to suck. Ka is so merciful that even though He knew Ptan was there to kill Him, He took her as His nurse or mother.

There are seven kinds of mothers according to Vedic injunction: the real mother, the wife of a teacher or spiritual master, the wife of a king, the wife of a brhmaa, the cow, the nurse and mother earth. Because Ptan came to take Ka on her lap and offer her breast milk to be sucked by Him, she was accepted by Ka as one of His mothers. That is considered to be another reason He closed His eyes: He had to kill a nurse or mother. But His killing of His mother or nurse was no different from His love for His real mother or foster mother Yaod. We further understand from Vedic information that Ptan was also treated as a mother and given the same facility as Yaod. As Yaod was given liberation from the material world, Ptan was also given liberation. When the baby Ka closed His eyes, Ptan took Him on her lap. She did not know that she was holding death personified. If a person mistakes a snake for a rope, he dies. Similarly, Ptan had killed so many babies before meeting Ka, and she mistook Him to be like them, but now she was accepting the snake that would kill her immediately.

When Ptan was taking baby Ka on her lap, both Yaod and Rohi were present, but they did not forbid her because she was so beautifully dressed, and because she showed motherly affection towards Ka. They could not understand that she was a sword within a decorated case. Ptan had smeared a very powerful poison on her breasts, and immediately after taking the baby on her lap, she pushed her breastly nipple within His mouth. She was hoping that as soon as He would suck her breast, He would die. But baby Ka very quickly took the nipple in anger. He sucked the milk-poison along with the life air of the demon. In other words, Ka simultaneously sucked the milk from her breast and killed her by sucking out her life. Ka is so merciful that because the demon Ptan came to offer her breast milk to Him, He fulfilled her desire and accepted her activity as motherly. But to stop her from further nefarious activities, He immediately killed her. And because the demon was killed by Ka, she got liberation. As Ka pressed her breast extremely hard and sucked out her very breath, Ptan fell down on the ground, spread her arms and legs and began to cry, Oh, child, leave me, leave me! She was crying loudly and perspiring, and her whole body became wet.

As she died screaming, there was a tremendous vibration on the earth and in the sky, on the upper and lower planets and in all directions, and people thought that thunderbolts were falling. Thus the nightmare of the Ptan witch was over, and she assumed her real feature as a great demon. She opened her fierce mouth and spread her arms and legs all over. She fell exactly as Vtrsura did when struck by the thunderbolt of Indra. The long hair on her head was scattered all over her body. Her fallen body extended up to twelve miles and smashed all the trees to pieces, and everyone was struck with wonder upon seeing this gigantic body. Her teeth appeared just like plows, and her nostrils appeared just like mountain caves. Her breasts appeared like small hills, and her hair was a vast reddish bush. Her eye sockets appeared like blind wells, and her two thighs appeared like two banks of a river. Her two hands appeared like two strongly constructed bridges, and her abdomen seemed like a dried-up lake. All the cowherd men and women became struck with awe and wonder upon seeing this. And the tumultuous sound of her falling shocked their brains and ears and made their hearts beat strongly.

When the gops saw little Ka fearlessly playing on Ptans lap, they very quickly came and picked Him up. Mother Yaod, Rohi and other elder gops immediately performed the auspicious rituals by taking the tail of a cow and circumambulating His body. The child was completely washed with the urine of a cow, and the dust created by the hooves of the cows was thrown all over His body. This was all just to save little Ka from future inauspicious accidents. This incident gives us a clear indication of how important the cow is to the family, society and to living beings in general. The transcendental body of Ka did not require any protection, but to instruct us on the importance of the cow, the Lord was smeared over with cow dung, washed with the urine of a cow, and sprinkled with the dust upraised by the walking of the cows.

After this purificatory process, the gops, headed by mother Yaod and Rohi, chanted twelve names of Viu to give Kas body full protection from all evil influences. They washed their hands and feet and sipped water three times, as is the custom before chanting mantra. They chanted as follows: My dear Ka, may the Lord who is known as Aja protect Your legs; may Lord Maimn protect Your knees; may Lord Yaja protect Your thighs; may Lord Acyuta protect Your upper waist; may Lord Hayagrva protect Your abdomen; may Lord Keava protect Your heart; may Lord a protect Your chest; may Lord Srya protect Your neck; may Lord Viu protect Your arms; may Lord Urukrama protect Your face; may Lord vara protect Your head; may Lord Cakradhara protect Your front; may Lord Gaddhara protect Your back; may Lord Madhusdana, who carries a bow in His hand, protect Your right side; may Lord Ajana protect Your left side; may Lord Urugya with His conchshell protect You on all sides; may the Personality of Godhead Upendra protect You from above; may Lord Trkya protect You on the ground; may Lord Haladhara protect You from all sides; may the Personality of Godhead known as Hkea protect all Your senses; may Lord Nryaa protect Your life airs; may the Lord of vetadvpa, Nryaa, protect the core of Your heart; may Lord Yogevara protect Your mind; may Lord Pnigarbha protect Your intelligence; and may the Supreme Personality of Godhead protect Your soul. While You are playing, may Lord Govinda protect You from all sides, and when You are sleeping, may Lord Mdhava protect You from all danger; when You are walking, may the Lord of Vaikuha protect You from falling down; when You are sitting, may Lord Nryaa give You all protection; and while You are eating, may the Lord of all sacrifices give You all protection.

Thus mother Yaod chanted different names of Viu to protect child Kas different bodily parts. Mother Yaod was firmly convinced that she should protect her child from different kinds of evil spirits and ghostsnamely kins, Ytudhns, Kumas, Yakas, Rkasas, Vinyakas, Koars, Revats, Jyehs, Ptans, Mtks, Unmdas and similar other evil spirits, who cause persons to forget their own existence and give trouble to the life airs and the senses. Sometimes they appear in dreams and cause much perturbation; sometimes they appear as old women and suck the blood of small children. But no such ghosts and evil spirits can remain where there is chanting of the holy name of God. Mother Yaod was firmly convinced of the Vedic injunctions about the importance of cows and the holy name of Viu; therefore she took all shelter in the cows and the name of Viu just to protect her child Ka. She recited all the holy names of Viu so that He might save the child. Vedic culture has taken advantage of keeping cows and chanting the holy name of Viu since the beginning of history, and persons who are still following the Vedic ways, especially the householders, keep at least one dozen cows and worship the Deity of Lord Viu, who is installed in their house. Persons who are advancing in Ka consciousness should take instruction from this pastime and also be very much interested in cows and the holy name of Viu.

The elder gops of Vndvana were so absorbed in affection for Ka that they wanted to save Him, although there was no need to, for He had already protected Himself. They could not understand that Ka was the Supreme Personality of Godhead playing as a child. After performing the formalities to protect the child, mother Yaod took Ka and let Him suck her breast. When the child was protected by viu-mantra, mother Yaod felt that He was safe. In the meantime, all the cowherd men who had gone to Mathur to pay tax returned home and were struck with wonder at seeing the gigantic dead body of Ptan.

Nanda Mahrja recalled the prophecy of Vasudeva and considered him a great sage and mystic yog; otherwise, how could he have foretold an incident that happened during his absence from Vndvana? After this, all the residents of Vraja cut the gigantic body of Ptan into pieces and piled it up with wood for burning. When all the limbs of Ptans body were burning, the smoke emanating from the fire created a good aroma of aguru. This aroma was due to her being killed by Ka. This means that the demon Ptan was washed of all her sinful activities and attained a celestial body. Here is an example of how the Supreme Personality of Godhead is all-good: Ptan came to kill Ka, but because He sucked her milk, she was immediately purified, and her dead body attained a transcendental quality. Her only business was to kill small children; she was only fond of blood. But in spite of being envious of Ka, she attained salvation because she gave her milk to Him to drink. So what can be said of those who are affectionate to Ka in the relationship of mother, who with great love and affection render service to Him, the Supreme Personality of Godhead and the Supersoul of every living entity?

It is concluded therefore that even a little energy expended in the service of the Lord gives one immense transcendental profit. This is explained in the Bhagavad-gt: sv-alpam apy asya dharmasya tryate mahato bhayt. Devotional service in Ka consciousness is so sublime that even a little service to Ka, knowingly or unknowingly, gives one the greatest transcendental benefit. The system of worshiping Ka by offering flowers from a tree is also beneficial for the living entity who is confined to the bodily existence of that tree. When flowers and fruits are offered to Ka, the tree that bore them also receives much benefit, indirectly. The arcana process, or worshiping procedure, is therefore beneficial for everyone. Ka is worshipable by great demigods like Brahm and Lord iva, and Ptan was so fortunate that the same Ka played in her lap as a little child. The lotus feet of Ka, which are worshiped by great sages and devotees, were placed on the body of Ptan. People worship Ka and offer food with great reverence and devotion, but automatically He sucked the milk from the body of Ptan. Devotees therefore pray that if simply by offering something as an enemy Ptan got so much benefit, then who can measure the benefit of worshiping Ka in love and affection? Therefore only Ka should be worshiped, for so much benefit awaits the worshiper.

Although Ptan was an evil spirit, she gained elevation just like the mother of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. It is clear that the cows and the elder gops who offered milk to Ka were also elevated to the transcendental position. Ka can offer anyone anything, from liberation to anything materially conceivable. Therefore, there cannot be any doubt of the salvation of Ptan, whose bodily milk was sucked by Ka for such a long time. And how can there be any doubt about the salvation of the gops who were so fond of Ka? Undoubtedly all the gops, cowherd boys, cows and everyone else who served Ka in Vndvana with love and affection were liberated from the miserable condition of material existence.

When all the inhabitants of Vndvana smelled the good aroma from the smoke of the burning Ptan, they inquired from each other, Where is this good fragrance coming from? And while conversing, they came to understand that it was the fumes of the burning Ptan. They were very fond of Ka, and as soon as they heard that the demon Ptan had been killed by Ka, they offered blessings to the little child out of affection. After the burning of Ptan, Nanda Mahrja came home and immediately took up the child on his lap and began to smell His head. In this way, he was quite satisfied that his little child was saved from this great calamity. rla ukadeva Gosvm has given a blessing to all persons who hear the narration of the killing of Ptan by Ka: they will surely attain the favor of Govinda.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Sixth Chapter of Ka, Ptan Killed.

KB 7: The Salvation of Tvarta

CHAPTER SEVEN

The Salvation of Tvarta

The Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Ka, is always full with six opulencesnamely complete wealth, complete strength, complete fame, complete knowledge, complete beauty and complete renunciation. The Lord appears in different complete, eternal forms of incarnation. The conditioned soul has immense opportunity to hear about the transcendental activities of the Lord in these different incarnations. In the Bhagavad-gt it is said, janma karma ca me divyam [Bg. 4.9]. The pastimes and activities of the Lord are not materialthey are beyond the material conceptionand the conditioned soul can benefit by hearing such uncommon activities. Hearing is an opportunity to associate with the Lord; to hear His activities is to evolve to the transcendental naturesimply by hearing. The conditioned soul has a natural aptitude to hear something about other conditioned souls in the form of fiction, drama and novel. That inclination to hear something about others may be utilized in hearing the pastimes of the Lord. Then one can immediately evolve to his transcendental nature. Kas pastimes are not only beautiful; they are also very pleasing to the mind.

If someone takes advantage of hearing the pastimes of the Lord, the material contamination of dust, accumulated in the heart due to long association with material nature, can be immediately cleansed. Lord Caitanya also instructed that simply by hearing the transcendental name of Lord Ka one can cleanse the heart of all material contamination. There are different processes for self-realization, but this process of devotional serviceof which hearing is the most important functionwhen adopted by any conditioned soul, will automatically cleanse him of the material contamination and enable him to realize his real constitutional position. Conditional life is due to this contamination only, and as soon as it is cleared off, then naturally the dormant function of the living entityrendering service to the Lordawakens. By developing his eternal relationship with the Supreme Lord, one becomes eligible to create friendship with the devotees. Mahrja Parkit recommended, from practical experience, that everyone try to hear about the transcendental pastimes of the Lord. This Ka treatise is meant for that purpose, and the reader may take advantage of it to attain the ultimate goal of human life.

The Lord, out of His causeless mercy, descends to this material world and displays His activities just like an ordinary man. Unfortunately the impersonalists or the atheistic class of men consider Ka to be an ordinary man like themselves, and so they deride Him. This is condemned in the Bhagavad-gt by the Lord Himself when He says, avajnanti m mh. The mhas, or rascals, take Ka to be an ordinary man or a slightly more powerful man; out of their great misfortune, they cannot accept Him as the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Sometimes such unfortunate persons misrepresent themselves as incarnations of Ka without referring to the authorized scriptures.

When Ka grew up a little more, He began to turn Himself backside up; He did not merely lie down on His back. And another function was observed by Yaod and Nanda Mahrja: Kas first birthday. They arranged for Kas birthday ceremony, which is still observed by all followers of the Vedic principles. (Kas birthday ceremony is observed in India by all Hindus, irrespective of different sectarian views.) All the cowherd men and women were invited to participate in the jubilant celebration. A nice band played, and the people assembled enjoyed it. All the learned brhmaas were invited, and they chanted Vedic hymns for the good fortune of Ka. During the chanting of the Vedic hymns and playing of the bands, Ka was bathed by mother Yaod. This bathing ceremony is technically called abhieka, and even today this is observed in all the temples of Vndvana on Janmam Day, or the birthday anniversary of Lord Ka.

On this occasion, mother Yaod arranged to distribute a large quantity of grains, and first-class cows decorated with golden ornaments were made ready to be given in charity to the learned, respectable brhmaas. Yaod took her bath and dressed herself nicely, and taking child Ka, duly dressed and bathed, on her lap, she sat down to hear the Vedic hymns chanted by the brhmaas. While listening to the chanting of the Vedic hymns, the child appeared to be falling asleep, and therefore mother Yaod very silently laid Him down on the bed. Being engaged in receiving all the friends, relatives and residents of Vndvana on that holy occasion, she forgot to feed the child milk. He was crying, being hungry, but mother Yaod could not hear Him cry because of the various noises. The child, however, became angry because He was hungry and His mother was not paying attention to Him. So He lifted His legs and began to kick His lotus feet just like an ordinary child. Baby Ka had been placed underneath a hand-driven cart, and while He was kicking His legs, He accidentally touched the wheel of the cart, and it collapsed. Various kinds of utensils and dishes made of brass and other metals had been piled up in the handcart, and they all fell down with a great noise. The wheel of the cart separated from the axle, and the spokes of the wheel were all broken and scattered hither and thither. Mother Yaod and all the gops, as well as Mahrja Nanda and the cowherd men, were astonished as to how the cart could have collapsed by itself. All the men and women who were assembled for the holy function crowded around and began to suggest how the cart might have collapsed. No one could ascertain the cause, but some small children who were entrusted to play with baby Ka informed the crowd that it was due to Kas striking His feet against the wheel. They assured the crowd that they had seen how it happened with their own eyes, and they strongly asserted the point. Some were listening to the statement of the small children, but others said, How can you believe the statements of these children? The cowherd men and women could not understand that the all-powerful Personality of Godhead was lying there as a baby and that He could do anything. Both the possible and impossible were in His power. While the discussion was going on, baby Ka cried. Without remonstration, mother Yaod picked the child up on her lap and called the learned brhmaas to chant holy Vedic hymns to counteract the evil spirits. At the same time she allowed the baby to suck her breast. If a child sucks the mothers breast nicely, it is to be understood that he is out of all danger. After this, all the stronger cowherd men put the broken cart in order, and all the scattered things were set up nicely as before. The brhmaas thereafter began to offer oblations to the sacrificial fire with yogurt, butter, kua grass and water. They worshiped the Supreme Personality of Godhead for the good fortune of the child.

The brhmaas who were present at that time were all qualified because they were not envious, they never indulged in untruthfulness, they were never proud, they were nonviolent, and they never claimed any false prestige. They were all bona fide brhmaas, and there was no reason to think that their blessings would be useless. With firm faith in the qualified brhmaas, Nanda Mahrja took his child on his lap and bathed Him with water mixed with various herbs while the brhmaas chanted hymns from the g, Yajur and Sma Vedas.

It is said that without being a qualified brhmaa one should not read the mantras of the Vedas. Here is the proof that the brhmaas were qualified with all the brahminical symptoms. Mahrja Nanda also had full faith in them. Therefore they were allowed to perform the ritualistic ceremonies by chanting the Vedic mantras. There are many different varieties of sacrifices recommended for different purposes, but the mantras are all to be chanted by qualified brhmaas. And because in this Age of Kali such qualified brhmaas are not available, all Vedic ritualistic sacrifices are forbidden. r Caitanya Mahprabhu has therefore recommended only one kind of sacrifice in this agenamely sakrtana-yaja, or simply chanting the mah-mantra, Hare Ka, Hare Ka, Ka Ka, Hare Hare / Hare Rma, Hare Rma, Rma Rma, Hare Hare.

As the brhmaas chanted the Vedic hymns and performed the ritualistic ceremonies for the second time, Nanda Mahrja again gave huge quantities of grains and many cows to them. All the cows which were given in charity were covered with nice gold-embroidered garments, and their horns were bedecked with golden rings; their hooves were covered with silver plate, and they wore garlands of flowers. He gave so many cows just for the welfare of his wonderful child, and the brhmaas in return bestowed their heartfelt blessings. And the blessings offered by the able brhmaas were never to be baffled.

One day, shortly after the ceremony, when mother Yaod was patting her baby on her lap, the baby felt too heavy, and being unable to carry Him, she unwillingly placed Him on the ground. After a while, she became engaged in household affairs. At that time, a servant of Kasas known as Tvarta, as instructed by Kasa, appeared there in the shape of a whirlwind. He picked the child up on his shoulders and raised a great dust storm all over Vndvana, covering everyones eyes. Within a few moments the whole area of Vndvana became so densely dark that no one could see himself or anyone else. During this great catastrophe, mother Yaod could not see her baby, who was taken away by the whirlwind, and she began to cry very piteously. She fell down on the ground exactly like a cow who has just lost her calf. When mother Yaod was so piteously crying, all the cowherd women immediately came and began to look for the baby, but they were disappointed and could not find Him.

The Tvarta demon went high into the sky with baby Ka on his shoulder, but the baby assumed such a weight that suddenly he could not go any further, and he had to stop his whirlwind activities. Baby Ka made Himself heavy and began to weigh down the demon, catching hold of his neck. Tvarta felt the baby to be as heavy as a big mountain, and he tried to get out of His clutches, but he was unable to do so, and his eyes popped out from their sockets. Crying very fiercely, he fell down to the ground of Vndvana and died. The demon fell exactly like Tripursura, who was pierced by the arrow of Lord iva. Tvarta hit a stone slab, and his limbs were smashed. His body became visible to all the inhabitants of Vndvana.

When the gops saw the demon killed and child Ka very happily playing on his body, they immediately picked Ka up with great affection. The cowherd men and women became very happy to get back their beloved child Ka. At that time they began to talk about how wonderful it was that the demon had taken away the child to devour Him but could not do so; instead he fell down dead. Some of them supported the situation: This is proper because those who are too sinful die from their sinful reactions, and child Ka is pious; therefore He is saved from all kinds of fearful situations. And we too must have performed great sacrifices in our previous lives, worshiping the Supreme Personality of Godhead, giving great wealth in charity and acting philanthropically for the general welfare of men. Because of such pious activities, the child is saved from all danger.

The gops assembled there spoke among themselves: What sort of austerities and penances we must have undergone in our previous lives! We must have worshiped the Supreme Personality of Godhead, offered different kinds of sacrifices, made charities and performed many welfare activities for the public, such as growing banyan trees and excavating wells. As a result of these pious activities, we have gotten back our child, even though He was supposed to be dead. Now He has come back to enliven His relatives. After observing such wonderful happenings, Nanda Mahrja began to think of the words of Vasudeva again and again.

After this incident, when Yaod once was nursing her child and patting Him with great affection, there streamed a profuse supply of milk from her breast, and when she opened the mouth of the child with her fingers, she suddenly saw the universal manifestation within His mouth. She saw within the mouth of Ka the whole sky, including the luminaries, stars in all directions, the sun, moon, fire, air, seas, islands, mountains, rivers, forests and all other movable and immovable entities. When mother Yaod saw this, her heart began to throb, and she murmured within herself, How wonderful this is! She could not express anything, but simply closed her eyes. She was absorbed in wonderful thoughts. Kas showing the universal form of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, even when lying down on the lap of His mother, proves that the Supreme Personality of Godhead is always the Supreme Personality of Godhead, whether He is manifested as a child on the lap of His mother or as a charioteer on the Battlefield of Kuruketra. The concoction of the impersonalist, that one can become God by meditation or by some artificial material activities, is herewith declared false. God is always God in any condition or status, and the living entities are always the parts and parcels of the Supreme Lord. They can never be equal to the inconceivable, supernatural power of the Supreme Personality of Godhead.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Seventh Chapter of Ka, The Salvation of Tvarta.

KB 8: Vision of the Universal Form

CHAPTER EIGHT

Vision of the Universal Form

After this incident, Vasudeva asked his family priest, Garga Muni, to visit the place of Nanda Mahrja in order to astrologically calculate the future life of Ka. Garga Muni was a great saintly sage who had undergone many austerities and penances and been appointed priest of the Yadu dynasty. When Garga Muni arrived at the home of Nanda Mahrja, Nanda Mahrja was very pleased to see him and immediately stood up with folded hands and offered his respectful obeisances. He received Garga Muni with the feeling of one who is worshiping the Supreme Personality of Godhead. He offered him a nice sitting place, and when he sat down, Nanda Mahrja offered him a warm reception. Addressing him very politely, he said, My dear brhmaa, your appearance in a householders place is only to enlighten. We are always engaged in household duties and are forgetting our real duty of self-realization. Your coming to our house is to give us some enlightenment about spiritual life. You have no other purpose to visit householders. Actually a saintly person or a brhmaa has no business visiting householders, who are always busy in the matter of dollars and cents. The only reason saintly persons and brhmaas go to the place of a householder is to enlighten him. If it is asked, Why dont the householders go to a saintly person or a brhmaa for enlightenment? the answer is that householders are very poor-hearted. Generally householders think that their engagement in family affairs is their prime duty and that self-realization or enlightenment in spiritual knowledge is secondary. Out of compassion only, saintly persons and brhmaas go to householders homes.

Nanda Mahrja addressed Garga Muni as one of the great authorities in astrological science. The foretellings of astrological science, such as the occurrence of solar or lunar eclipses, are wonderful calculations, and by this particular science a person can understand the future very clearly. Garga Muni was proficient in this knowledge. By this knowledge one can understand what his previous activities were that are causing him to enjoy or suffer in this life.

Nanda Mahrja also addressed Garga Muni as the best of the brhmaas. A brhmaa is one who is expert in the knowledge of the Supreme. Without knowledge of the Supreme Absolute, one cannot be recognized as a brhmaa. The exact word used in this connection is brahma-vidm, which means those who know the Supreme very well. An expert brhmaa is able to give reformatory facilities to the subcastesnamely the katriyas and vaiyas. The dras observe no reformatory performances. The brhmaa is considered to be the spiritual master or priest for the katriya and vaiya. Nanda Mahrja happened to be a vaiya, and he accepted Garga Muni as a first-class brhmaa. He therefore offered his two foster sonsnamely Ka and Balarmato him to purify. He agreed that not only these boys but all human beings just after birth should accept a qualified brhmaa as spiritual master.

Upon this request, Garga Muni replied, Vasudeva has sent me to see to the reformatory performances of these boys, especially Kas, but if I do so it may incidentally appear that Ka is the son of Devak, since I am Vasudevas family priest. By his astrological calculation, Garga Muni could understand that Ka was the son of Devak but that He was being kept under the care of Nanda Mahrja, which Nanda did not know. Indirectly he said that Ka and Balarma were both sons of Vasudeva. Balarma was known as the son of Vasudeva because His mother, Rohi, was present there, but Nanda Mahrja did not know about Ka. Garga Muni indirectly disclosed the fact that Ka was the son of Devak. Garga Muni also warned Nanda Mahrja that if he would perform the reformatory ceremony, then Kasa, who was naturally very sinful, would understand that Ka was the son of Devak and Vasudeva. According to astrological calculation, Devak could not have a female child, although everyone thought that the eighth child of Devak was female. In this way Garga Muni intimated to Nanda Mahrja that the female child was born of Yaod and that Ka was born of Devak and they were exchanged. The female child, or Durg, also informed Kasa that the child who would kill him was already born somewhere else. Garga Muni stated, If I give your child a name and if He fulfills the prophecy of the female child to Kasa, then it may be that the sinful demon will come and kill this child also after the name-giving ceremony. But I do not want to become responsible for all these future calamities.

On hearing the words of Garga Muni, Nanda Mahrja said, If there is such danger, then it is better not to plan any gorgeous name-giving ceremony. It would be better for you to simply chant the Vedic hymns and perform the purificatory process. We belong to the twice-born caste, and I am taking this opportunity of your presence. So please perform the name-giving ceremony without external pomp. Nanda Mahrja wanted to keep the name-giving ceremony a secret and yet take advantage of Garga Munis performing the ceremony.

When Garga Muni was so eagerly requested by Nanda Mahrja, he performed the name-giving ceremony as secretly as possible in the cowshed of Nanda Mahrja. He informed Nanda Mahrja that the son of Rohi would be very pleasing to His family members and relatives and therefore would be called Rma. In the future He would be extraordinarily strong and therefore would be called Balarma. Garga Muni said further, Because your family and the family of the Yadus are so intimately connected and attracted, His name will also be Sakaraa. This means that Garga Muni awarded three names to the son of Rohinamely Balarma, Sakaraa and Baladeva. But he carefully did not disclose the fact that Balarma also appeared in the womb of Devak and was subsequently transferred to the womb of Rohi. Ka and Balarma are real brothers, being originally sons of Devak.

Garga Muni then informed Nanda Mahrja, As far as your son is concerned, this child has taken different bodily complexions in different yugas [millennia]. First of all He assumed the color white, then the color red, and then the color yellow, and now He has assumed the color black. Besides that, He was formerly the son of Vasudeva; therefore His name should be Vsudeva as well as Ka. Some people will call Him Ka, and some will call Him Vsudeva. But one thing you must know: this son has had many, many other names and activities due to His different pastimes.

Garga Muni further hinted to Nanda Mahrja that his son would also be called Giridhr because of His uncommon pastime of lifting Govardhana Hill. Since Garga Muni was an astrologer, he could understand everything past and future, and thus he said, I know everything about His activities and names, but others do not know. This child will be very pleasing to all the cowherd men and cows. Being very popular in Vndvana, He will be the cause of all good fortune for you. Because of His presence, you will overcome all kinds of material calamities, despite opposing elements.

Garga Muni continued to say, My dear King of Vraja, in His previous births this child many times protected righteous persons from the hands of rogues and thieves whenever there was political disruption. Your child is so powerful that anyone who will become a devotee of your boy will never be troubled by enemies. Just as demigods are always protected by Lord Viu, the devotees of your child will always be protected by Nryaa, the Supreme Personality of Godhead. This child will grow in power, beauty, opulencein everythingon the level of Nryaa, the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Therefore I would advise that you protect Him very carefully so that He may grow without disturbance. In other words, Garga Muni informed Nanda Mahrja that because he was a great devotee of Nryaa, Lord Nryaa had given Nanda a son equal to Him. At the same time, Garga Muni indicated that this son would be disturbed by so many demons and that Nanda should therefore be careful and protect Him. In this way, Garga Muni convinced Nanda Mahrja that Nryaa Himself had become his son. In various ways he described the transcendental qualities of his son. After giving this information, Garga Muni returned to his home. Nanda Mahrja began to think of himself as the most fortunate person, and he was very satisfied to receive such a benediction in this way.

A short time after this incident, both Balarma and Ka began to crawl on Their hands and knees. When They were crawling like that, They pleased Their mothers. The bells tied to Their waist and ankles sounded fascinating, and They would move around very pleasingly. Sometimes, just like ordinary children, They would be frightened by others and would immediately hurry to Their mothers for protection. Sometimes They would fall into the clay and mud of Vndvana and would approach Their mothers smeared with clay and saffron. They were actually smeared with saffron and sandalwood pulp by Their mothers, but due to crawling over muddy clay, They would simultaneously smear Their bodies with clay. As soon as They would come crawling to Their mothers, Yaod and Rohi would take Them on their laps and, covering Them with the lower portion of their saris, allow Them to suck their breasts. When the babies were sucking their breasts, the mothers would see small teeth coming in. Thus their joy would be intensified to see their children grow. Sometimes the naughty babies would crawl up to the cowshed, catch the tail of a calf and stand up. The calves, being disturbed, would immediately begin running here and there, and the children would be dragged over clay and cow dung. To see this fun, Yaod and Rohi would call all their neighboring friends, the gops. Upon seeing these childhood pastimes of Lord Ka, the gops would be merged in transcendental bliss. In their enjoyment they would laugh very loudly.

Both Ka and Balarma were so restless that Their mothers Yaod and Rohi would try to protect Them from cows, bulls, monkeys, water, fire and birds while they were executing their household duties. Always being anxious to protect the children and to execute their duties, they were not very tranquil. In a very short time, both Ka and Balarma began to stand up and slightly move on Their legs. When Ka and Balarma began to walk, other friends of the same age joined Them, and together They began to give the highest transcendental pleasure to the gops, specifically to mother Yaod and Rohi.

All the gop friends of Yaod and Rohi enjoyed the naughty childish activities of Ka and Balarma in Vndvana. In order to enjoy further transcendental bliss, they all assembled and went to mother Yaod to lodge complaints against the restless boys. When Ka was sitting before mother Yaod, all the elder gops began to lodge complaints against Him so that Ka could hear. They said, Dear Yaod, why dont you restrict your naughty Ka? He comes to our houses along with Balarma every morning and evening, and before the milking of the cows They let loose the calves, and the calves drink all the milk of the cows. So when we go to milk the cows, we find no milk, and we have to return with empty pots. If we warn Ka and Balarma about doing this, They simply smile so charmingly that we cannot do anything. Also, your Ka and Balarma find great pleasure in stealing our stock of yogurt and butter from wherever we keep it. When Ka and Balarma are caught stealing the yogurt and butter, They say, Why do you charge Us with stealing? Do you think that butter and yogurt are in scarcity in Our house? Sometimes They steal butter, yogurt and milk and distribute them to the monkeys. When the monkeys are well fed and do not take any more, then your boys chide, This milk and butter and yogurt are uselesseven the monkeys wont take it. And They break the pots and throw them hither and thither. If we keep our stock of yogurt, butter and milk in a solitary dark place, your Ka and Balarma find it in the darkness by the glaring effulgence of the ornaments and jewels on Their bodies. If by chance They cannot find the hidden butter and yogurt, They go to our little babies and pinch their bodies so that they cry, and then They go away. If out of fear of these naughty boys we keep our stock of butter and yogurt high on the ceiling, hanging on a swing, although it is beyond Their reach They arrange to reach it by piling all kinds of wooden planks over the grinding machine. And if They cannot reach, They make a hole in the pot. We think therefore that youd better take all the jeweled ornaments from the bodies of your children.

On hearing this, Yaod would say, All right, I will take all the jewels from Ka so that He cannot see the butter hidden in the darkness. Then the gops would say, No, no, dont do this. What good will you do by taking away the jewels? We do not know what kind of boys these are, but even without ornaments They spread some kind of effulgence so that even in darkness They can see everything. Then mother Yaod would inform them, All right, keep your butter and yogurt carefully so that They may not reach it. In reply to this, the gops said, Yes, actually we do so, but because we are sometimes engaged in our household duties, these naughty boys enter our house somehow or other and spoil everything. Sometimes, being unable to steal our butter and yogurt, out of anger They pass urine on the clean floor and sometimes spit on it. Now just see how your boy is hearing these complaints. All day He simply makes arrangements to steal our butter and yogurt, and now He is sitting just like a very silent good boy. Just see His face. When mother Yaod thought to chastise her boy after hearing all the complaints, she saw His pitiable face, and smiling, she did not chastise Him.

Another day, when Ka and Balarma were playing with Their friends, all the boys joined Balarma and complained to mother Yaod that Ka had eaten clay. On hearing this, mother Yaod caught hold of Kas hand and said, My dear Ka, why have You eaten earth in a solitary place? Just see, all Your friends, including Balarma, are complaining about You. Being afraid of His mother, Ka replied, My dear mother, all these boys, including My elder brother, Balarma, are speaking lies against Me. I have never eaten any clay. My elder brother, Balarma, while playing with Me today, became angry, and therefore He has joined with the other boys to complain against Me. They have all combined together to complain so you will be angry and chastise Me. If you think they are truthful, then you can look within My mouth to see whether I have eaten clay or not. His mother replied, All right, if You have actually not eaten any clay, then just open Your mouth. I shall see.

When the Supreme Personality of Godhead Ka was so ordered by His mother, He immediately opened His mouth just like an ordinary boy. Then mother Yaod saw within that mouth the complete opulence of creation. She saw the entire outer space in all directions, mountains, islands, oceans, seas, planets, air, fire, moon and stars. Along with the moon and the stars she also saw the entire elementswater, sky, the extensive ethereal existence along with the total ego and the products of the senses and the controller of the senses, all the demigods, the objects of the senses like sound and smell, and the three qualities of material nature. She also could perceive that within His mouth were all living entities, eternal time, material nature, spiritual nature, activity, consciousness and different forms of the whole creation. Yaod could find within the mouth of her child everything necessary for cosmic manifestation. She also saw, within His mouth, herself taking Ka on her lap and having Him suck her breast. Upon seeing all this, she became struck with awe and began to wonder whether she were dreaming or actually seeing something extraordinary. She concluded that she was either dreaming or seeing the play of the illusory energy of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. She thought that she had become mad, mentally deranged, to see all those wonderful things. Then she thought, It may be cosmic mystic power attained by my child, and therefore I am perplexed by such visions within His mouth. Let me offer my respectful obeisances unto the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is beyond the expression of consciousness, mind, work and philosophical speculation, and whose different energies produce everything manifested and unmanifested. Under His energy, bodily self and bodily possessions are conceived. She then said, Let me offer my respectful obeisances unto Him under whose illusory energy I am thinking that Nanda Mahrja is my husband and Ka is my son, that all the properties of Nanda Mahrja belong to me and that all the cowherd men and women are my subjects. All this misconception is due to the illusory energy of the Supreme Lord. So let me pray to Him that He may protect me always.

While mother Yaod was thinking in this high philosophical way, Lord Ka again expanded His internal energy just to bewilder her with maternal affection. Immediately mother Yaod forgot all philosophical speculation and accepted Ka as her own child. She took Him on her lap and became overwhelmed with maternal affection. She thus began to think of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is understood through the processes of cultivating knowledge derived from the Upaniads and the Vednta-stra, practicing mystic yoga and studying Skhya philosophy, as her own begotten child.

Certainly mother Yaod had executed many, many pious activities, as a result of which she got the Absolute Truth, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, as her son who sucked milk from her breast. Similarly, Nanda Mahrja also must have performed many great sacrifices and pious activities for Lord Ka to become his son and address him as father. But it is surprising that Vasudeva and Devak did not enjoy the transcendental bliss of Kas childhood pastimes, although Ka was their real son. The childhood pastimes of Ka are glorified even today by many sages and saintly persons, but Vasudeva and Devak could not enjoy such childhood pastimes personally. The reason for this was explained by ukadeva Gosvm to Mahrja Parkit as follows.

When the best of the Vasus, named Droa, and his wife Dhar were ordered to increase progeny by Lord Brahm, they said unto him, Dear father, we are seeking your benediction. When we take birth again within the universe, may the Supreme Lord Ka in His most attractive feature of childhood absorb our whole attention. May our dealings with Him be so powerful that simply by hearing of these childhood activities of His, anyone will very easily cross over the nescience of birth and death. Lord Brahm agreed to give them the benediction, and as a result the same Droa appeared as Nanda Mahrja in Vndvana, and the same Dhar appeared as mother Yaod, the wife of Nanda Mahrja.

In this way, Nanda Mahrja and his wife, mother Yaod, developed their unalloyed devotion for the Supreme Personality of Godhead, having gotten Him as their son. And all the gops and cowherd men who were associates of Ka naturally developed their own different feelings of love for Ka.

Therefore, just to fulfill the benediction of Lord Brahm, Lord Ka appeared along with His plenary expansion, Balarma, and performed all kinds of childhood pastimes in order to increase the transcendental pleasure of all the residents of Vndvana.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Eighth Chapter of Ka, Vision of the Universal Form.

KB 9: Mother Yaod Binds Lord Ka

CHAPTER NINE

Mother Yaod Binds Lord Ka

Once upon a time, seeing that her maidservant was engaged in different household duties, mother Yaod personally took charge of churning butter. And while she churned butter, she sang the childhood pastimes of Ka and enjoyed thinking of her son.

The end of her sari was tightly wrapped while she churned, and on account of her intense love for her son, milk automatically dripped from her breasts, which moved as she labored very hard, churning with two hands. The bangles and bracelets on her hands tinkled as they touched each other, and her earrings and breasts shook. There were drops of perspiration on her face, and the flower garland which was on her head scattered here and there. Before this picturesque sight, Lord Ka appeared as a child. He felt hungry, and to increase His mothers love, He wanted her to stop churning. He indicated that her first business was to let Him suck her breast, and then she could churn butter later.

Mother Yaod took her son on her lap and pushed the nipple of her breasts into His mouth, and while Ka was sucking the milk, she was smiling, enjoying the beauty of her childs face. Suddenly, the milk which was on the stove began to boil over. Just to stop the milk from spilling, mother Yaod at once put Ka aside and went to the stove. Left in that state by His mother, Ka became very angry, and His lips and eyes became red in rage. He pressed His teeth and lips, and taking up a piece of stone, He immediately broke the butter pot. He took butter out of it, and with false tears in His eyes, He began to eat the butter in a secluded place.

In the meantime, mother Yaod returned to the churning place after setting the overflowing milk pan in order. She saw the broken pot, in which the churning yogurt had been kept. Since she could not find her boy, she concluded that the broken pot was His work. She smiled as she thought, The child is very clever. After breaking the pot He has left this place, fearing punishment. After she sought all over, she found her son sitting on a big wooden grinding mortar, which was kept upside down. He was taking butter from a pot which was hanging from the ceiling on a swing, and He was feeding it to the monkeys. She saw Ka looking this way and that way in fear of her because He was conscious of His naughty behavior. After seeing her son so engaged, she very silently approached Him from behind. Ka, however, saw her coming toward Him with a stick in her hand, and He immediately got down from the grinding mortar and began to flee in fear. Mother Yaod chased Him to all corners, trying to capture the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is never approached even by the meditations of great yogs. In other words, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Ka, who is never caught by the yogs and speculators, was playing just like a little child for such a great devotee as mother Yaod. Mother Yaod, however, could not easily catch the fast-running child because of her thin waist and heavy body. Still she tried to follow Him as fast as possible. Her hair loosened, and the flowers in her hair fell to the ground. Although she was tired, she somehow reached her naughty child and captured Him. When He was caught, Ka was almost on the point of crying. He smeared His hands over His eyes, which were anointed with black eye cosmetics. The child saw His mothers face while she stood over Him, and His eyes became restless from fear.

Mother Yaod could understand that Ka was unnecessarily afraid, and for His benefit she wanted to allay His fears. Being the topmost well-wisher of her child, mother Yaod thought, If the child is too fearful of me, I dont know what will happen to Him. Mother Yaod then threw away her stick. In order to punish Him, she thought to bind His hands with some ropes. She did not know it, but it was actually impossible for her to bind the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Mother Yaod was thinking that Ka was her tiny child; she did not know that the child had no limitation. There is no inside or outside of Him, nor beginning or end. He is unlimited and all-pervading. Indeed, He is Himself the whole cosmic manifestation. Still, mother Yaod was thinking of Ka as her child. Although He is beyond the reach of all senses, she endeavored to bind Him to a wooden grinding mortar. But when she tried to bind Him, she found that the rope she was using was too shortby two inches. She gathered more ropes from the house and added to it, but still she found the same shortage. In this way, she connected all the ropes available at home, but when the final knot was added, she saw that it was still two inches too short. Mother Yaod was smiling, but she was astonished. How was it happening?

In attempting to bind her son, she became tired. She was perspiring, and the garland on her head fell down. Then Lord Ka appreciated the hard labor of His mother, and being compassionate upon her, He agreed to be bound up by the ropes. Ka, playing as a human child in the house of mother Yaod, was performing His own selected pastimes. Of course, no one can control the Supreme Personality of Godhead. The pure devotee surrenders himself unto the lotus feet of the Lord, who may either protect or vanquish the devotee. But for his part, the devotee never forgets his own position of surrender. Similarly, the Lord also feels transcendental pleasure by submitting Himself to the protection of the devotee. This was exemplified by Kas surrender unto His mother, Yaod.

Ka is the supreme bestower of all kinds of liberation to His devotees, but the benediction which was bestowed upon mother Yaod was never experienced even by Lord Brahm or Lord iva or the goddess of fortune.

The Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is known as the son of Yaod and Nanda Mahrja, is never so completely known to the yogs and speculators. But He is easily available to His devotees. Nor is He appreciated as the supreme reservoir of all pleasure by the yogs and speculators.

After binding her son, mother Yaod engaged herself in household affairs. At that time, bound up to the wooden mortar, Ka could see a pair of trees before Him which were known as arjuna trees. The great reservoir of pleasure, Lord r Ka, thus thought to Himself, Mother Yaod first of all left without feeding Me sufficient milk, and therefore I broke the pot of yogurt and distributed the stock butter in charity to the monkeys. Now she has bound Me up to a wooden mortar. So I shall do something more mischievous than before. And thus He thought of pulling down the two very tall arjuna trees.

There is a history behind the pair of arjuna trees. In their previous lives, the trees were born as the human sons of Kuvera, and their names were Nalakvara and Maigrva. Fortunately, they came within the vision of the Lord. In their previous lives they were cursed by the great sage Nrada in order to receive the highest benediction of seeing Lord Ka. This benediction-curse was bestowed upon them because of their forgetfulness due to intoxication. This story will be narrated in the next chapter.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Ninth Chapter of Ka, Mother Yaod Binds Lord Ka.

KB 10: The Deliverance of Nalakvara and Maigrva

CHAPTER TEN

The Deliverance of Nalakvara and Maigrva

The story of the cursing of Nalakvara and Maigrva and their deliverance by Ka, under the all-blissful desire of the great sage Nrada, is here described.

The two great demigods Nalakvara and Maigrva were sons of the treasurer of the demigods, Kuvera, who was a great devotee of Lord iva. By the grace of Lord iva, Kuveras material opulences had no limit. As a rich mans sons often become addicted to wine and women, so these two sons of Kuvera were also addicted to wine and sex. Once, these two demigods, desiring to enjoy, entered the garden of Lord iva in the province of Kailsa on the bank of the Mandkin Ganges. There they drank much and engaged in hearing the sweet singing of beautiful women who accompanied them in that garden of fragrant flowers. In an intoxicated condition, they both entered the water of the Ganges, which was full with lotus flowers, and there they began to enjoy the company of the young girls exactly as the male elephant enjoys the female elephants within the water.

While they were thus enjoying themselves in the water, all of a sudden Nrada, the great sage, happened to pass that way. He could understand that the demigods Nalakvara and Maigrva were too much intoxicated and could not even see that he was passing. The young girls, however, were not so much intoxicated as the demigods, and they at once became ashamed at being naked before the great sage Nrada. They began to cover themselves with all haste. The two demigod sons of Kuvera were so much intoxicated that they could not appreciate the presence of the sage Nrada and therefore did not cover their bodies. On seeing the two demigods so degraded by intoxication, Nrada desired their welfare, and therefore he exhibited his causeless mercy upon them by cursing them.

Because the great sage was compassionate upon them, he wanted to finish their false enjoyment of intoxication and association with young girls and wanted them to see Lord Ka face to face. He conceived of cursing them as follows. He said that the attraction for material enjoyment is due to an increase of the mode of passion. A person in the material world, when favored by the material opulence of riches, generally becomes addicted to three thingsintoxication, sex and gambling. Materially opulent men, being puffed up with the accumulation of wealth, also become so merciless that they indulge in killing animals by opening slaughterhouses. And they think that they themselves will never die. Such foolish persons, forgetting the laws of nature, become overly infatuated with the body. They forget that the material body, even though very much advanced in civilization, up to the position of the demigods, will finally turn into ashes or stool. And while one is living, whatever the external condition of the body may be, within there is only stool, urine and various kinds of worms. Thus being engaged in jealousy and violence to other bodies, materialists cannot understand the ultimate goal of life, and without knowing this goal of life, they generally glide down to a hellish condition in their next life. Such foolish persons commit all kinds of sinful activities on account of this temporary body, and they are even unable to consider whether this body actually belongs to them. Generally it is said that the body belongs to the persons who feed the body. One might therefore consider whether this body belongs to one personally or to the master to whom one renders service. The master of slaves claims full right to the bodies of the slaves because the master feeds the slaves. It may also be questioned whether the body belongs to the father, who is the seed-giving master of this body, or to the mother, who develops the childs body in her womb.

Foolish persons are engaged in committing all sorts of sins due to the misconception of identifying the material body with the self. But one should be intelligent enough to understand to whom this body belongs. A foolish person indulges in killing animals to maintain the body, but he does not consider whether this body belongs to him or to his father or mother or maternal grandfather. Sometimes a father gives his daughter in charity to a person with a view of getting back the daughters child as a son. The body may also belong to a stronger man who forces it to work for him. Sometimes a slaves body is sold to a master, and from that day on the body belongs to the master. And at the end of life the body belongs to the fire, because the body is given to the fire and burned to ashes. Or the body is thrown into the street to be eaten by the dogs and vultures.

Before committing all kinds of sins to maintain the body, one should understand to whom the body belongs. Ultimately it is concluded that the body is a product of material nature, and at the end it merges into material nature; therefore, the conclusion should be that the body belongs to material nature. One should not wrongly think that the body belongs to him. To maintain a false possession, why should one indulge in killing? Why should one kill innocent animals to maintain the body?

When a man is infatuated with the false prestige of opulence, he does not care for any moral instruction but indulges in wine, women and animal-killing. In such circumstances, a poverty-stricken man is often better situated because a poor man thinks of himself in relation to other bodies. A poor man often does not wish to inflict injuries upon other bodies because he can understand more readily that when he himself is injured he feels pain. As such, the great sage Nrada considered that because the demigods Nalakvara and Maigrva were so infatuated by false prestige, they should be put into a condition of life devoid of opulence.

A person who has a pinprick in his body does not wish others to be pricked by pins; a considerate man in the life of poverty does not wish others to be also put into that condition. Generally it is seen that one who has risen from a poverty-stricken life and becomes wealthy creates some charitable institution at the end of his life so that other poverty-stricken men might be benefited. In short, a compassionate poor man may consider others pains and pleasures with empathy. A poor man is seldom puffed up with false pride, and he may be freed from all kinds of infatuation. He may remain satisfied by whatever he gets for his maintenance by the grace of the Lord.

To remain in the poverty-stricken condition is a kind of austerity. According to Vedic culture, therefore, the brhmaas, as a matter of routine, keep themselves in a poverty-stricken condition to save themselves from the false prestige of material opulence. False prestige due to advancement of material prosperity is a great impediment for spiritual emancipation. A poverty-stricken man cannot become unnaturally fat by eating more and more. And on account of not being able to eat more than he requires, his senses are not very turbulent. When the senses are not very turbulent, he cannot become violent.

Another advantage of poverty is that a saintly person can easily enter a poor mans house, and thus the poor man can take advantage of the saintly persons association. A very opulent man does not allow anyone to enter his house; therefore, the saintly person cannot enter. According to the Vedic system, a saintly person takes the position of a mendicant so that on the plea of begging something from the householder, he can enter any house. The householder, who has usually forgotten everything about spiritual advancement because he is busy maintaining family affairs, can be benefited by the association of a saintly person. There is a great chance for the poor man to become liberated through association with a saint. Of what use are persons who are puffed up with material opulence and prestige if they are bereft of the association of saintly persons and devotees of the Supreme Personality of Godhead?

The great sage Nrada thereafter thought that it was his duty to put those demigods into a condition where they could not be falsely proud of their material opulence and prestige. Nrada was compassionate and wanted to save them from their fallen life. They were in the mode of darkness, and being therefore unable to control their senses, they were addicted to sex life. It was the duty of a saintly person like Nrada to save them from their abominable condition. In animal life, the animal has no sense to understand that he is naked. But Kuvera was the treasurer of the demigods, a very responsible man, and Nalakvara and Maigrva were two of his sons. And yet they became so animalistic and irresponsible that they could not understand, due to intoxication, that they were naked. To cover the lower part of the body is a principle of human civilization, and when men or women forget this principle, they become no better than animals. Nrada therefore thought that the best punishment for them was to make them immovable living entities, or trees. Trees are, by natures laws, immovable. Although trees are covered by the mode of ignorance, they cannot do harm. The great sage Nrada thought it fitting that, although the brothers would be punished to become trees, by his mercy they would continue to keep their memory and be able to know why they were being punished. After changing the body, a living entity generally forgets his previous life, but in special cases, by the grace of the Lord, as with Nalakvara and Maigrva, one can remember.

Sage Nrada therefore contemplated that the two demigods should remain for one hundred years, in the time of the demigods, in the form of trees, and after that they would be fortunate enough to see the Supreme Personality of Godhead face to face, by His causeless mercy. And thus they would be again promoted to the life of the demigods and become great devotees of the Lord.

After this, the great sage Nrada returned to his abode, known as Nryarama, and the two demigods turned into trees, known as twin arjuna trees. The two demigods were favored by the causeless mercy of Nrada and given a chance to grow in Nandas courtyard and see Lord Ka face to face.

Although child Ka was bound up to the wooden mortar, He began to crawl towards the twin trees in order to fulfill the prophecy of His great devotee Nrada. Lord Ka knew that Nrada was His great devotee and that the trees standing before Him as twin arjuna trees were actually the sons of Kuvera. I must now fulfill the words of My great devotee Nrada, He thought. Then He proceeded through the passage between the two trees. Although He was able to pass through the passage, the large wooden mortar stuck horizontally between the trees. Taking advantage of this, with great strength Lord Ka began to pull the rope, which was tied to the mortar. As soon as He pulled, the two trees, with all their branches and limbs, fell down immediately with a great sound. Out of the broken, fallen trees came two great personalities, shining like blazing fire. All sides became illuminated and beautiful by their presence. The two purified personalities immediately came before child Ka and bowed down to offer their respects and prayers in the following words.

Dear Lord Ka, You are the original Personality of Godhead, master of all mystic powers. Learned brhmaas know very well that this cosmic manifestation is an expansion of Your potencies, which are sometimes manifest and sometimes unmanifest. You are the original provider of the life, body and senses of all living entities. You are the eternal God, Lord Viu, who is all-pervading, the imperishable controller of everything, and You are eternal time. You are the original source of the cosmic manifestation, which is acting under the spell of the three modes of material naturegoodness, passion and ignorance. You are living as the Supersoul in all the multiforms of living entities, and You know very well what is going on within their bodies and minds. Therefore You are the supreme director of all activities of all living entities. But although You are in the midst of everything which is under the spell of the material modes of nature, You are not affected by such contaminated qualities. No one under the jurisdiction of the material modes can understand Your transcendental qualities, which existed before the creation; therefore You are called the Supreme Transcendence. Let us offer our respectful obeisances unto the lotus feet of You, Lord Vsudeva, the Supreme Brahman, who are always glorified by Your personal internal potencies.

In this material world You make Yourself known only by Your different incarnations. Although You assume different types of bodies, these bodies are not part of the material creation. They are always full of the transcendental potencies of unlimited opulence, strength, beauty, fame, wisdom and renunciation. In the material existence there is a difference between the body and the owner of the body, but because You appear in Your original spiritual body, there is no such difference for You. When You appear, Your uncommon activities indicate that You are the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Such uncommon activities are not possible for anyone in material existence. You, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, cause the birth and death as well as the liberation of the living entities, and You are full with all Your plenary expansions. You can bestow on everyone all kinds of benedictions. O Lord! O source of all auspiciousness and goodness, we offer our respectful obeisances unto You. You are the all-pervading Supreme Personality of Godhead, the supreme source of peace and the supreme personality in the dynasty of King Yadu. O Lord, our father, known as Kuvera, the demigod, is Your servant. Similarly, the great sage Nrada is also Your servitor, and only by their grace have we been able to see You personally. We therefore pray that we may always be engaged in Your transcendental loving service by speaking only about Your glories and hearing about Your transcendental activities. May our hands and other limbs be engaged in Your service and our minds always be concentrated at Your lotus feet and our heads always bowed down before the all-pervading universal form of Your Lordship.

When the demigods Nalakvara and Maigrva finished their prayers, the child, Lord Ka, the master and proprietor of Gokula, bound to the wooden grinding mortar by the ropes of Yaod, smiled and said, It was already known to Me that My great devotee Nrada Muni had shown his causeless mercy by saving you from the abominable condition of pride due to possessing extraordinary beauty and opulence in a family of demigods. He has saved you from gliding down into the lowest condition of hellish life. All these facts are already known to Me. You are very fortunate because not only were you cursed by him, but you had the great opportunity to see him. If someone is able, by chance, to see face to face a great saintly person like Nrada, who is always serene and merciful to everyone, then immediately that conditioned soul becomes liberated. This is exactly like being situated in the full light of the sun: there cannot be any visionary impediment. Therefore, O Nalakvara and Maigrva, your lives have now become successful because you have developed ecstatic love for Me. This is your last birth within material existence. Now you can go back to your fathers residence in the heavenly planets, and by remaining in the attitude of devotional service, you will be liberated in this very life.

After this, the demigods circumambulated the Lord many times and bowed down before Him again and again, and thus they left. The Lord remained bound up with ropes to the grinding mortar.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Tenth Chapter of Ka, The Deliverance of Nalakvara and Maigrva.

KB 11: Killing the Demons Vatssura and Baksura

CHAPTER ELEVEN

Killing the Demons Vatssura and Baksura

When the twin arjuna trees fell to the ground, making a sound like the falling of thunderbolts, all the inhabitants of Gokula, including Nanda Mahrja, immediately came to the spot. They were very much astonished to see how the two great trees had suddenly fallen. Because they could find no reason for their falling down, they were puzzled. When they saw child Ka bound up to the wooden mortar by the ropes of mother Yaod, they thought that it must have been caused by some demon. Otherwise, how was it possible? At the same time, they were very much perturbed because such uncommon incidents were always happening to child Ka. While the cowherd men were thus contemplating, the small children who were playing there informed the men that the trees had fallen because Ka had pulled the wooden mortar with the rope binding Him. Ka came in between the two trees, they explained, and the wooden mortar was topsy-turvied and stuck in between the trees. Ka pulled the rope, and the trees fell down. When the trees fell down, two very dazzling men came out of the trees, and they said something to Ka.

Most of the cowherd men did not believe the statement of the children. They could not believe that such things were at all possible. Some of the men, however, believed them and told Nanda Mahrja, Your child is different from all other children. He just might have done it. Nanda Mahrja smiled to hear about the extraordinary abilities of his son. He came forward and untied the knot just to free his wonderful child. After being freed by Nanda Mahrja, Ka was taken onto the laps of the elder gops. They took Him away to the courtyard of the house and began to clap, praising His wonderful activities. Ka danced along with their clapping, just like an ordinary child. The Supreme Lord Ka, being completely controlled by the gops, sang and danced just like a puppet in their hands.

Sometimes mother Yaod used to ask Ka to bring her a wooden plank for sitting. Although the wooden plank was too heavy to be carried by a child, still somehow or other Ka would bring it to His mother. Sometimes, while worshiping Nryaa, His father would ask Him to bring his wooden slippers, and Ka, with great difficulty, would put the slippers on His head and bring them to His father. When He was asked to lift some heavy article and was unable to lift it, He would simply move His arms. In this way, daily, at every moment, He was the reservoir of all pleasure to His parents. The Lord was exhibiting such childish dealings with the inhabitants of Vndvana because He wanted to show the great philosophers and sages searching after the Absolute Truth how the Supreme Absolute Truth Personality of Godhead is controlled by and subject to the desires of His pure devotees.

One day, a fruit vendor came before the house of Nanda Mahrja. Upon hearing the vendor call, If anyone wants fruits please come and take them from me! child Ka immediately took some grains in His palm and went to get fruits in exchange. In those days exchange was by barter; therefore Ka might have seen His parents acquire fruits and other things by bartering grains, and so He imitated. But His palms were very small, and He was not very careful to hold them tight, so He was dropping the grains. The vendor who came to sell fruits saw this and was very much captivated by the beauty of the Lord, so she immediately accepted whatever few grains were left in His palm and filled His hands with fruits. In the meantime, the vendor saw that her whole basket of fruit had become filled with jewels. The Lord is the bestower of all benediction. If someone gives something to the Lord, he is not the loser; he is the gainer by a million times.

One day Lord Ka, the liberator of the twin arjuna trees, was playing with Balarma and the other children on the bank of the Yamun, and because it was already late, Rohi, the mother of Balarma, went to call them back home. But Balarma and Ka were so engrossed in playing with Their friends that They did not wish to come back; They just engaged Themselves in playing more and more. When Rohi was unable to take Them back home, she went home and sent mother Yaod to call Them again. Mother Yaod was so affectionate toward her son that as soon as she came out to call Him back home, her breast filled up with milk. She loudly cried, My dear child, please come back home. Your time for lunch is already past. She then said, My dear Ka, O my dear lotus-eyed child, please come and suck my breast. You have played enough. You must be very hungry, my dear little child. You must be tired from playing for so long. She also addressed Balarma thus: My dear Rma, the glory of Your family, my dear child, please come back with Your younger brother Ka immediately. You have been engaged in playing since morning, and You must be very tired. Please come back and take Your lunch at home. Your father Nandarja is waiting for You. He has to eat, so You must come back so that he can eat.

As soon as Ka and Balarma heard that Nanda Mahrja was waiting for Them and could not take his food in Their absence, They started to return. Their playmates complained, Ka is leaving us just at the point when our playing is at the summit. Next time we shall not allow Him to leave.

His playmates then threatened not to allow Him to play with them again. Ka became afraid, and instead of going back home, He went back again to play with the boys. At that time, mother Yaod scolded the children and told Ka, My dear Ka, do You think that You are a street boy? You have no home? Please come back to Your home! I see that Your body has become very dirty from playing since morning. Now come home and take Your bath. Besides, today is Your birthday ceremony; therefore You should come back home and give cows in charity to the brhmaas. Dont You see how Your playmates are decorated with ornaments by their mothers? You should also be cleansed and decorated with nice dress and ornaments. Please, therefore, come back, take Your bath, dress Yourself nicely, and then again You may go on playing.

In this way mother Yaod called back Lord Ka and Balarma, who are worshipable by great demigods like Lord Brahm and Lord iva. She was thinking of Them as her children.

When mother Yaods children, Ka and Balarma, came home, she bathed Them very nicely and dressed Them with ornaments. She then called for the brhmaas, and through her children she gave many cows in charity for the occasion of Kas birthday. In this way she performed the birthday ceremony of Ka at home.

After this incident, all the elderly cowherd men assembled together, and Nanda Mahrja presided. They began to consult amongst themselves how to stop great disturbances in the Mahvana on account of the demons. In this meeting, Upananda, the brother of Nanda Mahrja, was present. He was considered to be learned and experienced, and he was a well-wisher of Ka and Balarma. He was a leader, and he addressed the meeting as follows: My dear friends! Now we should leave here for another place because we are continually finding that great demons are coming here to disturb the peaceful situation, and they are especially attempting to kill the small children. Just consider Ptan and Ka. It was simply by the grace of Lord Hari that Ka was saved from the hands of such a great demon. Next the whirlwind demon took Ka away in the sky, but by the grace of Lord Hari He was saved, and the demon fell down on a stone slab and died. Very recently, this child was playing between two trees, and the trees fell down violently, and yet there was no injury to the child. So Lord Hari saved Him again. Just imagine the calamity if this child or any other child playing with Him were crushed by the falling trees! Considering all these incidents, we must conclude that this place is no longer safe. Let us leave. We have all been saved from different calamities by the grace of Lord Hari. Now we should be cautious and leave this place and reside somewhere where we can live peacefully. I think that we should all go to the forest known as Vndvana, where just now there are newly grown plants and herbs. It is very suitable for pasturing ground for our cows, and we and our families, the gops with their children, can very peacefully live there. Near Vndvana is Govardhana Hill, which is very beautiful, and there is newly grown grass and fodder for the animals, so there will be no difficulty in living there. I therefore suggest that we start immediately for that beautiful place, as there is no need to waste any more time. Let us prepare all our carts immediately, and, if you like, let us go, keeping all the cows in front.

On hearing the statement of Upananda, all the cowherd men immediately agreed. Let us immediately go there. Everyone then loaded all their household furniture and utensils on the carts and prepared to go to Vndvana. All the old men of the village, the children and the women were arranged on seats, and the cowherd men equipped themselves with bows and arrows to follow the carts. All the cows and bulls were placed in the front along with their calves, and the men, with their bows and arrows, surrounded the herds and carts and began to blow on their horns and bugles. In this way, with tumultuous sound, they started for Vndvana.

And who can describe the damsels of Vraja? They were all seated on the carts and were very beautifully dressed with ornaments and costly saris. They chanted the pastimes of child Ka as usual. Mother Yaod and mother Rohi were seated on a separate cart, and Ka and Balarma were seated on their laps. While mother Rohi and Yaod were riding on the cart, they talked to Ka and Balarma, and feeling the pleasure of such talks, they looked very, very beautiful.

In this way, after reaching Vndvana, where everyone lives eternally, very peacefully and happily, they encircled Vndvana, drew all the carts together in a half circle, and in this way constructed a temporary residence. When Ka and Balarma saw the beautiful appearance of Vndvana, Govardhana Hill and the banks of the river Yamun, They felt very happy. As They grew up They began talking with Their parents and others in childish language, and thus They gave great pleasure to all the inhabitants of Vndvana.

Soon Ka and Balarma had grown sufficiently to be given charge of the calves. From the very beginning of their childhood, cowherd boys are trained to take care of the cows, and their first responsibility is to take care of the little calves. So along with the other little cowherd boys, Ka and Balarma went into the pasturing ground and took charge of the calves, and there They played with Their playmates. While taking charge of the calves, sometimes the two brothers played on Their flutes. And sometimes They played with malaka fruits and bael fruits, just as small children play with balls. Sometimes They danced and made tinkling sounds with Their ankle bells. Sometimes They made Themselves into bulls and cows by covering Themselves with blankets. Thus Ka and Balarma played. The two brothers also used to imitate the sounds of bulls and cows and play at bullfighting. Sometimes They used to imitate the sounds of various animals and birds. In this way, They enjoyed Their childhood pastimes apparently like ordinary, mundane children.

Once, when Ka and Balarma were playing on the bank of the Yamun, a demon of the name Vatssura assumed the shape of a calf and came there intending to kill the brothers. By taking the shape of a calf, the demon could mingle with the other calves. Ka, however, specifically noticed this, and He immediately alerted Balarma about the entrance of the demon. Both brothers then silently approached him. Ka caught hold of the demon-calf by the two hind legs and tail, whipped him around very forcibly and threw him up into a tree. The demon lost his life and fell down from the top of the tree to the ground. When the demon lay dead on the ground, all the playmates of Ka congratulated Him, Well done, well done, and the demigods in the sky showered flowers with great satisfaction. In this way, the maintainers of the complete creation, Ka and Balarma, used to take care of the calves every day, beginning in the morning, and thus They enjoyed Their childhood pastimes as cowherd boys in Vndvana.

One day, all the cowherd boys went to the bank of the river Yamun to water their calves. When the calves drank water from the Yamun, the boys also drank. After drinking, when they were sitting on the bank of the river, they saw a huge animal which looked something like a heron and was as big as a hill. Its top was as strong as a thunderbolt. When they saw that unusual animal, they became afraid of it. The name of this beast was Baksura, and he was a friend of Kasas. He appeared on the scene suddenly and immediately attacked Ka with his pointed, sharp beak and quickly swallowed Him up. When Ka was thus swallowed, all the boys, headed by Balarma, became almost breathless, as if they had died. But when the Baksura demon was swallowing up Ka, he felt a burning, fiery sensation in his throat. This was due to the glowing effulgence of Ka. The demon quickly threw Ka up and tried to kill Him by pinching Him in his beak. Baksura did not know that although Ka was playing the part of a child of Nanda Mahrja, He was still the original father of Lord Brahm, the creator of the universe. Mother Yaods child, who is the reservoir of pleasure for the demigods and who is the maintainer of saintly persons, caught hold of the great gigantic heron by the two halves of his beak and, before His cowherd boyfriends, bifurcated his mouth, just as a child very easily splits a blade of grass. From the sky, the denizens of the heavenly planets showered flowers like the mallik, the most fragrant of all flowers, as a token of their congratulations. Accompanying the showers of flowers was a vibration of bugles, drums and conchshells.

When the boys saw the showering of flowers and heard the celestial sounds, they became struck with wonder. And when they saw Ka freed from the mouth of the great demon Baksura, all of them, including Balarma, were so pleased that it seemed as if they had regained their very source of life. As soon as they saw Ka coming towards them, they one after another embraced the son of Nanda and held Him to their chests. After this, they assembled all the calves under their charge and began to return home.

When they arrived home, they spoke of the wonderful activities of the son of Nanda. When the gops and cowherd men all heard the story from the boys, they felt great happiness because naturally they loved Ka, and by hearing about His glories and victorious activities they became still more affectionate toward Him. Thinking that child Ka had been saved from the mouth of death, they looked upon His face with great love and affection. Indeed, they could not turn their faces from the vision of Ka. The gops and the men began to converse amongst themselves about how wonderful it was that child Ka had been attacked in so many ways and so many times by so many demons, and yet the demons themselves had been killed and Ka had remained uninjured. They continued to converse amongst themselves about how so many great demons in such fierce bodies had attacked Ka to kill Him but, by the grace of Hari, had not been able to cause even a slight injury. Rather, they had died like small flies in a fire. Thus they remembered the words of Garga Muni, who had foretold, by dint of his vast knowledge of the Vedas and astrology, that this boy would be attacked by many demons. Now they were actually seeing that this was coming true, word for word.

All the cowherd men, including Nanda Mahrja, used to talk of the wonderful activities of Lord Ka and Balarma, and they were always so much absorbed in those talks that they forgot the threefold miseries of this material existence. This is the effect of Ka consciousness. What was enjoyed five thousand years ago by Nanda Mahrja can still be enjoyed by persons who are in Ka consciousness simply by talking about the transcendental pastimes of Ka and His associates.

In this way Balarma and Ka enjoyed Their childhood pastimes, imitating Lord Rmacandras monkeys, who constructed the bridge over the ocean, and Hanumn, who jumped over the water to Ceylon. They used to imitate such pastimes among Their friends and so happily passed Their childhood life.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Eleventh Chapter of Ka, Killing the Demons Vatssura and Baksura.

KB 12: The Killing of the Aghsura Demon

CHAPTER TWELVE

The Killing of the Aghsura Demon

Once the Lord desired to go early in the morning with all His cowherd boyfriends to the forest, where they were to assemble together and take lunch. As soon as He got up from bed, He blew His buffalo-horn bugle and called all His friends together. Keeping the calves before them, they started for the forest in a great procession. In this way, Lord Ka assembled thousands of His boyfriends. They were each equipped with a stick, flute and horn, as well as a lunch bag, and each of them was taking care of thousands of calves. All the boys appeared very jolly and happy in that excursion. Each and every one of them, including Ka, was attentive to his personal calves as he herded them in the different places in the forest. The boys were fully decorated with various kinds of golden ornaments, yet out of sporting propensities they began to pick up flowers, leaves, twigs, peacock feathers and red clay from different places in the forest and further decorate themselves in different ways. While passing through the forest, one boy stole another boys lunch package and passed it to a third. And when the boy whose lunch package was stolen came to know of it, he tried to take it back. But the boy who had it threw it to another boy. This sportive playing went on amongst the boys as childhood pastimes.

When Lord Ka went ahead to a distant place in order to see some specific scenery, the boys behind Him ran to try to catch up and be the first to touch Him. So there was a great competition. One would say, I will go there and touch Ka, and another would say, Oh, you cannot go. Ill touch Ka first. Some of them played on their flutes or vibrated bugles made of buffalo horn. Some of them gladly followed the peacocks and imitated the onomatopoetic sounds of the cuckoo. While the birds were flying in the sky, the boys ran after the birds shadows along the ground and tried to follow their exact courses. Some of them went to the monkeys and silently sat down by them, and some of them imitated the dancing of the peacocks. Some of them caught the tails of the monkeys and played with them, and when the monkeys jumped into a tree, the boys followed. When a monkey showed its face and teeth, a boy imitated and showed his teeth to the monkey. Some of the boys played with the frogs on the bank of the Yamun, and when, out of fear, the frogs jumped into the water, the boys immediately dove in after them, and they would come out of the water when they saw their own shadows and stand imitating, making caricatures and laughing. They would also go to an empty well and make loud sounds, and when the echo came back, they would call it ill names and laugh.

As stated personally by the Supreme Personality of Godhead in the Bhagavad-gt, He is realized proportionately by transcendentalists as Brahman, Paramtm and the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Here, in confirmation of the same statement, Lord Ka, who awards the impersonalist the pleasure of Brahman realization by His bodily effulgence, also gives pleasure to the devotees as the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Those who are under the spell of the external energy, my, take Him only as a beautiful child. Yet He gave full transcendental pleasure to the cowherd boys who played with Him. Only after accumulating heaps of pious activities were those boys promoted to personally associate with the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Who can estimate the transcendental fortune of the residents of Vndvana? They were personally seeing the Supreme Personality of Godhead face to face, He whom many yogs cannot find even after undergoing severe austerities, although He is sitting within their hearts. This is confirmed in the Brahma-sahit: One may search for Ka, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, through the pages of the Vedas and Upaniads, but it is difficult to find Him there. However, one who is fortunate enough to associate with a devotee can see the Supreme Personality of Godhead face to face. After accumulating pious activities in many, many previous lives, the cowherd boys were seeing Ka face to face and playing with Him as friends. They could not understand that Ka is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, but they were playing as intimate friends with intense love for Him.

When Lord Ka was enjoying His childhood pastimes with His boyfriends, one Aghsura demon became very impatient. He was unable to tolerate seeing Ka play so happily, and therefore he appeared before the boys intending to kill them all. This Aghsura was so dangerous that even the denizens of heaven were afraid of him. Although the denizens of heaven drank nectar daily to prolong their lives, they were afraid of this Aghsura and were wondering, When will the demon be killed? The denizens used to drink nectar to become immortal, but actually they were not confident of their immortality. On the other hand, the boys who were playing with Ka had no fear of the demons. They were free of fear. Any material arrangement for protecting oneself from death is always unsure, but if one is in Ka consciousness, then immortality is confidently assured.

The demon Aghsura appeared before Ka and His friends. Aghsura happened to be the younger brother of Ptan and Baksura, and he thought, Ka has killed my brother and sister. Now I shall kill Him along with all His friends and calves. Aghsura was instigated by Kasa, so he had come with determination. Aghsura also thought that when he would offer grains and water in memory of his brother and sister and kill Ka and all the cowherd boys, then automatically all the inhabitants of Vndvana would die. Generally, for the householders, the children are the life and breath force. When all the children die, then naturally the parents also die on account of strong affection for them.

Aghsura, thus deciding to kill all the inhabitants of Vndvana, expanded himself by the yogic siddhi called mahim. The demons are generally expert in achieving almost all kinds of mystic powers. In the yoga system, by the perfection called mahim-siddhi, one can expand himself as he desires. The demon Aghsura expanded himself up to eight miles and assumed the shape of a very fat serpent. Having attained this wonderful body, he stretched his mouth open just like a mountain cave. Desiring to swallow all the boys at once, including Ka and Balarma, he sat on the path.

The demon in the shape of a big fat serpent expanded his lips from land to sky; his lower lip was touching the ground, and his upper lip was touching the clouds. His jaws appeared like a big mountain cave, without limitation, and his teeth appeared just like mountain summits. His tongue appeared to be a broad traffic way, and he was breathing just like a hurricane. His eyes were blazing like fire. At first the boys thought that the demon was a statue, but after examining it they saw that it was a big serpent lying down on the road and widening his mouth. The boys began to talk among themselves: Dear friends, this figure appears to be a great animal, and he is sitting in such a posture just to swallow us all. Just seeis it not a big snake that has widened his mouth to eat all of us?

One of them said, Yes, what you say is true. This animals upper lip appears to be just like the sunshine, and its lower lip is just like the reflection of red sunshine on the ground. Dear friends, just look to the right- and left-hand side of the mouth of the animal. Its mouth appears to be like a big mountain cave, and its height cannot be estimated. The chin is also raised just like a mountain summit. That long highway appears to be its tongue, and inside the mouth it is as dark as in a mountain cave. The hot wind that is blowing like a hurricane is his breathing, and the fishy bad smell coming out from his mouth is the smell of his intestines.

Then they further consulted among themselves: If we all at one time entered into the mouth of this great serpent, how could it possibly swallow all of us? And even if it were to swallow all of us at once, it could not swallow Ka. Ka will immediately kill him, as He did Baksura. Talking in this way, all the boys looked at the beautiful lotuslike face of Ka, and they began to clap and smile. And so they marched forward and entered the mouth of the gigantic serpent.

Meanwhile, Ka, who is the Supersoul within everyones heart, could understand that the big statuesque figure was a demon. The boys did not know this, however, and thus while Ka was planning how to stop the destruction of His intimate friends, all the boys along with their cows and calves entered the mouth of the serpent. But Ka did not enter. The demon was awaiting Kas entrance, and he was thinking, Everyone has entered except Ka, who has killed my brother and sister.

Ka is the assurance of safety to everyone. But when He saw that His friends were already out of His hands and were lying within the belly of a great serpent, He became momentarily aggrieved. He was also struck with wonder at how the external energy works so wonderfully. He then began to consider how He could kill the demon and at the same time save the boys and calves. Although there was no factual concern on Kas part, He was thinking like that. Finally, after some deliberation, He also entered the mouth of the demon. When Ka entered, all the demigods, who had gathered to see the fun and who were hiding within the clouds, expressed their feelings with the words Alas! Alas! At the same time, all the friends of Aghsura, especially Kasa, who were all accustomed to eating flesh and blood, expressed their jubilation, understanding that Ka had also entered the mouth of the demon.

While the demon was trying to smash Ka and His companions, Ka heard the demigods crying Alas! Alas! and He immediately began to expand Himself within the throat of the demon. Although he had a gigantic body, the demon choked by the expanding of Ka. His big eyes moved violently, and he quickly suffocated. His life air could not come out from any source, and ultimately it burst out of a hole in the upper part of his skull. Thus his life air passed off. After the demon was dead, Ka, with His transcendental glance alone, brought all the boys and calves back to consciousness and came with them out of the mouth of the demon. While Ka was within the mouth of Aghsura, the demons spirit soul came out like a dazzling light, illuminating all directions, and waited in the sky. As soon as Ka came out of the mouth of the demon with His calves and friends, that glittering effulgent light immediately merged into the body of Ka within the vision of all the demigods.

The demigods became overwhelmed with joy and showered flowers on the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Ka, and thus they worshiped Him. The denizens of heaven danced in jubilation, and the denizens in Gandharvaloka offered various kinds of prayers. Drummers beat drums in jubilation, the brhmaas recited Vedic hymns, and all the devotees of the Lord chanted the words Jaya! Jaya! All glories to the Supreme Personality of Godhead!

When Lord Brahm heard those auspicious vibrations, which sounded throughout the higher planetary system, he immediately came down to see what had happened. He saw that the demon was killed, and he was struck with wonder at the uncommon, glorious pastimes of the Personality of Godhead.

The gigantic mouth of the demon remained in an open position for many days and gradually dried up; it remained a spot of pleasure pastimes for all the cowherd boys.

The killing of Aghsura took place when Ka and all His boyfriends were under five years old. Children under five years old are called kaumra, from five years up to the tenth year they are called paugaa, and from the tenth year up to the fifteenth year they are called kaiora. After the fifteenth year, boys are called youths. For one year there was no discussion of the incident of the Aghsura demon in the village of Vraja. But when the boys attained their sixth year, they informed their parents of the incident with great wonder.

For r Ka, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is far greater than such demigods as Lord Brahm, it is not at all difficult to award one the opportunity of merging with His eternal body. This He awarded to Aghsura. Aghsura was certainly the most sinful living entity, and it is not possible for the sinful to merge into the existence of the Absolute Truth. But in this particular case, because Ka entered into Aghsuras body, the demon became fully cleansed of all sinful reactions. Persons constantly thinking of the eternal form of the Lord in the shape of the Deity or in the shape of a mental form are awarded the transcendental benediction of entering into the kingdom of God and associating with the Supreme Personality of Godhead. So we can just imagine the elevated position of someone like Aghsura, into whose body the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Ka, personally entered. Great sages, meditators and devotees constantly keep the form of the Lord within their hearts, or they see the Deity form of the Lord in the temples; in that way they become liberated from all material contamination and at the end of the body enter into the kingdom of God. This perfection is possible simply by keeping the form of the Lord within the mind. But in the case of Aghsura, the Supreme Personality of Godhead personally entered. Aghsuras position was therefore greater than the ordinary devotees or the greatest yogs.

Mahrja Parkit, who was engaged in hearing the transcendental pastimes of Lord Ka (who saved the life of Mahrja Parkit while he was in the womb of his mother), became more and more interested to hear about Him. And thus he questioned the sage ukadeva Gosvm, who was reciting rmad-Bhgavatam before the King.

King Parkit was a bit astonished to understand that the killing of the Aghsura demon was not discussed for one year, until after the boys attained the paugaa age. Mahrja Parkit was very inquisitive to learn about this, for he was sure that such an incident was due to the working of Kas different energies.

Generally, the katriyas or the administrative class are always busy with their political affairs, and they have very little chance to hear about the transcendental pastimes of Lord Ka. But while Parkit Mahrja was hearing these transcendental pastimes, he considered himself to be very fortunate because not only was he hearing Kas pastimes but he was doing so from ukadeva Gosvm, the greatest authority on rmad-Bhgavatam. Thus being requested by Mahrja Parkit, ukadeva Gosvm continued to speak about the transcendental pastimes of Lord Ka in the matter of His form, quality, fame and paraphernalia.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Twelfth Chapter of Ka, The Killing of the Aghsura Demon.

KB 13: The Stealing of the Boys and Calves by Brahm

CHAPTER THIRTEEN

The Stealing of the Boys and Calves by Brahm

ukadeva Gosvm was very much encouraged when Mahrja Parkit asked him why the cowherd boys did not discuss the death of Aghsura until after one year had passed. He explained thus: My dear King, you are making the subject matter of the transcendental pastimes of Ka fresher by your inquisitiveness.

It is said that it is the nature of a devotee to constantly apply his mind, energy, words, ears, etc., in hearing and chanting about Ka. This is called Ka consciousness, and for one who is rapt in hearing and chanting about Ka, the subject matter never becomes hackneyed or old. That is the significance of transcendental subject matter in contrast to material subject matter. Material subject matter becomes stale, and one cannot hear a certain subject for a long time; he wants change. But as far as transcendental subject matter is concerned, it is called nitya-nava-navyamna. This means that one can go on chanting and hearing about the Lord and never feel tired but remain fresh and eager to hear more and more.

It is the duty of the spiritual master to disclose all confidential subject matter to the inquisitive and sincere disciple. Thus ukadeva Gosvm began to explain why the killing of Aghsura was not discussed until one year had passed. ukadeva Gosvm told the King, Now hear of this secret with attention. After saving His friends from the mouth of Aghsura and killing the demon, Lord Ka brought His friends to the bank of the Yamun and addressed them as follows: My dear friends, just see how this spot is very nice for taking lunch and playing on the soft, sandy Yamun bank. You can see how the lotus flowers in the water are beautifully blown and how they distribute their fragrance all around. The chirping of the birds along with cooing of the peacocks, surrounded by the whispering of the leaves in the trees, combine and present sound vibrations that echo one another. And this just enriches the beautiful scenery created by the trees here. Let us have our lunch in this spot because it is already late and we are feeling hungry. Let the calves remain near us, and let them drink water from the Yamun. While we engage in our lunch-taking, the calves may engage in eating the soft grasses that are in this spot.

On hearing this proposal from Ka, all the boys became very glad and said, Certainly, let us all sit down here to take our lunch. They then let loose the calves to eat the soft grass. Sitting down on the ground and keeping Ka in the center, they began to open their lunch boxes brought from home. Lord r Ka was seated in the center of the circle, and all the boys kept their faces toward Him. They ate and constantly enjoyed seeing the Lord face to face. Ka appeared to be the whorl of a lotus flower, and the boys surrounding Him appeared to be its different petals. The boys collected flowers, leaves of flowers and the bark of trees and placed their lunch on them, as well as in their boxes, and thus they began to eat their lunch, keeping company with Ka. While taking lunch, each boy began to manifest different kinds of relations with Ka, and they enjoyed each others company with joking words. While Lord Ka was thus enjoying lunch with His friends, His flute was pushed within the belt of His cloth on His right side, and His bugle and cane were pushed in on the left-hand side of His cloth. In his left palm He was holding a lump of food prepared with yogurt, butter, rice and pieces of fruit salad, which could be seen through His petallike finger-joints. The Supreme Personality of Godhead, who accepts the results of all great sacrifices, was laughing and joking, enjoying lunch with His friends in Vndvana. And thus the scene was being observed by the demigods from heaven. As for the boys, they were simply enjoying transcendental bliss in the company of the Supreme Personality of Godhead.

At that time, the calves that were pasturing nearby entered into the deep forest, allured by new grasses, and gradually went out of sight. When the boys saw that the calves were not nearby, they became afraid for their safety, and they immediately cried out, Ka! Ka is the killer of fear personified. Everyone is afraid of fear personified, but fear personified is afraid of Ka. By crying out the word Ka, the boys at once transcended the fearful situation. Out of His great affection, Ka did not want His friends to give up their pleasing lunch engagement and go searching for the calves. He therefore said, My dear friends, you need not interrupt your lunch. Go on enjoying. I am going personally to find the calves. Thus Lord Ka, still carrying the lump of yogurt-and-rice preparation in His left hand, immediately started to search out the calves in the caves and bushes. He searched in the mountain holes and in the forests, but nowhere could He find them.

At the time when Aghsura was killed and the demigods were looking on the incident with great surprise, Brahm, who was born of the lotus flower growing out of the navel of Viu, also came to see. He was surprised how a little boy like Ka could act so wonderfully. Although he was informed that the little cowherd boy was the Supreme Personality of Godhead, he wanted to see more of the Lords glorious pastimes, and thus he stole all the calves and cowherd boys and took them to a different place. Lord Ka, therefore, in spite of searching for the calves, could not find them, and He even lost His boyfriends on the bank of the Yamun, where they had been taking their lunch. In the form of a cowherd boy, Lord Ka was very little in comparison to Brahm, but because He is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, He could immediately understand that all the calves and boys had been stolen by Brahm. Ka thought, Brahm has taken away all the boys and calves. How can I alone return to Vndvana? The mothers will be aggrieved!

Therefore in order to satisfy the mothers of His friends as well as to convince Brahm of the supremacy of the Personality of Godhead, He immediately expanded Himself as the cowherd boys and calves. In the Vedas it is said that the Supreme Personality of Godhead has already expanded Himself into so many living entities by His energy. Therefore it was not very difficult for Him to expand Himself again into so many boys and calves. He expanded Himself to become exactly like the boys, who were of all different features and facial and bodily construction, and who were different in their clothing and ornaments and in their behavior and personal activities. In other words, each person, being an individual soul, has entirely different tastes, activities and behavior. Yet Ka exactly expanded Himself into all the different positions of the individual boys. He also became the calves, who were also of different sizes, colors, activities, etc. This was possible because everything is an expansion of Kas energy. In the Viu Pura it is said, parasya brahmaa akti. Whatever we actually see in the cosmic manifestationbe it matter or the activities of the living entitiesis simply an expansion of the energies of the Lord, as heat and light are the different expansions of fire.

Thus expanding Himself as the boys and calves in their individual capacities, and surrounded by such expansions of Himself, Ka entered the village of Vndvana. The residents had no knowledge of what had happened. After entering the village of Vndvana, all the calves entered their respective cowsheds, and the boys went to their respective mothers and homes.

The mothers of the boys heard the vibration of their flutes before their entrance, and to receive them, they came out of their homes and embraced them. And out of maternal affection, milk was flowing from their breasts, and they allowed the boys to drink it. However, their offering was not exactly to their boys but to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who had expanded Himself into such boys. This was a chance for all the mothers of Vndvana to feed the Supreme Personality of Godhead with their own milk. Therefore not only did Lord Ka give Yaod the chance to feed Him, but this time He gave the chance to all the elder gops.

All the boys dealt with their mothers as usual, and the mothers also, on the approach of evening, bathed their respective children, decorated them with tilaka and ornaments and gave them necessary food after the days labor. The cows also, who were away in the pasturing ground, returned in the evening and called their respective calves. The calves immediately came to their mothers, and the mothers began to lick the bodies of the calves. These relations between the cows and the gops with their calves and boys remained unchanged, although actually the original calves and boys were not there. Actually the cows affection for their calves and the elder gops affection for the boys causelessly increased. Their affection increased naturally, even though the calves and boys were not their offspring. Although the cows and elderly gops of Vndvana had greater affection for Ka than for their own offspring, after this incident their affection for their offspring increased unlimitedly, exactly as it did for Ka. For one year continuously, Ka Himself expanded as the calves and cowherd boys and was present in the pasturing ground.

As it is stated in the Bhagavad-gt, Kas expansion is situated in everyones heart as the Supersoul. Similarly, instead of expanding Himself as the Supersoul, He expanded Himself as a portion of calves and cowherd boys for one continuous year.

One day, a few days before a year had passed, Ka and Balarma were maintaining the calves in the forest when They saw some cows grazing on the top of Govardhana Hill. The cows could see down into the valley where the calves were being taken care of by the boys. Suddenly, on sighting their calves, the cows began to run towards them. They leaped downhill with joined front and rear legs. The cows were so melted with affection for their calves that they did not care about the rough path from the top of Govardhana Hill down to the pasturing ground. They approached the calves with their milk bags full of milk, and they raised their tails upwards. When they were coming down the hill, their milk bags were pouring milk on the ground out of intense maternal affection for the calves, although they were not their own calves. These cows had their own calves, and the calves that were grazing beneath Govardhana Hill were larger; they were not expected to drink milk directly from the milk bag but were satisfied with the grass. Yet all the cows came immediately and began to lick their bodies, and the calves also began to suck milk from the milk bags. There appeared to be a great bondage of affection between the cows and calves.

When the cows were running down from the top of Govardhana Hill, the men who were taking care of them tried to stop them. Older cows are taken care of by the men, and the calves are taken care of by the boys; and as far as possible, the calves are kept separate from the cows, so that the calves do not drink all the available milk. Therefore the men who were taking care of the cows on the top of Govardhana Hill tried to stop them, but they failed. Baffled by their failure, they were feeling ashamed and angry. They were very unhappy, but when they came down and saw their children taking care of the calves, they all of a sudden became very affectionate toward the children. It was very astonishing. Although the men came down disappointed, baffled and angry, as soon as they saw their own children, their hearts melted with great affection. At once their anger, dissatisfaction and unhappiness disappeared. They began to show paternal love for the children, and with great affection they lifted them in their arms and embraced them. They began to smell their childrens heads and enjoy their company with great happiness. After embracing their children, the men took the cows back to the top of Govardhana Hill. Along the way they began to think of their children, and affectionate tears fell from their eyes.

When Balarma saw this extraordinary exchange of affection between the cows and their calves and between the fathers and their childrenwhen neither the calves nor the children needed so much careHe began to wonder why this extraordinary thing had happened. He was astonished to see all the residents of Vndvana so affectionate to their own children, exactly as they had been to Ka. Similarly, the cows had grown affectionate to their calvesas much as to Ka. Balarma therefore concluded that the extraordinary show of affection was something mystical, either performed by the demigods or by some powerful man. Otherwise, how could this wonderful change take place? He concluded that this mystical change must have been caused by Ka, whom Balarma considered His worshipable Personality of Godhead. He thought, It was arranged by Ka, and even I could not check its mystic power. Thus Balarma understood that all those boys and calves were only expansions of Ka.

Balarma inquired from Ka about the actual situation. He said, My dear Ka, in the beginning I thought that all these calves and cowherd boys were either great sages and saintly persons or demigods, but at present it appears that they are actually Your expansions. They are all You; You Yourself are playing as the calves and boys. What is the mystery of this situation? Where have those other calves and boys gone? And why are You expanding Yourself as the calves and boys? Will You kindly tell Me what is the cause? At the request of Balarma, Ka briefly explained the whole situation: how the calves and boys were stolen by Brahm and how He was concealing the incident by expanding Himself so people would not know that the original calves and boys were missing.

While Ka and Balarma were talking, Brahm returned after a moments interval (according to the duration of his life). We have information of Lord Brahms duration of life from the Bhagavad-gt: 1,000 times the duration of the four ages, or 1,000 x 4,320,000 years, constitute Brahms twelve hours. Similarly, one moment of Brahm is equal to one year of our solar calculation. After one moment of Brahms calculation, Brahm came back to see the fun caused by his stealing the boys and calves. But he was also afraid that he was playing with fire. Ka was his master, and he had played mischief for fun by taking away His calves and boys. He was really anxious, so he did not stay away very long; he came back after a moment (of his calculation). He saw that all the boys and calves were playing with Ka in the same way as when he had come upon them, although he was confident that he had taken them and made them lie down asleep under the spell of his mystic power. Brahm began to think, All the boys and calves were taken away by me, and I know they are still sleeping. How is it that a similar batch of boys and calves is playing with Ka? Is it that they are not influenced by my mystic power? Have they been playing continually for one year with Ka? Brahm tried to understand who they were and how they were uninfluenced by his mystic power, but he could not ascertain it. In other words, he himself came under the spell of his own mystic power. The influence of his mystic power appeared like snow in darkness or a glowworm in the daytime. During the nights darkness, the glowworm can show some glittering power, and the snow piled up on the top of a hill or on the ground can shine during the daytime. But at night the snow has no silver glitter, nor does the glowworm have any illuminating power during the daytime. Similarly, when the small mystic power exhibited by Brahm was before the mystic power of Ka, it was just like snow at night or a glowworm during the day. When a man of small mystic power wants to show potency in the presence of greater mystic power, he diminishes his own influence; he does not increase it. Even such a great personality as Brahm, when he wanted to show his mystic power before Ka, became ludicrous. Brahm was thus confused about his own mystic power.

In order to convince Brahm that all those calves and boys were not the original ones, the calves and boys who were playing with Ka transformed into Viu forms. Actually, the original ones were sleeping under the spell of Brahms mystic power, but the present ones, seen by Brahm, were all immediate expansions of Ka, or Viu. Viu is the expansion of Ka, so the Viu forms appeared before Brahm. All the Viu forms were of bluish color and dressed in yellow garments; all of Them had four hands decorated with club, disc, lotus flower and conchshell. On Their heads were glittering golden helmets inlaid with jewels; They were bedecked with pearls and earrings and garlanded with beautiful flowers. On Their chests was the mark of rvatsa, Their arms were decorated with armlets and other jewelry, and Their necks were just like conchshells. Their legs were decorated with bells, Their waists with golden belts, and Their fingers with jeweled rings. Brahm also saw that upon the whole body of each Lord Viu, beginning from the lotus feet up to the top of the head, fresh tulas leaves and buds had been thrown. Another significant feature of the Viu forms was that all of Them were looking transcendentally beautiful. Their smiling resembled the moonshine, and Their glancing resembled the early rising of the sun. Just by Their glancing They appeared to be the creators and maintainers of the modes of ignorance and passion. Viu represents the mode of goodness, Brahm represents the mode of passion, and Lord iva represents the mode of ignorance. Therefore as the maintainer of everything in the cosmic manifestation, Viu is also the creator and maintainer of Brahm and Lord iva.

After this manifestation of Lord Viu, Brahm saw that many other Brahms and ivas and demigods and even insignificant living entities down to the ants and very small strawsmovable and immovable living entitieswere dancing, surrounding Lord Viu. Their dancing was accompanied by various kinds of music, and all of Them were worshiping Lord Viu. Brahm realized that all those Viu forms were complete in mystic power, beginning from the aim perfection of becoming small like an atom up to becoming infinite like the cosmic manifestation. All the mystic powers of Brahm, iva, all the demigods and the twenty-four elements of cosmic manifestation were fully represented in the person of Viu. By the influence of Lord Viu, all subordinate mystic powers were engaged in His worship. He was being worshiped by time, space, the cosmic manifestation, reformation, desire, activity and the three qualities of material nature. Lord Viu, Brahm also realized, is the reservoir of all truth, knowledge and bliss. He is the combination of three transcendental features, namely eternity, knowledge and bliss, and He is the object of worship by the followers of the Upaniads. Brahm realized that all the different forms of boys and calves transformed into Viu forms were not transformed by a mysticism of the type that a yog or a demigod can display by specific powers invested in him. The calves and boys transformed into viu-mrtis, or Viu forms, were not displays of viu-my, or Vius energy, but were Viu Himself. The respective qualifications of Viu and viu-my are just like fire and heat. In the heat there is the qualification of fire, namely warmth; and yet heat is not fire. The manifestation of the Viu forms of the boys and calves was not like the heat but rather the firethey were all actually Viu. Factually, the qualification of Viu is full truth, full knowledge and full bliss. Another example can be given with material objects, which are reflected in many, many forms. For example, the sun is reflected in many waterpots, but the reflections of the sun in the many pots are not actually the sun. There is no actual heat or light from the suns in the pots, although they appear like the sun. But the forms which Ka assumed were each and every one full Viu. The specific word used in this connection is satya-jnnantnanda: satya means truth; jna, full knowledge; ananta, unlimited; and nanda, full bliss.

The transcendental forms of the Supreme Personality of Godhead are so great that the impersonalistic followers of the Upaniads cannot reach the platform of knowledge to understand them. Indeed, the transcendental forms of the Lord are far beyond the reach of the impersonalists, who can only understand, through studying the Upaniads, that the Absolute Truth is not matter, or is not materially restricted. From Kas expansion into Viu forms, Lord Brahm could understand by his limited potency that everything movable and immovable within the cosmic manifestation is existing due to the expansion of the energy of the Supreme Lord.

When Brahm was thus standing baffled in his limited power and conscious of his limited activities within the eleven senses, he could realize that he was also a creation of the material energy, just like a puppet. As a puppet has no independent power to dance but dances according to the direction of the puppet master, so the demigods and living entities are all subordinate to the Supreme Personality of Godhead. As it is stated in the Caitanya-caritmta, the only master is Ka, and all others are servants. The whole world is under the waves of the material spell, and beings are floating like straws in water. So their struggle for existence is continuing. But as soon as one becomes conscious that he is the eternal servant of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, this my, or illusory struggle for existence, is immediately stopped.

Lord Brahm, who has full control over the goddess of learning and who is considered to be the best authority in Vedic knowledge, was thus perplexed, being unable to understand the extraordinary power manifested by the Supreme Personality of Godhead. In the mundane world, even a personality like Brahm is unable to understand the mystic power of the Supreme Lord. Not only did Brahm fail to understand, but he was perplexed even to see the display which was being manifested by Ka before him.

Ka took compassion upon Brahm, who was unable even to see how He was displaying the forms of Viu and transforming Himself into calves and cowherd boys, and thus, while fully manifesting the Viu expansions, He suddenly pulled His curtain of yogamy over the scene. In the Bhagavad-gt it is said that the Supreme Personality of Godhead is not visible due to the curtain spread by yogamy. That which covers the reality is mah-my, or the external energy, which does not allow a conditioned soul to understand the Supreme Personality of Godhead beyond the cosmic manifestation. But the energy which partially manifests the Supreme Personality of Godhead and partially does not allow one to see is called yogamy. Brahm is not an ordinary conditioned soul. He is far, far superior to all the other demigods, and yet he could not comprehend the display of the Supreme Personality of Godhead; therefore Ka willingly stopped manifesting any further potency. The conditioned soul not only becomes bewildered but is completely unable to understand. The curtain of yogamy was drawn so that Brahm would not become more and more perplexed.

When Brahm was relieved from his perplexity, he appeared to awaken from an almost dead state, and he began to open his eyes with great difficulty. Thus he could see the external cosmic manifestation with common eyes. He saw all around him the superexcellent view of Vndvanafull with treeswhich is the source of life for all living entities. He could appreciate the transcendental land of Vndvana, where all the living entities are transcendental to ordinary nature. In the forest of Vndvana, even ferocious animals like tigers and others live peacefully along with the deer and human beings. He could understand that because of the presence of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Vndvana is transcendental to all other places and is free of lust and greed.

Brahm thus found r Ka, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, playing the part of a small cowherd boy; he saw that little child with a lump of food in His left hand, searching out His friends and calves, just as He had actually been doing one year before, after their disappearance.

Immediately Brahm descended from his great swan carrier and fell down before the Lord just like a golden stick. The word used among the Vaiavas for offering respect is daavat. This word means falling down like a stick; one should offer respect to the superior Vaiava by falling down straight, with his body just like a stick. So Brahm fell down before the Lord just like a stick to offer respect; and because the complexion of Brahm is golden, he appeared to be like a golden stick lying down before Lord Ka. All the four helmets on the heads of Brahm touched the lotus feet of Ka. Brahm, being very joyful, began to shed tears, and he washed the lotus feet of Ka with his tears. Repeatedly he fell and rose as he recalled the wonderful activities of the Lord. After repeating obeisances for a long time, Brahm stood up and smeared his hands over his eyes. Seeing the Lord before him, he, trembling, began to offer prayers with great respect, humility and attention.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Thirteenth Chapter of Ka, The Stealing of the Boys and Calves by Brahm.

KB 14: Prayers Offered by Lord Brahm to Lord Ka

CHAPTER FOURTEEN

Prayers Offered by Lord Brahm to Lord Ka

Brahm said, My dear Lord, You are the only worshipful Supreme Lord, the Personality of Godhead; therefore I am offering my humble obeisances and prayers just to please You. Your bodily features are of the color of clouds filled with water. You are glittering with a silver electric aura emanating from Your yellow garments.

Let me offer my respectful repeated obeisances unto the son of Mahrja Nanda, who is standing before me with conchshell earrings and a peacock feather on His head. His face is beautiful; He is wearing a helmet and is garlanded by forest flowers, and He stands with a morsel of food in His hand. He is decorated with a cane, a buffalo-horn bugle and a flute. He stands before me with small lotus feet.

My dear Lord, people may say that I am the master of all Vedic knowledge, and I am supposed to be the creator of this universe, but it has been proved now that I cannot understand You, who are present before me just like a child. You are playing with Your boyfriends and calves, which might imply that You do not even have sufficient education. You are appearing just like a village boy, carrying Your food in Your hand and searching for Your calves. And yet there is so much difference between Your body and mine that I cannot estimate the potency of Your body. As I have already stated in the Brahma-sahit, Your body is not material.

In the Brahma-sahit it is stated that the body of the Lord is all-spiritual; there is no difference between the Lords body and His self. Each limb of His body can perform the actions of all the others. The Lord can see with His hands, He can hear with His eyes, He can accept offerings with His legs, and He can create with His mouth.

Brahm continued, Your appearance as a cowherd child is for the benefit of the devotees, and although I have committed an offense at Your lotus feet by stealing away Your boys and calves, I can understand that You have bestowed Your mercy upon me. That is Your transcendental quality: You are very affectionate toward Your devotees. But in spite of Your great affection for me, I cannot estimate the potency of Your bodily activities. It is to be understood that when I, Lord Brahm, the supreme personality of this universe, cannot estimate the childlike body of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, then what to speak of others? And if I cannot estimate the spiritual potency of Your childlike body, then what can I understand about Your transcendental pastimes? Therefore, as it is said in the Bhagavad-gt, anyone who can understand a little of the transcendental pastimes, appearance and disappearance of the Lord becomes immediately eligible to enter into the kingdom of God after quitting the material body. This statement is also confirmed in the Vedas, where it is stated: Simply by understanding the Supreme Personality of Godhead, one can overcome the chain of repeated birth and death. I therefore recommend that people should not try to understand You by their speculative knowledge.

The best process of understanding You is to submissively give up the speculative process and try to hear about You, either from Yourself as You have given statements in the Bhagavad-gt and many similar Vedic scriptures, or from a realized devotee who has taken shelter at Your lotus feet. One has to hear from a devotee without speculation. One does not even need to change his worldly position; he simply has to hear Your message. Although You are not understandable by the material senses, simply by hearing about You one can gradually conquer the nescience of misunderstanding. By Your own grace only, You become revealed to a devotee. You are unconquerable by any other means. Speculative knowledge without any trace of devotional service is simply a useless waste of time in the search for You. Devotional service is so important that even a little attempt can raise one to the highest perfectional platform. One should not, therefore, neglect this auspicious process of devotional service and take to the speculative method. By the speculative method one may gain partial knowledge of Your cosmic manifestation, but it is not possible to understand You, the origin of everything. The attempt of persons who are interested only in speculative knowledge is simply wasted labor, like the labor of a person who attempts to gain something by beating an empty husk of rice paddy. A little quantity of paddy can be husked by the grinding wheel, and one can gain some grains of rice, but if the skin of the paddy has already been beaten by the grinding wheel, there is no further gain in beating even a huge quantity of the husk. It is simply useless labor.

My dear Lord, there are many instances in the history of human society where a person, after failing to achieve the transcendental platform, engaged himself in devotional service with his body, mind and words and thus attained the highest perfectional state of entering into Your abode. The processes of understanding You by speculation or mystic meditation are all useless without devotional service. One should therefore engage himself in Your devotional service even in his worldly activities, and one should always keep himself near You by the process of hearing and chanting Your transcendental glories. Simply by being attached to hearing and chanting Your glories, one can attain the highest perfectional stage of entering into Your kingdom. If a person, therefore, always keeps in touch with You by hearing and chanting Your glories and offers the results of his work for Your satisfaction only, he very easily and happily attains entrance into Your supreme abode. You are realizable by persons who have cleansed their hearts of all contamination. This cleansing of the heart is made possible by chanting and hearing the glories of Your Lordship.

The Lord is all-pervading. As it is stated by Lord Ka in the Bhagavad-gt, Everything is sustained by Me, but at the same time I am not in everything. Since the Lord is all-pervading, there is nothing existing without His knowledge. The all-pervasive nature of the Supreme Personality of Godhead can never be within the limited knowledge of a living entity; therefore, a person who has attained steadiness of the mind by fixing the mind on the lotus feet of the Lord is able to understand the Supreme Lord to some extent. It is the business of the mind to wander over varied subject matter for sense gratification. Therefore only a person who always engages the senses in the service of the Lord can control the mind and be fixed at the lotus feet of the Lord. This concentration of the mind upon the lotus feet of the Lord is called samdhi. Until one reaches the stage of samdhi, or trance, he cannot understand the nature of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. There may be some philosophers or scientists who can study the cosmic nature from atom to atom; they may be so advanced that they can count the atomic composition of the cosmic atmosphere or all the planets and stars in the sky, or even the shining molecular parts of the sun or other stars and luminaries in the sky. But it is not possible to count the qualities of the Supreme Personality of Godhead.

As described in the beginning of the Vednta-stra, the Supreme Person is the origin of all qualities. He is generally called nirgua. Nirgua means whose qualities are beyond estimation. Gua means quality, and nir means beyond estimation. But impersonalists interpret this word nirgua as having no quality. Because they are unable to estimate the qualities of the Lord in transcendental realization, they conclude that the Supreme Lord has no qualities. But that is actually not the position. The real position is that He is the original source of all qualities. All qualities are emanating constantly from Him. How, therefore, can a limited person count the qualities of the Lord? One may estimate the qualities of the Lord for one moment, but the next moment the qualities are increased; so it is not possible to make an estimation of the transcendental qualities of the Lord. He is therefore called nirgua, one whose qualities cannot be estimated.

One should not uselessly labor in mental speculation to estimate the Lords qualities. There is no need of adopting the speculative method or exercising the body to attain mystic yoga perfection. One should simply understand that the distress and happiness of this body are predestined; there is no need to try to avoid the distress of this bodily existence or to attempt to achieve happiness by different types of exercises. The best course is to surrender unto the Supreme Personality of Godhead with body, mind and words and always be engaged in His service. This transcendental labor is fruitful, but other attempts to understand the Absolute Truth are never successful. Therefore an intelligent man does not try to understand the Absolute Truth by speculative or mystic power. Rather, he engages in devotional service and depends on the Supreme Personality of Godhead. He knows that whatever may happen to the body is due to his past fruitive activities. If one lives such a simple life in devotional service, then automatically he inherits the transcendental abode of the Lord. Actually, every living entity is part and parcel of the Supreme Lord and a son of the Godhead. Each has the natural right to inherit and share the transcendental pleasures of the Lord, but due to the contact of matter, conditioned living entities have been practically disinherited. If one adopts the simple method of engaging himself in devotional service, automatically he becomes eligible to be freed from material contamination and elevated to the transcendental position of associating with the Supreme Lord.

Lord Brahm presented himself to Lord Ka as the most presumptuous living creature because he wanted to examine the wonder of His personal power. He stole the boys and calves of the Lord in order to see how the Lord would recover them. Now Lord Brahm admitted that his attempt was most presumptuous, for he was attempting to test his energy before the person of original energy. Coming to his senses, Lord Brahm saw that although he was a very powerful living creature in the estimation of all other living creatures within this material world, his power was nothing in comparison to the power and energy of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. The scientists of the material world have discovered wonders such as atomic weapons, and when tested in a city or some insignificant place on this planet, such powerful weapons create so-called havoc, but if the atomic weapons are tested on the sun, what is their significance? They are insignificant there. Similarly, Brahms stealing of the calves and boys from r Ka may be a wonderful display of mystic power, but when r Ka exhibited His expansive power in so many calves and boys and maintained them without effort, Brahm could understand that his own power was insignificant.

Brahm addressed Lord Ka as Acyuta because the Lord is never forgetful of a little service rendered by His devotee. He is so kind and affectionate towards His devotees that a little service by them is accepted by Him as a great deal. Brahm has certainly rendered much service to the Lord. As the supreme personality in charge of this particular universe, he is, without a doubt, a faithful servant of Ka; therefore he could appease Ka. He asked that the Lord understand him as a subordinate servant whose little mistake and impudence might be excused. He admitted that he was puffed up by his powerful position as Lord Brahm. Because he is the qualitative incarnation of the mode of passion within this material world, this was natural for him, and therefore he committed the mistake. But Lord Brahm hoped that since he was, after all, Lord Kas subordinate, the Lord would kindly take compassion upon him and excuse him for his gross mistake.

Lord Brahm realized his actual position. He is certainly the supreme teacher of this universe, in charge of the production of material nature, consisting of the complete material energy, false ego, sky, air, fire, water and earth. Such a universe may be gigantic, but it can be measured, just as we measure our body as seven spans. Generally everyones personal bodily measurement is calculated to be seven spans of his hand. This particular universe may appear as a very gigantic body, but it is nothing but the measurement of seven spans for Lord Brahm. Aside from this universe, there are unlimited other universes which are outside the jurisdiction of this particular Lord Brahm. Just as innumerable atomic infinitesimal fragments pass through the holes of a screened window, so millions and trillions of universes in their seedling form are coming out from the bodily pores of Mah-Viu, and that Mah-Viu is but a part of a part of the plenary expansion of Ka. Under these circumstances, although Lord Brahm is the supreme creature within this universe, what is his importance in the presence of Lord Ka?

Lord Brahm therefore compared himself to a little child within the womb of his mother. If the child within the womb plays with his hands and legs, and while playing touches the body of the mother, is the mother offended with the child? Of course she isnt. Similarly, Lord Brahm may be a very great personality, and yet not only Brahm but everything that be is existing within the womb of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. The Lords energy is all-pervading: there is no place in the creation where it is not acting. Since everything is existing within the energy of the Lord, the Brahm of this universe and the Brahms of the many other millions and trillions of universes are existing within the energy of the Lord; therefore the Lord is considered to be the mother, and everything existing within the womb of the mother is considered to be the child. And the good mother is never offended with the child, even if he touches the body of the mother by kicking his legs.

Lord Brahm then said that his birth was from the lotus flower which blossomed from the navel of Nryaa after the dissolution of the three worlds, or three planetary systems, known as Bhrloka, Bhuvarloka and Svarloka. The universe is divided into three divisions, namely Svarga, Martya and Ptla. These three planetary systems are merged into water at the time of dissolution. At that time Nryaa, the plenary portion of Ka, lies down on the water, and gradually a lotus stem grows from His navel, and from that lotus flower, Brahm is born. It is naturally concluded that the mother of Brahm is Nryaa. Because the Lord is the resting place of all the living entities after the dissolution of the universe, He is called Nryaa. The word nra means the aggregate total of all living entities, and ayana means the resting place. The form of Garbhodakay Viu is called Nryaa because He rests Himself on that water. In addition, He is the resting place of all living creatures. Besides that, Nryaa is also present in everyones heart, as confirmed in the Bhagavad-gt. In that sense, also, He is Nryaa, as ayana means the source of knowledge as well as the resting place. It is also confirmed in the Bhagavad-gt that the remembrance of the living entity is due to the presence of the Supersoul within the heart. After changing the body, a living creature forgets everything of his past life, but because Nryaa, the Supersoul, is present within his heart, he is reminded by Him to act according to his past desire. Lord Brahm wanted to prove that Ka is the original Nryaa, that He is the source of Nryaa, and that Nryaa is not an exhibition of the external energy, my, but is an expansion of spiritual energy. The activities of the external energy, or my, are exhibited after the creation of this cosmic world, and the original spiritual energy of Nryaa was acting before the creation. So the expansions of Nryaafrom Nryaa to Kraodakay Viu, from Kraodakay Viu to Garbhodakay Viu, from Garbhodakay Viu to Krodakay Viu, and from Krodakay Viu to everyones heartare actually Kas expansions, manifestations of His spiritual energy. They are not conducted by the material energy; therefore they are not temporary. Anything conducted by the material energy is temporary, but everything executed by the spiritual energy is eternal.

Lord Brahm reconfirmed his statement establishing Lord Ka as the original Nryaa. He said that the Lords gigantic universal form is resting on the water known as Garbhodaka. He spoke as follows: This gigantic universal form is another manifestation of Your energy. On account of His resting on the water, this universal form is also Nryaa, and we are all within the womb of this Nryaa form. I see Your different Nryaa forms everywhere. I can see You on the water, I can feel You within my heart, and I can also see You before me now. You are the original Nryaa.

My dear Lord, in this incarnation You have proved that You are the supreme controller of my. You remain within the cosmic manifestation, and yet the whole creation is within You. This fact has already been proved by You when You exhibited the whole universal creation within Your mouth before Your mother Yaod. By Your inconceivable potency of yogamy, You can make such things effective without external help.

My dear Lord Ka, the whole cosmic manifestation that we are visualizing at present is all within Your body. Yet I am seeing You outside, and You are also seeing me outside. How can such things happen without being influenced by Your inconceivable energy?

Lord Brahm stressed herein that without accepting the inconceivable energy of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, one cannot explain things as they are. He continued, My dear Lord, leaving aside all other things and just considering todays happeningswhat I have seenare they not all due to Your inconceivable energies? First of all I saw You alone; thereafter You expanded Yourself as Your cowherd boyfriends, the calves and all the existence of Vndvana; then I saw You and all the boys and calves as four-handed Vius, and They were being worshiped by all elements and all demigods, including myself. Again They were all wound up, and You remained alone as You were before. Does this not mean that You are the Supreme Lord Nryaa, the origin of everything, that everything emanates from You and again enters into You, leaving You the same as before?

Persons who are unaware of Your inconceivable energy cannot understand that You alone expand Yourself as the creator (Brahm), the maintainer (Viu) and the annihilator (iva). Persons who are not in awareness of things as they are contemplate that I, Brahm, am the creator, Viu is the maintainer, and Lord iva is the annihilator. Actually, You alone are everythingcreator, maintainer and annihilator. Similarly, You expand Yourself in different incarnations: among the demigods You incarnate as Vmanadeva, among the great sages You incarnate as Paraurma, among the human beings You appear as Yourself, Lord Ka, or as Lord Rma, among the animals You appear as the boar incarnation, and among the aquatics You appear as the fish incarnation. And yet You have no appearance or disappearance: You are always eternal. Your appearance and disappearance are made possible by Your inconceivable energy just to give protection to the faithful devotees and to annihilate the faithless demons. O my Lord, O all-pervading Supreme Personality of Godhead, O Supersoul, controller of all mystic powers, no one can appreciate Your transcendental pastimes as they are exhibited within these three worlds. No one can estimate how You have expanded Your yogamy and Your incarnations and how You act by Your transcendental energy. My dear Lord, this whole cosmic manifestation is just like a flashing dream, and its temporary existence simply disturbs the mind. As a result, we are full of anxiety in this existence; to live within this material world means simply to suffer and to be full of all miseries. And yet this temporary existence of the material world appears to be pleasing and dear on account of its having evolved from Your body, which is eternal and full of bliss and knowledge.

My conclusion is, therefore, that You are the Supreme Soul, the Absolute Truth, and the supreme original person; and although by Your inconceivable transcendental potencies You have expanded Yourself in so many Viu forms, and also in the living entities and other energies, You are the supreme one without a second, the supreme Supersoul. The innumerable living entities are simply like sparks of the original fire, Your Lordship. The conception of the Supersoul as impersonal is wrongly accepted because I see that You are the original person. Persons with a poor fund of knowledge may think that because You are the son of Mahrja Nanda You are not the original person, that You are born just like a human being. They are mistaken. You are the actual original person; that is my conclusion. In spite of Your being the son of Nanda, You are the original person, and there is no doubt about it. You are the Absolute Truth, and You are not of this material darkness. You are the source of the original brahmajyoti as well as the material luminariesthe sun, moon and stars. Your transcendental effulgence is identical with the brahmajyoti. As it is described in the Brahma-sahit, the brahmajyoti is nothing but Your personal bodily effulgence. There are many Viu incarnations and incarnations of Your different qualities, but all those incarnations are not on the same level. You are the original lamp. Other incarnations may possess the same candlepower as the original lamp, but the original lamp is the beginning of all light. And because You are not one of the creations of this material world, even after the annihilation of this world, Your existence as You are will continue.

Because You are the original person, You are described in the Gopla-tpan Upaniad, as well as in the Brahma-sahit, as govindam di-puruam. Govinda is the original person, the cause of all causes. In the Bhagavad-gt also it is stated that You are the source of the Brahman effulgence. No one should conclude that Your body is like an ordinary material body. Your body is akara, indestructible. The material body is always full of threefold miseries, but Your body is sac-cid-nanda-vigraha: [Bs. 5.1] full of bliss, knowledge and eternality. You are also nirajana because Your pastimes, as the little son of mother Yaod or the lover of the gops, are never contaminated by the material qualities. And although You exhibited Yourself as so many cowherd boys and calves, Your transcendental potency was not reduced. You are always complete. As it is described in the Vedic literature, even if the complete is taken away from the completethe Supreme Absolute Truthit remains the complete Supreme Absolute Truth. And although many expansions from the complete are visible, the complete is one without a second. Since all Your pastimes are spiritual, there is no possibility of their being contaminated by the material modes of nature. When You place Yourself as subordinate to Your father and mother, Nanda and Yaod, You are not reduced in Your potency; this is an expression of Your loving attitude for Your devotees. There is no second identity to compete with You. A person with a poor fund of knowledge concludes that Your appearance and pastimes are simply material designations. You are transcendental to both nescience and knowledge, as it is confirmed in the Gopla-tpan Upaniad. You are the original amta (indestructible nectar of immortality). As confirmed in the Vedas, amta vata brahma. Brahman is the eternal, the supreme origin of everything, who has no birth or death.

In the Upaniads it is stated that the Supreme Brahman is as effulgent as the sun and is the origin of everything, and anyone who can understand that original person becomes liberated from the material, conditioned life. Anyone who can simply be attached to You by devotional service can know Your actual position, birth, appearance, disappearance and activities. As confirmed in the Bhagavad-gt, simply by understanding Your constitutional position, appearance and disappearance, one can be immediately elevated to the spiritual kingdom after quitting this present body. Therefore to cross over the ocean of material nescience, an intelligent person takes shelter of Your lotus feet and is easily transferred to the spiritual world.

There are many so-called meditators who do not know that You are the Supreme Soul. As stated in the Bhagavad-gt, You are the Supreme Soul present in everyones heart. Therefore there is no necessity of ones meditating on something beyond You. One who is always absorbed in meditation on Your original form of Ka easily crosses over the ocean of material nescience. But persons who do not know that You are the Supreme Soul remain within this material world in spite of their so-called meditation. If, by the association of Your devotees, a person comes to the knowledge that Lord Ka is the original Supersoul, then it is possible for him to cross over the ocean of material ignorance. For instance, when a person mistakes a rope for a snake he is filled with fear, but as soon as he understands that the rope is not a snake, he is liberated from fear. If one understands You, therefore, through Your personal teachings, as stated in the Bhagavad-gt, or through Your pure devotees, as stated in rmad-Bhgavatam and all other Vedic scripturesif one realizes that You are the ultimate goal of understandinghe need no more fear this material existence.

So-called liberation and bondage have no meaning for a person who is already engaged in Your devotional service, just as a rope is not fearful to a person who knows that it is not a snake. A devotee knows that this material world belongs to You, and he therefore engages everything in Your transcendental loving service. Thus there is no bondage for him. For a person who is already situated in the sun planet, there is no question of the appearance or disappearance of the sun in the name of day or night. It is also said that You, Ka, are just like the sun, and that my is like darkness. When the sun is present, there is no question of darkness; so, for those who always remain in Your presence by engaging in Your service, there is no question of bondage or liberation. They are already liberated. On the other hand, persons who falsely think themselves to be liberated without taking shelter of Your lotus feet fall down because their intelligence is not pure.

If one therefore thinks that the Supersoul is something different from Your personality and thus searches out the Supersoul or the Supreme Brahman somewhere else, in the forest or in the caves of the Himlayas, his condition is very lamentable. Your teachings in the Bhagavad-gt are that one should give up all other processes of self-realization and simply surrender unto You, for that is complete. Because You are the Supreme in every respect, those who are searching after the Brahman effulgence are also searching after You. And those who are searching after Supersoul realization are also searching after You. You state in the Bhagavad-gt that You Yourself, by Your partial representation as the Supersoul, have entered into this material cosmic manifestation. You are present in everyones heart, and there is no need to search out the Supersoul anywhere else. If someone does so, he is simply in ignorance. One who is transcendental to such a position understands that You are unlimited; You are both within and without. Therefore Your presence is everywhere. Instead of searching for the Supersoul anywhere else, a devotee only concentrates his mind on You within. Actually, one who is liberated from the material concept of life can search for You; others cannot. The analogy of thinking the rope to be a snake is applicable only to those who are still in ignorance of You. Actually, when one mistakes a rope for a snake, the existence of the snake is only within the mind. The existence of my, similarly, is only within the mind. My is nothing but ignorance of Your personality. When one forgets Your personality, that is the conditioned state of my. Therefore one who is fixed upon You both internally and externally is not illusioned.

One who has attained a little result of devotional service can understand Your glories. Even one striving for Brahman realization or Paramtm realization cannot understand these features of Your personality unless You bestow on him the result of at least a slight bit of devotional service. One may be the spiritual master of many impersonalists, or he may go to the forest or to a mountain cave and meditate as a hermit for many, many years, but he cannot understand Your glories without being favored by a slight degree of devotional service. Brahman realization or Paramtm realization are also not possible even after one searches for many, many years unless one is touched by the wonderful effect of devotional service.

Therefore, my dear Lord, I pray that I may be so fortunate that in this life or in another life, wherever I may take my birth, I may be counted as one of Your devotees. Wherever I may be, I pray that I may be engaged in Your devotional service. I do not even care what form of life I get in the future, because I can see that even in the form of cows and calves or cowherd boys, the devotees are so fortunate to be always engaged in Your transcendental loving service and association. Therefore I wish to be one of them instead of such an exalted person as I am now, for I am full of ignorance. The gops and cows of Vndvana are so fortunate that they have been able to supply their breast milk to You. Persons who are engaged in performing great sacrifices and offering many valuable goats in sacrifice cannot attain the perfection of understanding You, but simply by devotional service these innocent village women and cows are all able to satisfy You with their milk. You have drunk their milk to satisfaction, yet You are never satisfied as much by those engaged in performing sacrifices. I am simply surprised, therefore, with the fortunate position of Mahrja Nanda, mother Yaod and the cowherd men and gops, because You, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the Absolute Truth, are existing here as their most intimate lovable object. My dear Lord, no one can actually appreciate the good fortune of these residents of Vndvana. We are all demigods, controlling deities of the various senses of the living entities, and we are proud of enjoying such privileges, but actually there is no comparison between our position and the position of these fortunate residents of Vndvana because they are actually relishing Your presence and enjoying Your association by dint of their sensory activities. We may be proud of being controllers of the senses, but here the residents of Vndvana are so transcendental that they are not under our control. Actually they are enjoying their senses through service to You. I shall therefore consider myself fortunate to be given a chance to take birth in this land of Vndvana in any of my future lives.

My dear Lord, I am therefore not interested in either material opulences or liberation. I am most humbly praying at Your lotus feet for You to please give me any sort of birth within this Vndvana forest so that I may be able to be favored by the dust of the feet of some of the devotees of Vndvana. If I am given the chance to grow as a humble blade of grass in this land, that would be a glorious birth for me. But if I am not so fortunate to take birth within the forest of Vndvana, I beg to be allowed to take birth outside the immediate area of Vndvana so that when the devotees go out they will walk over me. Even that would be a great fortune for me. I am just aspiring for a birth in which I will be smeared by the dust of the devotees feet, because I can see that everyone here is simply full of Ka consciousness. No one here knows anything but the lotus feet of Ka, or Mukunda, for which the Vedas themselves are searching.

It is confirmed in the Bhagavad-gt that the purpose of Vedic knowledge is to find Ka. And it is said in the Brahma-sahit that it is very difficult to find Ka, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, by systematic reading of the Vedic literature. But He is very easily available through the mercy of a pure devotee. The pure devotees of Vndvana are fortunate because they can see Mukunda (Lord Ka) all the time. This word mukunda can be understood in two ways. Muk means liberation. Lord Ka can give liberation and therefore transcendental bliss. The word also refers to His smiling face, which is just like the kunda flower. Mukha means face. The kunda flower is very beautiful, and it appears to be smiling. Thus the comparison is made.

The difference between the pure devotees of Vndvana and devotees in other places is that the residents of Vndvana have no other desire but to be associated with Ka. Ka, being very kind to His devotees, fulfills their desire; because they always want Kas association, the Lord is always prepared to give it to them. The devotees of Vndvana are also spontaneous lovers. They are not required to strictly follow regulative principles because they are already naturally developed in transcendental love for Ka. Regulative principles are required for persons who have not achieved such a position of spontaneous love. Brahm is also a devotee of the Lord, but he is an ordinary devotee subject to following regulative principles. He prays to Ka to give him the chance to take birth in Vndvana so that he might be elevated to the platform of spontaneous love.

Lord Brahm continued, My Lord, sometimes I am puzzled as to how Your Lordship will be able to repay, in gratitude, the devotional service of these residents of Vndvana. Although I know that You are the supreme source of all benediction, I am puzzled to know how You will be able to repay all the service that You are receiving from these residents of Vndvana. I think of how You are so kind, so magnanimous, that even Ptan, who came to cheat You by dressing herself as a very affectionate mother, was awarded liberation and the actual post of a mother. And other demons belonging to the same family, such as Aghsura and Baksura, were also favored with liberation and achieved You. Under the circumstances, I am puzzled. These residents of Vndvana have given You everythingtheir bodies, their minds, their love, their homes, their possessions. Everything is being utilized for Your purpose. So how will You be able to repay Your debt to them? You have already given Yourself to Ptan! I surmise that You shall ever remain a debtor to the residents of Vndvana, being unable to repay their loving service. My Lord, I can understand that the superexcellent quality of the service rendered by the residents of Vndvana is due to their spontaneously engaging all natural instincts in Your loving service. It is said that attachment for material objects and home is due to illusion, which makes a living entity conditioned in the material world. But this is only the case for persons who are not Ka conscious. In the case of the residents of Vndvana, such obstructions as attachment to hearth and home are nonexistent. Because their attachment has been directed unto You and their homes have been converted into temples by Your constant presence there, and because they have forgotten everything for Your sake, there is no impediment. For a Ka conscious person, there is no such thing as impediments due to attachment for hearth and home. Nor is there illusion.

I can also understand that Your appearance as a small cowherd boy, a child of the cowherd men, is not at all a material activity. You are so much obliged by their affection that You are here to inspire them with more loving service by Your transcendental presence. In Vndvana there is no distinction between material and spiritual because everything is dedicated to Your loving service. My dear Lord, Your Vndvana pastimes are simply to inspire Your devotees. If someone takes Your Vndvana pastimes to be material, he will be misled.

My dear Lord Ka, those who deride You, claiming that You have a material body like an ordinary man, are described in the Bhagavad-gt as demoniac and less intelligent. You are always transcendental. The nondevotees are cheated because they consider You to be a material creation. Actually, You have assumed this body, which exactly resembles that of an ordinary cowherd boy, simply to increase the devotion and transcendental bliss of Your devotees.

My dear Lord, I have nothing to say about people who advertise that they have already realized God or that by their realization they have themselves become God. But as far as I am concerned, I admit frankly that for me it is not possible to realize You by my body, mind or speech. What can I say about You, or how can I realize You by my senses? I cannot even think of You perfectly with my mind, which is the master of the senses. Your qualities, Your activities and Your body cannot be conceived of by any person within this material world. Only by Your mercy can one understand, to some extent, what You are. My dear Lord, You are the Supreme Lord of all creation, although I sometimes falsely think that I am the master of this universe. I may be the master of this universe, but there are innumerable universes, and there are innumerable Brahms also who preside over these universes. But actually You are the master of them all. As the Supersoul in everyones heart, You know everything. Please, therefore, accept me as Your surrendered servant. I hope that You will excuse me for committing the great offense of disturbing You in Your pastimes with Your friends and calves. Now if You will kindly allow me, I will immediately leave so You can enjoy Your friends and calves without my presence.

My dear Lord Ka, Your very name suggests that You are all-attractive. The attraction of the sun and the moon are all due to You. By the attraction of the sun, You are beautifying the very existence of the Yadu dynasty. With the attraction of the moon, You are enhancing the potency of the land, the demigods, the brhmaas, the cows and the oceans. Because of Your supreme attraction, demons like Kasa and others are annihilated. Therefore it is my deliberate conclusion that You are the only worshipable Deity within the creation. Accept my humble obeisances until the annihilation of this material world. As long as there is sunshine within this material world, kindly accept my humble obeisances.

In this way, Brahm, the master of this universe, after offering humble and respectful obeisances unto the Supreme Personality of Godhead and circumambulating Him three times, was ready to return to his abode, known as Brahmaloka. By His gesture, the Supreme Personality of Godhead gave him permission to return.

As soon as Brahm left, Lord r Ka immediately returned to the bank of the Yamun and rejoined His calves and cowherd boyfriends, who were situated just as they had been on the very day they had vanished. Ka had left His friends on the bank of the Yamun while they were engaged in lunch, and although He returned exactly one year later, the cowherd boys thought that He had returned within a second. That is the way Kas different energies act. It is stated in the Bhagavad-gt that Ka Himself is residing in everyones heart, and He causes both remembrance and forgetfulness. All living entities are controlled by the supreme energy of the Lord, and sometimes they remember and sometimes they forget their constitutional position. His friends, being controlled in such a way, could not understand that for one whole year they were absent from the Yamuns bank and were under the spell of Brahms illusion. When Ka appeared before the boys, they thought, Ka has returned within a minute. They began to laugh, thinking that Ka was not willing to leave their lunchtime company. They were very jubilant and invited Him, Dear friend Ka, You have come back so quickly! All right, we have not as yet begun our lunch, not even taken one morsel of food. So please come and join us, and let us eat together. Ka smiled and accepted their invitation, and He began to enjoy the lunchtime company of His friends. While eating, Ka was thinking, These boys believe that I have come back within a second, but they do not know that for the last year I have been involved with the mystic activities of Lord Brahm.

After finishing their lunch, Ka and His friends and calves began to return to their Vrajabhmi homes. While passing, they enjoyed seeing the dead carcass of Aghsura in the shape of a gigantic serpent. When Ka returned home to Vrajabhmi, He was seen by all the inhabitants of Vndvana. He was wearing a peacock feather in His helmet, which was also decorated with forest flowers. Ka was also garlanded with flowers and painted with different colored minerals collected from the caves of Govardhana Hill. Govardhana Hill is always famous for supplying natural red oxides, and Ka and His friends painted their bodies with them. Each of them had a bugle made of buffalo horn and a stick and a flute, and each called his respective calves by their particular names. They were so proud of Kas wonderful activities that, while entering the village, they all sang His glories. All the gops in Vndvana saw beautiful Ka entering the village. The boys composed nice songs describing how they were saved from being swallowed by the great serpent and how the serpent was killed. Some described Ka as the son of Yaod, and others as the son of Nanda Mahrja. He is so wonderful that He saved us from the clutches of the great serpent and killed him, they said. But little did they know that one year had passed since the killing of Aghsura.

In this regard, Mahrja Parkit asked ukadeva Gosvm how the inhabitants of Vndvana suddenly developed so much love for Ka, although Ka was not a member of any of their families. Mahrja Parkit inquired, During the absence of the original cowherd boys, when Ka expanded Himself, why is it that the boys parents became more loving toward Him than toward their own sons? Also, why did the cows become so loving toward the calves, more than toward their own calves?

ukadeva Gosvm told Mahrja Parkit that every living entity is actually most attached to his own self. Outward paraphernalia such as home, family, friends, country, society, wealth, opulence and reputation are all only secondary in pleasing the living entity. They please only because they bring pleasure to the self. For this reason, one is self-centered and is attached to his body and self more than he is to relatives like wife, children and friends. If there is some immediate danger to ones own person, he first of all takes care of himself, then others. That is natural. That means he loves his own self more than anything else. The next important object of affection, after his own self, is his material body. A person who has no information of the spirit soul is very much attached to his material body, so much so that even in old age he wants to preserve the body in so many artificial ways, thinking that his old and broken body can be saved. Everyone is working hard day and night just to give pleasure to his own self, under either the bodily or spiritual concept of life. We are attached to material possessions because they give pleasure to the senses or to the body. The attachment to the body is there only because the I, the spirit soul, is within the body. Similarly, when one is further advanced, he knows that the spirit soul is pleasing because it is part and parcel of Ka. Ultimately, it is Ka who is pleasing and all-attractive. He is the Supersoul of everything. And in order to give us this information, Ka descends and tells us that the all-attractive center is He Himself. Without being an expansion of Ka, nothing can be attractive.

Whatever is attractive within the cosmic manifestation is due to Ka. Ka is therefore the reservoir of all pleasure. The active principle of everything is Ka, and highly elevated transcendentalists see everything in connection with Him. In the Caitanya-caritmta it is stated that a mah-bhgavata, or highly advanced devotee, sees Ka as the active principle in all movable and immovable living entities. Therefore he sees everything within this cosmic manifestation in relation to Ka. For the fortunate person who has taken shelter of Ka as everything, liberation is already there. He is no longer in the material world. This is confirmed in the Bhagavad-gt: Whoever is engaged in the devotional service of Ka is already on the brahma-bhta or spiritual platform. The very name Ka suggests piety and liberation. Anyone who takes shelter of the lotus feet of Ka enters the boat for crossing over the ocean of nescience. For him, this vast expansion of the material manifestation becomes as insignificant as the water in a hoofprint. Ka is the shelter of all great souls, and He is also the shelter of the material worlds. For one who is on the platform of Ka consciousness, Vaikuha, or the spiritual world, is not far away. He does not live within the material world, where there is danger at every step.

In this way, Ka consciousness was fully explained by ukadeva Gosvm to Mahrja Parkit. ukadeva Gosvm even recited to the King the statements and prayers of Lord Brahm. These descriptions of Lord Kas pastimes with His cowherd boys, His eating with them on the bank of the Yamun and Lord Brahmas prayers unto Him, are all transcendental subject matters. Anyone who hears, recites or chants them surely gets all his spiritual desires fulfilled. Thus Kas childhood appearance, His sporting with Balarma in Vndvana, was described.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Fourteenth Chapter of Ka, Prayers Offered by Lord Brahm to Lord Ka.

KB 15: The Killing of Dhenuksura

CHAPTER FIFTEEN

The Killing of Dhenuksura

Thus r Ka, along with His elder brother Balarma, passed the childhood age known as kaumra and stepped into the age of paugaa, from the sixth year up to the tenth. At that time, all the cowherd men conferred and agreed to give those boys who had passed their fifth year charge of the cows in the pasturing ground. Given charge of the cows, Ka and Balarma traversed Vndvana, purifying the land with Their lotus footprints.

Accompanied by the cowherd boys and Balarma, Ka brought forward the cows and played on His flute as He entered the forest of Vndvana, which was full of flowers, vegetables, and pasturing grass. The Vndvana forest was as sanctified as the clear mind of a devotee and was full of bees, flowers and fruits. There were chirping birds and clear-water lakes with waters that could relieve one of all fatigue. Sweet-smelling breezes blew always, refreshing the mind and body. Ka, with His friends and Balarma, entered the forest and, seeing the favorable situation, desired to enjoy the atmosphere to the fullest extent. Ka saw all the trees, overloaded with fruits and fresh twigs, bending down to touch the ground as if welcoming Him by touching His lotus feet. He was very pleased by the behavior of the trees, fruits and flowers, and He began to smile, realizing their desires.

Ka then spoke to His elder brother Balarma as follows: My dear brother, You are superior to all of us, and Your lotus feet are worshiped by the demigods. Just see how these trees, full with fruits and flowers, have bent down to worship Your lotus feet. It appears that they are trying to get out of the darkness that has obliged them to accept the form of trees. Actually, the trees born in the land of Vndvana are not ordinary living entities. Having held the impersonal point of view in their past lives, they have been put into this stationary condition of life, but now they have the opportunity of seeing You in Vndvana, and they are praying for further advancement in spiritual life through Your personal association. Generally, living entities in the mode of darkness obtain the bodies of trees. The impersonalist philosophers are in that darkness, but they eradicate it by taking full advantage of Your presence. I think the drones that are buzzing all around You must have been Your devotees in their past lives. They cannot leave Your company because no one can be a better, more affectionate master than You. You are the supreme and original Personality of Godhead, and the drones are just trying to spread Your glories by chanting at every moment. I think some of them must be great sages, devotees of Your Lordship, and they are disguising themselves in the form of drones because they are unable to give up Your company even for a moment. My dear brother, You are the supreme worshipable Godhead. Just see how the peacocks are dancing before You in great ecstasy. The deer, whose behavior is just like that of the gops, are welcoming You with the same affection. And the cuckoos who are residing in this forest are welcoming You with their joyful, sweet cries because they consider that Your appearance in their home is so auspicious. Even though they are trees and animals, these residents of Vndvana are glorifying You. They are prepared to welcome You to the best of their ability, as is the practice of great souls in receiving another great soul at home. As for the land, it is so pious and fortunate because the footprints of Your lotus feet are marking its body.

It is quite natural for these Vndvana inhabitants to thus receive a great personality like You. The herbs, creepers and plants are also so fortunate to touch Your lotus feet. And by Your touching the twigs with Your fingernails, these small plants are also made glorious. As for the hills and the rivers, they too are now glorious because You are glancing at them. Above all, the damsels of Vraja, the gops, are the most glorious because You embrace them with Your strong arms, being attracted by their beauty.

In this way, Lord Ka and Balarma began to enjoy the residents of Vndvana to Their full satisfaction as They herded the calves and cows on the bank of the Yamun. In some places Ka and Balarma were accompanied by Their friends. The boys were singing, imitating the humming sound of the drones and accompanying Ka and Balarma, who were garlanded with forest flowers. While walking, the boys sometimes imitated the quacking sound of the swans in the lakes, or when they saw the peacocks dancing, they imitated them before Ka. Ka also moved His neck, imitating the dancing and making His friends laugh.

The cows taken care of by Ka had different names, and Ka would call them with love. After hearing Ka calling, the cows would immediately respond by mooing, and the boys would enjoy this exchange to their hearts content. They would all imitate the sound vibrations made by the different kinds of birds, especially the cakoras, peacocks, cuckoos and bhradvjas. Sometimes, when they would see the weaker animals fleeing out of fear of the sounds of tigers and lions, the boys, along with Ka and Balarma, would imitate the animals and run away with them. When they felt some fatigue, they would sit down, and Balarma would put His head on the lap of one of the boys just to take rest, and Ka would immediately come and begin massaging the legs of Balarma. And sometimes He would take a palm fan and fan the body of Balarma, causing a pleasing breeze to relieve Him of His fatigue. Other boys would sometimes dance or sing while Balarma took rest, and sometimes they would wrestle amongst themselves or jump. When the boys were thus engaged, Ka would immediately join them, and catching their hands, He would enjoy their company and laugh and praise their activities. When Ka would feel tired and fatigued, He would sometimes take shelter of the root of a big tree or the lap of a cowherd boy, and lie down. When He would lie down with a boy or a root as His pillow, some of the boys would come and massage His legs, and some would fan His body with a fan made from leaves. Some of the more talented boys would sing in very sweet voices to please Him. Thus very soon His fatigue would go away. The Supreme Personality of Godhead, Ka, whose legs are tended by the goddess of fortune, shared Himself with the cowherd boys as one of them, expanding His internal potency to appear exactly like a village boy. But despite His appearing just like a village boy, there were occasions when He proved Himself to be the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Sometimes men pose themselves as the Supreme Personality of Godhead and cheat innocent people, but they can only cheat; they cannot exhibit the potency of God.

While Ka was thus engaged in His transcendental pastimes, exhibiting His internal potency along with His supermost fortunate friends, there occurred another chance for Him to exhibit the superhuman powers of Godhead. His most intimate friends rdm, Subala and Stoka Ka addressed Ka and Balarma with great love and affection thus: Dear Balarma, You are very powerful; Your arms are very strong. Dear Ka, You are very expert in killing all kinds of disturbing demons. Will You kindly note that just near this place there is a big forest of the name Tlavana. This forest is full of palm trees, and all the trees are filled with fruits. Some are falling down, and some of them are very ripe even in the trees. It is a very nice place, but because of a great demon, Dhenuksura, it is very difficult to go there. No one can reach the trees to collect the fruits. Dear Ka and Balarma, this demon is present there in the form of an ass, and he is surrounded by similar demon friends who have assumed the same shape. All of them are very strong, so it is very difficult to approach this place. Dear brothers, You are the only persons who can kill such demons. Other than You, no one can go there for fear of being killed. Not even animals go there, and no birds are living there; they have all left. One can only appreciate the sweet aroma that is coming from that place. It appears that up until now, no one has tasted the sweet fruits there, either on the tree or on the ground. Dear Ka, to tell You frankly, we are very attracted by this sweet aroma. Dear Balarma, if You like, let us all go there and enjoy these fruits. The aroma of the fruits is now spread everywhere. Dont You smell it from here?

When Balarma and Ka were thus petitioned by Their intimate friends, They were inclined to please them, and with smiling faces They proceeded towards the forest, surrounded by all Their friends. Immediately upon entering the Tlavana, Balarma began to yank the trees with His arms, exhibiting the strength of an elephant. Because of this jerking, all the ripe fruits fell down on the ground. Upon hearing the sound of the falling fruits, the demon Dhenuksura, who was living there in the form of an ass, approached with great force, shaking the whole field so that all the trees moved as if there were an earthquake. The demon appeared before Balarma and kicked His chest with his hind legs. At first Balarma did not say anything, but with great anger the demon kicked Him again more vehemently. This time Balarma immediately caught hold of the legs of the ass with one hand and, wheeling him around, threw him into the treetops. While he was being wheeled around by Balarma, the demon lost his life. Balarma threw the demon into the biggest palm tree about, and the demons body was so heavy that the palm tree fell upon other trees, and several fell down. It appeared as if a great hurricane had passed through the forest, and all the trees were falling down, one after another. This exhibition of extraordinary strength is not astonishing because Balarma is the Personality of Godhead known as Ananta ea Nga, who is holding all the planets on the hoods of His millions of heads. He maintains the whole cosmic manifestation exactly as horizontal and vertical threads hold the weaving of a cloth.

After the demon had been thrown into the trees, all the friends and associates of Dhenuksura immediately assembled and attacked Balarma and Ka with great force. They were determined to retaliate and avenge the death of their friend. But Ka and Balarma caught each of the asses by the hind legs and, exactly in the same way, wheeled them around. Thus They killed all of them and threw them into the palm trees. Because of the dead bodies of the asses, there was a panoramic scene. It appeared as if clouds of various colors were assembled in the trees. Hearing of this great incident, the demigods from the higher planets showered flowers on Ka and Balarma and beat their drums and offered devotional prayers.

A few days after the killing of Dhenuksura, people began to come into the Tlavana forest to collect the fruits, and animals began to return without fear to feed on the nice grasses grown there. Just by chanting or hearing these transcendental activities and pastimes of the brothers Ka and Balarma, one can amass pious activities.

When Ka, Balarma and Their friends entered the village of Vndvana, They played Their flutes, and the boys praised Their uncommon activities in the forest. Their faces were decorated with tilaka and smeared with the dust raised by the cows, and Kas head was decorated with a peacock feather. Both He and Balarma played Their flutes, and the young gops were joyous to see Ka returning home. All the gops in Vndvana remained very morose on account of Kas absence. All day they were thinking of Ka in the forest or of Him herding cows in the pasture. When they saw Ka returning, all their anxieties were immediately relieved, and they began to look at His face the way drones hover over the honey of the lotus flower. When Ka entered the village, the young gops smiled and laughed. Ka, while playing the flute, enjoyed the beautiful smiling faces of the gops.

Then Ka and Balarma were immediately received by Their affectionate mothers, Yaod and Rohi, who, according to the times demands, began to fulfill the desires of their affectionate sons. Simultaneously, the mothers rendered service and bestowed benediction upon their transcendental sons. They took care of their children by bathing Them and dressing Them very nicely. Ka was dressed in yellowish garments, and Balarma was dressed in bluish garments, and They were given all sorts of ornaments and flower garlands. Being relieved of the fatigue of Their days work in the pasturing ground, They looked refreshed and very beautiful.

They were given palatable dishes by Their mothers, and They pleasantly ate everything. After eating, They were seated nicely on clean bedding, and the mothers began to sing various songs of Their activities. As soon as They sat down on the bedding, They very quickly fell fast asleep. In this way, Ka and Balarma used to enjoy Vndvana life as cowherd boys.

Sometimes Ka used to go with His boyfriends and with Balarma, and sometimes He used to go alone with His friends to the bank of the Yamun and tend the cows. Gradually, the summer season arrived, and one day, while in the field, the boys and cows became very thirsty and began to drink the water of the Yamun. The river, however, had been made poisonous by the venom of the great serpent known as Kliya.

Because the water was so poisonous, the boys and cows became visibly affected immediately after drinking. They suddenly fell down on the ground, apparently dead. Then Ka, who is the life of all that lives, simply cast His merciful glance over them, and all the boys and cows regained consciousness and began to look at one another with great astonishment. They could understand that by drinking the water of the Yamun they had died and that the merciful glance of Ka had restored their life. Thus they appreciated the mystic power of Ka, who is known as Yogevara, the master of all mystic yogs.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Fifteenth Chapter of Ka, The Killing of Dhenuksura.

KB 16: Subduing Kliya

CHAPTER SIXTEEN

Subduing Kliya

When He understood that the water of the Yamun was being polluted by the black serpent Kliya, Lord Ka took action against him and made him leave the Yamun and go elsewhere, and thus the water became purified.

When this story was being narrated by ukadeva Gosvm, Mahrja Parkit became eager to hear more about Kas childhood pastimes. He inquired from ukadeva Gosvm how Ka chastised Kliya, who had been living in the water for many years. Actually, Mahrja Parkit was becoming more and more enthusiastic to hear the transcendental pastimes of Ka, and his inquiry was made with great interest.

ukadeva Gosvm narrated the story as follows. Within the river Yamun there was a great lake, and in that lake the black serpent Kliya used to live. Because of his poison, the whole area was so contaminated that it emanated a poisonous vapor twenty-four hours a day. If a bird happened to even pass over the spot, it would immediately die and fall down in the water.

Due to the poisonous effect of the Yamuns vapors, the trees and grass near the bank of the Yamun had all dried up. Lord Ka saw the effect of the great serpents poison; the whole river that ran before Vndvana was now deadly.

Ka, who advented Himself just to kill all undesirable elements in the world, immediately climbed up into a big kadamba tree on the bank of the Yamun. The kadamba is a tree bearing round yellow flowers that is generally seen only in the Vndvana area. After climbing to the top of the tree, He tightened His belt cloth and, flapping His arms just like a wrestler, jumped into the midst of the poisonous lake. The kadamba tree from which Ka had jumped was the only tree there which was not dead. Some commentators say that due to being touched by the lotus feet of Ka, the tree immediately became alive. In some other Puras it is stated that Garua, the eternal carrier of Viu, knew that Ka would take this action in the future, and so he put some nectar on this tree to preserve it. When Lord Ka jumped into the water, the river overflooded its banks to a distance of one hundred yards, as if something very large had fallen into it. This exhibition of Kas strength is not at all uncommon, because He is the reservoir of all strength.

When Ka was swimming about just like a great strong elephant, He made a tumultuous sound, which the great black serpent Kliya could hear. The tumult was intolerable for him, and he could understand that this was an attempt to attack his home. Therefore he immediately came before Ka. Kliya saw that Ka was indeed worth seeing because His body was so beautiful and delicate; its color resembled that of a cloud, and His legs resembled a lotus flower. He was decorated with rvatsa, jewels and yellow garments. He was smiling with a beautiful face and was playing in the river Yamun with great strength. But in spite of Kas beautiful features, Kliya felt great anger within his heart, and thus he grabbed Ka with his mighty coils. Seeing the incredible way in which Ka was enveloped in the coils of the serpent, the affectionate cowherd boys and other inhabitants of Vndvana immediately became stunned out of fear. They had dedicated everything to Ka: their lives, property, affection, activitieseverything was for Kaand when they saw Him in that condition, they became overwhelmed with fear and fell down on the ground. All the cows, bulls and small calves became overwhelmed with grief, and they began to look at Him with great anxiety. Out of fear they could only cry in agony and stand erect on the bank, unable to help their beloved Ka.

While this scene was taking place on the bank of the Yamun, there were ill omens manifest. The earth trembled, meteors fell from the sky, and the left side of mens bodies shivered. All these are indications of great immediate danger. Observing the inauspicious signs, the cowherd men, including Mahrja Nanda, became very anxious out of fear. At the same time they were informed that Ka had gone to the pasturing ground without His elder brother, Balarma. As soon as Nanda and Yaod and the cowherd men heard this news, they became even more anxious. Out of their great affection for Ka, and being unaware of the extent of His potencies, they became overwhelmed with grief and anxiety because they had nothing dearer than Ka and because they had dedicated their everythinglife, property, affection, mind and activitiesto Ka. Because of their great attachment for Ka, they thought, Today Ka is surely going to be vanquished!

All the inhabitants of Vndvana came out of the village to see Ka. The assembly consisted of children, old men, women, animals and all living entities; they knew that Ka was their only means of sustenance. While this was happening, Balarma, who is the master of all knowledge, stood there simply smiling. He knew how powerful His younger brother Ka was and that there was no cause for anxiety when Ka was fighting with an ordinary serpent of the material world. He did not, therefore, personally take any part in their sorrow. On the other hand, all the inhabitants of Vndvana, being disturbed, began to search out Ka by following the impression of His footprints on the ground, and thus they moved hastily towards the bank of the Yamun. Finally, by following the footprints marked with flag, bow and conchshell, the inhabitants of Vndvana arrived at the riverbank and saw that all the cows and boys were weeping to behold Ka enwrapped in the coils of the black serpent. Then they became still more overwhelmed with grief. While Balarma was smiling to see their lamentation, all the inhabitants of Vrajabhmi merged into the ocean of grief because they thought that Ka was finished. Although the residents of Vndvana did not know much about Ka, their love for Him was beyond comparison. As soon as they saw that Ka was in the river Yamun enveloped by the serpent Kliya and that all the boys and cows were lamenting, they simply began to think of Kas friendship, His smiling face, His sweet words and His dealings with them. Thinking of all these and seeing that their Ka was now within the clutches of Kliya, they at once felt that the three worlds had become vacant. Lord Caitanya also said that He was seeing the three worlds as vacant for want of Ka. This is the highest stage of Ka consciousness. Almost all of the inhabitants of Vndvana had the highest ecstatic love for Ka.

When mother Yaod arrived, she wanted to enter the river Yamun, and being checked, she fainted. Her friends, who were equally aggrieved, were shedding tears like torrents of rain or waves of the river, but in order to bring mother Yaod to consciousness, they began to speak loudly about the transcendental pastimes of Ka. Mother Yaod remained still, as if dead, because her consciousness was concentrated on the face of Ka. Nanda and all the other cowherd men, who had dedicated everything, including their lives, to Ka, were ready to enter the waters of the Yamun, but Lord Balarma checked them because He was in perfect knowledge that there was no danger.

For two hours Ka remained like an ordinary child gripped in the coils of Kliya, but when He saw that all the inhabitants of Gokulaincluding His mother and father, the gops, the boys and the cowswere just on the point of death and that they had no shelter for salvation from imminent death, Ka immediately freed Himself. He began to expand His body, and when the serpent tried to hold Him, he felt a great strain. On account of the strain, his coils slackened, and he had no alternative but to let loose the Personality of Godhead, Ka, from his grasp. Kliya then became very angry, and his great hoods expanded. He exhaled poisonous fumes from his nostrils, his eyes blazed like fire, and flames issued from his mouth. The great serpent remained still for some time, looking at Ka. Licking his lips with bifurcated tongues, the serpent looked at Ka with double hoods, and his eyesight was full of poison. Ka immediately pounced upon him, just as Garua swoops upon a snake. Thus attacked, Kliya looked for an opportunity to bite Him, but Ka moved around him. As Ka and Kliya moved in a circle, the serpent gradually became fatigued, and his strength seemed to diminish considerably. Ka immediately pressed down the serpents hoods and jumped up on them. The Lords lotus feet became tinged with red from the rays of the jewels on the snakes hoods. Then He who is the original artist of all fine arts, such as dancing, began to dance upon the hoods of the serpent, although they were moving to and fro. Upon seeing this, the denizens of the upper planets showered flowers, beat drums, played different types of flutes and sang various prayers and songs. In this way, all the denizens of heaven, such as the Gandharvas, Siddhas and demigods, became very pleased.

While Ka was dancing on his hoods, Kliya tried to push Him down with some of his other hoods. Kliya had about a hundred hoods, but Ka took control of them. He began to dash Kliya with His lotus feet, and this was more than the serpent could bear. Gradually, Kliya was reduced to struggling for his very life. He vomited all kinds of refuse and exhaled fire. While throwing up poisonous material from within, Kliya became reduced in his sinful situation. Out of great anger, he began to struggle for existence and tried to raise one of his hoods to kill the Lord. The Lord immediately captured that hood and subdued it by kicking it and dancing on it. It actually appeared as if the Supreme Personality of Godhead Viu was being worshiped; the poisons emanating from the mouth of the serpent appeared to be like flower offerings. Kliya then began to vomit blood instead of poison; he was completely fatigued. His whole body appeared to be broken by the kicks of the Lord. Within his mind, however, he finally began to understand that Ka is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and he surrendered unto Him. He realized that Ka is the Supreme Lord, the master of everything.

The wives of the serpent, known as the Ngapatns, saw that their husband had been subdued by the Lords kicking and that he was almost at the point of death due to bearing the heavy burden of the Lord, within whose abdomen the whole universe remains. Kliyas wives prepared to worship the Lord, and in their haste their clothes, hair and ornaments became disarrayed. They also surrendered unto the Supreme Lord and began to pray. They appeared before Him, put forward their offspring and anxiously offered respectful obeisances, falling down on the bank of the Yamun. The Ngapatns knew that Ka is the shelter of all surrendered souls, and they desired to release their husband from the impending danger by pleasing the Lord with their prayers.

The Ngapatns began to offer their prayers as follows: O dear Lord, You are equal to everyone. For You there is no distinction between Your sons, friends or enemies. Therefore the punishment which You have so kindly offered to Kliya is exactly befitting. O Lord, You have descended especially for the purpose of annihilating all kinds of disturbing elements within the world, and because You are the Absolute Truth, there is no difference between Your mercy and Your punishment. We think, therefore, that this apparent punishment of Kliya is actually some benediction. We consider that Your punishment is Your great mercy upon us because when You punish someone it is to be understood that the reactions of his sinful activities are eradicated. It is already clear that this creature appearing in the body of a serpent must have been overburdened with all kinds of sin; otherwise, how could he have the body of a serpent? Your dancing on his hoods has reduced all the sinful results of actions caused by his having this body of a serpent. It is therefore very auspicious that You have become angry and have punished him in this way. We are very much astonished to see how You have become so much pleased with this serpent, who evidently performed various religious activities in his past lives that pleased everyone. He must have undergone all kinds of penances and austerities, humbly honored others and executed universal welfare activities for all living creatures.

The Ngapatns confirm that one cannot come in contact with Ka without having executed pious activities in devotional service in his previous lives. As Lord Caitanya advised in His ikaka, one has to execute devotional service by humbly chanting the Hare Ka mantra, thinking oneself lower than the straw in the street and not expecting honor for himself but offering all kinds of honor to others. The Ngapatns were astonished that, although Kliya had the body of a serpent as the result of grievous sinful activities, at the same time he was in contact with the Lord to the extent that the Lords lotus feet were touching his hoods. Certainly this was not the ordinary result of pious activities. These two contradictory facts astonished them. Thus they continued to pray: O dear Lord, we are simply astonished to see that he is so fortunate as to have the dust of Your lotus feet on his head. This is a fortune sought after by great saintly persons. Even the goddess of fortune underwent severe austerities just to have the blessing of the dust of Your lotus feet, so how is it that Kliya is so easily getting this dust on his head? We have heard from authoritative sources that those who are blessed with the dust of Your lotus feet do not care even for the highest post within the universe, namely the post of Lord Brahm, or the kingship of the heavenly planets, or the sovereignty of this planet. Nor do such persons desire to rule the planets above this earth, such as Siddhaloka; nor do they aspire for the mystic powers achieved by the yoga process. Nor do the pure devotees aspire for liberation by becoming one with You. My Lord, although he is born in a species of life which is fostered by the most abominable modes of material nature, accompanied with the quality of anger, this king of the serpents has achieved something very, very rare. Living entities who are wandering within this universe in different species of life can very easily achieve the greatest benediction only by Your mercy.

It is also confirmed in the Caitanya-caritmta that the living entities are wandering within the universe in various species of life, but by the mercy of Ka and the spiritual master they can get the seed of devotional service, and thus their path of liberation can be cleared.

The Ngapatns continued, We therefore offer our respectful obeisances unto You, our dear Lord, because You are the Supreme Person, who are living as the Supersoul within every living entity; although You are transcendental to the cosmic manifestation, everything is resting in You. You are the personified indefatigable eternal time. The entire time force is existing in You, and You are therefore the seer and the embodiment of total time in the shape of past, present and future, month, day, hour, momenteverything. In other words, O Lord, You can see perfectly all the activities happening in every moment, in every hour, in every day, in every month, in every year, past, present and future. You are Yourself the universal form, and yet You are different from this universe. You are simultaneously one with and different from the universe. We therefore offer our respectful obeisances unto You. You are Yourself the whole universe, and yet You are the creator of the whole universe. You are the superintendent and maintainer of this whole universe, and You are its original cause. Although You are present within this universe by Your three qualitative incarnations, Brahm, Viu and Mahevara, You are transcendental to the material creation. Although You are the cause of the appearance of all kinds of living entitiestheir senses, their lives, their minds, their intelligenceYou are to be realized by Your internal energy. Let us therefore offer our respectful obeisances unto You, who are unlimited, finer than the finest, the center of all creation and knower of everything. Different varieties of philosophical speculators try to reach You. You are the ultimate goal of all philosophical efforts, and it is actually only You who are described by all philosophies and by different kinds of doctrines. Let us offer our respectful obeisances unto You, because You are the origin of all scripture and the source of knowledge. You are the root of all evidences, and You are the Supreme Person who can bestow upon us the supreme knowledge. You are the cause of all kinds of desires, and You are the cause of all kinds of satisfaction. You are the Vedas personified. Therefore we offer You our respectful obeisances.

Our dear Lord, You are the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Ka, and You are also the supreme enjoyer. You have now appeared as the son of Vasudeva, a manifestation of the pure state of goodness. You are the predominating Deities of mind and intelligence, Aniruddha and Pradyumna, and You are the Lord of all Vaiavas. By Your expansion as the catur-vyhanamely Vsudeva, Sakaraa, Aniruddha and PradyumnaYou are the cause of the development of mind and intelligence. By Your activities only, the living entities become covered by forgetfulness or discover their real identity. This is confirmed in the Bhagavad-gt (Fifteenth Chapter): the Lord is sitting as the Supersoul in everyones heart, and due to His presence the living entity either forgets himself or revives his original identity. We can partially understand that You are within our hearts as the witness of all our activities, but it is very difficult to appreciate Your presence, although every one of us can do so to some extent. You are the supreme controller of both the material and spiritual energies; therefore You are the supreme leader, although You are different from this cosmic manifestation. You are the witness and creator and the very ingredient of this cosmic manifestation. We therefore offer our respectful obeisances unto You.

Our dear Lord, in the matter of creating this cosmic manifestation, personally You have nothing to exert; by expending Your different kinds of energynamely the mode of passion, the mode of goodness and the mode of ignoranceYou create, maintain and annihilate this cosmic manifestation. As the controller of the entire time force, You simply glance over the material energy, thereby creating this universe and energizing the different modes of material nature, which act differently in different creatures. No one can estimate, therefore, how Your activities are going on within this world. Our dear Lord, although You have expanded into the three principal deities of this universenamely Lord Brahm, Lord Viu and Lord ivafor creation, maintenance and destruction, Your appearance as Lord Viu is actually for the benediction of living creatures. Therefore, for those who are actually peaceful and who are aspiring after the supreme peace, worship of Your peaceful appearance as Lord Viu is recommended.

O Lord, we are submitting our prayers unto You. You can appreciate that this poor serpent is going to give up his life. You know that for us women our husband is our life and everything; therefore, we are praying unto You that You kindly excuse Kliya, our husband, because if this serpent dies, then we shall be in great difficulty. Looking upon us only, please excuse this great offender. Our dear Lord, every living creature is Your offspring, and You maintain everyone. This serpent is also Your offspring, and You can excuse him once although he has offended You, undoubtedly without knowing Your supremacy. We are praying that he may be excused this time. Our dear Lord, we are offering our loving service unto You because we are all eternal servitors of Your Lordship. You can order us to do whatever You please. Every living being can be relieved from all kinds of despair if he agrees to abide by Your orders.

After the Ngapatns submitted their prayers, Lord Ka released Kliya from his punishment. Kliya was already unconscious from being struck by the Lord. Upon regaining consciousness and being released from the punishment, Kliya got back his life force and the working power of his senses. With folded hands, he humbly began to pray to the Supreme Lord Ka: My dear Lord, I have been born in such a species that by nature I am angry and envious, being in the darkest region of the mode of ignorance. Your Lordship knows well that it is very difficult to give up ones natural instincts, although by such instincts the living creature transmigrates from one body to another. It is also confirmed in the Bhagavad-gt that it is very difficult to get out of the clutches of material nature, but if anyone surrenders unto the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Ka, the modes of material nature can no longer act on him. My dear Lord, Kliya continued, You are the original creator of the modes of material nature, by which the universe is created. You are the cause of the different kinds of mentality possessed by living creatures, by which they have obtained different varieties of bodies. My dear Lord, I am born as a serpent; therefore, by natural instinct I am very angry. How is it then possible to give up my acquired nature without Your mercy? It is very difficult to get out of the clutches of Your my. By Your my we remain enslaved. My dear Lord, kindly excuse me for my inevitable material tendencies. I surrender unto You. Now You can punish me or save me, as You desire.

After hearing this, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who was acting as a small human child, ordered the serpent thus: You must immediately leave this place and go to the ocean. Leave without delay. You can take with you all your offspring, wives and everything that you possess. Dont pollute the waters of the Yamun. Let it be drunk by My cows and cowherd boys without hindrance. The Lord then declared that the order given to the Kliya snake be recited and heard by everyone so that no one need fear Kliya any longer.

Anyone who hears the narration of the Kliya serpent and his punishment will need fear no more the envious activities of snakes. The Lord also declared, If one takes a bath in the Kliya lake, where My cowherd boyfriends and I have bathed, or if one fasts for a day and offers oblations to the forefathers from the water of this lake, he will be relieved from all kinds of sinful reactions. The Lord also assured Kliya: You came here out of fear of Garua, who wanted to eat you in the beautiful land by the ocean. Now, after seeing the marks where I have touched your head with My lotus feet, Garua will not disturb you.

The Lord was pleased with Kliya and his wives. Immediately after hearing His order, the snake and his wives began to worship Him with great offerings of nice garments, flowers, garlands, jewels, ornaments, sandal pulp, lotus flowers and nice eatable fruits. In this way they pleased the master of Garua, of whom they were very much afraid. Then, obeying the orders of Lord Ka, all of them left the lake within the Yamun.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Sixteenth Chapter of Ka, Subduing Kliya.

KB 17: Extinguishing the Forest Fire

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN

Extinguishing the Forest Fire

King Parkit, after hearing of the chastisement of Kliya, inquired from ukadeva Gosvm as to why Kliya left his beautiful land and why Garua was so antagonistic to him. ukadeva Gosvm informed the King that the island known as Nglaya was inhabited by serpents and that Kliya was one of the chief serpents there. Being accustomed to eating snakes, Garua used to come to this island and kill many serpents at will. Some of them he actually ate, but some were unnecessarily killed. The reptile society became so disturbed that their leader, Vsuki, appealed to Lord Brahm for protection. Lord Brahm made an arrangement by which Garua would not create a disturbance: on each half-moon day, the reptile community would offer a serpent to Garua. The serpent was to be kept underneath a tree as a sacrificial offering to Garua. Garua was satisfied with this offering, and therefore he did not disturb any other serpents.

But gradually, Kliya took advantage of this situation. He was unnecessarily puffed up by the volume of his accumulated poison, as well as by his material power, and he thought, Why should Garua be offered this sacrifice? He then ceased offering any sacrifice; instead, he himself ate the offering intended for Garua. When Garua, the great devotee-carrier of Viu, understood that Kliya was eating the offered sacrifices, he became very angry and rushed to the island to kill the offensive serpent. Kliya tried to fight Garua and faced him with his many hoods and poisonous sharp teeth. Kliya attempted to bite him, and Garua, the son of Trkya, in great anger and with the great force befitting the carrier of Lord Viu, struck the body of Kliya with his effulgent golden wings. Kliya, who is also known as Kadrusuta, son of Kadru, immediately fled to the lake known as Kliya-hrada, which lay within the Yamun River and which Garua could not approach.

Kliya took shelter within the water of the Yamun for the following reason. Just as Garua went to the island of the Kliya snake, he also used to go to the Yamun to catch fish to eat. There was, however, a great yog known as Saubhari Muni, who used to meditate within the water there and who was sympathetic with the fish. He asked Garua not to come there and disturb the fish. Although Garua was not under anyones order, being the carrier of Lord Viu, he did not disobey the order of the great yog. Instead of staying and eating many fish, he carried off one big fish, who was their leader. Saubhari Muni was sorry that one of the leaders of the fish was taken away by Garua, and thinking of their protection, he cursed Garua with the following words: Henceforward, from this day, if Garua comes here to catch fish, thenI say this with all my strengthhe will be immediately killed.

This curse was known only to Kliya. Kliya was therefore confident that Garua would not be able to come there, and so he thought it wise to take shelter of the lake within the Yamun. But Kliyas taking shelter of Saubhari Muni was not successful; he was driven away from the Yamun by Ka, the master of Garua. It may be noted that Garua is directly related to the Supreme Personality of Godhead and is so powerful that he is never subject to anyones order or curse. Actually the cursing of Garuawho is stated in rmad-Bhgavatam to be of the stature of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Bhagavnwas an offense on the part of Saubhari Muni. Although Garua did not try to retaliate, the Muni was not saved from his offensive act against a great Vaiava personality. Due to this offense, Saubhari fell down from his yogic position and afterwards became a householder, a sense enjoyer in the material world. The falldown of Saubhari Muni, who was supposed to be absorbed in spiritual bliss by meditation, is an instruction to the offender of Vaiavas.

When Ka finally came out of Kliyas lake, He was seen by all His friends and relatives on the bank of the Yamun. He appeared before them nicely decorated, smeared all over with candana pulp, bedecked with valuable jewels and stones, and almost completely covered with gold. The inhabitants of Vndvana, including the cowherd boys and men, the gops, mother Yaod, Mahrja Nanda and all the cows and calves, saw Ka coming from the Yamun, and it was as though they had recovered their very life. When a person regains his life, naturally he becomes absorbed in pleasure and joyfulness. They each in turn pressed Ka to their chests, and thus they felt a great relief. Mother Yaod, Rohi, Mahrja Nanda and the cowherd men became so happy that they embraced Ka and thought they had achieved their ultimate goal of life.

Balarma also embraced Ka, but He was laughing because when everyone else was so overwhelmed with anxiety, He had known what would happen to Ka. All the trees on the bank of the Yamun, along with all the cows, bulls and calves, were full of pleasure because of Kas appearance there. The brhmaa inhabitants of Vndvana immediately came with their wives to congratulate Ka and His family members. And because brhmaas are considered to be the spiritual masters of society, they offered their blessings to Ka and His family on account of Kas release. They also asked Mahrja Nanda to give them some charity on that occasion. Being so pleased by Kas return, Mahrja Nanda gave many cows and much gold in charity to the brhmaas. While Nanda Mahrja was thus engaged, mother Yaod simply embraced Ka and made Him sit on her lap while she shed tears continuously.

Since it was almost night, and all the inhabitants of Vndvana, including the cows and calves, were very tired, they decided to take their rest on the riverbank. In the middle of the night, while they were taking rest, there was suddenly a great forest fire, and it quickly appeared that the fire would soon devour all the inhabitants of Vndvana. As soon as they felt the warmth of the fire, they immediately took shelter of Ka, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, although He was playing just like their child. They began to say, Our dear Ka! O Supreme Personality of Godhead! Our dear Balarma, the reservoir of all strength! Please try to save us from this all-devouring and devastating fire. We have no shelter other than You. This devastating fire will swallow us all! Thus they prayed to Ka, saying that they could not take any shelter other than His lotus feet. Lord Ka, being compassionate upon His own townspeople, immediately swallowed up the whole forest fire and saved them. This was not impossible for Ka, because He is unlimited. He has unlimited power to do anything He desires.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Seventeenth Chapter of Ka, Extinguishing the Forest Fire.

KB 18: Killing the Demon Pralambsura

CHAPTER EIGHTEEN

Killing the Demon Pralambsura

After extinguishing the devastating fire, Lord Ka, surrounded by His relatives, friends, cows, calves and bulls and glorified by His friends singing, again entered Vndvana, which is always full of cows. While Ka and Balarma were enjoying life in Vndvana, in the midst of the cowherd boys and girls, the season gradually changed to summer. The summer season in India is not very much welcomed because of the excessive heat, but in Vndvana everyone was pleased because summer there appeared just like spring. This was possible only because Lord Ka and Balarma, who are the controllers even of Lord Brahm and Lord iva, were residing there. In Vndvana there are many falls which are always pouring water, and the sound is so sweet that it covers the sound of the crickets. And because water flows all over, the forest always looks very green and beautiful.

The inhabitants of Vndvana were never disturbed by the scorching heat of the sun or the high summer temperatures. The lakes of Vndvana are surrounded by green grasses, and various kinds of lotus flowers bloom there, such as the kahlra, kaja and utpala, and the air blowing in Vndvana carries the aromatic pollen of those lotus flowers. When the particles of water from the waves of the Yamun, the lakes and the waterfalls touched the bodies of the inhabitants of Vndvana, they automatically felt a cooling effect. Therefore they were practically undisturbed by the summer season.

Vndvana is such a nice place. Flowers are always blooming, and there are even various kinds of decorated deer. Birds are chirping, peacocks are crowing and dancing, and bees are humming. The cuckoos there sing nicely in five kinds of tunes.

Ka, the reservoir of pleasure, blowing His flute, accompanied by His elder brother Balarma and the other cowherd boys and the cows, entered the beautiful forest of Vndvana to enjoy the atmosphere. They walked into the midst of newly grown leaves of trees whose flowers resembled peacock feathers. They were garlanded by those flowers and decorated with saffron chalk. Sometimes they were dancing and singing and sometimes wrestling with one another. While Ka danced, some of the cowherd boys sang, and others played on flutes; some bugled on buffalo horns or clapped their hands, praising Ka, Dear brother, You are dancing very nicely. Actually, all these boys were demigods descended from higher planets to assist Ka in His pastimes. The demigods garbed in the dress of the cowherd boys were encouraging Ka in His dancing, just as one artist encourages another with praise. Up to that time, neither Balarma nor Ka had undergone the haircutting ceremony; therefore Their hair was clustered like crows feathers. They were always playing hide-and-seek with Their boyfriends or jumping or fighting with them. Sometimes, while His friends were chanting and dancing, Ka would praise them, My dear friends, you are dancing and singing very nicely. The boys played at catching ball with fruits such as bael and malaka. They played blindmans buff, challenging and touching one another. Sometimes they imitated the forest deer and various kinds of birds. They joked with one another by imitating croaking frogs, and they enjoyed swinging underneath the trees. Sometimes they would play like a king and his subjects amongst themselves. In this way, Balarma and Ka, along with all Their friends, played all kinds of sports and enjoyed the soothing atmosphere of Vndvana, full of rivers, lakes, rivulets, fine trees and excellent gardens filled with fruits and flowers.

Once while the boys were engaged in their transcendental pastimes, a great demon of the name Pralambsura entered their company, desiring to kidnap both Balarma and Ka. Although Ka was playing the part of a cowherd boy, as the Supreme Personality of Godhead He could understand everythingpast, present and future. So when Pralambsura entered their company, Ka began to think how to kill the demon, but externally He received him as a friend. O My dear friend, He said. It is very good that you have come to take part in our pastimes. Ka then called all His friends and ordered them: Now we shall play in pairs. We shall challenge one another in pairs. With this proposal, all the boys assembled together. Some of them took the side of Ka, and some of them took the side of Balarma, and they arranged to play in duel. The defeated members in duel fighting had to carry the victorious members on their backs, as a horse carries its master. They began playing, and at the same time tended the cows as they proceeded through the Bhravana forest. The party of Balarma, accompanied by rdm and Vabha, came out victorious, and Kas party had to carry them on their backs through the Bhravana forest. The Supreme Personality of Godhead, Ka, being defeated, had to carry rdm on His back, and Bhadrasena carried Vabha. Imitating their play, Pralambsura, who appeared there as a cowherd boy, carried Balarma on his back. Pralambsura was the greatest of the demons, and he had calculated that Ka was the most powerful of the cowherd boys.

In order to avoid the company of Ka, Pralambsura carried Balarma far away. The demon was undoubtedly very strong and powerful, but he was carrying Balarma, who is compared to a mountain; therefore he began to feel the burden, and thus he assumed his real form. When he appeared in his real feature, he was decorated with a golden helmet and earrings and looked just like a cloud with lightning carrying the moon. Balarma observed the demons body expanding up to the limits of the clouds, his eyes dazzling like blazing fire and his mouth flashing with sharpened teeth. At first, Balarma was surprised by the demons appearance, and He began to wonder, How is it that all of a sudden this carrier has changed in every way? But with a clear mind He could quickly understand that He was being carried away from His friends by a demon who intended to kill Him. Immediately He struck the head of the demon with His strong fist, just as the King of the heavenly planets strikes a mountain with his thunderbolt. Being stricken by the fist of Balarma, the demon fell down dead, just like a snake with a smashed head, and blood poured from his mouth. When the demon fell, he made a tremendous sound, and it sounded as if a great hill were falling upon being struck by the thunderbolt of King Indra. All the boys then rushed to the spot. Astonished by the ghastly scene, they began to praise Balarma with the words Well done, well done. All of them then embraced Balarma with great affection, thinking that He had returned from death, and they offered their blessings and congratulations. All the demigods in the heavenly planets became very satisfied and showered flowers on the transcendental body of Balarma, and they also offered their blessings and congratulations for His having killed the great demon Pralambsura.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Eighteenth Chapter of Ka, Killing the Demon Pralambsura.

KB 19: Devouring the Forest Fire

CHAPTER NINETEEN

Devouring the Forest Fire

While Ka and Balarma and Their friends were engaged in the pastimes described above, the cows, being unobserved, began to wander off on their own, entering farther and farther into the deepest part of the forest, allured by fresh grasses. The goats, cows and buffalo traveled from one forest to another and entered the forest known as kav. This forest was full of green grass, and therefore they were allured; but when they entered, they saw that there was a forest fire, and they began to cry. On the other side Balarma and Ka, along with Their friends, could not find their animals, and they became very aggrieved. They began to trace the cows by following their footprints, as well as the path of eaten grass. All of the boys were fearing that their very means of livelihood, the cows, were now lost. When searching out the cows in the forest, they themselves were very much tired and thirsty. Soon, however, they heard the crying of their cows. Ka began to call the cows by their respective names, with great noise. Upon hearing Ka calling, the cows immediately replied with joy. But by this time the forest fire had surrounded all of them, and the situation appeared to be very fearful. The flames increased as the wind blew very quickly, and it appeared that everything movable and immovable would be devoured. All the cows and the boys became very frightened, and they looked towards Balarma and Ka the way a dying man looks at the picture of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. They said, My dear Ka! My dear Ka! You and Balarma are very powerful. We are now burning from the heat of this blazing fire. Let us take shelter of Your lotus feet. We know You can protect us from this great danger. Our dear friend Ka, we are Your intimate friends. It is not right that we should suffer in this way. We are all completely dependent on You, and You are the knower of all religious life. We do not know anyone except You.

The Personality of Godhead heard the appealing voices of His friends, and casting a pleasing glance over them, He began to answer. By speaking through His eyes, He impressed upon His friends that there was no cause for fear, and He assured them, Dont worry. Then Ka, the supreme mystic, the powerful Personality of Godhead, immediately swallowed up all the flames of the fire. The cows and boys were thus saved from imminent danger. Out of fear, the boys were almost unconscious, but when they regained their consciousness and opened their eyes, they saw that they were again in the Bhra forest with Ka, Balarma and the cows. They were astonished to see that they were completely free from the attack of the blazing fire and that the cows were saved. They secretly thought that Ka must be not an ordinary boy but some demigod.

In the evening, Ka and Balarma, along with the boys and cows, returned to Vndvana, playing Their flutes. As they approached the village, all the gops became very joyous. Throughout the day the gops used to think of Ka while He was in the forest, and in His absence they were considering one moment to be like twelve years.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Nineteenth Chapter of Ka, Devouring the Forest Fire.

KB 20: Description of Autumn

CHAPTER TWENTY

Description of Autumn

The killing of Pralambsura and the devouring of the devastating forest fire by Ka and Balarma became household topics in Vndvana. The cowherd men described these wonderful activities to their wives and to everyone else, and all were struck with wonder. They concluded that Ka and Balarma were demigods who had kindly come to Vndvana to become their children. In this way, the rainy season ensued. In India, after the scorching heat of the summer, the rainy season is very welcome. The clouds accumulating in the sky, covering the sun and the moon, become very pleasing to the people, and they expect rainfall at every moment. After summer, the advent of the rainy season is considered to be a life-giving source for everyone. The thunder and occasional lightning are also pleasurable to the people.

The symptoms of the rainy season may be compared to the symptoms of the living entities who are covered by the three modes of material nature. The unlimited sky is like the Supreme Brahman, and the tiny living entities are like the covered sky, or Brahman covered by the three modes of material nature. Originally, everyone is part and parcel of Brahman. The Supreme Brahman, or the unlimited sky, can never be covered by a cloud, but a portion of it can be covered. As stated in the Bhagavad-gt, the living entities are part and parcel of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. But they are only an insignificant portion of the Supreme Lord. This portion is covered by the modes of material nature, and therefore the living entities are residing within this material world. The brahmajyotispiritual effulgenceis just like the sunshine; as the sunshine is full of molecular shining particles, so the brahmajyoti is full of minute portions of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Out of that unlimited expansion of minute portions of the Supreme Lord, some are covered by the influence of material nature, whereas others are free.

Clouds are accumulated water drawn from the land by the sunshine. Continually for eight months the sun evaporates all kinds of water from the surface of the globe, and this water is accumulated in the shape of clouds, which are distributed as water when there is need. Similarly, a government exacts various taxes from the citizens, which the citizens are able to pay by their different material activities: agriculture, trade and industry; thus the government can also exact taxes in the form of income tax and sales tax. This is compared to the suns drawing water from the earth. When there is again need of water on the surface of the globe, the same sunshine converts the water into clouds and distributes it all over the globe. Similarly, the taxes collected by the government must be distributed to the people again, as educational work, public work, sanitary work, etc. This is very essential for a good government. The government should not simply exact tax for useless squandering; the tax collection should be utilized for the public welfare of the state.

During the rainy season, there are strong winds blustering all over the country and carrying clouds from one place to another to distribute life-giving water to the needy living entities. When water is urgently needed after the summer season, the clouds are just like a rich man who, in times of need, distributes his money even by exhausting his whole treasury. So the clouds exhaust themselves by distributing water all over the surface of the globe.

When Mahrja Daaratha, the father of Lord Rmacandra, used to fight with his enemies, it was said that he approached them just like a farmer uprooting unnecessary plants and trees. And when there was need of giving charity, he used to distribute money exactly as the cloud distributes rain. The distribution of rain by clouds is so sumptuous that it is compared to the distribution of wealth by a great, munificent person. The clouds downpour is so sufficient that the rains even fall on rocks and hills and on the oceans and seas, where there is no need for water. It is like a charitable person who opens his treasury for distribution and who does not discriminate whether the charity is needed or not. He gives in charity openhandedly.

Before the rainfall, the whole surface of the globe becomes almost depleted of all kinds of energies and appears very lean. After the rainfall, the whole surface of the earth becomes green with vegetation and appears to be very healthy and strong. Here, a comparison is made to the person undergoing austerities for fulfillment of a material desire. The flourishing condition of the earth after a rainy season is compared to the fulfillment of material desires. Sometimes, when a country is subjugated by an undesirable government, persons and parties undergo severe penances and austerities to get control of the government, and when they attain control, they flourish by giving themselves generous salaries. This temporary profit is like the flourishing of the earth in the rainy season. Actually, one should undergo severe austerities and penances only to achieve spiritual happiness. In rmad-Bhgavatam it is recommended that tapasya, or austerity, should be accepted for realizing the Supreme Lord. By accepting austerity in devotional service, one regains his spiritual life, and as soon as one regains his spiritual life, he enjoys unlimited spiritual bliss. But if someone undertakes austerities and penances for some material gain, it is stated in the Bhagavad-gt that the results are temporary and that they are desired by persons of less intelligence.

During the rainy season, in the evening, there are many glowworms visible about the tops of trees, hither and thither, and they glitter just like lights. But the luminaries of the sky, the stars and the moon, are not visible. Similarly, in the Age of Kali, persons who are atheists or miscreants become very prominently visible, whereas persons who are actually following the Vedic principles for spiritual emancipation are practically obscured. This age, Kali-yuga, is compared to the cloudy season of the living entities. In this age, real knowledge is covered by the influence of the material advancement of civilization. The cheap mental speculators, atheists and manufacturers of so-called religious principles become prominent like the glowworms, whereas persons strictly following the Vedic principles or scriptural injunctions become covered by the clouds of this age. People should learn to take advantage of the actual luminaries of the skythe sun, moon and starsinstead of the glowworms light. Actually, the glowworm cannot give any light in the darkness of night. As clouds sometimes clear, even in the rainy season, and sometimes the moon, stars and sun become visible, so even in this Kali-yuga there are sometimes advantages. For example, sometimes Lord Caitanyas Vedic movement of distributing the chanting of the Hare Ka mantra is heard. People seriously eager to find real light should take advantage of this movement instead of looking toward the light of mental speculators and atheists.

After the first rainfall, when there is a thundering sound in the clouds, all the frogs begin to croak, like students suddenly engaged in reading their studies. Students are generally supposed to rise early in the morning. They do not usually arise of their own accord, however, but only when there is a bell sounded in the temple or in the spiritual institution. By the order of the spiritual master they immediately rise, and after finishing their morning duties they sit down to study the Vedas or chant Vedic mantras.

Everyone is sleeping in the darkness of Kali-yuga, but when there is a great crya, by his calling only, everyone takes to the study of the Vedas to acquire actual knowledge. During the rainy season, many small ponds, lakes and rivulets become filled with water; otherwise the rest of the year they remain dry. Similarly, materialistic persons are dry, but sometimes, when they are in a so-called opulent position, with a home or children or a little bank balance, they appear to be flourishing, but immediately afterwards they become dry again, like the small rivulets and ponds. The poet Vidypati said that in the society of friends, family, children, wife, etc., there is certainly some pleasure, but that pleasure is compared to a drop of water in the desert. Everyone is hankering after happiness, just as in the desert everyone is hankering after water. If in the desert there is a drop of water, it may of course be said that water is there, but the benefit from that drop of water is very insignificant. In our materialistic way of life, which is just like a desert, we are hankering after an ocean of happiness, but in the form of society, friends and mundane love we are getting no more than a drop of water. Our satisfaction is never achieved, as the small rivulets, lakes and ponds are never filled with water in the dry season.

Due to rainfall, the grass, trees and vegetation look very green. Sometimes the grass is covered by a certain kind of red insect, and when the green and red combine with umbrellalike mushrooms, the entire scene changes, just like a person who has suddenly become rich. The farmer then becomes very happy to see his field full of grains, but the capitalistswho are always unaware of the activities of a supernatural powerbecome unhappy because they are afraid of a competitive price due to abundant production. In some places certain capitalists in government restrict the farmers production of grain, not knowing the actual fact that all food grains are supplied by the Supreme Personality of Godhead. According to the Vedic injunction, eko bahn yo vidadhti kmn: the Supreme Personality of Godhead maintains this creation; therefore, He arranges for a supply of whatever is required for all living entities. When there is a population increase, it is the business of the Supreme Lord to feed the people. But atheists or miscreants do not like abundant production of food grains, especially if their business might be hampered.

During the rainy season, all living entities, in the land, sky and water, become very much refreshed, exactly like one who engages in the transcendental loving service of the Lord. We have practical experience of this with our students in the International Society for Krishna Consciousness. Before becoming students, they were dirty-looking, although they had naturally beautiful personal features; due to having no information of Ka consciousness they appeared very dirty and wretched. Since they have taken to Ka consciousness, their health has improved, and by their following the rules and regulations, their bodily luster has increased. When they are dressed with saffron-colored cloth, with tilaka on their foreheads and beads in their hands and on their necks, they look exactly as if they have come directly from Vaikuha.

In the rainy season, when the rivers swell and rush to the oceans and seas, they appear to agitate the ocean. Similarly, if a person who is engaged in the mystic yoga process is not very much advanced in spiritual life, he can become agitated by the sex impulse. Although during the rainy season the high mountains are splashed by torrents of rain, they do not change; similarly, a person who is advanced in Ka consciousness, even if put into difficulties, is not embarrassed. A person who is spiritually advanced accepts any adverse condition of life as the mercy of the Lord, and thus he is completely eligible to enter into the spiritual kingdom.

In the rainy season some of the roads are not frequently used, and they become covered with long grasses. These roads are exactly like a brhmaa who is not accustomed to studying and practicing the reformatory methods of the Vedic injunctionshe becomes covered with the long grasses of my. In that condition, forgetful of his constitutional nature, he forgets his position of eternal servitorship to the Supreme Personality of Godhead. By being deviated by the seasonal overgrowth of long grasses created by my, a person identifies himself with myic production and succumbs to illusion, forgetting his spiritual life.

During the rainy season, lightning appears in one group of clouds and then immediately in another group of clouds. This phenomenon is compared to a lusty woman who does not fix her mind on one man. A cloud is compared to a qualified person because it pours rain and gives sustenance to many people; a man who is qualified similarly gives sustenance to many living creatures, such as family members or many workers in business. Unfortunately, his whole life can be disturbed by a wife who divorces him; when the husband is disturbed, the whole family is ruined, the children are dispersed or the business is closed, and everything is affected. It is therefore recommended that a woman desiring to advance in Ka consciousness live peacefully with a husband and that the couple not separate under any condition. The husband and wife should control sex indulgence and concentrate their minds on Ka consciousness so their life may be successful. After all, in the material world a man requires a woman and a woman requires a man. When they are combined, they should live peacefully in Ka consciousness and should not be restless like the lightning, flashing from one group of clouds to another.

Sometimes, in addition to the roaring thunder of the clouds, there is an appearance of a rainbow, which stands as a bow without a string. Actually, a bow is in the curved position, being tied at its two ends by the bowstring; but in the rainbow there is no such string, and yet it rests in the sky so beautifully. Similarly, when the Supreme Personality of Godhead descends to this material world, He appears just like an ordinary human being, but He is not resting on any material condition. In the Bhagavad-gt, the Lord says that He appears by His internal potency, which is free from the bondage of the external potency. What is bondage for the ordinary creature is freedom for the Personality of Godhead. In the rainy season, the moonlight is covered by clouds but is visible at intervals. It sometimes appears that the moon is moving with the movement of the clouds, but actually the moon is still; due to the clouds it also appears to move. Similarly, for one who has identified himself with the moving material world, his actual spiritual luster is covered by illusion, and with the movement of material activities he thinks that he is moving through different spheres of life. This is due to false ego, which is the demarcation between spiritual and material existence, just as the moving cloud is the demarcation between moonlight and darkness. In the rainy season, when the clouds appear for the first time, the peacocks dance with joy upon seeing them. The peacocks can be compared to persons who are very harassed in the materialistic way of life. If they can find the association of a person engaged in the loving devotional service of the Lord, they become enlightened and dance just like peacocks. We have practical experience of this: many of our students were dry and morose previous to their coming to Ka consciousness, but having come into contact with devotees, they are now dancing like jubilant peacocks.

Plants and creepers grow by drinking water from the ground. Similarly, a person practicing austerities becomes dry, but after the austere performances are completed and he gets the result, he begins to enjoy life in sense gratification with family, society, love, home and other paraphernalia. He becomes jolly, like newly grown plants and grass. Sometimes it is seen that cranes and ducks meander continually on the banks of the lakes and rivers, although the banks are filled with muddy garbage and thorny creepers. Similarly, persons who are householders without Ka consciousness are constantly tarrying in material life, in spite of all kinds of inconveniences. In family life, or any life, one cannot be perfectly happy without being Ka conscious. rla Narottama dsa hkura prays that he will have the association of a personeither a householder or a man in the renounced order of lifewho is engaged in the transcendental loving service of the Lord and is always crying the holy name of Lord Caitanya. For the materialistic person, worldly affairs become too aggressive, whereas to a person who is in Ka consciousness, everything appears to be happily situated.

The barriers around the agricultural field sometimes break due to heavy torrents of rain. Similarly, the unauthorized atheistic propaganda in the Age of Kali breaks the boundary of the Vedic injunctions. Thus people gradually degenerate to godlessness. In the rainy season, the clouds, tossed by the wind, deliver water which is welcomed like nectar. When the Vedic followers, the brhmaas, inspire rich men like kings and members of the wealthy mercantile community to give charity in the performance of great sacrifices, the distribution of such wealth is also nectarean. The four sections of human society, namely the brhmaas, the katriyas, the vaiyas and the dras, are meant to live peacefully in a cooperative mood; this is possible when they are guided by expert Vedic brhmaas who perform sacrifices and distribute wealth equally.

Vndvana forest improved from the rains and was replete with ripened dates, mangoes, blackberries and other fruits. Lord Ka, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, along with His boyfriends and Lord Balarma, entered the forest to enjoy the new seasonal atmosphere. The cows, being fed by new grasses, became very healthy, and their milk bags were all very full. When Lord Ka called them by name, they immediately came to Him out of affection, and in their joyful condition the milk flowed from their bags. Lord Ka was very pleased when passing through the Vndvana forest by the site of Govardhana Hill. On the bank of the Yamun He saw all the trees decorated with beehives pouring honey. There were many waterfalls on Govardhana Hill, and their flowing made a nice sound. Ka heard them as He looked into the caves of the hill. When the rainy season was not ended completely but was gradually turning to autumn, sometimes, especially when there was rainfall within the forest, Ka and His companions would sit under a tree or within the caves of Govardhana Hill and enjoy eating the ripened fruits and talking with great pleasure. When Ka and Balarma were in the forest, mother Yaod used to send Them some fruits, sweetmeats and rice mixed with yogurt. Ka would take them, sit down on a slab of stone on the bank of the Yamun, and call His friends to join Him. While Ka and Balarma and Their friends were eating, they watched the cows, calves and bulls. The cows appeared to be a little tired from standing with their heavy milk bags. By sitting and chewing grass, they became happy, and Ka was pleased to see them. He was proud to see the beauty of the forest due to the rainy season, which was nothing but the manifestation of His own energy. At such times Ka would praise natures special activities during the rainy season. It is stated in the Bhagavad-gt that the material energy, or nature, is not independent in its actions. Nature is acting under the superintendence of Ka. This is confirmed in the Brahma-sahit, which states that material nature, known as Durg, is acting as the shadow of Ka. Whatever order is sent from Ka, material nature obeys. Therefore the natural beauty created by the rainy season was acted out according to the indications of Ka, who thus felt very proud of material natures beautiful activities.

While Ka and Balarma were enjoying the gifts of the rainy season in this way, the autumn season gradually arrived, when all the water reservoirs become very clean, and when pleasing and refreshing air blows everywhere. With the appearance of autumn, the sky was completely cleared of all clouds, and it recovered its natural blue color. The blooming lotus flower in the clear water in the forest appeared like a person who has fallen down from yoga practice but again has become beautiful by resuming his spiritual life. Everything becomes naturally beautiful with the appearance of the autumn season. Similarly, when a materialistic person takes to Ka consciousness and spiritual life, he also becomes as clear as the sky and water in autumn.

The autumn season takes away the rolling of dark clouds in the sky as well as the polluted water. Filthy conditions on the ground also become cleansed. Similarly, a person who takes to Ka consciousness immediately becomes cleansed of all dirty things within and without. Ka is therefore known as Hari. Hari means he who takes away. Ka immediately takes away all unclean habits from anyone who takes to Ka consciousness. The clouds of autumn are white, for they do not carry any water. Similarly, a retired man, being freed from all responsibility of family affairs (namely, maintaining the home, wife and children) and taking completely to Ka consciousness, becomes freed from all anxieties and looks as white as clouds in autumn. Sometimes in autumn the falls come down from the top of the hill to supply clean water, and sometimes they stop. Similarly, sometimes great saintly persons distribute clear knowledge, and sometimes they are silent. The small ponds, which were filled with water because of the rainy season, gradually dry up in autumn. As for the small aquatics living in the reservoirs, they cannot understand that their ponds are diminishing day by day, as the materially engrossed persons cannot understand that their duration of life is being reduced day by day. Such persons are engaged in maintaining cows, property, children, wife, society and friendship. Due to the reduced water and scorching heat from the sun in the autumn season, the small creatures living in small reservoirs of water are very much disturbed; they are exactly like uncontrolled persons who are always unhappy from being unable to enjoy life or maintain their family members. The muddy earth gradually dries up, and newly grown fresh vegetation begins to wither. Similarly, for one who has taken to Ka consciousness, desire for family enjoyment gradually dries up.

Because of the appearance of the autumn season, the water of the ocean becomes calm and quiet, just as a person developed in self-realization becomes free from disturbance by the three modes of material nature. In autumn, farmers save the water within the fields by building strong walls so that the water contained within the field cannot run out. There is hardly any hope for new rainfalls; therefore they want to save whatever is in the field. Similarly, a person who is actually advanced in self-realization protects his energy by controlling the senses. It is advised that after the age of fifty one should retire from family life and should conserve the energy of the body for utilization in the advancement of Ka consciousness. Unless one is able to control the senses and engage them in the transcendental loving service of Mukunda, there is no possibility of salvation.

During the daytime in autumn, the sun is very scorching, but at night, due to the clear moonshine, people get relief from the days fatigue. If a person takes shelter of Mukunda, or Ka, he can be saved from the fatigue of misidentifying the body with the self. Mukunda, or Ka, is also the source of solace for the damsels of Vndvana. The damsels of Vrajabhmi are always suffering because of separation from Ka. When they meet Ka during the moonlit autumn night, their fatigue of separation is also satiated. When the sky is clear of all clouds, the stars at night shine very beautifully; similarly, when a person is actually situated in Ka consciousness, he is cleared of all dirty things, and he becomes as beautiful as the stars in the autumn sky. Although the Vedas contain instructions for pursuing knowledge (jna), for practicing mystic yoga and for engaging in karmic activities in the form of sacrifices, the ultimate purpose of the Vedas is stated in the Bhagavad-gt: one has to accept Ka consciousness after thoroughly studying the Vedas. Therefore the clean heart of a devotee in Ka consciousness can be compared to the clean sky of the autumn season. During autumn, the moon looks very bright along with the stars in the clear sky. Lord Ka Himself appeared in the sky of the Yadu dynasty, and He was exactly like the moon surrounded by the stars, or the members of the Yadu dynasty. When there are ample blooming flowers in the gardens in the forest, the fresh, aromatic breeze gives a great relief to the person who has suffered during the summer and rainy seasons. Unfortunately, such breezes could not give any relief to the gops because of their hearts dedication to Ka. People in general might have taken pleasure in that nice autumn breeze, but the gops, not being embraced by Ka, were not very satisfied.

On arrival of the autumn season, all the cows, deer, birds and females in general become pregnant, because in that season all the husbands generally become impelled by sex desire. Such pregnant females are exactly like the transcendentalists who, by the grace of the Supreme Lord, are bestowed with the benediction of their destinations in life. rla Rpa Gosvm has instructed in his Upademta that one should execute devotional service with great enthusiasm, patience and conviction and should follow the rules and regulations, keep oneself clean from material contamination and stay in the association of devotees. By following these six principles, one is sure to achieve the desired result of devotional service. For him who patiently follows the regulative principles of devotional service, the time will undoubtedly come when he will achieve the desired result, as the females reap results by becoming pregnant.

During the autumn, the lotus flowers in the lakes grow in large numbers because of the absence of lilies; both the lilies and the lotus flowers grow by sunshine, but during the autumn season the scorching sunshine helps only the lotus. This is compared to a country where the king or the government is strong: the unwanted elements like thieves and robbers cannot prosper. When the citizens become confident that they will not be attacked by robbers, they develop with great satisfaction. A strong government is compared to the scorching sunshine in the autumn season, the lilies are compared to unwanted persons like robbers, and the lotus flowers are compared to the satisfied citizens. During autumn, the fields become filled with ripened grains. At that time, the people become happy over the harvest and observe various ceremonies, such as Navnnathe offering of new grains to the Supreme Personality of Godhead. The new grains are first offered to the Deities in various temples, and all are invited to take sweet rice made with these new grains. There are other religious ceremonies and methods of worship, particularly in Bengal, where the greatest of all such ceremonies is held, called Durg-pj.

In Vndvana the autumn season was very beautiful then because of the presence of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Ka and Balarma. The mercantile community, the royal order and great sages were free to move about in order to achieve their desired benedictions. Similarly, the transcendentalists, when freed from the encagement of the material body, also achieve their desired goal. During the rainy season, the mercantile community cannot move from one place to another and so do not get their desired profit. Nor can the royal order go from one place to another to collect taxes from the people. As for saintly persons, who must travel to preach transcendental knowledge, they also are restrained by the rainy season. But during the autumn, all of them leave their confines. In the case of the transcendentalist, be he a jn, a yog or a devotee, because of the material body he cannot actually enjoy spiritual achievement. But as soon as he gives up the body, or after death, the jn merges into the spiritual effulgence of the Supreme Lord, the yog transfers himself to the various higher planets, and the devotee goes to the planet of the Supreme Lord, Goloka Vndvana, or the Vaikuhas, and thus enjoys his eternal spiritual life.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Twentieth Chapter of Ka, Description of Autumn.

KB 21: The Gops Attracted by the Flute

CHAPTER TWENTY-ONE

The Gops Attracted by the Flute

With the arrival of the beautiful autumn season, the waters in the lakes and rivers became as clear as crystal and filled with fragrant lotus flowers, and breezes blew very pleasantly. At that time, Ka entered the forest of Vndvana with the cows and cowherd boys. Ka was very much pleased with the atmosphere of the forest, where flowers bloomed and bees and drones hummed very jubilantly. While the birds, trees and plants were all looking very happy, Ka, tending the cows and accompanied by r Balarma and the cowherd boys, began to vibrate His transcendental flute. After hearing the vibration of the flute of Ka, the gops in Vndvana remembered Him and began to talk amongst themselves about how nicely Ka was playing His flute. When the gops were describing the sweet vibration of Kas flute, they also remembered their pastimes with Him; thus their minds became disturbed, and they were unable to describe completely the beautiful vibrations. While discussing the transcendental vibration, they remembered also how Ka dressed, decorated with a peacock feather on His head, just like a dancing actor, and with blue flowers pushed over His ear. His garment glowed yellow-gold, and He was garlanded with a vaijayant necklace. Dressed in such an attractive way, Ka filled up the holes of His flute with the nectar emanating from His lips. So they remembered Him, entering the forest of Vndvana, which is always glorified by the footprints of Ka and His companions.

Ka was very expert in playing the flute, and the gops were captivated by the sound vibration, which was attractive not only to them but to all living creatures who heard it. One of the gops told her friends, The highest perfection of the eyes is to see Ka and Balarma entering the forest and playing Their flutes and tending the cows with Their friends.

Persons who are constantly engaged in the transcendental meditation of seeing Ka, internally and externally, by thinking of Him playing the flute, entering the Vndvana forest and tending the cows with the cowherd boys have really attained the perfection of samdhi. Samdhi (trance) means absorption of all the activities of the senses in a particular object, and the gops indicate that the pastimes of Ka are the perfection of all meditation and samdhi. It is also confirmed in the Bhagavad-gt that anyone who is always absorbed in the thought of Ka is the topmost of all yogs.

Another gop expressed her opinion that Ka and Balarma, while tending the cows, appeared just like actors going to play on a dramatic stage. Ka was dressed in glowing garments of yellow, Balarma in blue, and They held new twigs of mango tree, peacock feathers and bunches of flowers in Their hands. Dressed with garlands of lotus flowers, They were sometimes singing very sweetly among Their friends. One gop told her friend, How is it Ka and Balarma are looking so beautiful? Another gop said, My dear friends, we cannot even think of His bamboo flutewhat sort of pious activities did it execute so that it is now enjoying the nectar of the lips of Ka, which is actually the property of us gops? Ka sometimes kisses the gops; therefore the transcendental nectar of His lips is available only to them. So the gops asked, How is it possible that the flute, which is nothing but a bamboo rod, is always engaged in enjoying the nectar from Kas lips? Because the flute is engaged in the service of the Supreme Lord, the mother and the father of the flute must be happy.

The lakes and the rivers are considered to be the mothers of the trees because the trees live simply by drinking water. So the waters of the lakes and rivers of Vndvana were in a happy mood, full of blooming lotus flowers, because the waters were thinking, How is it that our son, the bamboo rod, is enjoying the nectar of Kas lips? The bamboo trees standing by the banks of the rivers and the lakes were also happy to see their descendant so engaged in the service of the Lord, just as persons who are advanced in transcendental knowledge take pleasure in seeing their descendants engage in the service of the Lord. The trees were overwhelmed with joy and were incessantly yielding honey, which flowed from the beehives hanging on the branches.

Another gop spoke thus to her friend about Ka: Dear friend, our Vndvana is proclaiming the glories of this entire earth because this planet is glorified by the lotus footprints of the son of Devak. Besides that, when Govinda plays His flute, the peacocks immediately become mad, as if they had heard the rumbling of a new cloud. When all the animals and trees and plants, either on the top of Govardhana Hill or in the valley, see the dancing of the peacocks, they all stand still and listen to the transcendental sound of the flute with great attention. We think that this boon is not possible or available on any other planet. Although the gops were village cowherd women and girls, they had extensive Vedic knowledge. Such is the effect of Vedic civilization. People in general would learn the highest truths of the Vedas simply by hearing from authoritative sources.

Another gop said, My dear friends, just see the deer! Although they are dumb animals, they have approached the son of Mahrja Nanda, Ka. Not only are they attracted by the dress of Ka and Balarma, but as soon as they hear the playing of the flute, the deer, along with their husbands, offer respectful obeisances unto the Lord by looking at Him with great affection. The gops were envious of the deer because the deer were able to offer their service to Ka along with their husbands. The gops thought themselves not so fortunate because whenever they wanted to go to Ka, their husbands were not very happy.

Another gop said, My dear friends, Ka is so nicely dressed that He appears to be the impetus to various kinds of ceremonies held by the womenfolk. Even the wives of the denizens of heaven become attracted after hearing the transcendental sound of His flute. Although they are traveling in the air in their airplanes, enjoying the company of their husbands, on hearing the sound of Kas flute, they immediately become perturbed. Their hair is loosened, and their tight belts are slackened. This means that the transcendental sound of the flute of Ka extended to all corners of the universe. Also, it is significant that the gops knew about the different kinds of airplanes flying in the sky.

Another gop said to her friends, My dear friends, the cows are also charmed as soon as they hear the transcendental sound of the flute of Ka. It sounds to them like the pouring of nectar, and they immediately spread their long ears just to catch the liquid nectar of the flute. As for the calves, they are seen with the nipples of their mothers pressed in their mouths, but they cannot suck the milk. They remain struck with devotion, and tears glide down their eyes, illustrating vividly how they are embracing Ka heart to heart. These phenomena indicate that even the cows and calves in Vndvana knew how to cry for Ka and embrace Him heart to heart. Actually, the perfection of Ka consciousness can be culminated in the shedding of tears from the eyes.

Another young gop told her mother, My dear mother, the birds, who are all looking at Ka playing on His flute, are sitting very attentively on the branches and twigs of different trees. From their features it appears that they have forgotten everything and are engaged only in hearing Kas flute. This proves that they are not ordinary birds; they are great sages and devotees, and just to hear Kas flute they have appeared in Vndvana forest as birds. Great sages and scholars are interested in Vedic knowledge, but the essence of Vedic knowledge is stated in the Bhagavad-gt: vedai ca sarvair aham eva vedya [Bg. 15.15]. Through the knowledge of the Vedas, Ka has to be understood. From the behavior of these birds, it appeared that they were great scholars in Vedic knowledge and that they took to Kas transcendental vibration and rejected all branches of Vedic knowledge. Even the river Yamun, being desirous to embrace the lotus feet of Ka after hearing the transcendental vibration of His flute, broke her fierce waves to flow very nicely with lotus flowers in her hands, just to present flowers to Mukunda with deep feeling.

The scorching heat of the autumn sunshine was sometimes intolerable, and therefore the clouds in the sky appeared in sympathy above Ka and Balarma and Their boyfriends while They engaged in blowing Their flutes. The clouds served as a soothing umbrella over Their heads just to make friendship with Ka.

The aborigine girls became fully satisfied when they smeared their faces and breasts with the dust of Vndvana, which was reddish from the touch of Kas lotus feet. The aborigine girls had very full breasts, and they were also very lusty, but when their lovers touched their breasts, the girls were not very much satisfied. When they came out into the midst of the forest, they saw that while Ka was walking, some of the leaves and creepers of Vndvana had turned reddish from the kukuma powder which fell from His lotus feet. His lotus feet are held by the gops on their breasts, which are smeared with kukuma powder, but when Ka travels in the Vndvana forest with Balarma and His boyfriends, the reddish powder falls on the ground of the Vndvana forest. So the lusty aborigine girls, while looking toward Ka playing His flute, saw the reddish kukuma on the ground and immediately took it and smeared it over their faces and breasts. In this way they became fully satisfied, although they were not satisfied when their lovers touched their breasts. All material lusty desires can be immediately satisfied if one comes in contact with Ka consciousness.

Another gop began to praise the unique position of Govardhana Hill in this way: How fortunate is this Govardhana Hill, for it is enjoying the association of Lord Ka and Balarma, who are accustomed to walk on it. Thus Govardhana is always in touch with the lotus feet of the Lord. And because Govardhana Hill is so obliged to Lord Ka and Balarma, it is supplying different kinds of fruits, roots and herbs, as well as very pleasing crystal water from its lakes, in presentation to the Lord. The best presentation offered by Govardhana Hill, however, is newly grown grass for the cows and calves. Govardhana Hill knows how to please the Lord by pleasing His most beloved associates, the cows and the cowherd boys.

Another gop said, Everything appears wonderful when Ka and Balarma travel in the forest of Vndvana playing Their flutes and making intimate friendship with all kinds of moving and nonmoving living creatures. When Ka and Balarma play on Their transcendental flutes, the moving creatures become stunned and stop their activities, and the nonmoving living creatures, like trees and plants, begin to shiver with ecstasy. These are the wonderful reactions to the vibration of the transcendental flutes of Ka and Balarma.

Ka and Balarma carried binding ropes on Their shoulders and in Their hands, just like ordinary cowherd boys. While milking the cows, the boys bound their hind legs with a small rope. This rope almost always hung from the shoulders of the boys, and it was not absent from the shoulders of Ka and Balarma. In spite of Their being the Supreme Personality of Godhead, They played exactly like cowherd boys, and therefore everything became wonderful and attractive.

While Ka was engaged in tending the cows in the forest of Vndvana or on Govardhana Hill, the gops in the village were always absorbed in thinking of Him and discussing His different pastimes. This is the perfect example of Ka consciousness: to somehow or other remain always engrossed in thoughts of Ka. The vivid example is always present in the behavior of the gops; therefore Lord Caitanya declared that no one can worship the Supreme Lord by any method which is better than the method of the gops. The gops were not born in very high brhmaa or katriya families; they were born in the families of vaiyas, and not in big mercantile communities but in the families of cowherd men. They were not very well educated, although they heard all sorts of knowledge from the brhmaas, the authorities of Vedic knowledge. The gops only purpose was to remain always absorbed in thoughts of Ka.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Twenty-first Chapter of Ka, The Gops Attracted by the Flute.

KB 22: Stealing the Garments of the Unmarried Gop Girls

CHAPTER TWENTY-TWO

Stealing the Garments of the Unmarried Gop Girls

According to Vedic civilization, unmarried girls from ten to fourteen years of age are supposed to worship either Lord iva or the goddess Durg in order to get a nice husband. But the unmarried girls of Vndvana were already attracted by the beauty of Ka. They were, however, engaged in the worship of the goddess Durg in the beginning of the Hemanta season (just prior to the winter season). The first month of Hemanta is called Agrahyana (October-November), and at that time all the unmarried gops of Vndvana began to worship goddess Durg with a vow. They first ate haviynna, a kind of food prepared by boiling together mung dhal and rice without any spices or turmeric. According to Vedic injunction, this kind of food is recommended to purify the body before one enacts a ritualistic ceremony. All the unmarried gops in Vndvana used to daily worship goddess Ktyyan early in the morning after taking a bath in the river Yamun. Ktyyan is another name for goddess Durg. The goddess is worshiped by preparing a doll made of sand from the bank of the Yamun. It is recommended in the Vedic scriptures that a deity may be made from different kinds of material elements: it can be painted, made of metal, made of jewels, made of wood, earth or stone or can be conceived within the heart of the worshiper. The Myvd philosopher takes all these forms of the deity to be imaginary, but actually they are accepted in the Vedic scriptures to be identical with either the Supreme Lord or a respective demigod.

The unmarried gops used to prepare the deity of goddess Durg and worship it with candana pulp, garlands, incense, lamps and all kinds of presentationsfruits, grains and twigs of plants. After worshiping, it is the custom to pray for some benediction. The unmarried girls used to pray with great devotion to goddess Ktyyan, addressing her as follows: O supreme external energy of the Personality of Godhead, O supreme mystic power, O supreme controller of this material world, O goddess, please be kind to us and arrange for our marriage with the son of Nanda Mahrja, Ka. The Vaiavas generally do not worship any demigods. rla Narottama dsa hkura has strictly forbidden all worship of the demigods for anyone who wants to advance in pure devotional service. Yet the gops, who are beyond compare in their affection for Ka, were seen to worship Durg. The worshipers of demigods also sometimes mention that the gops also worshiped goddess Durg, but we must understand the purpose of the gops. Generally, people worship goddess Durg for some material benediction. Here, the gops prayed to the goddess to become wives of Lord Ka. The purport is that if Ka is the center of activity, a devotee can adopt any means to achieve that goal. The gops could adopt any means to satisfy or serve Ka. That was the superexcellent characteristic of the gops. They worshiped goddess Durg completely for one month in order to have Ka as their husband. Every day they prayed for Ka, the son of Nanda Mahrja, to become their husband.

Early in the morning, the gops used to go to the bank of the Yamun to take a bath. They would assemble together, holding one anothers hands, and loudly sing of the wonderful pastimes of Ka. It is an old system among Indian girls and women that when they take a bath in the river they place their garments on the bank and dip into the water completely naked. The portion of the river where the girls and women bathe was strictly prohibited to any male, and this is still the system. The Supreme Personality of Godhead, knowing the minds of the unmarried young gops, blessed them with their desired objective. They had prayed for Ka to become their husband, and Ka wanted to fulfill their desires.

At the end of the month, Ka, along with His friends, appeared on the scene. Another name of Ka is Yogevara, or master of all mystic powers. By practicing meditation, the yog can study the psychic movement of other men, and certainly Ka could understand the desire of the gops. Appearing on the scene, Ka immediately collected all the garments of the gops, climbed up into a nearby tree, and with a smiling face began to speak to them.

My dear girls, He said, please come here one after another and pray for your garments and then take them away. Im not joking with you. Im just telling the truth. I have no desire to play any joke with you, for you are tired from observing the regulative principles for one month by worshiping goddess Ktyyan. Please do not come here all at once. Come alone; I want to see each of you in your complete beauty, for you all have thin waists. I have requested you to come alone. Now please comply.

When the girls in the water heard such joking words from Ka, they began to look at one another and smile. They were very joyous to hear such a request from Ka because they were already in love with Him. Out of shyness, they looked at one another, but they could not come out of the water because they were naked. Due to remaining in the water for a long time, they felt cold and were shivering, yet upon hearing the pleasing, joking words of Govinda, their minds were perturbed with great joy. They told Ka, Dear son of Nanda Mahrja, please do not joke with us in that way. It is completely unjust to us. You are a very respectable boy because You are the son of Nanda Mahrja, and You are very dear to us, but You should not play this joke on us because now we are all shivering from the cold water. Kindly deliver our garments immediately; otherwise we shall suffer. They then began to appeal to Ka with great submission. Dear ymasundara, they said, we are all Your eternal servitors. Whatever You order us to do, we are obliged to perform without hesitation because we consider it our religious duty. But if You insist on putting this proposal to us, which is impossible to perform, then certainly we will have to go to Nanda Mahrja and lodge a complaint against You. If Nanda Mahrja does not take action, then we shall tell King Kasa about Your misbehavior.

Upon hearing this appeal by the unmarried gops, Ka answered, My dear girls, if you think that you are My eternal servitors and you are always ready to execute My order, then My request is that, with your smiling faces, you please come here alone, one after another, and take away your garments. If you do not come here, however, and if you lodge complaints to My father, I shall not care anyway, for I know My father is old and cannot take any action against Me.

When the gops saw that Ka was strong and determined, they had no alternative but to abide by His order. One after another they came out of the water, but because they were completely naked, they tried to cover their nakedness by placing their left hand over their pubic area. In that posture they were all shivering. Their simple presentation was so pure that Lord Ka immediately became pleased with them. All the unmarried gops who prayed to Ktyyan to have Ka as their husband were thus satisfied. A woman cannot be naked before any male except her husband. The unmarried gops desired Ka as their husband, and He fulfilled their desire in this way. Being pleased with them, He took their garments on His shoulder and began to speak as follows: My dear girls, you have committed a great offense by going naked in the river Yamun. Because of this, the predominating deity of the Yamun, Varuadeva, has become displeased with you. Please, therefore, just touch your foreheads with folded palms and bow down before the demigod Varua in order to be excused from this offensive act. The gops were all simple souls, and whatever Ka said they took to be true. In order to be freed from the wrath of Varuadeva, as well as to fulfill the desired end of their vows and ultimately to please their worshipable Lord, Ka, they immediately abided by His order. Thus they became the greatest lovers of Ka, and His most obedient servitors.

Nothing can compare to the Ka consciousness of the gops. Actually, the gops did not care for Varua or any other demigod; they only wanted to satisfy Ka. Ka became very ingratiated and satisfied by the simple dealings of the gops, and He immediately delivered their respective garments, one after another. Although Ka cheated the young unmarried gops and made them stand naked before Him and enjoyed joking words with them, and although He treated them just like dolls and stole their garments, they were still pleased with Him and never lodged complaints against Him. This attitude of the gops is described by Lord Caitanya Mahprabhu when He prays, My dear Lord Ka, You may embrace Me or trample Me under Your feet, or You may make Me brokenhearted by never being present before Me. Whatever You like, You can do, because You have complete freedom to act. But in spite of all Your dealings, You are My Lord eternally, and I have no other worshipable object. This is the attitude of the gops toward Ka.

Lord Ka was pleased with them, and since they all desired to have Him as their husband, He told them, My dear well-behaved girls, I know of your desire for Me and why you worshiped goddess Ktyyan, and I completely approve of your action. Anyone whose full consciousness is always absorbed in Me, even if in lust, is elevated. As a fried seed cannot fructify, so any desire in connection with My loving service cannot produce any fruitive result, as in ordinary karma.

There is a statement in the Brahma-sahit: karmi nirdahati kintu ca bhakti-bhjm [Bs. 5.54]. Everyone is bound by his fruitive activities, but the devotees, because they work completely for the satisfaction of the Lord, suffer no reactions. Similarly, the gops attitude toward Ka, although seemingly lusty, should not be considered to be like the lusty desires of ordinary women. The reason is explained by Ka Himself. Activities in devotional service to Ka are transcendental to any fruitive result.

My dear gops, Ka continued, your desire to have Me as your husband will be fulfilled because it is with this desire that you worshiped goddess Ktyyan. I promise you that during the next autumn season you shall be able to meet with Me, and you shall enjoy Me as your husband.

Later Ka, in the company of His cowherd boyfriends, took shelter of the shade of some trees and became very happy. Thus He addressed the inhabitants of Vndvana: My dear Stoka Ka, My dear Varthapa, My dear Bhadrasena, My dear Sudm, My dear Subala, My dear Arjuna, My dear Vila, My dear abhajust look at these most fortunate trees of Vndvana. They have dedicated their lives to the welfare of others. Individually they are tolerating all kinds of natural disturbances, such as hurricanes, torrents of rain, scorching heat and piercing cold, but they are very careful to relieve our fatigue and give us shelter. My dear friends, I think they are glorified in this birth as trees. They are so careful to give shelter to others that they are like noble, highly elevated charitable men who never deny charity to one who approaches them. No one is denied shelter by these trees. They supply various kinds of facilities to human society, such as leaves, flowers, fruit, shade, roots, bark, flavor extracts and fuel. They are the perfect example of noble life. They are like a noble person who has sacrificed everything possiblehis body, mind, activities, intelligence and wordsfor the welfare of all living entities.

Thus the Supreme Personality of Godhead walked on the bank of the Yamun, touching the leaves of the trees and their fruits, flowers and twigs, and praising their glorious welfare activities. Different people may accept certain welfare activities to be beneficial for human society, according to their own views, but the welfare activity that can be rendered to people in general, for eternal benefit, is the spreading of the Ka consciousness movement. Everyone should be prepared to propagate this movement. As instructed by Lord Caitanya, one should be humbler than the grass on the ground and more tolerant than the tree. The toleration of the tree is explained by Lord Ka Himself, and those who are engaged in the preaching of Ka consciousness should learn lessons from the teachings of Lord Ka and Lord Caitanya through Their direct disciplic succession.

While passing through the forest of Vndvana on the bank of the Yamun, Ka sat down at a beautiful spot and allowed the cows to drink the cold and transparent water of the Yamun. Being fatigued, the cowherd boys, Ka and Balarma also drank. After seeing the young gops bathing in the Yamun, Ka passed the rest of the morning with the boys.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Twenty-second Chapter of Ka, Stealing the Garments of the Unmarried Gop Girls.

KB 23: Delivering the Wives of the Brhmaas Who Performed Sacrifices

CHAPTER TWENTY-THREE

Delivering the Wives of the Brhmaas Who Performed Sacrifices

The morning passed, and the cowherd boys were very hungry because they had not eaten breakfast. They immediately approached Ka and Balarma and said, Dear Ka and Balarma, You are both all-powerful; You can kill many, many demons, but today we are much afflicted with hunger, and this is disturbing us. Please arrange for something that will mitigate our hunger.

Requested in this way by Their friends, Lord Ka and Balarma immediately showed compassion on certain wives of brhmaas who were performing sacrifices. These wives were great devotees of the Lord, and Ka took this opportunity to bless them. He said, My dear friends, please go to the house of the brhmaas nearby. They are now engaged in performing Vedic sacrifices known as girasa, for they desire elevation to the heavenly planets. All of you please go to them. Then Lord Ka warned His friends, These brhmaas are not Vaiavas. They cannot even chant Our names, Ka and Balarma. They are very busy in chanting the Vedic hymns, although the purpose of Vedic knowledge is to find Me. But because they are not attracted by the names of Ka and Balarma, you had better not ask them for anything in My name. Better ask for some charity in the name of Balarma.

Charity is generally given to high-class brhmaas, but Ka and Balarma did not appear in a brhmaa family. Balarma was known as the son of Vasudeva, a katriya, and Ka was known in Vndvana as the son of Nanda Mahrja, who was a vaiya. Neither belonged to the brhmaa community. Therefore, Ka considered that the brhmaas engaged in performing sacrifices might not be induced to give charity to a katriya and vaiya. But at least if you utter the name of Balarma, they may prefer to give in charity to a katriya rather than to Me, because I am only a vaiya.

Being thus ordered by the Supreme Personality of Godhead, all the boys went to the brhmaas and began to ask for some charity. They approached them with folded hands and fell down on the ground to offer respect. O earthly gods, kindly hear us who are ordered by Lord Ka and Balarma. We hope you know Them both very well, and we wish you all good fortune. Ka and Balarma are tending cows nearby, and we have accompanied Them. We have come to ask for some food from you. You are all brhmaas and knowers of religious principles, and if you think that you should give us charity, then give us some food, and we all shall eat along with Ka and Balarma. You are the most respectable brhmaas within the human society, and you are expected to know all the principles of religious procedure.

Although the boys were village boys and were not expected to be learned in all the Vedic principles of religious ritual, they hinted that because of their association with Ka and Balarma, they knew all those principles. By addressing the brhmaas as knowers of all religious principles, the boys expressed the point of view that when the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Ka and Balarma, were asking for food, the brhmaas should immediately deliver some without hesitation, because, as stated in the Bhagavad-gt, one should perform yaja (sacrifices) only for the satisfaction of Viu.

The boys continued, Lord Viu as Ka and Balarma is standing waiting, and you should immediately deliver whatever food you have in your stock. They also explained to the brhmaas when food is to be accepted and when it is not to be accepted. Generally, the Vaiavas, or pure devotees of the Lord, do not take part in ordinary sacrificial performances. But they know very well the ceremonials called dk, pau-sasth and sautrmai. One is permitted to take food after the procedure of dk and before the animal sacrificial ceremony and the sautrmai, or ceremony in which liquors are also offered. The boys said, We can take your food at the present stage of your ceremony, for now it will not be prohibited. So you can deliver us the food.

Although the companions of Lord Ka and Balarma were simple cowherd boys, they were in a position to dictate even to the high-class brhmaas engaged in the Vedic rituals of sacrifice. But the smrta-brhmaas, who were simply sacrificial-minded, could not understand the dictation of the transcendental devotees of the Lord. They could not even appreciate the begging of the Supreme Lord, Ka and Balarma. Although they heard all the arguments on behalf of Ka and Balarma, they did not care for them, and they refused to speak to the boys. Despite being highly elevated in the knowledge of Vedic sacrificial rites, all such nondevotee brhmaas, although they think of themselves as very highly elevated, are ignorant, foolish persons. All their activities are childish because they do not know the purpose of the Vedas, as it is explained in the Bhagavad-gt: to understand Ka. In spite of their advancement in Vedic knowledge and rituals, they do not understand Ka; therefore their knowledge of the Vedas is useless. Lord Caitanya, therefore, gave His valuable opinion that although a person may not be born in a brhmaa family, if he knows Ka or the science of Ka consciousness he is more than a brhmaa, and he is quite fit to become a spiritual master.

There are various details to be observed in the performance of sacrifices. They are known as dea, place; kla, time; pthag-dravya, the different detailed paraphernalia; mantra, hymns; tantra, scriptural evidences; agni, fire; tvik, learned performers of sacrifices; devat, the demigods; yajamna, the performer of the sacrifices; kratu, the sacrifice itself; and dharma, the procedures. All these are for satisfying Ka. It is confirmed that He is the actual enjoyer of all sacrifices because He is directly the Supreme Personality of Godhead and the Supreme Absolute Truth, beyond the conception or speculation of material senses. He is present just like an ordinary human boy. But for persons who identify themselves with the body, it is very difficult to understand Him. The brhmaas were very interested in the comforts of this material body and in elevation to the higher planetary residences called svarga-vsa. They were therefore completely unable to understand the position of Ka.

When the boys saw that the brhmaas would not reply to them even with a simple yes or no, they became very disappointed. They then returned to Lord Ka and Balarma and explained everything that had happened. After hearing their statements, the Supreme Personality of Godhead smiled. He told them that they should not be sorry for being refused by the brhmaas, because that is the way of begging. He convinced them that one who is engaged in collecting or begging should not think that he will be successful everywhere. He may be unsuccessful in some places, but that should not be cause for disappointment. Lord Ka then asked all the boys to go again, but this time to the wives of those brhmaas engaged in sacrifices. He also informed them that these wives were great devotees. They are always absorbed in thinking of Us. Go there and ask for some food in My name and the name of Balarma, and I am sure that they will deliver you as much food as you desire.

Carrying out Kas order, the boys immediately went to the wives of the brhmaas. They found the wives sitting inside a house. They were very beautifully decorated with ornaments. After offering them all respectful obeisances, the boys said, Dear mothers, please accept our humble obeisances and hear our statement. May we inform you that Lord Ka and Balarma are nearby. They have come here with the cows, and you may know also that we have come here under Their instructions. All of us are very hungry; therefore, we have come to you for some food. Please give us something to eat for Ka, Balarma and ourselves.

Immediately upon hearing this, the wives of the brhmaas became anxious for Ka and Balarma. These reactions were spontaneous. They did not have to be convinced of the importance of Ka and Balarma; immediately upon hearing Their names, they became very eager to see Them. Being advanced by thinking of Ka constantly, they were performing the greatest form of mystic meditation. All the wives then became very busily engaged in filling up different pots with nice food. Due to the performance of the sacrifice, the various foods were all very palatable. After collecting a feast, they prepared to go to Ka, their most beloved object, exactly in the way rivers flow to the sea.

For a long time the wives had been eager to see Ka. However, when they were preparing to leave home to go see Him, their husbands, fathers, sons and relatives asked them not to go. But the wives did not comply. When a devotee is called by the attraction of Ka, he does not care for bodily ties. The women entered the forest of Vndvana on the bank of the Yamun, which was verdant with vegetation and newly grown vines and flowers. Within that forest they saw Ka and Balarma engaged in tending the cows along with Their very affectionate boyfriends.

The brhmaas wives saw Ka with a blackish complexion, wearing a garment that glittered like gold. He wore a nice garland of forest flowers and a peacock feather on His head. He was also painted with the minerals found in Vndvana, and He looked exactly like a dancing actor on a theatrical stage. They saw Him keeping one hand on the shoulder of His friend, and in His other hand He was holding a lotus flower. His ears were decorated with lilies, He wore marks of tilaka, and He was smiling charmingly. With their very eyes the wives of the brhmaas saw the Supreme Personality of Godhead, of whom they had heard so much, who was so dear to them, and in whom their minds were always absorbed. Now they saw Him eye to eye and face to face, and Ka entered within their hearts through their eyes.

Within themselves they began to embrace Ka to their hearts content, and the distress of separation was mitigated immediately. They were just like great sages who, by their advancement of knowledge, merge into the existence of the Supreme. As the Supersoul living in everyones heart, Lord Ka could understand their minds; they had come to Him despite all the protests of their relatives, fathers, husbands and brothers, and despite all the duties of household affairs. They came just to see Him, who was their life and soul. They were exactly following Kas instruction in the Bhagavad-gt: one should surrender to Him, giving up all varieties of occupational and religious duties. He therefore began to speak to them, smiling very magnificently. It should be noted in this connection that when Ka entered into the wives hearts and when they embraced Him and felt the transcendental bliss of being merged with Him, the Supreme Lord Ka did not lose His identity, nor did the individual wives lose theirs. The individuality of both the Lord and the wives remained, yet they felt oneness in existence. When a lover submits to his lover without any pinch of personal consideration, that is called oneness. Lord Caitanya has taught us this feeling of oneness in His ikaka: Ka may act freely, doing whatever He likes, but the devotee should always be in oneness or in agreement with His desires. That oneness was exhibited by the wives of the brhmaas in their love for Ka.

Ka welcomed them with the following words: My dear wives of the brhmaas, you are all very fortunate and welcomed here. Please let Me know what can I do for you. Your coming here to see Me, neglecting all the restrictions and hindrances of relatives, fathers, brothers and husbands, is completely befitting. One who does this actually knows his self-interest, because rendering transcendental loving service unto Me, without motive or restriction, is actually auspicious for the living entities.

Lord Ka here confirms that the conditioned soul can reach the highest perfectional stage by surrendering to Him. One must give up all other responsibilities. This complete surrender unto the Supreme Personality of Godhead is the most auspicious path for the conditioned soul because the Supreme Lord is the supreme objective of love. Everyone is loving his self according to the advancement of his knowledge. Ultimately, when a person comes to understand that his self is the spirit soul and that the spirit soul is nothing but a part and parcel of the Supreme Lord, he recognizes the Supreme Lord as the ultimate goal of love and then surrenders unto Him. This surrender is considered auspicious for the conditioned soul. Our life, property, home, wife, children, house, country, society and all paraphernalia which are very dear to us are expansions of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. He is the central object of love because He gives us all bliss, expanding Himself in so many ways according to our different situations, namely bodily, mental or spiritual.

My dear wives of the brhmaas, Ka said, you can now return to your homes. Engage yourselves in sacrificial activities and in the service of your husbands and household affairs so that your husbands will be pleased with you and the sacrifice which they have begun will be properly executed. After all, your husbands are householders, and without your help how can they execute their prescribed duties?

The wives of the brhmaas replied, Dear Lord, this sort of instruction does not befit You. Your eternal promise is that You will always protect Your devotees, and now You must fulfill this promise. Anyone who comes and surrenders unto You never goes back to the conditioned life of material existence. We expect that You will now fulfill Your promise. We have surrendered unto Your lotus feet, which are covered by tulas leaves, so we have no desire to give up the shelter of Your lotus feet and return to the company of our so-called relatives, friends and society. And what shall we do if we return home? Our husbands, brothers, fathers, sons, mothers and friends will no longer accept us at home because we have already left them all. Therefore we have no shelter to return to. Please, therefore, do not ask us to return home, but arrange for our stay under Your lotus feet so that we can eternally live under Your protection.

The Supreme Personality of Godhead replied, My dear wives of the brhmaas, rest assured that your husbands will not neglect you on your return, nor will your brothers, sons, or fathers refuse to accept you. Because you are My pure devotees, not only your relatives but also people in general, as well as the demigods, will be satisfied with you. Ka is situated as the Supersoul in everyones heart. So if someone becomes a pure devotee of Lord Ka, he immediately becomes pleasing to everyone. The pure devotee of Lord Ka is never inimical to anyone, nor can any sane person be an enemy of a pure devotee. Transcendental love for Me does not depend upon bodily connection, Ka said further, but anyone whose mind is always absorbed in Me will surely, very soon, come to Me for My eternal association.

After being instructed by the Supreme Personality of Godhead, all the wives returned home to their respective husbands. Pleased to see their wives back home, the brhmaas sat together with them and executed the performances of sacrifices as enjoined in the stras. According to Vedic principle, religious rituals must be executed by the husband and wife together. When the brhmaas wives returned, the sacrifice was duly and nicely executed. One of the brhmaas wives, however, who was forcibly checked from going to see Ka, began to remember Him as she heard of His bodily features. Being completely absorbed in His thought, she gave up her material body conditioned by the laws of nature.

After the departure of the brhmaas wives, r Govinda and His cowherd boyfriends enjoyed the food they had offered. In this way the ever-joyful Personality of Godhead exhibited His transcendental pastimes in the guise of an ordinary human being in order to attract the common people to Ka consciousness. With His words and beauty He attracted all the cows, cowherd boys and damsels in Vndvana. All of them together enjoyed the pastimes of the Lord.

After the return of their wives from Ka, the brhmaas engaged in the performance of sacrifices began to regret their sinful activities in refusing food to the Supreme Personality of Godhead. They could finally understand their mistake; engaged in the performance of Vedic rituals, they had neglected the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who had appeared just like an ordinary human being and asked for some food. They began to condemn themselves after seeing the faith and devotion of their wives. They regretted very much that, although their wives were elevated to the platform of pure devotional service, they themselves could not understand even a little bit of how to love and offer transcendental loving service to the Supreme Soul. They began to talk among themselves: To hell with our being born brhmaas! To hell with our learning all the Vedic scriptures! To hell with our performing great sacrifices and observing all the rules and regulations! To hell with our family! To hell with our expert service in performing the rituals exactly according to the description of the scriptures! To hell with it all, for we have not developed transcendental loving service to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is beyond the speculation of the mind, body and senses.

The learned brhmaas, expert in Vedic ritualistic performances, were properly regretful, because if one does not develop Ka consciousness, all discharge of religious duties is simply a waste of time and energy. They continued to talk among themselves: The external energy of Ka is so strong that it can create illusion to overcome even the greatest mystic yog. Although we expert brhmaas are considered to be the teachers of all other sections of human society, we also have been illusioned by the external energy. Just see how fortunate these women are! They have so devotedly dedicated their lives to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Ka, that they could easily do what is ordinarily so difficult: they gave up their family connections, which are just like a dark well for the continuation of material miseries. Women in general, being very simple at heart, can very easily take to Ka consciousness, and when they develop love of Ka they can easily get liberation from the clutches of my, which are very difficult for even so-called intelligent and learned men to surpass.

The brhmaas continued, According to Vedic injunction, women are not allowed to undergo the purificatory process of initiation by the sacred thread, nor are they allowed to live as brahmacris in the rama of the spiritual master, nor are they advised to undergo the strict disciplinary procedures, nor are they very expert in discussing the philosophy of self-realization. And by nature they are not very pure, nor are they very much attached to auspicious activities. Therefore, how wonderful it is that these women have developed transcendental love for Ka, the Lord of all mystic yogs! They have surpassed all of us in firm faith and devotion unto Ka. Being too much attached to the materialistic way of life, although we are considered to be masters in all purificatory processes, we did not actually know what the goal is. Even though we were reminded of Ka and Balarma by the cowherd boys, we disregarded Them. We now think that the Supreme Personality of Godhead simply played a trick of mercy on us by sending His friends to beg food from us. Otherwise, He had no need to send them. He could have satisfied their hunger then and there just by willing to do so.

If someone denies the self-sufficiency of Ka on hearing that He was tending the cows for His livelihood, or if someone doubts His not being in need of the food, thinking that He was actually hungry, then such a person should understand that the goddess of fortune is always engaged in His service. In this way the goddess can break her faulty habit of restlessness. In Vedic scriptures like the Brahma-sahit it is stated that Ka is served in His abode with great respect by not only one goddess of fortune but many thousands. Therefore it is simply illusion for one to think that Ka begged food from the brhmaas. It was actually a trick to show them mercy by teaching them that they should accept Him in pure devotional service instead of engaging in ritualistic ceremonies. The Vedic ceremonial paraphernalia, the suitable place, the suitable time, the different grades of articles for performing the ritualistic ceremonies, the Vedic hymns, the process of sacrifice, the priest who is able to perform the sacrifice, the fire, the demigods, the performer of the sacrifice and the religious principles are all meant for understanding Ka, for Ka is the Supreme Personality of Godhead. He is the Supreme Lord Viu and the Lord of all mystic yogs.

Because He has appeared as a child in the dynasty of the Yadus, we were so foolish that we could not understand that He is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the brhmaas said. But on the other hand, we are very proud because we have such exalted wives who have developed pure transcendental service of the Lord without being shackled by our rigid opposition. Let us therefore offer our respectful obeisances unto the lotus feet of Lord Ka, under whose illusory energy, called my, we are absorbed in fruitive activities. We therefore pray to the Lord to be kind enough to excuse us because we are simply captivated by His external energy. We transgressed His order without knowing His transcendental glories.

The brhmaas repented for their sinful activities. They wanted to go personally to offer their obeisances unto Him, but being afraid of Kasa, they could not go to Ka and surrender unto Him. In other words, it is very difficult for one to surrender fully unto the Personality of Godhead without being purified by devotional service. The example of the learned brhmaas and their wives is vivid. The wives of the brhmaas, because they were inspired by pure devotional service, did not care for any kind of opposition. They immediately went to Ka. But the brhmaas, although they had come to know the supremacy of the Lord and were repenting, were still afraid of King Kasa because they were too much addicted to fruitive activities.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Twenty-third Chapter of Ka, Delivering the Wives of the Brhmaas Who Performed Sacrifices.

KB 24: Worshiping Govardhana Hill

CHAPTER TWENTY-FOUR

Worshiping Govardhana Hill

While engaged with the brhmaas who were too much involved in the performance of Vedic sacrifices, Ka and Balarma also saw that the cowherd men were preparing a similar sacrifice in order to pacify Indra, the King of heaven, who is responsible for supplying water. As stated in the Caitanya-caritmta, a devotee of Ka has strong and firm faith in the understanding that if he is simply engaged in Ka consciousness and Kas transcendental loving service, then he is freed from all other obligations. A pure devotee of Lord Ka doesnt have to perform any of the ritualistic functions enjoined in the Vedas; nor is he required to worship any demigods. Being a devotee of Lord Ka, one is understood to have performed all kinds of Vedic rituals and all kinds of worship to the demigods. One does not develop devotional service for Ka by performing the Vedic ritualistic ceremonies or worshiping the demigods, but it should be understood that one who is engaged fully in the service of the Lord has already fulfilled all Vedic injunctions.

In order to stop all such activities by His devotees, Ka wanted to firmly establish exclusive devotional service during His presence in Vndvana. Because He is the omniscient Personality of Godhead, Ka knew that the cowherd men were preparing for the Indra sacrifice, but as a matter of etiquette He began to inquire with great honor and submission from elder personalities like Mahrja Nanda.

Ka asked His father, My dear father, what is this arrangement going on for a great sacrifice? What is the result of such a sacrifice, and for whom is it meant? How is it performed? Will you kindly let Me know? I am very eager to know this procedure, so please explain to Me the purpose of this sacrifice. Upon this inquiry, His father, Nanda Mahrja, remained silent, thinking that his young boy would not be able to understand the intricacies of performing the yaja. Ka, however, persisted: My dear father, for those who are liberal and saintly, there is no secrecy. They do not think anyone to be a friend, an enemy or a neutral party, because they are always open to everyone. And even for those who are not so liberal, nothing should be kept secret from the family members and friends, although secrecy may be maintained for persons who are inimical. Therefore you cannot keep any secrets from Me. All persons are engaged in fruitive activities. Some know what these activities are, and they know the result, and some execute activities without knowing the purpose or the result. A person who acts with full knowledge gets the full result; one who acts without knowledge does not get such a perfect result. Therefore, please let Me know the purpose of the sacrifice you are going to perform. Is it according to Vedic injunction? Or is it simply a popular ceremony? Kindly let Me know in detail about the sacrifice.

On hearing this inquiry from Ka, Mahrja Nanda replied, My dear boy, this ceremonial performance is more or less traditional. Because rainfall is due to the mercy of King Indra and the clouds are his representatives, and because water is so important for our living, we must show some gratitude to the controller of this rainfall, Mahrja Indra. We are arranging, therefore, to pacify King Indra, because he has very kindly sent us clouds to pour down a sufficient quantity of rain for successful agricultural activities. Water is very important: without rainfall we cannot farm or produce grain, and without grain we cannot live. Therefore rain is necessary for successful religious ceremonies, economic development and, ultimately, liberation. So we should not give up this traditional ceremonial function; if one gives it up, being influenced by lust, greed or fear, then it does not look very good for him.

After hearing this, Ka, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, in the presence of His father and all the elder cowherd men of Vndvana, spoke in such a way as to make heavenly King Indra very angry. He suggested that they forgo the sacrifice. His reasons for discouraging the sacrifice performed to please Indra were twofold. First, as stated in the Bhagavad-gt, there is no need to worship the demigods for any material advancement; all results derived from worshiping the demigods are simply temporary, and only those who are less intelligent are interested in temporary results. Second, whatever temporary result one derives from worshiping the demigods is actually granted by the permission of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. It is clearly stated in the Bhagavad-gt: mayaiva vihitn hi tn. Whatever benefit is supposed to be derived from the demigods is actually bestowed by the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Without the permission of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, one cannot bestow any benefit upon others. But sometimes the demigods become puffed up by the influence of material nature; thinking themselves all in all, they forget the supremacy of the Personality of Godhead. In rmad-Bhgavatam it is clearly stated that in this instance Ka wanted to make King Indra angry. Kas advent was especially meant for the annihilation of the demons and protection of the devotees. King Indra was certainly a devotee, not a demon, but because he was puffed up, Ka wanted to teach him a lesson. He first made Indra angry by stopping the Indra-pj, which had been arranged by the cowherd men in Vndvana.

With this purpose in mind, Ka began to talk as if He were an atheist supporting the philosophy of Karma-mms. Advocates of this philosophy do not accept the supreme authority of the Personality of Godhead. They put forward the argument that if anyone works nicely, the result is sure to come. Their opinion is that even if there is a God who gives man the result of his fruitive activities, there is no need to worship Him because unless man works He cannot bestow any good result. They say that instead of worshiping a demigod or God, people should give attention to their own duties, and thus the good result will surely come. Lord Ka began to speak to His father according to these principles of the Karma-mms philosophy. My dear father, He said, I dont think you need to worship any demigod for the successful performance of your agricultural activities. Every living being is born according to his past karma and leaves this life simply taking the result of his present karma. Everyone is born in different types or species of life according to his past activities, and he gets his next birth according to the activities of this life. Different grades of material happiness and distress, comforts and disadvantages of life, are different results of different kinds of activities, from either the past or present life.

Mahrja Nanda and other elder members argued that without satisfying the predominating god one cannot derive any good result simply by material activities. This is actually the fact. For example, it is sometimes found that in spite of first-class medical help and treatment by a first-class physician, a diseased person dies. It is concluded, therefore, that first-class medical treatment or the attempts of a first-class physician are not in themselves the cause for curing a patient; there must be the hand of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Similarly, a fathers and mothers taking care of their children is not the cause of the childrens comfort. Sometimes it is found that in spite of all care by the parents, the children go bad or succumb to death. Therefore material causes are not sufficient for results. There must be the sanction of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Nanda Mahrja therefore advocated that in order to get good results for agricultural activities, they must satisfy Indra, the superintending deity of the rain supply. Lord Ka nullified this argument, saying that the demigods give results only to persons who have executed their prescribed duties. The demigods cannot give any good results to the person who has not executed the prescribed duties; therefore demigods are dependent on the execution of duties and are not absolute in awarding good results to anyone. So why should one care about them?

My dear father, Lord Ka said, there is no need to worship the demigod Indra. Everyone has to achieve the result of his own work. We can actually see that one becomes busy according to the natural tendency of his work; and according to that natural tendency, all living entitieseither human beings or demigodsachieve their respective results. All living entities achieve higher or lower bodies and create enemies, friends or neutral parties only because of their different kinds of work. One should be careful to discharge duties according to his natural instinct and not divert attention to the worship of various demigods. The demigods will be satisfied by proper execution of all duties, so there is no need to worship them. Let us, rather, perform our prescribed duties very nicely. Actually one cannot be happy without executing his proper prescribed duty. One who does not, therefore, properly discharge his prescribed duties is compared to an unchaste wife. The proper prescribed duty of the brhmaas is the study of the Vedas; the proper duty of the royal order, the katriyas, is engagement in protecting the citizens; the proper duty of the vaiya community is agriculture, trade and protection of the cows; and the proper duty of the dras is service to the higher classes, namely the brhmaas, katriyas and vaiyas. We belong to the vaiya community, and our proper duty is to farm, to trade with the agricultural produce, to protect cows or to take to banking.

Ka identified Himself with the vaiya community because Nanda Mahrja was protecting many cows and Ka was taking care of them. He enumerated four kinds of business engagements for the vaiya community, namely agriculture, trade, protection of cows and banking. Although the vaiyas can take to any of these occupations, the men of Vndvana were engaged primarily in the protection of cows.

Ka further explained to His father, This cosmic manifestation is going on under the influence of three modes of material naturegoodness, passion and ignorance. These three modes are the causes of creation, maintenance and destruction. The cloud is caused by the action of the mode of passion; therefore it is the mode of passion which causes the rainfall. And after the rainfall, the living entities derive the resultsuccess in agricultural work. What, then, has Indra to do in this affair? Even if you do not please Indra, what can he do? We do not derive any special benefit from Indra. Even if he is there, he pours water on the ocean also, where there is no need of water. So he is pouring water on the ocean or on the land; it does not depend on our worshiping him. As far as we are concerned, we do not need to go to another city or village or foreign country. There are palatial buildings in the cities, but we are satisfied living in this forest of Vndvana. Our specific relationship is with Govardhana Hill and Vndvana forest and nothing more. I therefore request you, My dear father, to begin a sacrifice which will satisfy the local brhmaas and Govardhana Hill, and let us have nothing to do with Indra.

After hearing this statement by Ka, Nanda Mahrja replied, My dear boy, since You are asking, I shall arrange for a separate sacrifice for the local brhmaas and Govardhana Hill. But for the present let me execute this sacrifice known as Indra-yaja.

But Ka replied, My dear father, dont delay. The sacrifice you propose for Govardhana and the local brhmaas will take much time. Better take the arrangement and paraphernalia you have already made for the Indra-yaja and immediately engage them to satisfy Govardhana Hill and the local brhmaas.

Mahrja Nanda finally relented. The cowherd men then inquired from Ka how He wanted the yaja performed, and Ka gave them the following directions. Prepare very nice foods of all descriptions from the grains and ghee collected for the yaja. Prepare rice, dhal, then halav, pakor, pur and all kinds of milk preparations, such as sweet rice, rabr, sweetballs, sandea, rasagull and lau, and invite the learned brhmaas who can chant the Vedic hymns and offer oblations to the fire. The brhmaas should be given all kinds of grains in charity. Then decorate all the cows and feed them well. After performing this, give money in charity to the brhmaas. As far as the lower animals are concerned, such as the dogs, and the lower grades of people, such as the calas, or the fifth class of men, who are considered untouchable, they also may be given sumptuous prasdam. After nice grasses have been given to the cows, the sacrifice known as Govardhana-pj may immediately begin. This sacrifice will very much satisfy Me.

In this statement, Lord Ka practically described the whole economy of the vaiya community. In all communities in human societyincluding the brhmaas, katriyas, vaiyas, dras, calas, etc. and in the animal kingdomincluding the cows, dogs, goats, etc.everyone has his part to play. Each is to work in cooperation for the total benefit of all society, which includes not only animate objects but also inanimate objects like hills and land. The vaiya community is specifically responsible for the economic improvement of the society by producing grains, by giving protection to the cows, by transporting food when needed, and by banking and finance.

From this statement we learn also that although the cats and dogs, which have now become so important, are not to be neglected, cow protection is actually more important than protection of cats and dogs. Another hint we get from this statement is that the calas, or the untouchables, are also not to be neglected by the higher classes and should be given necessary protection. Everyone is important, but some are directly responsible for the advancement of human society and some are only indirectly responsible. However, when Ka consciousness is there, then everyones total benefit is taken care of.

The sacrifice known as Govardhana-pj is observed in the Ka consciousness movement. Lord Caitanya has recommended that since Ka is worshipable, so His landVndvana and Govardhana Hillis also worshipable. To confirm this statement, Lord Ka said that Govardhana-pj is as good as worship of Him. From that day, Govardhana-pj has been going on and is known as Annaka. In all the temples of Vndvana or outside of Vndvana, huge quantities of food are prepared in this ceremony and are very sumptuously distributed to the general population. Sometimes the food is thrown to the crowds, and they enjoy collecting it off the ground. From this we can understand that prasdam offered to Ka never becomes polluted or contaminated, even if it is thrown on the ground. The people, therefore, collect it and eat with great satisfaction.

The Supreme Personality of Godhead, Ka, therefore advised the cowherd men to stop the Indra-yaja and begin the Govardhana-pj in order to chastise Indra, who was very much puffed up at being the supreme controller of the heavenly planets. The honest and simple cowherd men, headed by Nanda Mahrja, accepted Kas proposal and executed in detail everything He advised. They performed Govardhana worship and circumambulation of the hill. (Following the inauguration of Govardhana-pj, people in Vndvana still dress nicely and assemble near Govardhana Hill to offer worship and circumambulate the hill, leading their cows all around.) According to the instruction of Lord Ka, Nanda Mahrja and the cowherd men called in learned brhmaas and began to worship Govardhana Hill by chanting Vedic hymns and offering prasdam. The inhabitants of Vndvana assembled together, decorated their cows and gave them grass. Keeping the cows in front, they began to circumambulate Govardhana Hill. The gops dressed themselves very luxuriantly and sat in bull-driven carts, chanting the glories of Kas pastimes. Assembled there to act as priests for Govardhana-pj, the brhmaas offered their blessings to the cowherd men and their wives, the gops.

When everything was complete, Ka assumed a great transcendental form and declared to the inhabitants of Vndvana that He was Himself Govardhana Hill in order to convince the devotees that Govardhana Hill and Ka Himself are identical. Then Ka began to eat all the food offered there. The identity of Ka and Govardhana Hill is still honored, and great devotees take rocks from Govardhana Hill and worship them exactly as they worship the Deity of Ka in the temples. The followers of the Ka consciousness movement may therefore collect small rocks or pebbles from Govardhana Hill and worship them at home, because this worship is as good as Deity worship. The form of Ka who began to eat the offerings was separately constituted, and Ka Himself, along with the other inhabitants of Vndvana, offered obeisances to the Deity as well as Govardhana Hill. In offering obeisances to the huge form of Ka and Govardhana Hill, Ka declared, Just see how Govardhana Hill has assumed this huge form and is favoring us by accepting all the offerings. Ka also declared at that meeting, One who neglects the worship of Govardhana-pj, as I am personally conducting it, will not be happy. There are many snakes on Govardhana Hill, and persons neglecting the prescribed duty of Govardhana-pj will be bitten by these snakes and killed. In order to assure the good fortune of the cows and themselves, all people of Vndvana near Govardhana must worship the hill, as prescribed by Me.

Thus performing the Govardhana-pj sacrifice, all the inhabitants of Vndvana followed the instructions of Ka, the son of Vasudeva, and afterwards they returned to their respective homes.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Twenty-fourth Chapter of Ka, Worshiping Govardhana Hill.

KB 25: Devastating Rainfall in Vndvana

CHAPTER TWENTY-FIVE

Devastating Rainfall in Vndvana

When Indra understood that the sacrifice that was to be offered by the cowherd men in Vndvana had been stopped by Ka, he became angry, and he vented his anger upon the inhabitants of Vndvana, who were headed by Nanda Mahrja, although Indra knew perfectly well that Ka was personally protecting them. As the director of different kinds of clouds, Indra called for the Svartaka. This cloud is invited when there is a need to devastate the whole cosmic manifestation. The Svartaka was ordered by Indra to go over Vndvana and inundate the whole area with an extensive flood. Demonically, Indra thought himself to be the all-powerful supreme personality. When demons become very powerful, they defy the supreme controller, the Personality of Godhead. Indra, though not a demon, was puffed up by his material position, and he wanted to challenge the supreme controller. He thought himself, at least for the time being, as powerful as Ka. Indra said, Just see the impudence of the inhabitants of Vndvana! They are simply inhabitants of the forest, but being infatuated with their friend Ka, who is nothing but an ordinary human being, they have dared to defy the demigods.

Ka has declared in the Bhagavad-gt that the worshipers of the demigods are not very intelligent. He has also declared that one has to give up all kinds of worship and simply concentrate on Ka consciousness. Kas invoking the anger of Indra and later on chastising him is a clear indication to His devotees that those who are engaged in Ka consciousness have no need to worship any demigod, even if it is found that the demigod has become angry. Ka gives His devotees all protection, and they should completely depend on His mercy.

Indra cursed the action of the inhabitants of Vndvana and said, By defying the authority of the demigods, the inhabitants of Vndvana will suffer in material existence. Having neglected the sacrifice to the demigods, they cannot cross over the impediments of the ocean of material existence. Indra further declared, These cowherd men in Vndvana have neglected my authority on the advice of this talkative boy who is known as Ka. He is nothing but a child, and by believing this child, they have enraged me. Thus he ordered the Svartaka cloud to go and destroy the prosperity of Vndvana. The men of Vndvana, said Indra, have become too puffed up over their material opulence and are overconfident due to the presence of their tiny friend, Ka. He is simply talkative, childish and unaware of the complete cosmic situation, although He is thinking Himself very advanced in knowledge. Because they have taken Ka so seriously, they must be punished. They should be destroyed with their cows. In this way Indra ordered the Svartaka cloud to go to Vndvana and inundate the place.

It is indicated here that in the villages or outside the towns, the inhabitants must depend on the cows for their prosperity. When the cows are destroyed, the people are destitute of all kinds of opulences. When King Indra ordered the Svartaka and companion clouds to go to Vndvana, the clouds were afraid of doing this mischief. But King Indra assured them, You go ahead, and I will also go, riding on my elephant, accompanied by great storms. And I shall apply all my strength to punishing the inhabitants of Vndvana.

Ordered by King Indra, all the dangerous clouds appeared above Vndvana and began to pour water incessantly, with all their strength and power. There was constant lightning and thunder, blowing of severe wind and incessant falling of rain. The rainfall seemed to fall like piercing sharp arrows. By pouring water as thick as pillars, without cessation, the clouds gradually filled all the lands in Vndvana with water, and there was no visible distinction between higher and lower land. The situation was very dangerous, especially for the animals. The rainfall was accompanied by great winds, and every living creature in Vndvana began to tremble from the severe cold. Unable to find any other source of deliverance, they all approached Govinda to take shelter at His lotus feet. The cows especially, being much aggrieved from the heavy rain, bowed down their heads, and taking their calves underneath their bodies, they approached the Supreme Personality of Godhead to take shelter of His lotus feet. At that time all the inhabitants of Vndvana began to pray to Lord Ka. Dear Ka, they prayed, You are all-powerful, and You are very affectionate to Your devotees. Now please protect us, who have been much harassed by angry Indra.

Upon hearing their prayer, Ka could also understand that Indra, being bereft of his sacrificial honor, was pouring down rain that was accompanied by heavy pieces of ice and strong winds, although all this was out of season. Ka understood that this was a deliberate exhibition of anger by Indra. He therefore concluded, This demigod who thinks himself supreme has shown his great power, but I shall answer him according to My position, and I shall teach him that he is not autonomous in managing universal affairs. I am the Supreme Lord over all, and I shall thus take away his false prestige, which has risen from his power. The demigods are My devotees, and therefore it is not possible for them to forget My supremacy, but somehow or other he has become puffed up with material power and thus is now maddened. I shall act in such a way to relieve him of this false prestige. I shall give protection to My pure devotees in Vndvana, who are at present completely at My mercy and whom I have taken completely under My protection. I must save them by My mystic power.

Thinking in this way, Lord Ka immediately picked up Govardhana Hill with one hand, exactly as a child picks up a mushroom from the ground. Thus He exhibited His transcendental pastime of lifting Govardhana Hill. Lord Ka then addressed His devotees, My dear brothers, My dear father, My dear inhabitants of Vndvana, you can now safely enter under the umbrella of Govardhana Hill, which I have just lifted. Do not be afraid of the hill and think that it will fall from My hand. You have been too much afflicted from the heavy rain and strong wind; therefore I have lifted this hill, which will protect you exactly like a huge umbrella. I think this is a proper arrangement to relieve you of your immediate distress. Be happy along with your animals underneath this great umbrella. Being assured by Lord Ka, all the inhabitants of Vndvana entered beneath the great hill along with their property and animals, and they all appeared to be safe.

The inhabitants of Vndvana and their animals remained there for one week without being disturbed by hunger, thirst or any other discomforts. They were simply astonished to see how Ka was holding up the mountain with the little finger of His left hand. Seeing the extraordinary mystic power of Ka, Indra, the King of heaven, was thunderstruck and baffled in his determination. He immediately called for all the clouds and asked them to desist. When the sky became completely cleared of all clouds and there was sunrise again, the strong wind stopped. At that time Ka, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, known now as the lifter of Govardhana Hill, said, My dear cowherd men, now you can leave and take your wives, children, cows and valuables, because everything is ended. The inundation has gone down, along with the swelling waters of the river.

All the men loaded their valuables on carts and slowly left with their cows and other paraphernalia. After they had cleared out everything, Lord Ka very slowly replaced Govardhana Hill exactly in the same position as it had been before. When everything was done, all the inhabitants of Vndvana approached Ka with feelings of love and embraced Him with great ecstasy. The gops, being naturally very affectionate to Ka, began to offer Him yogurt mixed with their tears, and they poured incessant blessings upon Him. Mother Yaod, mother Rohi, Nanda and Balarma, who is the strongest of the strong, embraced Ka one after another and, from spontaneous feelings of affection, blessed Him over and over again. In the heavens, different demigods from different planetary systems, such as Siddhaloka, Gandharvaloka and Craaloka, also began to show their complete satisfaction. They poured showers of flowers on the surface of the earth and sounded different conchshells. There was beating of drums, and being inspired by godly feelings, residents of Gandharvaloka began to play on their tambouras to please the Lord. After this incident, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, surrounded by His dear friends and the animals, returned to His home. As usual, the gops began to chant the glorious pastimes of Lord Ka with great feeling, for they were chanting from the heart.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Twenty-fifth Chapter of Ka, Devastating Rainfall in Vndvana.

KB 26: Wonderful Ka

CHAPTER TWENTY-SIX

Wonderful Ka

Without understanding the intricacies of Ka, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and without knowing His uncommon spiritual opulences, the innocent cowherd boys and men of Vndvana began to discuss the wonderful activities of Ka, which surpass the activities of all men.

One of them said, My dear friends, considering His wonderful activities, how is it possible that such an uncommon boy would come and live with us in Vndvana? It is really not possible. Just imagine! He is now only seven years old! How is it possible for Him to lift Govardhana Hill in one hand and hold it up just as the king of elephants holds a lotus flower? To lift a lotus flower is a most insignificant thing for an elephant, and similarly Ka lifted Govardhana Hill without exertion. When He was simply a small baby and could not even see properly, He killed a great demon, Ptan. While sucking her breast, He also sucked out her life air. Ka killed the Ptan demon exactly as eternal time kills a living creature in due course. When He was only three months old, He was sleeping underneath a hand-driven cart. Being hungry for His mothers breast, He began to cry and throw His legs upwards. And from the kicking of His small feet the cart immediately broke apart and fell to pieces. When He was only one year old, He was carried away by the Tvarta demon disguised as a whirlwind, and although He was taken very high in the sky, He simply hung on the neck of the demon and forced him to fall from the sky and immediately die. Once His mother, being disturbed by His stealing butter, tied Him to a wooden mortar, and the child pushed it towards a pair of trees known as yamala-arjuna and caused them to fall. Once, when He was engaged in tending the calves in the forest along with His elder brother, Balarma, a demon named Baksura appeared, and Ka at once bifurcated the demons beak. When the demon known as Vatssura entered among the calves tended by Ka with a desire to kill Him, He immediately detected the demon, killed him and threw him into a tree. When Ka, along with His brother, Balarma, entered the Tlavana forest, the demon known as Dhenuksura, in the shape of an ass, attacked Them and was immediately killed by Balarma, who caught his hind legs and threw him into a palm tree. Although the Dhenuksura demon was assisted by his cohorts, also in the shape of asses, all were killed, and the Tlavana forest was then open for the use of the animals and inhabitants of Vndvana. When Pralambsura entered amongst Kas cowherd boyfriends, Ka caused him to be killed by Balarma. Thereafter, Ka saved His friends and cows from a severe forest fire, and He chastised the Kliya serpent in the lake of the Yamun River and forced him to leave the vicinity of the Yamun; He thereby made the water of the Yamun poisonless.

Another one of the friends of Nanda Mahrja said, My dear Nanda, we do not know why we are so attracted by your son Ka. We want to forget Him, but this is impossible. Why are we so naturally affectionate toward Him? Just imagine how wonderful it is! On one hand He is only a boy of seven years, and on the other hand there is a huge hill like Govardhana Hill, and He lifted it so easily! O Nanda Mahrja, we are now in great doubtyour son Ka must be one of the demigods. He is not at all an ordinary boy. Maybe He is the Supreme Personality of Godhead.

On hearing the praises of the cowherd men in Vndvana, King Nanda said, My dear friends, in reply to you I can simply present the statement of Garga Muni so that your doubts may be cleared. When he came to perform the name-giving ceremony, he said that this boy descends in different periods of time in different colors and that this time He has appeared in Vndvana in a blackish color, known as ka. Previously He had a white color, then a red color, then a yellow color. He also said that this boy was once the son of Vasudeva, and everyone who knows of His previous birth calls Him Vsudeva. Actually he said that my son has many varieties of names, according to His different qualities and activities. Gargcrya assured me that this boy would be all-auspicious for my family and that He would be able to give transcendental blissful pleasure to all the cowherd men and cows in Vndvana. Even though we would be put into various kinds of difficulties, by the grace of this boy we would be very easily freed from them. He also said that formerly this boy saved the world from an unregulated condition, and He saved all honest men from the hands of the dishonest thieves. He also said that any fortunate man who becomes attached to this boy, Ka, is never vanquished or defeated by his enemy. On the whole, He is exactly like Lord Viu, who always takes the side of the demigods, who are consequently never defeated by the demons. Gargcrya thus concluded that my child would grow to be exactly like Viu in transcendental beauty, qualification, activities, influence and opulence, and so we should not be very astonished by His wonderful activities. After telling me this, Gargcrya returned home, and since then we have been continually seeing the wonderful activities of this child. According to the version of Gargcrya, I consider that He must be Nryaa Himself, or maybe a plenary portion of Nryaa.

When all the cowherd men had very attentively heard the statements of Gargcrya through Nanda Mahrja, they better appreciated the wonderful activities of Ka and became very jubilant and satisfied. They began to praise Nanda Mahrja, because by consulting him their doubts about Ka were cleared. They said, Let Ka, who is so kind, beautiful and merciful, protect us. When angry Indra sent torrents of rain, accompanied by showers of ice blocks and high wind, He immediately took compassion upon us and saved us and our families, cows and valuable possessions by picking up Govardhana Hill, just as a child picks up a mushroom. He saved us so wonderfully. May He continue to glance mercifully over us and our cows. May we live peacefully under the protection of wonderful Ka.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Twenty-sixth Chapter of Ka, Wonderful Ka.

KB 27: Prayers by Indra, the King of Heaven

CHAPTER TWENTY-SEVEN

Prayers by Indra, the King of Heaven

When Ka saved the inhabitants of Vndvana from the wrath of Indra by lifting Govardhana Hill, a surabhi cow from Goloka Vndvana, as well as King Indra from the heavenly planets, appeared before Him. Indra, the King of heaven, was conscious of his offense before Ka; therefore he stealthily appeared before Him in a secluded place. He immediately fell down at the lotus feet of Ka, although his own crown was dazzling like sunshine. Indra knew about the exalted position of Ka because Ka is the master of Indra, but he could not believe that Ka could come down and live in Vndvana among the cowherd men. When Ka defied the authority of Indra, Indra became angry because he thought that he was all in all within this universe and that no one was as powerful as he. But after this incident, his false, puffed-up prestige was destroyed. Being conscious of his subordinate position, he appeared before Ka with folded hands and began to offer the following prayers.

My dear Lord, Indra said, being puffed up by my false prestige, I thought that You had offended me by not allowing the cowherd men to perform the Indra-yaja, and I thought that You wanted to enjoy the offerings that were arranged for the sacrifice. I thought that in the name of a Govardhana sacrifice You were taking my share of profit, and therefore I mistook Your position. Now by Your grace I can understand that You are the Supreme Lord, the Personality of Godhead, and that You are transcendental to all the material qualities. Your transcendental position is viuddha-sattva, which is above the platform of the material mode of goodness, and Your transcendental abode is beyond the disturbance of the material qualities. Your name, fame, form, qualities, paraphernalia and pastimes are all beyond this material nature, and they are never disturbed by the three material modes. Your abode is accessible only for one who undergoes severe austerities and penances and becomes completely freed from the onslaught of material qualities like passion and ignorance. If someone thinks that when You come within this material world You accept the modes of material nature, he is mistaken. The waves of the material qualities are never able to touch You, and You certainly do not accept them when You are present within this world. Your Lordship is never conditioned by the laws of material nature.

My dear Lord, You are the original father of this cosmic manifestation. You are the supreme spiritual master of this cosmic world, and You are the original proprietor of everything. As eternal time, You are competent to chastise offenders. Within this material world there are many fools like myself who consider themselves to be the Supreme Lord or the all in all within the universe. You are so merciful that without accepting their offenses You devise means so that their false prestige is subdued and they can know that You, and no one else, are the Supreme Personality of Godhead.

My dear Lord, You are the supreme father, the supreme spiritual master and the supreme king. Therefore, You have the right to chastise all living entities whenever there is any discrepancy in their behavior. The father, the spiritual master and the supreme executive officer of the state are always well-wishers of their sons, their students and their citizens respectively. As such, the well-wishers have the right to chastise their dependents. By Your own desire You appear auspiciously on the earth in Your eternal varieties of forms; You come to glorify the earthly planet and specifically to chastise persons who are falsely claiming to be God. In the material world there is regular competition between different types of living entities to become supreme leaders of society, and after being frustrated in achieving the supreme positions of leadership, foolish persons claim to be God, the Supreme Personality. There are many such foolish personalities in this world, like me, but in due course of time, when they come to their senses, they surrender unto You and again engage themselves properly by rendering service unto You. And that is the purpose of Your chastising persons envious of You.

My dear Lord, I committed a great offense unto Your lotus feet, being falsely proud of my material opulences, not knowing Your unlimited power. Therefore, my Lord, kindly excuse me, because I am fool number one. Kindly give me Your blessings so that I may not act so foolishly again. If You think, my Lord, that the offense is very great and cannot be excused, then I appeal to You that I am Your eternal servant; You appear in this world to give protection to Your eternal servants and to destroy the demons who maintain great military strength just to burden the very existence of the earth. As I am Your eternal servant, kindly excuse me.

My dear Lord, You are the Supreme Personality of Godhead. I offer my respectful obeisances unto You because You are the Supreme Person and the Supreme Soul. You are the son of Vasudeva, and You are the Supreme Lord, Ka, the master of all pure devotees. Please accept my prostrated obeisances. You are the personification of supreme knowledge. You can appear anywhere, according to Your desire, in any one of Your eternal forms. You are the root of all creation and the Supreme Soul of all living entities. Due to my gross ignorance, I created a great disturbance in Vndvana by sending torrents of rain and a heavy hailstorm. I acted out of severe anger caused by Your stopping the sacrifice which was to be held to satisfy me. But my dear Lord, You are so kind to me that You have bestowed Your mercy upon me by destroying all my false pride. I therefore take shelter of Your lotus feet. My dear Lord, You are not only the supreme controller but also the spiritual master of all living entities.

Thus praised by Indra, Lord Ka, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, smiled beautifully and then replied in a grave voice like a rumbling cloud: My dear Indra, I stopped your sacrifice just to show you My causeless mercy and to remind you that I am your eternal master. I am the master not only of you but of all the other demigods as well. You should always remember that all your material opulences are due to My mercy. No living entity can independently become opulent; one must be favored by My mercy. Everyone should always remember that I am the Supreme Lord. I can show anyone My favor, and I can chastise anyone, because no one is superior to Me. If I find someone overpowered by false pride, in order to show him My causeless mercy I withdraw all his opulences.

It is noteworthy that Ka sometimes removes all of a rich mans opulences in order to facilitate his becoming a soul surrendered to Him. This is a special favor of the Lords. Sometimes it is seen that a person is very opulent materially, but due to his devotional service to the Lord he may be reduced to poverty. One should not think, however, that because he worshiped the Supreme Lord he became poverty-stricken. The real purport is that when a person is a pure devotee but at the same time, by miscalculation, wants to lord it over material nature, the Lord shows His special mercy by taking away all material opulences until at last he surrenders unto the Supreme Lord.

After instructing Indra, Lord Ka asked him to return to his kingdom in the heavenly planets and to remember always that he is never the supreme but is always subordinate to the Supreme Personality of Godhead. He also advised him to remain as King of heaven but to be careful of false pride.

After this, the transcendental surabhi cow who had come with Indra to see Ka offered her respectful obeisances unto Him and worshiped Him. The surabhi offered her prayer as follows: My dear Lord Ka, You are the most powerful of all mystic yogs because You are the soul of the complete universe, and only from You has all this cosmic manifestation taken place. Therefore, although Indra tried his best to kill my descendant cows in Vndvana, they remained under Your shelter, and You have protected them all so well. We do not know anyone else as the Supreme, nor do we go to any other god or demigods for protection. Therefore, You are our Indra, You are the supreme father of the whole cosmic manifestation, and You are the protector and elevator of all the cows, brhmaas, demigods and others who are pure devotees of Your Lordship. O Supersoul of the universe, let us bathe You with our milk, for You are our Indra. O Lord, You appear just to diminish the burden of impure activities on the earth.

Then the surabhi cow bathed Ka with her milk, and Indra bathed Him with the water of the celestial Ganges through the trunk of his carrier elephant. After this, the surabhi cows and all the demigods and their mothers joined the heavenly king Indra in worshiping Lord Ka by bathing Him with Ganges water and the milk of the surabhis. Thus Govinda, Lord Ka, was pleased with all of them. The residents of all higher planetary systems, such as Gandharvaloka, Vidydharaloka, Siddhaloka and Craaloka, all combined and glorified the Lord by chanting His holy name as their wives and damsels danced with great joy. They very much satisfied the Lord by incessantly pouring flowers from the sky. When everything was very nicely and joyfully settled, the cows overflooded the surface of the earth with their milk. The water of the rivers began to flow with various tasty liquids and give nourishment to the trees, producing fruits and flowers of different colors and tastes. The trees began to pour drops of honey. The hills and mountains began to produce potent medicinal plants and valuable stones. Because of Kas presence, all these things happened very nicely, and the lower animals, who were generally envious of one another, were envious no longer.

After satisfying Ka, who is the Lord of all the cows in Vndvana and who is known as Govinda, King Indra took His permission to return to his heavenly kingdom. As he passed through cosmic space, he was surrounded by all kinds of demigods. This great incident is a powerful example of how Ka consciousness can benefit the world. Even the lower animals forget their envious nature and become elevated to the qualities of the demigods.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Twenty-seventh Chapter of Ka, Prayers by Indra, the King of Heaven.

KB 28: Releasing Nanda Mahrja from the Clutches of Varua

CHAPTER TWENTY-EIGHT

Releasing Nanda Mahrja from the Clutches of Varua

The Govardhana-pj ceremony took place on the new-moon day. After this, there were torrents of rain and hailstorms imposed by King Indra for seven days. Nine days of the waxing moon having passed, on the tenth day King Indra worshiped Lord Ka, and thus the matter was satisfactorily settled. After this, on the eleventh day of the full moon, Ekda, Mahrja Nanda observed fasting for the whole day, and just early in the morning of the next day, Dvda, he went to take a bath in the river Yamun. He entered deep into the water of the river, but he was arrested immediately by one of the servants of Varuadeva. This servant brought Nanda Mahrja before the demigod Varua and accused him of taking a bath in the river at the wrong time. According to astronomical calculations, the time in which he took bath was considered demoniac. The fact was that Nanda Mahrja wanted to take a bath in the river Yamun early in the morning before the sunrise, but somehow or other he was a little too early, and he bathed at an inauspicious time. Consequently he was arrested.

When Nanda Mahrja was taken away by one of Varuas servants, Nandas companions began to call loudly for Ka and Balarma. Immediately Ka and Balarma could understand that Nanda Mahrja had been taken by a servant of Varua. Thus They went to the abode of Varua, for They were pledged to give protection to the inhabitants of Vndvana, who were all unalloyed devotees of the Lord. Devotees, having no shelter other than the Supreme Personality of Godhead, naturally cry to Him for help, exactly like children who do not know anything but the protection of their parents. The demigod Varua received Lord Ka and Balarma with great respect and said, My dear Lord, actually at this very moment, because of Your presence, my life as the demigod Varua has become successful. Although I am the proprietor of all the treasures in the water, I know that such possessions do not make for a successful life. But at this moment, as I look at You, my life is made completely successful because by seeing You I no longer have to accept a material body. Therefore, O Lord, Supreme Personality of Godhead, Supreme Brahman and Supersoul of everything, let me offer my respectful obeisances unto You. You are the supreme transcendental personality; there is no possibility of imposing the influence of material nature upon You. I am very sorry that my man, being foolish, by not knowing what to do or what not to do, has mistakenly arrested Your father, Nanda Mahrja. So I beg Your pardon for the offense of my servant. I think that it was Your plan to show me Your mercy by Your personal presence here. My dear Lord Ka, Govinda, be merciful upon mehere is Your father. You can take him back immediately.

In this way Lord Ka, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, rescued His father and presented him before his friends, bringing them great jubilation. Nanda Mahrja was surprised that although the demigod was so opulent, he offered such respect to Ka. That was very astonishing to Nanda, and he began to describe the incident to his friends and relatives with great wonder.

Actually, although Ka was acting so wonderfully, Mahrja Nanda and mother Yaod could not think of Him as the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Instead, they always accepted Him as their beloved child. Thus Nanda Mahrja did not accept the fact that Varua worshiped Ka because Ka is the Supreme Personality of Godhead; rather he took it that because Ka was such a wonderful child He was respected even by Varua. The friends of Nanda Mahrja, all the cowherd men, became eager to know if Ka was actually the Supreme Personality and if He was going to give them all salvation. When they were all thus consulting among themselves, Ka understood their minds, and in order to assure them of their destiny in the spiritual kingdom, He showed them the spiritual sky. Generally, ordinary persons are engaged simply in working hard in the material world, and they have no information that there is another kingdom or another sky, which is known as the spiritual sky, where life is eternal, blissful and full of knowledge. As it is stated in the Bhagavad-gt, a person returning to that spiritual sky never returns to this material world of death and suffering.

Ka, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, is always anxious to give information to the conditioned soul that there is a spiritual sky far, far beyond this material sky, transcendental to the innumerable universes created within the total material energy. Ka is, of course, always very kind to every conditioned soul, but, as stated in the Bhagavad-gt, He is especially inclined to the pure devotees. Hearing their inquiries, Ka immediately thought that His devotees in Vndvana should be informed of the spiritual sky and the Vaikuha planets therein.

Within the material world, every conditioned soul is in the darkness of ignorance. This means that all conditioned souls are under the concept of this bodily existence. Everyone is under the impression that he is of this material world, and with this concept of life, everyone is working in ignorance in different forms of life. The activities of the particular type of body are called karma, or fruitive action. All conditioned souls, being under the impression of the bodily concept, are working according to their particular types of body. These activities are creating their future conditioned life. Because they have very little information of the spiritual world, they do not generally take to spiritual activities, which are called bhakti-yoga. Those who successfully practice bhakti-yoga go directly to the spiritual world after giving up this present body, and there they become situated in one of the Vaikuha planets. The inhabitants of Vndvana are all pure devotees. Their destination after quitting the body is Kaloka. They even surpass the Vaikuhalokas. The fact is that those who are always engaged in Ka consciousness and mature, pure devotional service are given the chance, after death, to gain Kas association in one of the universes within the material world. Kas pastimes are continuously going on, either in this universe or in another universe. Just as the sun globe is passing over many places across this earthly planet, so ka-ll, or the transcendental advent and pastimes of Ka, are also going on continuously, either in this or another universe. The mature devotees, who have completely executed Ka consciousness, are immediately transferred to the universe where Ka is appearing. In that universe the devotees get their first opportunity to associate with Ka personally and directly. The training goes on, as we see in the vndvana-ll of Ka within this planet. Ka therefore revealed the actual features of the Vaikuha planets so that the inhabitants of Vndvana could know their destination.

Thus Ka showed them the eternal, ever-existing spiritual sky, which is unlimited and full of knowledge. Within this material world there are different grades of forms, and according to the grade, knowledge is proportionately manifested. For example, the knowledge in the body of a child is not as perfect as the knowledge in the body of an adult man. Everywhere there are different grades of living entitiesin aquatic animals, in the plants and trees, in the reptiles and insects, in birds and beasts and in the civilized and uncivilized human forms of life. Above the human form of life there are demigods, Craas and Siddhas on up to Brahmaloka, where Lord Brahm lives, and among these demigods there are always different grades of knowledge. But past this material world, in the spiritual sky, everyone is in full knowledge, and therefore all the living entities there are engaged in devotional service to the Lord, either in the Vaikuha planets or in Kaloka.

As it is confirmed in the Bhagavad-gt, full knowledge means knowing Ka to be the Supreme Personality of Godhead. In the Vedas and the Bhagavad-gt it is also stated that in the brahmajyoti, or spiritual sky, there is no need of sunlight, moonlight or electricity. All those planets are self-illuminating, and all of them are eternally situated. There is no question of creation and annihilation in the brahmajyoti, or spiritual sky. The Bhagavad-gt also confirms that beyond the material sky there is another, eternal, spiritual sky, where everything is eternally existing. Information of the spiritual sky can be had only by great sages and saintly persons who have already surpassed the influence of the three material modes of nature by engaging in devotional service, or Ka consciousness. Unless one is constantly situated on that transcendental platform, it is not possible to understand the spiritual nature.

Therefore it is recommended that one should take to bhakti-yoga and keep himself engaged twenty-four hours a day in Ka consciousness, which places one beyond the reach of the modes of material nature. One in Ka consciousness can easily understand the nature of the spiritual sky and Vaikuhaloka. The inhabitants of Vndvana, being always engaged in Ka consciousness, could therefore very easily understand the transcendental nature of the Vaikuhalokas.

Thus Ka led all the cowherd men, headed by Nanda Mahrja, to the lake where Akrra was later shown the Vaikuha planetary system. They took their bath immediately and saw the real nature of the Vaikuhalokas. After seeing the spiritual sky and the Vaikuhalokas, all the men, headed by Nanda Mahrja, felt wonderfully blissful, and upon coming out of the lake, they saw Ka, who was being worshiped with excellent prayers.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Twenty-eighth Chapter of Ka, Releasing Nanda Mahrja from the Clutches of Varua.

KB 29: The Rsa Dance: Introduction

CHAPTER TWENTY-NINE

The Rsa Dance: Introduction

In rmad-Bhgavatam it is stated that the rsa dance took place on the full-moon night of the arat season. From the statements of previous chapters, it appears that the festival of Govardhana-pj was performed just after the dark-moon night of the month of Krttika, and thereafter the ceremony of Bhrt-dvity was performed; then the wrath of Indra was exhibited in the shape of torrents of rain and hailstones, and Lord Ka held up Govardhana Hill for seven days, until the ninth day of the moon. Thereafter, on the tenth day, the inhabitants of Vndvana were talking amongst themselves about the wonderful activities of Ka, and the next day, Ekda was observed by Nanda Mahrja. On the next day, Dvda, Nanda Mahrja went to take a bath in the Ganges and was arrested by the men of Varua; then he was released by Lord Ka. Then Nanda Mahrja, along with the cowherd men, was shown the spiritual sky.

In this way, the full-moon night of the arat season came to an end. The full-moon night of vina is called arat-prim. It appears from the statements of rmad-Bhgavatam that Ka had to wait another year for such a moon before enjoying the rsa dance with the gops. At the age of seven years He lifted Govardhana Hill. Therefore the rsa dance took place during His eighth year.

From the Vedic literature it appears that when a theatrical actor dances among many dancing girls, the group dance is called a rsa dance. When Ka saw the full-moon night of the arat season, decorated with various seasonal flowersespecially the mallik flowers, which are very fragrantHe remembered the gops prayers to goddess Ktyyan, wherein they prayed for Ka to be their husband. He thought that the full-moon night of the arat season was just suitable for a nice dance. So their desire to have Ka as their husband would then be fulfilled.

The words used in this connection in rmad-Bhgavatam are bhagavn api. This means that although Ka is the Supreme Personality of Godhead and thus has no desire that needs to be fulfilled (because He is always full with six opulences), He still wanted to enjoy the company of the gops in the rsa dance. Bhagavn api signifies that this is not like the ordinary dancing of young boys and young girls. The specific words used in rmad-Bhgavatam are yogamym uprita, which mean that this dancing with the gops is on the platform of yogamy, not mahmy. The dancing of young boys and girls within the material world is in the kingdom of mahmy, or the external energy. The rsa dance of Ka with the gops is on the platform of yogamy. The difference between the platforms of yogamy and mahmy is compared in the Caitanya-caritmta to the difference between gold and iron. From the viewpoint of metallurgy, gold and iron are both metals, but the quality is completely different. Similarly, although the rsa dance and Lord Kas association with the gops appear like the ordinary mixing of young boys and girls, the quality is completely different. The difference is appreciated by great Vaiavas because they can understand the difference between love of Ka and lust.

On the mahmy platform, dances take place on the basis of sense gratification. But when Ka called the gops by sounding His flute, the gops very hurriedly rushed towards the spot of the rsa dance with the transcendental desire to satisfy Ka. The author of Caitanya-caritmta, Kadsa Kavirja Gosvm, has explained that lust means sense gratification, and love also means sense gratificationbut for Ka. In other words, when activities are enacted on the platform of personal sense gratification, they are called material activities, but when they are enacted for the satisfaction of Ka, then they are spiritual activities. On any platform of activities, the principle of sense gratification is there. But on the spiritual platform, sense gratification is for the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Ka, whereas on the material platform it is for the performer. For example, on the material platform, when a servant serves a master, he is not trying to satisfy the senses of the master but rather his own senses. The servant would not serve the master if the payment stopped. That means that the servant engages himself in the service of the master just to satisfy his senses. On the spiritual platform, however, the servitor of the Supreme Personality of Godhead serves Ka without payment, and he continues his service in all conditions. That is the difference between Ka consciousness and material consciousness.

It appears that Ka enjoyed the rsa dance with the gops when He was eight years old. At that time, many of the gops were married, because in India, especially in those days, girls were married at a very early age. There are even many instances of a girls giving birth to a child at the age of twelve. Under the circumstances, all the gops who wanted to have Ka as their husband were already married. At the same time, they continued to hope that Ka would be their husband. Their attitude toward Ka was that of paramour love. Therefore, the loving affairs of Ka with the gops are called parakya-rasa. The attitude of a married man who desires another wife or a wife who desires another husband is called parakya-rasa.

Actually, Ka is the husband of everyone because He is the supreme enjoyer. The gops wanted Ka to be their husband, but factually there was no possibility of His marrying all the gops. But because they had that natural tendency to accept Ka as their supreme husband, the relationship between the gops and Ka is called parakya-rasa. This parakya-rasa is ever-existent in Goloka Vndvana in the spiritual sky, where there is no possibility of the inebriety which characterizes parakya-rasa in the material world. In the material world, parakya-rasa is abominable, whereas in the spiritual world it is present in the superexcellent relationship of Ka and the gops. There are many other relationships with Ka: master and servant, friend and friend, parent and son, and lover and beloved. Out of all these rasas, the parakya-rasa is considered to be the topmost.

This material world is the perverted reflection of the spiritual world; it is just like the reflection of a tree on the bank of a reservoir of water: the topmost part of the tree is seen as the lowest part. Similarly, parakya-rasa, when pervertedly reflected in this material world, is most abominable. When people, therefore, imitate the rsa dance of Ka with the gops, they simply enjoy the perverted, abominable reflection of the transcendental parakya-rasa. There is no possibility of enjoying this transcendental parakya-rasa within the material world. It is stated in rmad-Bhgavatam that one should not imitate this parakya-rasa even in dream or imagination. Those who do so drink the most deadly poison.

When Ka, the supreme enjoyer, desired to enjoy the company of the gops on that full-moon night of the arat season, exactly at that very moment, the moon, the lord of the stars, appeared in the sky, displaying its most beautiful features. The full-moon night of the arat season is the most beautiful night in the year. In the Indian city of Agra, in the Uttar Pradesh province, there is a great monument called the Taj Mahal, which is a tomb made of first-class marble stone. During the night of the full moon of the arat season, many foreigners go to see the beautiful reflections of the moon on the tomb. Thus this full-moon night is celebrated even today for its beauty.

When the full moon rose in the east, it tinged everything with a reddish color. With the rising of the moon, the whole sky appeared smeared by red kukuma. When a husband long separated from his wife returns home, he decorates the face of his wife with red kukuma. This long-expected moonrise of the arat season was thus smearing the eastern sky.

The appearance of the moon increased Kas desire to dance with the gops. The forests were filled with fragrant flowers. The atmosphere was cooling and festive. When Lord Ka began to blow His flute, the gops all over Vndvana became enchanted. Their attraction to the vibration of the flute increased a thousand times due to the rising full moon, the red horizon, the calm and cool atmosphere and the blossoming flowers. All these gops were by nature very much attracted to Kas beauty, and when they heard the vibration of His flute, they became apparently lustful to satisfy the senses of Ka.

Immediately upon hearing the vibration of the flute, they all left their respective engagements and proceeded to the spot where Ka was standing. While they ran very swiftly, all their earrings swung back and forth. They all rushed toward the place known as Vavaa. Some of them were engaged in milking cows, but they left their milking business half finished and immediately went to Ka. One of them had just collected milk and put it in a milk pan on the stove to boil, but she did not care whether the milk overboiled and spilledshe immediately left to go see Ka. Some of them were breast-feeding their small babies, and some were engaged in distributing food to the members of their families, but they left all such engagements and immediately rushed towards the spot where Ka was playing His flute. Some were engaged in serving their husbands, and some were themselves engaged in eating, but caring neither to serve their husbands nor eat, they immediately left. Some of them wanted to decorate their faces with cosmetic ointments and to dress themselves very nicely before going to Ka, but unfortunately they could not finish their cosmetic decorations or put on their clothes in the right way because of their anxiety to meet Ka immediately. Their faces were decorated hurriedly and were haphazardly finished; some even put the lower part of their clothes on the upper part of their bodies and the upper part on the lower part.

While all the gops were hurriedly leaving their respective places, their husbands, brothers and fathers were all struck with wonder to know where they were going. Being young girls, they were protected either by husbands, elder brothers or fathers. All their guardians forbade them to go to Ka, but they disregarded them. When a person becomes attracted by Ka and is in full Ka consciousness, he does not care for any worldly duties, even though very urgent. Ka consciousness is so powerful that it gives everyone relief from all material activities. rla Rpa Gosvm has written a very nice verse wherein one gop advises another, My dear friend, if you desire to enjoy the company of material society, friendship and love, then please do not go to see this smiling boy Govinda, who is standing on the bank of the Yamun and playing His flute, His lips brightened by the beams of the full moonlight. rla Rpa Gosvm indirectly instructs that one who has been captivated by the beautiful smiling face of Ka has lost all attraction for material enjoyments. This is the test of advancement in Ka consciousness: a person advancing in Ka consciousness must lose interest in material activities and personal sense gratification.

Some of the gops were factually detained from going to Ka by their husbands and were locked up by force within their rooms. Being unable to go to Ka, they began to meditate upon His transcendental form by closing their eyes. They already had the form of Ka within their minds. They proved to be the greatest yogs; as is stated in the Bhagavad-gt, a person who is constantly thinking of Ka within his heart with faith and love is considered to be the topmost of all yogs. Actually, a yog concentrates his mind on the form of Lord Viu. That is real yoga. Ka is the original form of all viu-tattvas. The gops could not go to Ka personally, so they began to meditate on Him as perfect yogs.

In the conditioned stage of the living entities, there are two kinds of results of fruitive activities: the conditioned living entity who is constantly engaged in sinful activities has suffering as his result, and he who is engaged in pious activities has material enjoyment as a result. In either casematerial suffering or material enjoymentthe enjoyer or sufferer is conditioned by material nature.

The gop associates of Ka who assembled in the place where Ka was appearing were from different groups. Most of the gops were eternal companions of Ka. As stated in the Brahma-sahit, nanda-cin-maya-rasa-pratibhvitbhi: in the spiritual world the associates of Ka, especially the gops, are manifestations of the pleasure potency of Lord Ka. They are expansions of rmat Rdhr. But when Ka exhibits His transcendental pastimes within the material world in some of the universes, not only the eternal associates of Ka come but also those who are being promoted to that status from this material world. The gops who joined Kas pastimes within this material world were coming from the status of ordinary human beings. If they had been bound by fruitive action, they were fully freed from the reaction of karma by constant meditation on Ka. Their severely painful yearnings caused by their not being able to see Ka freed them from all sinful reactions, and their ecstasy of transcendental love for Ka in His absence ended all their reactions to material pious activities. The conditioned soul is subjected to birth and death, either by pious or sinful activities, but the gops who began to meditate on Ka transcended both positions and became purified and thus elevated to the status of the gops already expanded by His pleasure potency. All the gops who concentrated their minds on Ka in the spirit of paramour love became fully purified of all the fruitive reactions of material nature, and some of them immediately gave up their material bodies developed under the three modes of material nature.

Mahrja Parkit heard ukadeva Gosvm explain the situation of the gops who assembled with Ka in the rsa dance. When he heard that some of the gops, simply by concentrating on Ka as their paramour, became freed from all contamination of material birth and death, he said, The gops did not know that Ka is the Supreme Personality of Godhead. They accepted Him as a beautiful boy and considered Him to be their paramour. So how was it possible for them to get freed from the material condition just by thinking of a paramour? One should consider here that Ka and ordinary living beings are qualitatively one. The ordinary living beings, being part and parcel of Ka, are also Brahman, but Ka is the SupremeParabrahman. The question is, If it is possible for a devotee to get free from the material, contaminated stage simply by thinking of Ka, then why not others who are also thinking of someone? If one is thinking of a husband or son, or if anyone at all is thinking of another living entity, then, since all living entities are also Brahman, why are all those who thus think of others not freed from the contaminated stage of material nature? This is a very intelligent question, because there are always atheists imitating Ka. In these days of Kali-yuga, there are many rascals who think themselves to be as good as Ka and who cheat people into believing that thinking of them is as good as thinking of Lord Ka. Parkit Mahrja, apprehending the future dangerous condition of blind followers of demoniac imitators, therefore asked this question, and fortunately it is recorded in rmad-Bhgavatam to warn innocent people that thinking of an ordinary man and thinking of Ka are not the same.

Actually, even thinking of the demigods cannot compare to thinking of Ka. It is also warned in the vaiava-tantra that one who puts Viu, Nryaa or Ka on the same level as the demigods is called a pa, or rascal. On hearing this question from Mahrja Parkit, ukadeva Gosvm replied, My dear King, your question is already answered, even before this incident. Because Parkit Mahrja wanted to clear up the situation, his spiritual master answered him very intelligently, Why are you again asking about the same subject matter which has already been explained to you? Why are you so forgetful? A spiritual master is always in the superior position, so he has the right to chastise his disciple in this way. ukadeva Gosvm knew that Mahrja Parkit asked the question not for his own understanding but as a warning to the future innocent people who might think others to be equal to Ka.

ukadeva Gosvm then reminded Parkit Mahrja about the salvation of iupla. iupla was always envious of Ka, and because of his envy Ka killed him. But since Ka is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, iupla gained salvation simply by seeing Him. If an envious person can get salvation simply by concentrating his mind on Ka, then what to speak of the gops, who are so dear to Ka and always think of Him in love? There must be some difference between the enemies and the friends. If Kas enemies could get freed from material contamination and become one with the Supreme, then certainly His dear friends like the gops can achieve such freedom and much more.

Besides that, in the Bhagavad-gt Ka is called Hkea. ukadeva Gosvm also said that Ka is Hkea, the Supersoul. Whereas an ordinary man is a conditioned soul covered by the material body, Ka and Kas body are the same because He is Hkea. Any person making a distinction between Ka and Kas body is fool number one. Ka is Hkea and Adhokaja. These two particular words have been used by ukadeva Gosvm in this instance. Hkea is the Supersoul, and Adhokaja is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, transcendental to the material nature. Just to show favor to the ordinary living entities, out of His causeless mercy He appears as He is. Unfortunately, foolish persons mistake Him to be an ordinary person, and so they become eligible to go to hell.

ukadeva Gosvm continued to inform Mahrja Parkit that Ka is not an ordinary person but rather the Supreme Personality of Godheadimperishable, immeasurable, without any material qualities but full of all spiritual qualities. He appears in this material world out of His causeless mercy, and whenever He appears, He appears as He is, without change. This is confirmed in the Bhagavad-gt, where the Lord says that He appears by His spiritual potency. He does not appear under the control of this material potency. The material potency is under His control. In the Bhagavad-gt it is stated that the material potency is working under His superintendence. It is also confirmed in the Brahma-sahit that the material potency, known as Durg, is acting just as a shadow which moves with the movement of the substance. The conclusion is that if one somehow or other becomes attached to Ka or attracted to Him, either because of His qualities of beauty, opulence, fame, strength, renunciation or knowledge, through affection or friendship, or even through lust, anger or fear, then ones salvation and freedom from material contamination are assured.

In the Bhagavad-gt, Eighteenth Chapter, the Lord states that one who is engaged in preaching Ka consciousness is very dear to Him. A preacher has to face many difficulties in his struggle to preach pure Ka consciousness. Sometimes he has to suffer bodily injuries, and sometimes he has to meet death also. All this is taken as a great austerity on behalf of Ka. Ka therefore has said that such a preacher is very, very dear to Him. If Kas enemies can expect salvation simply by concentrating their minds on Him, then what to speak of persons who are so dear to Ka? The conclusion should be that the salvation of those who are engaged in preaching Ka consciousness in the world is guaranteed in all circumstances. But such preachers never care for salvation, because factually one who is engaged in Ka consciousness, devotional service, has already achieved salvation. ukadeva Gosvm therefore assured King Parkit that he should always rest assured that one attracted by Ka attains liberation from material bondage because Ka is the transcendental master of all mystic power.

When all the gops assembled, as described, before Ka, He began to speak to them, welcoming them as well as discouraging them by word jugglery. Ka is the supreme speaker; He is the speaker of the Bhagavad-gt. He can speak on the highest elevated subjects of philosophy, politics, economicseverything. And He also spoke before the gops, who were so dear to Him. He wanted to enchant them by word jugglery, and thus He began to speak as follows.

O ladies of Vndvana, Ka said, you are very fortunate, and you are very dear to Me. I am very pleased that you have come here, and I hope everything is well in Vndvana. Now please order Me. What can I do for you? What is the purpose of your coming here in the dead of night? Kindly take your seats and let Me know what I can do for you.

The gops had come to Ka to enjoy His company, to dance with Him, embrace Him and kiss Him, and when Ka began to receive them very officially, showing all kinds of etiquette, they were surprised. He was treating them as ordinary society women. Therefore they began to smile among themselves, and though they very eagerly listened to Ka talk in that way, they were surprised. Then Ka began to instruct them: My dear friends, you must know that it is now the dead of night, and the forest is very dangerous. At this time all the ferocious jungle animalsthe tigers, bears, jackals and wolvesare prowling in the forest. Therefore it is very dangerous for you. You cannot select a secure place now. Everywhere you go you will find that all these animals are loitering to find their prey. I think, therefore, that you are taking a great risk in coming here in the dead of night. Please turn back immediately, without delay.

When He saw that they continued to smile, He said, I very much appreciate your bodily features. All of you have nice, very thin waists. All of the gops there were exquisitely beautiful. They are described by the word sumadhyam; the standard of beauty of a woman is said to be sumadhyam when the middle portion of the body is slender.

Ka wanted to impress on them that they were not old enough to take care of themselves. Actually, they required protection. It was not very wise for them to come in the dead of night to Ka. Ka also indicated that He was young and that they were young girls. It does not look very well for young girls and boys to remain together in the dead of night. After hearing this advice, the gops did not seem very happy; therefore Ka began to stress the point in a different way.

My dear friends, I can understand that you have left your homes without the permission of your guardians; therefore I think your mothers, your fathers, your elder brothers and even your sons, and what to speak of your husbands, must be very anxious to find you. As long as you are here, they must be searching in different places, and their minds must be very agitated. So dont tarry. Please go back and make them peaceful.

When the gops appeared to be a little bit disturbed and angry from hearing the free advice of Ka, they diverted their attention to looking at the beauty of the forest. At that time the whole forest was illuminated by the bright shining of the moon, and the air was blowing very silently over the blooming flowers, and the green leaves of the trees were moving in the breeze. Ka took the opportunity of their looking at the forest to advise them. I think you have come out to see the beautiful Vndvana forest on this night, He said, but you must now be satisfied. So return to your homes without delay. I understand that you are all very chaste women, so now that you have seen the beautiful atmosphere of the Vndvana forests, please return home and engage in the faithful service of your respective husbands. Some of you must have babies by this time, although you are very young. You must have left your small babies at home, and they must be crying. Please immediately go back home and just feed them with your breast milk. I can also understand that you have very great affection for Me, and out of that transcendental affection you have come here, hearing My playing on the flute. Your feelings of love and affection for Me are very appropriate because I am the Supreme Personality of Godhead. All living creatures are My parts and parcels, and naturally they are affectionate to Me. So this affection for Me is very welcome, and I congratulate you for this. Now you can go back to your homes. Another thing I must explain to you is that for a chaste woman, service to the husband without duplicity is the best religious principle. A woman should be not only faithful and chaste to the husband but affectionate to the friends of her husband, obedient to the father and mother of the husband, and affectionate to the younger brothers of the husband. And most importantly, the woman must take care of the children.

In this way, Ka explained the duty of a woman. He also stressed the point of serving the husband: Even if he is not of very good character, or even if he is not very rich or fortunate, or even if he is old or invalid on account of continued diseases, whatever her husbands condition, a woman should not divorce her husband if she actually desires to be elevated to the higher planetary systems after leaving this body. Besides that, it is considered abominable in society if a woman is unfaithful and goes searching for another man. Such habits will deter a woman from being elevated to the heavenly planets, and the results of such habits are very degrading. A married woman should not search for a paramour, for this is not sanctioned by the Vedic principles of life. If you think that you are very much attached to Me and you want My association, I advise you not to personally try to enjoy Me. It is better for you to go home, simply talk about Me and think of Me, and by this process of constantly remembering Me and chanting My names you will surely be elevated to the spiritual platform. There is no need to stand near Me. Please go back home.

The instruction given herein by the Supreme Personality of Godhead to the gops was not at all sarcastic. Such instructions should be taken very seriously by all honest women. The chastity of women is specifically stressed herein by the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Therefore this principle should be followed by any serious woman who wants to be elevated to a higher status of life. Ka is the center of all affection for all living creatures. When this affection is developed for Ka, then one surpasses and transcends all Vedic injunctions. This was possible for the gops because they saw Ka face to face. This is not possible for any women in the conditioned state. Unfortunately, sometimes a rascal, following the philosophy of monism, or oneness, very irresponsibly takes advantage of this rsa-ll to imitate the behavior of Ka with the gops, entice many innocent women and mislead them in the name of spiritual realization. As a warning, Lord Ka has herein hinted that what was possible for the gops is not possible for ordinary women. Although a woman can actually be elevated by advanced Ka consciousness, she should not be enticed by an imposter who says that he is Ka. She should concentrate her devotional activities in chanting and meditating upon Ka, as is advised herein. One should not follow the men called sahajiy, the so-called devotees who take everything very lightly.

When Ka spoke in such a discouraging way to the gops, they became very sad, for they thought that their desire to enjoy the rsa dance with Ka would be frustrated. Thus they became full of anxiety. Out of great sadness, the gops began to breathe very heavily. Instead of looking at Ka face to face, they bowed their heads and looked to the ground, and they began to draw various types of curved lines on the ground with their toes. They were shedding heavy tears, and their cosmetic decorations were being washed from their faces. The water from their eyes mixed with the kukuma on their breasts and fell to the ground. They could not say anything to Ka but simply stood there silently. By their silence they expressed that their hearts were grievously wounded.

The gops were not ordinary women. In essence they were on an equal level with Ka. They are His eternal associates. As it is confirmed in the Brahma-sahit, they are expansions of the pleasure potency of Ka, and as His potency they are nondifferent from Him. Although they were depressed by the words of Ka, they did not like to use harsh words against Him. Yet they wanted to rebuke Ka for His unkind words, and therefore they began to speak in faltering voices. They did not like to use harsh words against Ka because He was their dearmost, their heart and soul. The gops had only Ka within their hearts. They were completely surrendered and dedicated souls. Naturally, when they heard such unkind words, they tried to reply, but in the attempt torrents of tears fell from their eyes. Finally they managed to speak.

Ka, they said, You are very cruel! You should not talk like that. We are full-fledged surrendered souls. Please accept us, and dont talk in that cruel way. Of course, You are the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and You can do whatever You like, but it is not worthy of Your position to treat us in such a cruel way. We have come to You, leaving everything behind, just to take shelter of Your lotus feet. We know that You are completely independent and can do whatever You like, but we request You, dont reject us. We are Your devotees. You should accept us as Lord Nryaa accepts His devotees. There are many devotees of Lord Nryaa who worship Him for salvation, and He awards them salvation. Similarly, how can You reject us when we have no other shelter than Your lotus feet?

O dear Ka, they continued, You are the supreme instructor. There is no doubt about it. Your instructions to women to be faithful to their husbands and merciful to their children, to take care of household affairs and to be obedient to the elder members of the family, are surely just according to the tenets of the stras. But we know that one may perfectly observe all these instructions of the stras by keeping oneself under the protection of Your lotus feet. Our husbands, friends, family members and children are all dear and pleasing to us only because of Your presence, for You are the Supersoul of all living creatures. Without Your presence, one is worthless. When You leave the body, the body immediately dies, and according to the injunction of the stras, a dead body must immediately be thrown into a river or burned. Therefore, ultimately You are the dearmost personality in this world. By placing our faith and love in Your personality, we are assured of never being bereft of husband, friends, sons or daughters. If a woman accepts You as the supreme husband, then she will never be bereft of her husband, as in the bodily concept of life. If we accept You as our ultimate husband, then there is no question of being separated, divorced or widowed. You are the eternal husband, eternal son, eternal friend and eternal master, and one who enters into a relationship with You is eternally happy. Since You are the teacher of all religious principles, Your lotus feet have to be worshiped first. Accordingly, the stras state, crya-upsan: the worship of Your lotus feet is the first principle. Besides that, as stated in the Bhagavad-gt, You are the only enjoyer, You are the only proprietor, and You are the only friend. As such, we have come to You, leaving aside all so-called friends, society and love, and now You have become our enjoyer. Let us be everlastingly enjoyed by You. Be our proprietor, for that is Your natural claim, and be our supreme friend, for You are naturally so. Let us thus embrace You as the supreme beloved.

Then the gops told lotus-eyed Ka, Please do not discourage our long-cherished desires to have You as our husband. Any intelligent man who cares for his own self-interest reposes all his loving spirit in You. Persons who are simply misled by the external energy, who want to be satisfied by false concepts, try to enjoy themselves apart from You. The so-called husband, friend, son, daughter, father and mother are all simply sources of material misery. No one is made happy in this material world by having a so-called father, mother, husband, son, daughter and friend. Although the father and mother are expected to protect the children, there are many children who are suffering for want of food and shelter. There are many good physicians, but when a patient dies, no physician can revive him. There are many means of protection, but when one is doomed, none of the protective measures can help, and without Your protection the so-called sources of protection simply become sources of continued distress. We therefore appeal to You, dear Lord of all lords, please do not kill our long-cherished desires to have You as our supreme husband.

Dear Ka, as women, we are certainly satisfied when our hearts are engaged in the activities of family affairs, but our hearts have already been stolen by You. We can no longer engage them in family affairs. Besides that, although You have repeatedly asked us to return home, and that is a very appropriate instruction, unfortunately we have been stunned here. Our legs have no power to move a step from Your lotus feet. Therefore, if even at Your request we return home, what shall we do there? We have lost all our ability to act without You. Instead of engaging our hearts in family affairs as women, we have now developed a different type of lust which is continually blazing in our hearts. Now we request You, dear Ka, to extinguish that fire with Your beautiful smile and the transcendental vibration emanating from Your lips. If You do not agree to do us this favor, we shall certainly be burned in the fire of separation. In that condition, we shall simply think of You and Your beautiful features and give up our bodies immediately. In that way we think it will be possible for us to reside at Your lotus feet in the next life. Dear Ka, if You say that if we go home our respective husbands will satisfy the lusty flame of our desire, we can only say that that is no longer possible. You have given us a chance to be enjoyed by You in the forest and have touched our breasts once in the past, which we accepted as a blessing, as did the goddesses of fortune, who are enjoyed in the Vaikuhalokas by You. Since we have tasted this transcendental enjoyment, we are no longer interested in going to anyone but You for the satisfaction of our lust. Dear Ka, the lotus feet of the goddess of fortune are always worshiped by the demigods. Although she is always resting on Your chest in the Vaikuha planets, she underwent great austerity and penance to have some shelter at Your lotus feet, which are always covered by tulas leaves. Your lotus feet are the proper shelter of Your servitors, and the goddess of fortune, instead of abiding on Your chest, comes down and worships Your lotus feet. We have now placed ourselves under the dust of Your feet. Please do not reject us, for we are fully surrendered souls.

Dear Ka, You are known as Hari. You destroy all the miseries of all living entities, specifically of those who have left their homes and family attachment and have completely taken to You. We have left our homes with the hope that we shall completely devote and dedicate our lives to Your service. We are simply begging to be engaged as Your servants. We do not wish to ask You to accept us as Your wives. Simply accept us as Your maidservants. Since You are the Supreme Personality of Godhead and like to enjoy the parakya-rasa and are famous as a transcendental woman hunter, we have come to satisfy Your transcendental desires. We are also after our own satisfaction, for simply by looking at Your smiling face we have become very lusty. We have come before You decorated with all ornaments and dress, but until You embrace us, all our clothes and beautiful features remain incomplete. You are the Supreme Person, and if You complete our dressing attempt as the purua-bhaa, or the male ornament, then all our desires and bodily decorations are complete.

Dear Ka, we have simply been captivated by seeing You with tilaka and with earrings and by seeing Your beautiful face covered with scattered hair and bearing Your extraordinary smile. Not only that, but we are also attracted by Your arms, which always give assurance to the surrendered souls. And although we are also attracted by Your chest, which is always embraced by the goddess of fortune, we do not wish to take her position. We shall simply be satisfied by being Your maidservants. If You accuse us, however, of encouraging prostitution, then we can only ask, Where is that woman within these three worlds who is not captivated by Your beauty and the rhythmic songs vibrated by Your transcendental flute? Within these three worlds there is no distinction between men and women in relation to You because both men and women belong to the marginal potency, or prakti. No one is actually the enjoyer, or the male; everyone is meant to be enjoyed by You. There is no woman within these three worlds who cannot but deviate from her path of chastity once she is attracted to You, because Your beauty is so sublime that not only men and women but also cows, birds, beasts and even trees, fruits and flowerseveryone and everythingbecome enchanted, and what to speak of ourselves? It is, however, definitely decided that as Lord Viu is always protecting the demigods from the onslaught of demons, so You have also advented in Vndvana just to give the residents protection from all kinds of distress. O dear friend of the distressed, kindly place Your hand on our burning breasts as well as on our heads, because we have surrendered unto You as Your eternal maidservants. If You think, however, that Your lotuslike palms might be burned to ashes if placed on our burning breasts, let us assure You that Your palms will feel pleasure instead of pain, as the lotus flower, although very delicate and soft, enjoys the scorching heat of the sun.

Upon hearing the anxious plea of the gops, the Supreme Personality of Godhead smiled, and being very kind to the gops, the Lord, although self-sufficient, began to embrace them and kiss them as they desired. When Ka, smiling, looked at the faces of the gops, the beauty of their faces became a hundred times enhanced. When He was enjoying them in their midst, He appeared just like the full moon surrounded by millions of shining stars. Thus the Supreme Personality of Godhead, surrounded by hundreds of gops and decorated with a flower garland of many colors, began to wander within the Vndvana forest, sometimes singing to Himself and sometimes singing with the gops. In this way the Lord and the gops reached the cool, sandy bank of the Yamun, where there were lilies and lotus flowers. In such a transcendental atmosphere, the gops and Ka began to enjoy one another. While they were walking on the bank of the Yamun, Ka would sometimes put His arms around a gops head, breast or waist. Pinching one another and joking and looking at one another, they enjoyed. When Ka touched the bodies of the gops, their lust to embrace Him increased. They all enjoyed these pastimes. Thus the gops were blessed with all mercy by the Supreme Personality of Godhead, for they enjoyed His company without a tinge of mundane sex life.

The gops, however, soon began to feel very proud, thinking themselves to be the most fortunate women in the universe due to being favored by the company of Ka. Lord Ka, who is known as Keava, could immediately understand their pride caused by their great fortune of enjoying Him personally, and in order to show them His causeless mercy and to curb their false pride, He immediately disappeared from the scene, exhibiting His opulence of renunciation. The Supreme Personality of Godhead is always full with six kinds of opulences, and this is an instance of the opulence of renunciation. This renunciation confirms Kas total nonattachment. He is always self-sufficient and is not dependent on anything. This is the platform on which His transcendental pastimes are enacted.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Twenty-ninth Chapter of Ka, The Rsa Dance: Introduction.

KB 30: Ka's Hiding from the Gops

CHAPTER THIRTY

Kas Hiding from the Gops

When Ka suddenly disappeared from the company of the gops, they searched for Him everywhere. After not finding Him anywhere, they became afraid and almost mad after Him. They were simply thinking of the pastimes of Ka in great love and affection. Being absorbed in thought of Him, they experienced loss of memory, and with dampened eyes they saw the very pastimes of Ka, His beautiful talks with them, His embracing, kissing and other activities. Being so attracted to Ka, they imitated His dancing, His walking and His smiling, as if they themselves were Ka. Due to Kas absence, they all became crazy; each one of them told the others that she was Ka Himself. Soon they all assembled together and chanted Kas name very loudly as they moved from one part of the forest to another, searching for Him.

Actually, Ka is all-pervasive; He is in the sky, and He is in the forest; He is within the heart, and He is always everywhere. The gops therefore began to question the trees and plants about Ka. There were various types of big trees and small plants in the forest, and the gops addressed them: Dear banyan tree, have you seen the son of Mahrja Nanda passing this way, laughing and playing on His flute? He has stolen our hearts and gone away. If you have seen Him, kindly inform us which way He has gone. Dear aoka tree, dear nga flower tree and campaka flower tree, have you seen the younger brother of Balarma pass this way? He has disappeared because of our pride. The gops were aware of the reason for Kas sudden disappearance. They could understand that when they had been enjoying Ka they thought themselves to be the most fortunate women within the universe, and since they were feeling proud, Ka had disappeared immediately just to curb their pride. Ka does not like His devotees to be proud of their service to Him. He accepts everyones service, but He does not like one devotee to proudly consider himself better than others. If sometimes there are such feelings, Ka ends them by changing His attitude toward the devotee.

The gops then addressed the tulas plants: Dear tulas, you are much beloved by Lord Ka because your leaves are always at His lotus feet. Dear mlat flower, dear mallik flower, dear jasmine flower, all of you must have been touched by Ka while He was passing this way after giving us transcendental enjoyment. Have you seen Mdhava passing this way? O mango trees, O trees of jackfruit, O pear trees and sana trees! O blackberries and bael trees and trees of the kadamba floweryou are all very pious trees to be living on the bank of the Yamun. Ka must have passed through this way. Will you kindly let us know which way He has gone?

The gops then looked upon the ground they were traversing and began to address the earth, Dear earthly planet, we do not know how many penances and austerities you have undergone to be now living with the footprints of Lord Ka upon you. You are very jolly; the hairs on your body are these jubilant trees and plants. Lord Ka must have been very much pleased with you; otherwise how could He have embraced you in the form of Varha the boar? When you were submerged in water, He delivered you, taking the whole weight of your existence on His tusks.

After addressing the innumerable trees and plants and the earth, they turned their faces toward the beautiful deer who were looking on them very pleasingly. It appears, they addressed the deer, that Ka, who is the Supreme Nryaa Himself, must have passed through this way along with His companion, Lakm, the goddess of fortune. Otherwise, how is it possible that the aroma of His garland, which is smeared with the red kukuma from the breasts of the goddess of fortune, can be perceived in the breeze blowing here? It appears that they must have passed through here and touched your bodies, and thus you are feeling so pleasant and are looking toward us with sympathy. Will you kindly, therefore, inform us which way Ka has gone? Ka is the well-wisher of Vndvana. He is as kind to you as to us; therefore after leaving us, He must have been present in your company. O fortunate trees, we are thinking of Ka, the younger brother of Balarma. While passing through here, with one hand resting on the shoulder of the goddess of fortune and the other hand twirling a lotus flower, He must have been very pleased to accept your obeisances, and He must have glanced at you with great pleasure.

Some of the gops then addressed their gop friends: Dear friends, why dont you question these creepers who are so jubilantly embracing the big trees as if the trees were their husbands? It appears that the flowers of the creepers must have been touched by the nails of Ka. Otherwise, how could they feel so jubilant?

After searching for Ka here and there, the gops became fatigued, and then they began to talk like madwomen. They could only satisfy themselves by imitating the different pastimes of Ka. One of them imitated the demon Ptan, and one of them imitated Ka and sucked her breast. One gop imitated a hand-driven cart, and another gop lay down beneath the cart and threw up her legs, touching the wheels of the cart, as Ka did to kill the demon akasura. They imitated child Ka, lying down on the ground, and one gop became the demon Tvarta and carried the small child Ka by force into the sky; and one of the gops began to imitate Ka while He was attempting to walk, ringing His ankle bells. Two gops imitated Ka and Balarma, and many others imitated Their cowherd boyfriends. One gop assumed the form of Baksura, and another forced her to fall down as the demon Baksura did when he was killed; similarly, another gop defeated Vatssura. Just as Ka used to call His cows by their different names, so the gops imitated Him, calling the cows by their respective names. One of the gops began to play on a flute, and another praised her the way Kas boyfriends praised Him while He played on His flute. One of the gops took another gop on her shoulders, just as Ka used to take His boyfriends. Absorbed in thoughts of Ka, the gop who was carrying her friend began to boast that she was Ka herself: All of you just see my movement! One of the gops raised her hand with her covering garments and said, Now dont be afraid of the torrents of rain and severe hurricanes. Ill save you! In this way she imitated the lifting of Govardhana Hill. One gop forcibly put her feet on the head of another gop and said, You rascal Kliya! I shall punish you severely. You must leave this place. I have descended on this earth to punish all kinds of miscreants! Another gop told her friends, Just see! The flames of the forest fire are coming to devour us. Please close your eyes and I shall immediately save you from this imminent danger.

In this way all the gops were madly feeling the absence of Ka. They inquired about Him from the trees and plants. In some places they found the imprints of the marks on the soles of His feetnamely the flag, the lotus flower, the trident, the thunderbolt, etc. After seeing those footprints, they exclaimed, Oh, here is the impression of the marks on the soles of Kas feet. All the marks, such as the flag, the lotus flower, the trident and the thunderbolt, are distinctly visible here. They began to follow the footprints, and shortly they saw another set of footprints beside them, and immediately they became very sorry. Dear friends, just see! Whose are these other footprints? They are beside the footprints of the son of Mahrja Nanda. It is certainly Ka passing through, resting His hand on some other gop, exactly as an elephant goes side by side with his beloved mate. We must, therefore, understand that this particular gop served Ka with greater affectionate love than ourselves. Because of this, although He has left us, He could not leave Her company. He has taken Her along with Him. Dear friends, just imagine how the dust of this place is transcendentally glorious. The dust of the lotus feet of Ka is worshiped even by Lord Brahm and Lord iva and the goddess of fortune, Lakm. But at the same time, we are very sorry that this particular gop has gone along with Ka, for She is sharing the nectar of Kas kisses and leaving us aside to lament. O friends, just see! At this particular spot we do not see the footprints of that gop. It appears that because there were some pinpricks from the dried grass, Ka took Rdhr on His shoulder. Oh, She is so dear to Him! Ka must have picked some flowers in this spot to satisfy Rdhr, because here, where He stood erect to get the flowers from the high branches of the tree, we find only half the impression of His feet. Dear friends, just see how Ka must have sat down here with Rdhr and tried to set flowers in Her hair. You can be certain that both of Them sat together here. Ka is self-sufficient; He has nothing to enjoy from any other source, yet just to satisfy His devotee He treated Rdhr exactly as a lusty boy treats his girlfriend. Ka is so kind that He always tolerates the disturbances created by His girlfriends.

In this way, all the gops pointed out the faults of the particular gop who had been taken alone by Ka. They said that the chief gop, Rdhr, who had been taken alone by Ka, must be very proud of Her position, thinking Herself the greatest of the gops. Yet how could Ka take Her away alone, leaving all of us aside, unless She is extraordinarily qualified and beautiful? She must have taken Ka into the deep forest and told Him, My dear Ka, I am now very tired. I cannot go any further. Please carry Me wherever You like. When Ka was spoken to in this way, He might have told Rdhr, All right, better get on My shoulder. But immediately Ka must have disappeared, and now Rdhr must be lamenting for Him, My dear lover, My dearest, You are so fine and so powerful. Where have You gone? I am nothing but Your most obedient maidservant. I am very much aggrieved. Please come and be with Me again. Ka, however, is not coming to Her. He must be watching Her from a distant place and enjoying Her sorrow.

All the gops then went further and further into the forest, searching out Ka, but when they learned that actually Rdhr was left alone by Ka, they became very sorry. This is the test of Ka consciousness. In the beginning they were a little envious that Ka had taken Rdhr alone, leaving aside all the other gops, but as soon as they knew that Ka had also left Rdhr and that She was alone lamenting for Him, they became more sympathetic to Her. The gops found Rdhr and heard everything from Herabout how She misbehaved with Ka and how She was proud and was insulted for Her pride. After hearing all this, they became actually very sympathetic. Then all the gops, including Rdhr, proceeded further into the forest, until they could no longer see the moonlight.

When they saw that it was getting gradually darker, they stopped. Their mind and intelligence became absorbed in thoughts of Ka; they all imitated the activities of Ka and His speeches. Due to their heart and soul being completely given to Ka, they began to chant His glories, completely forgetting their family interests. In this way, all the gops returned to the bank of the Yamun and assembled there, and expecting that Ka must return to them, they simply engaged in chanting the glories of r KaHare Ka, Hare Ka, Ka Ka, Hare Hare / Hare Rma, Hare Rma, Rma Rma, Hare Hare.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Thirtieth Chapter of Ka, Kas Hiding from the Gops.

KB 31: Songs by the Gops

CHAPTER THIRTY-ONE

Songs by the Gops

One gop said, My dear Ka, ever since You took Your birth in this land of Vrajabhmi, everything appears to be glorious. The land of Vndvana has become glorious, and it is as if the goddess of fortune is personally always existing here. But it is only we who are very unhappy, because we are searching for You but cannot see You with our greatest effort. Our life is completely dependent upon You; therefore we request that You again come to us.

Another gop said, My dear Ka, You are the life and soul even of the lotus flower that grows on the water of lakes made transparent by the clear rains of autumn. Although the lotus flowers are so beautiful, without Your glance they fade away. Similarly, without You, we are also dying. Actually, we are neither Your wives nor slaves. You never spent any money for us, yet we are simply attracted by Your glance. Now, if we die without receiving Your glance, Youll be responsible for our deaths. Certainly the killing of women is a great sin, and if You do not come to see us and we die, You will suffer the reactions of sin. So please come see us. Do not think that one can be killed only by certain weapons. We are being killed by Your absence. You should consider how You are responsible for killing women. We are always grateful to You because You have protected us many times: from the poisonous water of the Yamun, from the serpent Kliya, from Baksura, from the anger of Indra and his torrents of rain, from the forest fire and so many other incidents. You are the greatest and most powerful of all. It is wonderful for You to protect us from so many dangers, but we are surprised that You are neglecting us at this moment.

Dear Ka, dear friend, we know very well that You are not actually the son of mother Yaod or the cowherd man Nanda Mahrja. You are the Supreme Personality of Godhead and the Supersoul of all living entities. You have, out of Your own causeless mercy, appeared in this world, requested by Lord Brahm for the protection of the world. It is by Your kindness only that You have appeared in the dynasty of Yadu. O best in the dynasty of Yadu, if anyone afraid of this materialistic way of life takes shelter at Your lotus feet, You never deny him protection. Your movements are sweet, and You are independent, touching the goddess of fortune with one hand and in the other bearing a lotus flower. That is Your extraordinary feature. Please, therefore, come before us and bless us with the lotus flower in Your hand.

Dear Ka, You are the killer of all the fears of the inhabitants of Vndvana. You are the supremely powerful hero, and we know that You can kill the unnecessary pride of Your devotee as well as the pride of women like us simply by Your beautiful smile. We are simply Your maidservants and slaves; please, therefore, accept us by showing us Your beautiful lotuslike face.

Dear Ka, actually we have become very lusty, having been touched by Your lotus feet. Your lotus feet certainly kill all kinds of sinful activities of devotees who have taken shelter there. You are so kind that even the ordinary animals take shelter under Your lotus feet. Your lotus feet are also the residence of the goddess of fortune, yet You danced on the heads of the Kliya serpent with them. Now we are requesting You to kindly place Your lotus feet on our breasts and pacify our lusty desires to touch You.

O Lord, Your attractive eyes, like the lotus, are so nice and pleasing. Your sweet words are so fascinating that they please even the greatest scholars, who also become attracted to You. We are also attracted by Your speaking and by the beauty of Your face and eyes. Please, therefore, satisfy us by Your nectarean kisses. Dear Lord, words spoken by You or words describing Your activities are full of nectar, and simply by speaking or hearing Your words one can be saved from the blazing fire of material existence. Great demigods like Lord Brahm and Lord iva are always engaged in chanting the glories of Your words. They do so to eradicate the sinful activities of all living entities in the material world. If one simply tries to hear Your transcendental words, he can very quickly be elevated to the platform of pious activities. For the Vaiavas, Your words give transcendental pleasure, and saintly persons who are engaged in distributing Your transcendental message all over the world are first-class charitable persons. (This was confirmed by Rpa Gosvm when he addressed Lord Caitanya as the most munificent incarnation because He distributed the words of Ka and love of Ka free of charge all over the world.)

Dear Ka, the gops continued, You are very cunning. You can imagine how much we are distressed simply by remembering Your cunning smile, Your pleasing glance, Your walking with us in the forest of Vndvana, and Your auspicious meditations. Your talks with us in lonely places were heartwarming. Now we are all aggrieved to remember Your behavior. Please save us. Dear Ka, certainly You know how much we are saddened when You go out of Vndvana village to tend the cows in the forest. How we are afflicted simply to think that Your soft lotus feet are being pricked by the dry grass and the tiny stones in the forest! We are so attached to You that we always think simply of Your lotus feet.

O Ka, when You return from the pasturing ground with the animals, we see Your face covered by Your curly hair and dusted by the hoof dust of the cows. We see Your mildly smiling face, and our desire to enjoy You increases. O dear Ka, You are the supreme lover, and You always give shelter to surrendered souls. You fulfill everyones desire; Your lotus feet are worshiped even by Lord Brahm, the creator of the universe. To whomever worships Your lotus feet, You without a doubt always bestow Your benedictions. So kindly be pleased with us and keep Your lotus feet on our breasts and thus relieve our present distresses. Dear Ka, we are seeking Your kisses, which You offer even to Your flute. The vibration of Your flute enchants the whole world and our hearts also. Kindly, therefore, return and kiss us with Your mouth of nectar.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Thirty-first Chapter of Ka, Songs by the Gops.

KB 32: Ka Returns to the Gops

CHAPTER THIRTY-TWO

Ka Returns to the Gops

When Lord Ka finally reappeared among the assembled gops, He looked very beautiful, just befitting a person with all kinds of opulences. In the Brahma-sahit it is stated, nanda-cin-maya-rasa-pratibhvitbhi: Ka alone is not particularly beautiful, but when His energyespecially His pleasure energy, represented by Rdhrexpands, He looks very magnificent. The Myvda conception of the perfection of the Absolute Truth without potency is due to insufficient knowledge. Actually, outside the exhibition of His different potencies, the Absolute Truth is not complete. nanda-cin-maya-rasa means that His body is a transcendental form of eternal bliss and knowledge. Ka is always surrounded by different potencies, and therefore He is perfect and beautiful. We understand from the Brahma-sahit and Skanda Pura that Ka is always surrounded by many thousands of goddesses of fortune. The gops are all goddesses of fortune, and Ka took them hand in hand on the bank of the Yamun.

It is said in the Skanda Pura that out of many thousands of gops, 16,000 are predominant, out of those 16,000, 108 are especially prominent, out of these 108 gops, eight gops are still more prominent, out of those eight gops, Rdhr and Candrval are even more prominent, and out of these two gops, Rdhr is the most prominent.

When Ka entered the forest on the bank of the Yamun, the moonlight dissipated the surrounding darkness. Due to the season, flowers like the kunda and kadamba were blooming, and a gentle breeze was carrying their aroma. Due to the aroma, the bees were also flying in the breeze, thinking that the aroma was honey. The gops made a seat for Ka by leveling the soft sand and placing cloths over it.

The gops who were gathered there had almost all been followers of the Vedas. In their previous births, during Lord Rmacandras advent, they had been Vedic scholars who desired the association of Lord Rmacandra in conjugal love. Rmacandra had given them the benediction that they would be present for the advent of Lord Ka and He would fulfill their desires. During Kas advent, the Vedic scholars took birth in the shape of the gops in Vndvana; as young gops, they got the association of Ka in fulfillment of their previous births desire. The ultimate goal of their perfect desire was attained, and they were so joyous that they had nothing further to desire. This is confirmed in the Bhagavad-gt: if one attains the Supreme Personality of Godhead, then he has no desire for anything. When the gops had Ka in their company, not only all their grief but their lamenting in the absence of Ka was relieved. They felt they had no desire to be fulfilled. Fully satisfied in the company of Ka, they spread their cloths on the ground. These garments were made of fine linen and smeared with the red kukuma which decorated their breasts. With great care they spread a sitting place for Ka. Ka was their life and soul, and they created a very comfortable seat for Him.

Sitting on the seat amongst the gops, Ka became more beautiful. Great yogs like Lord iva, Lord Brahm or even Lord ea and others always try to fix their attention upon Ka in their hearts, but here the gops actually saw Ka seated before them on their cloths. In the society of the gops, Ka looked very beautiful. They were the most beautiful damsels within the three worlds, and they assembled together around Ka.

It may be asked herein how Ka seated Himself beside so many gops and yet sat alone. There is a significant word in this verse: vara. As it is stated in the Bhagavad-gt, vara sarva-bhtnm [Bg. 18.61]. vara refers to the Supreme Lord as the Supersoul seated in everyones heart. Ka also manifested this potency of expansion as Paramtm in this gathering with the gops. Ka was sitting by the side of each gop, unseen by the others. Ka was so kind to the gops that instead of sitting in their hearts to be appreciated in yogic meditation, He seated Himself by their sides. By seating Himself outside, He showed special favor to the gops, who were the selected beauties of all creation. Having gotten their most beloved Lord, the gops began to please Him by moving their eyebrows and smiling and also by suppressing their anger. Some of them took His lotus feet in their laps and massaged them. And while smiling, they confidentially expressed their suppressed anger and said, Dear Ka, we are ordinary women of Vndvana, and we do not know much about Vedic knowledgewhat is right and what is wrong. We therefore put a question to You, and, since You are very learned, You can answer it properly. In dealings between lovers, we find that there are three classes of men. One class simply receives, another class reciprocates favorably, even if the lover is very contrary, and the third class neither acts contrary nor answers favorably in dealings of love. So out of these three classes, which do You prefer, or which do You call honest?

In answer, Ka said, My dear friends, persons who simply reciprocate the loving dealings of the other party are just like merchants. They give in loving affairs as much as they get from the other party. Practically there is no question of love. It is simply self-interested or self-centered business dealing. Even those without a tinge of loving affairs are better than these merchants. Better than the first class is the second class of men, who love in spite of the opposite partys contrariness. Such sincere love can be seen when the father and mother love their children in spite of their childrens neglect. The third class neither reciprocates nor neglects. They can be further divided into two classes. One is the self-satisfied, who do not require anyones love. They are called tmrma, which means they are absorbed in the thought of the Supreme Personality of Godhead and so do not care whether one loves them or not. But another class are ungrateful men. They are called callous. The men in this group revolt against superior persons. For instance, a son, in spite of receiving all kinds of things from loving parents, may be callous and not reciprocate. Those in this class are generally known as guru-druha, which means they receive favors from the parents or the spiritual master and yet neglect them.

Ka indirectly answered the questions of the gops, even those questions which implied that Ka did not properly reciprocate their dealings. In answer, Ka said that He, as the Supreme Personality of Godhead, is self-satisfied. He does not require anyones love, but at the same time He said that He is not ungrateful.

My dear friends, Ka continued, you might be aggrieved by My words and acts, but you must know that sometimes I do not reciprocate My devotees dealings with Me. My devotees are very much attached to Me, but sometimes I do not reciprocate their feelings properly in order to increase their love for Me more and more. If I can very easily be approached by them, they might think, Ka is so easily available. So sometimes I do not respond. If a person has no money but after some time accumulates some wealth and then loses it, he will think of the lost property twenty-four hours a day. Similarly, in order to increase the love of My devotees, sometimes I appear to be lost to them, and instead of forgetting Me, they feel their loving sentiments for Me increase. My dear friends, do not think for a moment that I have been dealing with you as I do with ordinary devotees. I know what you are. You have forsaken all kinds of social and religious obligations; you have given up all connection with your parents. Without caring for social convention and religious obligations, you have come to Me and loved Me, and I am so much obliged to you that I cannot treat you as ordinary devotees. Do not think that I was away from you. I was near to you. I was simply seeing how much you were anxious for Me in My absence. So please do not try to find fault with Me. Because you consider Me so dear to you, kindly excuse Me if I have done anything wrong. I cannot repay your continuous love for Me, even throughout the lifetimes of the demigods in the heavenly planets. It is impossible to repay you or show enough gratitude for your love; therefore please be satisfied by your own pious activities. You have displayed exemplary attraction for Me, overcoming the greatest difficulties arising from family connections. Please be satisfied with your highly exemplary character, for it is not possible for Me to repay My debt to you.

The exemplary character of devotional service manifested by the devotees of Vndvana is the purest type of devotion. It is enjoined in authoritative stras that devotional service must be ahaituk and apratihat. This means that devotional service to Ka cannot be checked by political or religious convention. The stage of devotional service is always transcendental. The gops particularly showed pure devotional service towards Ka, so much so that Ka Himself remained indebted to them. Lord Caitanya thus said that the devotional service manifested by the gops in Vndvana excelled all other methods of approaching the Supreme Personality of Godhead.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Thirty-second Chapter of Ka, Ka Returns to the Gops.

KB 33: Description of the Rsa Dance

CHAPTER THIRTY-THREE

Description of the Rsa Dance

Thus hearing the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Ka, speaking to pacify them, the gops became very much pleased. They became completely relieved of the great suffering of separation, not only by hearing the words of the Supreme Personality of Godhead but also by touching His hands and legs. After this, the Supreme Personality of Godhead began His rsa dance. A dance in the midst of many girls is called a rsa dance. So Ka began to dance among the most beautiful and fortunate girls within the three worlds. The gops of Vndvana, who were so attracted to Him, danced with Ka, hand in hand.

Kas rsa dance should never be compared to any kind of material dance, such as a ball dance or a society dance. The rsa dance is a completely spiritual performance. In order to establish this fact, Ka, the supreme mystic, expanded Himself into many forms and stood beside each gop. Placing His hands on the shoulders of the gops on both sides of Him, He began to dance in their midst. The mystic expansions of Ka were not perceived by the gops because Ka appeared alone to each of them. Each gop thought that Ka was dancing with her alone. Above that wonderful dance flew many airplanes carrying the denizens of the heavenly planets, who were very eager to see the wonderful dance of Ka with the gops. The Gandharvas and Kinnaras began to sing, and, accompanied by their respective wives, all the Gandharvas began to shower flowers on the dancers.

As the gops and Ka danced together, a very blissful musical sound was produced from the tinkling of their bells, ornaments and bangles. It appeared that Ka was a greenish sapphire locket in the midst of a golden necklace decorated with valuable stones. While Ka and the gops danced, they displayed extraordinary bodily features. The movements of their legs, their placing their hands on one another, the movements of their eyebrows, their smiling, the movements of the breasts of the gops and their clothes, their earrings, their cheeks, their hair with flowersas they sang and danced these combined to appear like clouds, thunder, snow and lightning. Kas bodily features appeared just like a group of clouds, the gops songs were like thunder, their beauty appeared to be just like lightning in the sky, and the drops of perspiration visible on their faces appeared like falling snow. In this way, the gops and Ka fully engaged in dancing.

The necks of the gops became tinted with red due to their desire to enjoy Ka more and more. To satisfy them, Ka began to clap His hands in time with their singing. Actually the whole world is full of Kas singing, but it is appreciated in different ways by different kinds of living entities. This is confirmed in the Bhagavad-gt: ye yath m prapadyante ts tathaiva bhajmy aham [Bg. 4.11]. Ka is dancing, and every living entity is also dancing, but there is a difference between the dancing in the spiritual world and that in the material world. This is expressed by the author of the Caitanya-caritmta, who says that the master dancer is Ka and everyone else is His servant. Everyone is trying to imitate Kas dancing. Those who are actually in Ka consciousness respond rightly to the dancing of Ka: they do not try to dance independently. But those in the material world try to imitate Ka as the Supreme Personality of Godhead. The living entities are dancing under the direction of Kas my and are thinking that they are equal to Ka. But this is not a fact. In Ka consciousness, this misconception is absent, for a person in Ka consciousness knows that Ka is the supreme master and everyone is His servant. One has to dance to please Ka, not to imitate or to attempt to become equal to the Supreme Personality of Godhead. The gops wanted to please Ka, and therefore as Ka sang, they responded and encouraged Him by saying, Well done, well done. Sometimes they presented beautiful music for His pleasure, and He responded by praising their singing.

When some of the gops became very tired from dancing and moving their bodies, they placed their hands on the shoulders of r Ka. Then their hair loosened and flowers fell to the ground. When they placed their hands on Kas shoulder they became overwhelmed by the fragrance of His body, which emanated from the lotus, other aromatic flowers and the pulp of sandalwood. They became filled with attraction for Him, and they began to kiss Him. Some gops touched Ka cheek to cheek, and Ka began to offer them chewed betel nuts from His mouth, which they accepted with great pleasure by kissing. And by accepting those betel nuts, the gops spiritually advanced.

The gops became tired after long singing and dancing. Ka was dancing beside them, and to alleviate their fatigue they took r Kas hand and placed it on their raised breasts. Kas hand, as well as the breasts of the gops, are eternally auspicious; therefore when they combined, both of them became spiritually enhanced. The gops so enjoyed the company of Ka, the husband of the goddess of fortune, that they forgot that they had any other husbands in the world, and upon being embraced by the arms of Ka and dancing and singing with Him, they forgot everything. rmad-Bhgavatam thus describes the beauty of the gops while they were rsa dancing with Ka. There were lotus flowers over both their ears, and their faces were decorated with sandalwood pulp. They wore tilaka, and there were drops of perspiration on their smiling mouths. From their feet came the tinkling sound of ankle bells and bangles. The flowers within their hair were falling to the lotus feet of Ka, and He was very satisfied.

As stated in the Brahma-sahit, all these gops are expansions of Kas pleasure potency. Touching their bodies with His hands and looking at their pleasing eyes, Ka enjoyed the gops exactly as a child enjoys playing with the reflection of his body in a mirror. When Ka touched the different parts of their bodies, the gops felt surcharged with spiritual energy. They could not adjust their loosened clothes, although they tried to keep them adjusted properly. Their hair and garments became scattered, and their ornaments loosened as they forgot themselves in the company of Ka.

While Ka was enjoying the company of the gops in the rsa dance, the astonished demigods and their wives gathered in the sky. The moon, being afflicted with a sort of lust, began to watch the dance and became stunned with wonder. The gops had prayed to the goddess Ktyyan to have Ka as their husband. Now Ka was fulfilling their desire by expanding Himself in as many forms as there were gops and enjoying them exactly like a husband.

rla ukadeva Gosvm has remarked that Ka is self-sufficientHe is tmrma. He doesnt need anyone else for His satisfaction. Because the gops wanted Ka as their husband, He fulfilled their desire. When Ka saw that the gops were tired from dancing with Him, He immediately began to wipe His hands over their faces so that their fatigue would be relieved. In order to reciprocate the kind hospitality of Ka, the gops began to look at Him lovingly. They were overjoyed by the auspicious touch of the hand of Ka. Their smiling cheeks shone with beauty, and they began to sing the glories of Ka with transcendental pleasure. As pure devotees, the more the gops enjoyed Kas company, the more they became enlightened with His glories, and thus they reciprocated with Him. They wanted to satisfy Ka by glorifying His transcendental pastimes. Ka is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the master of all masters, and the gops wanted to worship Him for His unusual exhibition of mercy upon them.

The gops and Ka entered the water of the Yamun just to relieve their fatigue from the rsa dance. The lily flower garlands around the necks of the gops were strewn to pieces due to their embracing the body of Ka, and the flowers were reddish from being smeared with the kukuma on their breasts. The bumblebees were humming about in order to get honey from the flowers. Ka and the gops entered the water of the Yamun just as an elephant enters a water tank with his many female companions. Both the gops and Ka forgot their real identities, playing in the water, enjoying each others company and relieving the fatigue of rsa dancing. The gops began to splash water on the body of Ka, all the while smiling, and Ka enjoyed this. As Ka was taking pleasure in the joking words and splashing water, the demigods in the heavenly planets showered flowers. The demigods thus praised the superexcellent rsa dance of Ka, the supreme enjoyer, and His pastimes with the gops in the water of the Yamun.

After this, Lord Ka and the gops came out of the water and began to stroll along the bank of the Yamun, where a nice breeze was blowing, carrying the aroma of different kinds of flowers over the water and land. While strolling on the bank of the Yamun, Ka recited various kinds of poetry. He thus enjoyed the company of the gops in the soothing moonlight of autumn.

Sex desire is especially excited in the autumn season, but the wonderful thing about Kas association with the gops is that there was no question of sex desire. It was, as clearly stated in the Bhgavata description by ukadeva Gosvm, avaruddha-sauratathe sex impulse was completely controlled. There is a distinction between Lord Kas dancing with the gops and the ordinary dancing of living entities within the material world. In order to clear up further misconceptions about the rsa dance and the affairs of Ka and the gops, Mahrja Parkit, the hearer of rmad-Bhgavatam, told ukadeva Gosvm, Ka appeared on the earth to establish the regulative principles of religion and to curb the predominance of irreligion. But the behavior of Ka and the gops might encourage irreligious principles in the material world. I am simply surprised that He would act in such a way, enjoying the company of others wives in the dead of night. This statement of Mahrja Parkits was very much appreciated by ukadeva Gosvm. The answer anticipates the abominable acts of the Myvd impersonalists who place themselves in the position of Ka and enjoy the company of young girls and women.

The basic Vedic injunctions never allow a person to enjoy sex with any woman except his own wife. Kas appreciation of the gops appeared to be distinctly in violation of these rules. Mahrja Parkit understood the total situation from ukadeva Gosvm, yet to further clarify the transcendental nature of Ka and the gops in the rsa dance, he expressed his surprise. This is very important in order to check the unrestricted association with women by the prkta-sahajiys.

In his statement, Mahrja Parkit has used several important words which require clarification. The first word, jugupsitam, means abominable. The first doubt of Mahrja Parkit was as follows: Lord Ka is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who had advented Himself to establish religious principles. Why then did He mix with others wives in the dead of night and enjoy dancing, embracing and kissing? According to the Vedic injunctions, this is not allowed. Also, when the gops first came to Him, He gave instructions to them to return to their homes. To call the wives of other persons or young girls and enjoy dancing with them is certainly abominable according to the Vedas. Why should Ka have done this?

Another word used here is pta-kma. Some may take it for granted that Ka was very lusty among young girls, but Parkit Mahrja said that this was not possible. He could not be lusty. First of all, from the material calculation He was only eight years old. At that age a boy cannot be lusty. pta-kma means that the Supreme Personality of Godhead is self-satisfied. Even if He were lusty, He doesnt need to take help from others to satisfy His lusty desires. The next point is that, although not lusty Himself, He might have been seduced by the lusty desires of the gops. But Mahrja Parkit then used another word, yadu-pati, which indicates that Ka is the most exalted personality in the dynasty of the Yadus. The kings in the dynasty of Yadu were considered to be the most pious, and their descendants were also like that. Having taken birth in that family, how could Ka have been seduced, even by the gops? It is concluded, therefore, that it was not possible for Ka to do anything abominable. But Mahrja Parkit was in doubt as to why Ka acted in that way. What was the real purpose?

Another word Mahrja Parkit used when he addressed ukadeva Gosvm is suvrata, which means to take a vow to enact pious activities. ukadeva Gosvm was an educated brahmacr, and under the circumstances it was not possible for him to indulge in sex. This is strictly prohibited for brahmacrs, and what to speak of a brahmacr like ukadeva Gosvm. But because the circumstances of the rsa dance were very suspect, Mahrja Parkit inquired for clarification from ukadeva Gosvm. ukadeva Gosvm immediately replied that transgressions of religious principles by the supreme controller testify to His great power. For example, fire can consume any abominable thing; that is the manifestation of the supremacy of fire. Similarly, the sun can absorb water from a urinal or from stool, and the sun is not polluted; rather, due to the influence of the sunshine, the polluted, contaminated place becomes disinfected and sterilized.

One may also argue that since Ka is the supreme authority, His activities should be followed. In answer to this argument, ukadeva Gosvm has very clearly said that the vara, or supreme controller, may sometimes violate His instructions, but this is possible only for the controller Himself, not for the followers. Unusual and uncommon activities by the controller can never be imitated. ukadeva Gosvm warned that the conditioned followers, who are not actually in control, should never even imagine imitating the uncommon activities of the controller. A Myvd philosopher may falsely claim to be God or Ka, but he cannot actually act like Ka. He can persuade his followers to falsely imitate the rsa dance, but he is unable to lift Govardhana Hill. We have many experiences in the past of Myvd rascals deluding their followers by posing themselves as Ka in order to enjoy rsa-ll. In many instances they were checked by the government, arrested and punished. In Orissa, hkura Bhaktivinoda punished a so-called incarnation of Viu who was imitating the rsa-ll with young girls. There were many complaints against the so-called incarnation. At that time Bhaktivinoda hkura was a magistrate, and the government deputed him to deal with that rascal, and he punished him very severely. The rsa-ll dance cannot be imitated by anyone. ukadeva Gosvm warns that one should not even think of imitating it. He specifically mentions that if, out of foolishness, one tries to imitate Kas rsa dance, he will be killed, just like a person who wants to imitate Lord ivas drinking of an ocean of poison. Lord iva drank an ocean of poison and kept it within his throat. The poison made his throat turn blue, and therefore Lord iva is called Nlakaha. But if any ordinary person tries to imitate Lord iva by drinking poison or smoking gaj, he is sure to be vanquished and will die within a very short time. Lord r Kas dealings with the gops occurred under special circumstances.

Most of the gops in their previous lives were great sages, expert in the study of the Vedas, and when Lord Ka appeared as Lord Rmacandra they wanted to enjoy with Him. Lord Rmacandra gave them the benediction that their desires would be fulfilled when He would appear as Ka. Therefore the desire of the gops to enjoy the appearance of Lord Ka was long cherished. So they approached goddess Ktyyan to have Ka as their husband. There are many other circumstances which also testify to the supreme authority of Ka and show that He is not bound by the rules and regulations of the material world. In special cases, He acts as He likes to favor His devotees. This is only possible for Him, because He is the supreme controller. People in general should follow the instructions of Lord Ka as given in the Bhagavad-gt and should not even imagine imitating Lord Ka in the rsa dance.

Kas lifting of Govardhana Hill and His killing of great demons like Ptan are all obviously extraordinary activities. Similarly, the rsa dance is also an uncommon activity and cannot be imitated by any ordinary man. An ordinary person engaged in his occupational duty, like Arjuna, should execute his duty for the satisfaction of Ka; that is within his power. Arjuna was a fighter, and Ka wanted him to fight for His satisfaction. Arjuna agreed, although at first he was not willing to fight. Duties are required for ordinary persons. They should not jump up and try to imitate Ka and indulge in rsa-ll and thus bring about their ruin. One should know with certainty that Ka had no personal interest in whatever He did for the benediction of the gops. As stated in the Bhagavad-gt, na m karmi limpanti: Ka never enjoys or suffers the results of His activities. Therefore it is not possible for Him to act irreligiously. He is transcendental to all religious duties and principles. He is untouched by the modes of material nature. He is the supreme controller of all living entities, either in human society, in the demigod society in heavenly planets, or in lower forms of life. He is the supreme controller of all living entities and of material nature; therefore, He has nothing to do with religious or irreligious principles.

ukadeva Gosvm further concludes that the great sages and devotees, who are washed clean of all conditioned life, can move freely even within the contamination of material nature by keeping Ka, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, within their hearts. In this way they also do not become subject to the laws of pleasure and pain in the modes of material nature. How, then, is it possible for Ka, who appears by His own internal potency, to be subjected to the laws of karma?

In the Bhagavad-gt the Lord clearly says that whenever He appears He does so by His internal potency; He is not forced to accept a body by the laws of karma, like an ordinary living entity. Every other living entity is forced to accept a certain type of body by his previous actions. But when Ka appears, He always appears in a body that is not forced upon Him by the action of His past deeds. His body is a vehicle for His transcendental pleasure pastimes, which are enacted by His internal potency. He has no obligation to the laws of karma. The Myvd monist must accept a certain type of body, being forced by the laws of nature; therefore, his claim to being one with Ka, or God, is only theoretical. Such persons who claim to be equal with Ka and indulge in rsa-ll create a dangerous situation for the people in general. Ka, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, was already present as the Supersoul within the bodies of the gops and their husbands. He is the guide of all living entities, as is confirmed in the Kaha Upaniad: nityo nityn cetana cetannm. The Supersoul directs the individual soul to act, and the Supersoul is the actor and witness of all action.

It is confirmed in the Bhagavad-gt that Ka is present in everyones heart and that from Him come all knowledge, remembrance and forgetfulness. He is the original person to be known by Vedic knowledge. He is the author of the Vednta philosophy, and He knows the Vednta philosophy perfectly well. The so-called Vedntists and Myvds cannot understand Ka as He is; they simply mislead their followers by imitating the actions of Ka in an unauthorized way. Ka, the Supersoul of everyone, is already within the body of everyone; therefore if He sees someone or embraces someone there is no question of impropriety.

Some ask that if Ka is self-sufficient, why did He at all manifest the pastimes with the gops, which are disturbing to the so-called moralists of the world? The answer is that such activities show special mercy to the fallen, conditioned souls. The gops are expansions of His internal energy, but because Ka wanted to exhibit the rsa-ll, they appeared as ordinary human beings. In the material world, pleasure is ultimately manifested in the sex attraction between man and woman. The man lives simply to be attracted by women, and the woman lives simply to be attracted by men. That is the basic principle of material life. As soon as these attractions are combined, people become more and more implicated in material existence. In order to show them special favor, Ka exhibited this rsa-ll dance. It is just to captivate the conditioned soul. Since they are very much attracted by sex, they can enjoy the same life with Ka and thus become liberated from the material condition. In the Second Canto of rmad-Bhgavatam, Mahrja Parkit also explains that the pastimes and activities of Lord Ka are medicine for the conditioned souls. If they simply hear about Ka, they become relieved of the material disease. They are addicted to material enjoyment and are accustomed to reading sex literature, but by hearing these transcendental pastimes of Ka with the gops, they will be relieved of material contamination.

How they should hear and from whom is also explained by ukadeva Gosvm. The difficulty is that the whole world is full of Myvds, and when they become professional reciters of rmad-Bhgavatam, and when people, without knowing the effect of the Myvda philosophy, hear from such persons, they become confused. Discussion of the rsa-ll among people in general is not recommended because they are affected by the Myvda philosophy, but if one who is advanced explains and people hear from him, certainly the hearers will be gradually elevated to the position of Ka consciousness and liberated from materially contaminated life.

Another important point is that none of the gops who danced with Ka were in their material bodies. They danced with Ka in their spiritual bodies. All their husbands thought that their wives were sleeping by their sides. The so-called husbands of the gops were already enamored with the influence of the external energy of Ka; so by dint of this very energy they could not understand that their wives had gone to dance with Ka. What then is the basis of accusing Ka of dancing with others wives? The bodies of the gops, which were their husbands, were lying in bed, but the spiritual parts and parcels of Ka were dancing with Him. Ka is the supreme person, the whole spirit, and He danced with the spiritual bodies of the gops. There is therefore no reason to accuse Ka in any way.

After the rsa dance was over, the night (the night of Brahm, a very long period, as mentioned in the Bhagavad-gt) turned into the brhma-muhrta. The brhma-muhrta takes place about one and a half hours before sunrise. It is recommended that one should rise from bed at that time and, after finishing daily ablutions, take to spiritual activities by performing magala-rati and chanting the Hare Ka mantra. This period is very convenient for the execution of spiritual activities. When that auspicious moment arrived, Ka asked the gops to leave. Although His beloveds were not willing to quit His company, they were very obedient to Him. As soon as Ka asked them to go home, they immediately left and returned home. ukadeva Gosvm concludes this episode of the rsa-ll by pointing out that if a person hears from the right source about the pastimes of Ka, who is Viu Himself, and the gops, who are expansions of His energy, then he will be relieved of the most dangerous type of disease, namely lust. In other words, one who actually hears the rsa-ll will become completely freed from the lusty desire of sex life and elevated to the highest level of spiritual understanding. Generally, because they hear the rsa-ll from Myvds and they themselves are Myvds, people become more and more implicated in sex life. The conditioned soul should hear the rsa-ll dance from an authorized spiritual master and be trained by him so that he can understand the whole situation; thus one can be elevated to the highest standard of spiritual life; otherwise one will be implicated. Material lust is a kind of heart disease, and to cure the material heart disease of the conditioned soul, it is recommended that one should hear, but not from the impersonalist rascals. If one hears from the right sources with right understanding, then his situation will be different.

ukadeva Gosvm has used the word raddhnvita for one who is trained in spiritual life. raddh, or faith, is the beginning. One who has developed his faith in Ka as the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the Supreme Spirit Soul, can both describe and hear the rsa-ll. ukadeva also uses the word anuuyt. One must hear from the disciplic succession. Anu means following, and anu also means always. So one must always follow the disciplic succession and not hear from any stray professional reciter, whether a Myvd or an ordinary man. Anuuyt means that one must hear from an authorized person who is in the disciplic succession and is always engaged in Ka consciousness. When a person hears the rsa-ll in this way, the effect will be sure: he will be elevated to the highest position of spiritual life.

ukadeva Gosvm uses two specific words, bhaktim and parm. Bhakti parm means execution of devotional service above the neophyte stage. Those who are simply attracted to temple worship but do not know the philosophy of bhakti are in the neophyte stage. That sort of bhakti is not the perfectional stage. The perfectional stage of bhakti, or devotional service, is completely free from material contamination. The most dangerous aspect of contamination is lust, or sex life. Bhakti parm devotional service is so potent that the more one advances in this line, the more he loses his attraction for material life. One who is actually deriving benefit from hearing the rsa-ll dance surely achieves the transcendental position. He surely loses all traces of lust in his heart.

rla Vivantha Cakravart hkura points out that according to the Bhagavad-gt, Brahms day and Brahms night are periods of solar years expanding to 4,300,000 multiplied by 1,000. According to Vivantha Cakravart hkura, the rsa dance was performed during the long period of Brahms night, but the gops could not understand that. In order to fulfill their desire, Ka extended the night to cover such a great period of time. One may ask how this was possible, and Vivantha Cakravart hkura reminds us that Ka, although bound by a small rope, could show His mother the whole universe within His mouth. How was this possible? The answer is that He can do anything for the pleasure of His devotees. Similarly, because the gops wanted to enjoy Ka, they were given the opportunity to associate with Him for a long period. This was done according to His promise. When Ka stole the garments of the gops while they were taking a bath at Cragha on the Yamun, Ka promised to fulfill their desire in some future night. In one night, therefore, they enjoyed the company of Ka as their beloved husband, but that night was not an ordinary night. It was a night of Brahm, and lasted millions and millions of years. Everything is possible for Ka, for He is the supreme controller.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Thirty-third Chapter of Ka, Description of the Rsa Dance.

KB 34: Vidydhara Liberated and the Demon akhaca Killed

CHAPTER THIRTY-FOUR

Vidydhara Liberated and the
Demon akhaca Killed

Once upon a time, the cowherd men of Vndvana, headed by Nanda Mahrja, desired to go to Ambikvana to observe the iva-rtri ceremony. The rsa-ll was performed during the autumn, and after that the next big ceremony is Holi, or the Dolytr ceremony. Between the Dolytr ceremony and the rsa-ll ceremony there is one important ceremony called iva-rtri, which is especially observed by the aivites, or devotees of Lord iva. Sometimes the Vaiavas also observe this ceremony because they accept Lord iva as the foremost Vaiava. But the function of iva-rtri is not observed very regularly by the bhaktas, or devotees of Ka. Under the circumstances, it is stated in rmad-Bhgavatam that Nanda Mahrja and the other cowherd men once upon a time desired. This means that they were not regularly observing the iva-rtri function but that once upon a time they wanted to go to Ambikvana out of curiosity. Ambikvana is somewhere in the Gujarat province, and it is said to be situated on the river Sarasvat. Yet we do not find any Sarasvat River in the Gujarat province, although there is a river named Savarmat. In India, all the big places of pilgrimage are situated on nice rivers like the Ganges, Yamun, Sarasvat, Narmad, Godvar and Kver. Ambikvana was situated on the bank of Sarasvat, and Nanda Mahrja and all the other cowherd men went there.

They very devotedly began to worship the deity of Lord iva and Ambik. It is the general practice that wherever there is a temple of Lord iva, there must be another temple, of Ambik (or Durg), because Ambik is the wife of Lord iva and is the most exalted of chaste women. She doesnt live outside the association of her husband. After reaching Ambikvana, the cowherd men of Vndvana first bathed themselves in the river Sarasvat. If one goes to any place of pilgrimage, his first duty is to take a bath and sometimes to shave his head. That is the first business. After taking a bath, they worshiped the deities and then distributed charity in the holy places.

According to the Vedic system, charity is given to the brhmaas. It is stated in the Vedic stras that only the brhmaas and the sannyss can accept charity. The cowherd men from Vndvana gave the brhmaas cows decorated with golden ornaments and beautiful garlands. The brhmaas are given charity because they are not engaged in any business profession. They are supposed to be engaged in brahminical occupations, as described in the Bhagavad-gtnamely, they must be very learned and must perform austerity and penances. Not only must they themselves be learned, but they must also teach others. Brhmaas are not meant to be brhmaas alone: they should create other brhmaas also. If a man is found who agrees to become a brhmaas disciple, he is also given the chance to become a brhmaa. The brhmaa is always engaged in the worship of Lord Viu. Therefore the brhmaas are eligible to accept all kinds of charity. But if the brhmaas receive excess charity, they are to distribute it for the service of Viu. In the Vedic scriptures, therefore, one is recommended to give charity to the brhmaas, and by so doing one pleases Lord Viu and all the demigods.

The pilgrims take a bath, worship the deity and give charity; they are also recommended to fast one day. They should go to a place of pilgrimage and stay there at least for three days. The first day is spent fasting, and at night they can drink a little water because water does not break the fast.

The cowherd men, headed by Nanda Mahrja, spent that night on the bank of the Sarasvat. They fasted all day and drank a little water at night. But while they were taking rest, a great serpent from the nearby forest appeared before them and hungrily began to swallow up Nanda Mahrja. Nanda cried out helplessly, My dear son, Ka, please come and save me from this danger! This serpent is swallowing me! When Nanda Mahrja cried for help, all the cowherd men got up and saw what was happening. They immediately took up burning logs and began to beat the snake to kill it. But in spite of being beaten with burning logs, the serpent was not about to give up swallowing Nanda Mahrja.

At that time Ka appeared on the scene and touched the serpent with His lotus feet. Immediately upon being touched by the lotus feet of Ka, the serpent shed its reptilian body and appeared as a very beautiful demigod named Vidydhara. His bodily features were so beautiful that he appeared to be worshipable. There was a luster and effulgence emanating from his body, and he was garlanded with a gold necklace. He offered obeisances to Lord Ka and stood before Him with great humility. Ka then asked the demigod, You appear to be a very nice demigod and to be favored by the goddess of fortune. How is it that you performed such abominable activities that you got the body of a serpent? The demigod then began to narrate the story of his previous life.

My dear Lord, he said, in my previous life I was named Vidydhara and was known all over the world for my beauty. Because I was a celebrated personality, I used to travel all over in my airplane. While traveling, I saw a great sage named Agir. He was very ugly, and because I was very proud of my beauty, I laughed at him. Due to this sinful action, I was condemned by the great sage to assume the form of a serpent.

One should note here that before being favored by Ka a person is always under the modes of material nature, however elevated he may be materially. Vidydhara was a materially elevated demigod, and he was very beautiful. He also held a great material position and was able to travel all over by airplane. Yet he was condemned to become a serpent in his next life. Any materially elevated person can be condemned to an abominable species of life if he is not careful. It is a misconception that after reaching the human body one is never degraded. Vidydhara himself stated that even though he was a demigod he was condemned to become a serpent. But because he was touched by the lotus feet of Ka, he immediately came to Ka consciousness. He admitted, however, that in his previous life he was actually sinful. A Ka conscious person knows that he is always the servant of the servant of Ka; he is most insignificant, and whatever good he does is by the grace of Ka and the spiritual master.

The demigod Vidydhara continued to speak to r Ka. Because I was very proud of the exquisite beauty of my body, he said, I derided the ugly features of the great sage Agir. He cursed me for my sin, and I became a snake. Now I consider that this curse by the sage was not at all a curse; it was a great benediction for me. Had he not cursed me, I would not have assumed the body of a serpent and would not have been kicked by Your lotus feet and thus freed from all material contamination.

In material existence, four things are very valuable: to be born in a decent family, to be very rich, to be very learned and to be very beautiful. These are considered to be material assets. Unfortunately, without Ka consciousness, these material assets sometimes become sources of sin and degradation. Despite Vidydharas being a demigod and having a beautiful body, he was condemned to the body of a snake due to pride. Therefore from this incident we can learn that those who are too proud of their material assets or who are inimical toward others are degraded to the bodies of snakes. A snake is considered to be the most cruel and envious living entity, but those who are human beings and are envious of others are considered to be even more vicious than snakes. The snake can be charmed or controlled by mantras and herbs, but a person who is envious cannot be controlled by anyone.

My dear Lord, Vidydhara continued, now, since I think I have become freed from all kinds of sinful activities, I am asking Your permission to return to my abode, the heavenly planets. This request indicates that persons who are attached to fruitive activities, desiring promotion to the comforts of higher planetary systems, cannot achieve their ultimate goal of life without the sanction of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. It is also stated in the Bhagavad-gt that the less intelligent want to achieve material benefits and therefore worship different kinds of demigods, but they actually get the benedictions from the demigods through the permission of Lord Viu, or Ka. Demigods have no power to bestow material profit. Even if one is attached to material benedictions, he can worship Ka, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and ask Him. Ka is completely able to give even material benedictions. There is a difference, however, between asking material benedictions from the demigods and asking them from Ka. Dhruva Mahrja worshiped the Supreme Personality of Godhead for a material benediction, but when he actually achieved the favor of the Supreme Lord and saw Him, he was so satisfied that he refused to accept any material benediction. The intelligent person does not worship the demigods or ask favors from them; he directly becomes Ka conscious, and if he has any desire for material benefit, he asks Ka, not the demigods.

Vidydhara, awaiting Kas permission to return to the heavenly planets, said, Now, because I am touched by Your lotus feet, I am relieved of all kinds of material pangs. You are the most powerful of all mystics. You are the original Supreme Personality of Godhead. You are the master of all devotees. You are the proprietor of all planetary systems, and therefore I am asking Your permission. You may accept me as fully surrendered unto You. I know very well that persons who are constantly engaged in chanting Your holy name attain release from all sinful reactions, and certainly persons who are fortunate enough to be personally touched by Your lotus feet are freed. Therefore I am sure that I am now relieved of the curse of the brhmaa simply by seeing You and being touched by Your lotus feet.

In this way, Vidydhara got permission from Lord Ka to return to his home in the higher planetary system. After receiving this permission, he circumambulated the Lord and offered his respectful obeisances unto Him, and then he returned to his heavenly planet. Thus Nanda Mahrja became relieved of the imminent danger of being devoured by the snake.

The cowherd men, who had come to execute the ritualistic function of worshiping Lord iva and Ambik, finished their business and prepared to return to Vndvana. While returning, they recalled the wonderful activities of Ka. By relating the incident of Vidydharas deliverance, they became more attached to Ka. They had come to worship Lord iva and Ambik, but the result was that they became more and more attached to Ka. Similarly, the gops worshiped goddess Ktyyan to become more and more attached to Ka. It is stated in the Bhagavad-gt that persons who are attached to worshiping demigods like Lord Brahm, iva, Indra and Candra for some personal benefit are less intelligent and have forgotten the real purpose of life. But the cowherd men, inhabitants of Vndvana, were no ordinary men. Whatever they did, they did for Ka. If one worships demigods like Lord iva and Lord Brahm to become more attached to Ka, that is approved. But if one goes to the demigods for some personal benefit, that is condemned.

After this incident, on a very pleasant night Ka and His elder brother Balarma, who are inconceivably powerful, went into the forest of Vndvana. They were accompanied by the damsels of Vrajabhmi, and They began to enjoy their company. The young damsels of Vraja were very nicely dressed and anointed with pulp of sandalwood and decorated with flowers. The moon was shining in the sky, surrounded by glittering stars. The breeze was blowing, bearing the aroma of mallik flowers, and the bumblebees were mad after the aroma. Taking advantage of the pleasing atmosphere, Ka and Balarma began to sing very melodiously. The damsels became so absorbed in Their rhythmical song that they almost forgot themselves; their hair loosened, their dresses slackened, and their garlands began to fall to the ground.

At that time, while Ka, Balarma and the damsels were so much absorbed, almost in madness, a demoniac associate of Kuvera (the treasurer of the heavenly planets) appeared on the scene. The demons name was akhaca because on his head there was a valuable jewel resembling a conchshell. Just as the two sons of Kuvera had been puffed up over their wealth and opulence and did not care for Nrada Munis presence, this akhaca was also puffed up over material opulence. He thought that Ka and Balarma were two ordinary cowherd boys enjoying the company of many beautiful girls. Generally, in the material world, a person with riches thinks that all beautiful women should be enjoyed by him. akhaca also thought that since he belonged to the rich community of Kuvera, he, not Ka and Balarma, should enjoy the company of so many beautiful girls. He therefore decided to take charge of them. He appeared before Ka, Balarma and the damsels of Vraja and began to lead the girls away to the north. He commanded them as if he were their proprietor and husband, despite the presence of Ka and Balarma. Being forcibly taken away by akhaca, the damsels of Vraja called out the names of Ka and Balarma for protection. The two brothers immediately began to follow them, taking up big logs of la wood in Their hands. Dont be afraid, dont be afraid, They called to the gops. We are coming at once to chastise this demon. Very quickly They reached akhaca. Thinking the brothers too powerful, akhaca left the company of the gops and ran in fear of his life. But Ka would not let him go. He entrusted the gops to the care of Balarma and followed akhaca wherever he fled. Ka wanted to take the valuable jewel resembling a conchshell from the head of the demon. After following him a very short distance, Ka caught him, struck his head with His fist and killed him. He then took the valuable jewel and returned. In the presence of all the damsels of Vraja, He presented the valuable jewel to His elder brother, Balarma.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Thirty-fourth Chapter of Ka, Vidydhara Liberated and the Demon akhaca Killed.

KB 35: The Gops' Feelings of Separation

CHAPTER THIRTY-FIVE

The Gops Feelings of Separation

The gops of Vndvana were so attached to Ka that they were not satisfied simply with the rsa dance at night. They wanted to associate with Him and enjoy His company during the daytime also. When Ka went to the forest with His cowherd boyfriends and cows, the gops did not physically take part, but their hearts went with Him. And because their hearts went, they were able to enjoy His company through strong feelings of separation. To acquire this strong feeling of separation is the teaching of Lord Caitanya and His direct disciplic succession of Gosvms. When we are not in physical contact with Ka, we can associate with Him like the gops, through feelings of separation. Kas transcendental form, qualities, pastimes and entourage are all identical with Him. There are nine different kinds of devotional service. Devotional service to Ka in feelings of separation elevates the devotee to the highest perfectional level, to the level of the gops.

It is stated in rnivscryas prayer to the six Gosvms that they left the material opulences of government service and the princely status of life and went to Vndvana, where they lived just like ordinary mendicants, begging from door to door. But they were so much enriched with the gops feelings of separation that they enjoyed transcendental pleasure at every moment. Similarly, when Lord Caitanya was at Jaganntha Pur, He was in the role of Rdhr, feeling separation from Ka. Those who are in the disciplic succession of the Mdhva-Gauya-sampradya should always feel separation from Ka, worship His transcendental form and discuss His transcendental teachings, His pastimes, His qualities and His entourage. That will enrich the devotees to the highest devotional perfection. Feeling constant separation while engaged in the service of the Lord is the perfection of Ka consciousness.

The gops used to discuss Ka amongst themselves, and their talks were as follows. My dear friends, one gop said, do you know that when Ka lies on the ground He rests on His left elbow, and His head rests on His left hand? He moves His attractive eyebrows while playing His flute with His delicate fingers, and the sound He produces creates such a nice atmosphere that the denizens of the heavenly planets, who travel in space with their wives and beloveds, stop their airplanes, for they are stunned by the vibration of the flute. The wives of the demigods who are seated in the planes then become very much ashamed of their singing and musical qualifications. Not only that, but they become afflicted with conjugal love, and their hair and tight clothes immediately loosen.

Another gop said, My dear friends, Ka is so beautiful that the goddess of fortune always remains on His chest, and He is always adorned with a golden necklace. Beautiful Ka plays His flute in order to enliven the hearts of many devotees. He is the only friend of the suffering living entities. When He plays His flute, all the cows and other animals of Vndvana, although engaged in eating, simply take a morsel of food in their mouths and stop chewing. Their ears raise up and they become stunned. They do not appear alive but like painted animals. Kas flute-playing is so attractive that even the animals become enchanted, and what to speak of ourselves.

Another gop said, My dear friends, not only living animals but even inanimate objects like the rivers and lakes of Vndvana also become stunned when Ka passes with peacock feathers on His head and His body smeared with the minerals of Vndvana. With leaves and flowers decorating His body, He looks like some hero. When He plays on His flute and calls the cows with Balarma, the river Yamun stops flowing and waits for the air to carry dust from His lotus feet. The river Yamun is unfortunate like us; it does not get Kas mercy. The river simply remains stunned, stopping its waves, just as we also stop crying for Ka in expectation.

In the absence of Ka the gops were constantly shedding tears, but sometimes, when they expected that Ka was coming, they would stop crying. But when they saw that Ka was not coming, then again they would become frustrated and begin to cry. Ka is the original Personality of Godhead, the origin of all Viu forms, and the cowherd boys are all demigods. Lord Viu is always worshiped and surrounded by different demigods like Lord iva, Lord Brahm, Indra, Candra and others. When Ka traveled through the Vndvana forest or walked on the Govardhana Hill, He was accompanied by the cowherd boys. While walking, He played His flute just to call His cows. Just by His association, the trees, plants and other vegetation in the forest immediately became Ka conscious. A Ka conscious person sacrifices everything for Ka. Although the trees and plants were not very advanced in consciousness, by the association of Ka and His friends they also became Ka conscious. They then wanted to deliver everythingwhatever they hadnamely their fruits, flowers and the honey incessantly falling from their branches.

When Ka walked on the bank of the Yamun, He was seen nicely decorated with tilaka on His face. He was garlanded with different kinds of forest flowers, and His body was smeared with the pulp of sandalwood and tulas leaves. The bumblebees became mad after the fragrance and sweetness of the atmosphere. Being pleased by the humming sound of the bees, Ka would play His flute, and together the sounds became so sweet to hear that aquatic birds like cranes, swans and ducks were charmed. Instead of swimming or flying, they became stunned. They closed their eyes and entered a trance of meditation in worship of Ka.

One gop said, My dear friends, Ka and Balarma are nicely dressed with earrings and pearl necklaces. They enjoy Themselves on the top of Govardhana Hill, and everything becomes absorbed in transcendental pleasure when Ka plays on His flute, charming the whole created manifestation. When He plays, the clouds stop their loud thundering out of fear of Him. Rather than disturb the vibration of His flute, they respond with mild thunder and so congratulate Ka, their friend.

Ka is accepted as the friend of the cloud because both the cloud and Ka satisfy the people when they are disturbed. When the people are burning due to excessive heat, the cloud satisfies them with rain. Similarly, when people in materialistic life become disturbed by the blazing fire of material pangs, Ka consciousness gives them relief like a cloud. The cloud and Ka, having the same bodily color also, are considered to be friends. Desiring to congratulate its superior friend, the cloud poured not water but small flowers and covered the head of Ka just like an umbrella to protect Him from the scorching sunshine.

One of the gops told mother Yaod, My dear mother, your son is very expert among the cowherd boys. He knows all the different arts of how to tend the cows and how to play the flute. He composes His own songs, and to play them He puts His flute to His mouth. When He plays, either in the morning or in the evening, all the demigods, including Lord iva, Brahm, Indra and Candra, bow their heads and listen with great attention. Although they are very learned and expert, they cannot understand the musical arrangements of Kas flute. They simply listen attentively and try to understand, but they become bewildered and nothing more.

Another gop said, My dear friends, when Ka returns home with His cows, the footprints of the soles of His feetwith flag, thunderbolt, trident and lotus flowerrelieve the pain the earth feels when the cows traverse it. He walks in a stride which is so attractive, and He carries His flute. Just by looking at Him we become lusty to enjoy His company. At that time, our movements cease. We become just like trees and stand perfectly still, unaware that our hair and clothes are loosening.

Ka had many thousands of cows, and they were divided into groups according to their colors. They were also differently named according to color. When He would prepare to return from the pasturing ground, He would gather all the cows. As Vaiavas count 108 beads, which represent the 108 individual gops, so Ka would also count on 108 beads to count the different groups of cows.

When Ka returns, He is garlanded with tulas leaves, a gop described Him to a friend. He puts His hand on the shoulder of a cowherd boyfriend and begins to blow His transcendental flute. The wives of the black deer become enchanted upon hearing the vibration of His flute, which resembles the vibration of the v. The deer come to Ka and become so charmed that they stand still, forgetting their homes and husbands. Like us, who are enchanted by the ocean of the transcendental qualities of Ka, the she-deer become enchanted by the vibration of His flute.

Another gop told mother Yaod, My dear mother, when your son returns home, He decorates Himself with the buds of the kunda flower, and just to enlighten and gladden His friends, He blows His flute. The breeze blowing from the south creates a pleasing atmosphere because it is fragrant and very cool. Minor demigods like the Gandharvas and Siddhas take advantage of this atmosphere and offer prayers to your son by sounding their bugles and drums. Ka is very kind to the inhabitants of Vrajabhmi, Vndvana, and when He returns with His cows and friends, He is remembered as the lifter of Govardhana Hill. Taking advantage of this opportunity, the most exalted demigods like Lord Brahm and Lord iva come down to offer their evening prayers, and they accompany the cowherd boys in glorifying the qualities of Ka.

Ka is compared to the moon, born in the ocean of the womb of Devak. When He returns in the evening, it appears that He is fatigued, but He still tries to gladden the inhabitants of Vndvana by His auspicious presence. When Ka returns, garlanded with flowers, His face looks beautiful, adorned with golden earrings. He walks into Vndvana with a stride just like the elephants and slowly enters His home. Upon His return, the men, women and cows of Vndvana immediately forget the scorching heat of the day.

Such descriptions of Kas transcendental pastimes and activities were remembered by the gops during His absence from Vndvana. They give us some idea of how attractive Ka is, not only to human beings but to all animate and inanimate objects. In Vndvana, the trees, the plants, the water, animals like the deer and cowseverybody and everything is attracted to Ka. That is the perfect description of Kas attraction. The example of the gops is very instructive to persons who are trying to be absorbed in Ka consciousness. One can very easily associate with Ka simply by remembering His transcendental pastimes. Everyone has a tendency to love someone. That Ka should be the object of love is the central point of Ka consciousness. By constantly chanting the Hare Ka mantra and remembering the transcendental pastimes of Ka, one can be fully in Ka consciousness and thus make his life sublime and fruitful.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Thirty-fifth Chapter of Ka, The Gops Feelings of Separation.

KB 36: Kasa Sends Akrra for Ka

CHAPTER THIRTY-SIX

Kasa Sends Akrra for Ka

Vndvana was always absorbed in the thought of Ka. Everyone remembered His pastimes and was constantly merged in the ocean of transcendental bliss. But the material world is so contaminated that even in Vndvana the asuras, or demons, tried to disturb the peaceful situation.

Once a demon named Arisura entered the village in the form of a great bull with a gigantic body and huge horns, digging up the earth with his hooves. When the demon entered Vndvana, the whole land appeared to tremble, as if there were an earthquake. He roared fiercely, and after digging up the earth on the riverside, he entered the village proper. The fearful roaring of the bull was so piercing that some of the pregnant cows and women had miscarriages. Its body was so big, stout and strong that a cloud hovered over its body just as clouds hover over mountains. Arisura entered Vndvana with such a fearful appearance that just on seeing this great demon all the men and women were afflicted with great fear, and the cows and other animals fled the village.

The situation became very terrible, and all the inhabitants of Vndvana began to cry, Ka! Ka, please save us! Ka also saw that the cows were running away, and He immediately replied, Dont be afraid. Dont be afraid. He then appeared before Arisura and said, You lowest of living entities! Why are you frightening the inhabitants of Gokula? What will you gain by this action? If you have come to challenge My authority, then I am prepared to fight you. In this way, Ka challenged the demon, and the demon became very angry by the words of Ka. Ka stood before the bull, resting His hand on the shoulder of a friend. The bull proceeded toward Ka in anger. Digging the earth with his hooves, Arisura lifted his tail, and it appeared that clouds were hovering about the tail. His eyes were reddish and moving in anger. Pointing his horns at Ka, he charged Him just like the thunderbolt of Indra. But Ka immediately caught his horns and tossed him away, just as a gigantic elephant repels a small inimical elephant. Although the demon was perspiring and appeared very tired, he took courage and got up. Again he charged Ka with great force and anger. While rushing towards Ka, he breathed very heavily. Ka again caught his horns and immediately threw him to the ground, breaking his horns. Ka then began to kick his body, just as one squeezes a wet cloth on the ground. Being thus kicked by Ka, Arisura rolled over and began to move his legs violently. Bleeding from the mouth and passing stool and urine, his eyes starting from their sockets, he passed to the kingdom of death.

The demigods in the celestial planets showered flowers on Ka for His wonderful achievement. Ka was already the life and soul of the inhabitants of Vndvana, and after killing this demon in the shape of a bull, He became the cynosure of all eyes. With Balarma, He triumphantly entered Vndvana village, and the inhabitants glorified Him and Balarma with great jubilation. When a person performs some wonderful feat, his kinsmen and relatives and friends naturally become jubilant.

It was after this incident that the great sage Nrada disclosed to Kasa the secret of Ka. Nrada Muni is generally known as deva-darana, which means that he can be seen only by demigods or persons on the same level with the demigods. But Nrada visited Kasa, who was not at all on the level of the demigods, and allowed Kasa to see him. Of course Kasa also saw Ka, what to speak of Nrada Muni. But unless one sees the Lord or His devotees with purified eyes, one cannot derive the actual benefit. Of course, anyone who associates with a pure devotee derives imperceptible benefit, which is called ajta-sukti. One cannot understand how he is making progress, yet he makes progress by seeing the devotee of the Lord. Nrada Munis mission was to finish things quickly. Ka appeared in order to kill the demons, and Kasa was the chief among them. Nrada wanted to expedite things; therefore, he immediately approached Kasa with all the real information. You are to be killed by the eighth son of Vasudeva, Nrada told Kasa. That eighth son is Ka. You were misled by Vasudeva into believing that the eighth issue of Vasudeva was a daughter. Actually, the daughter was born of Yaod, the wife of Nanda Mahrja, and Vasudeva exchanged his son for the daughter, so you were misled. Ka is the son of Vasudeva, as is Balarma. Being afraid of your atrocious nature, Vasudeva has tactfully hidden Them in Vndvana, out of your sight. Nrada further informed Kasa, Ka and Balarma have been living incognito in the care of Nanda Mahrja. All the asuras, your companions who were sent to Vndvana to kill different children, were killed by Ka and Balarma.

As soon as Kasa got this information from Nrada Muni, he took out his sharp sword and prepared to kill Vasudeva for his duplicity. But Nrada pacified him. You are not to be killed by Vasudeva, he said. Why are you so anxious to kill him? Better try to kill Ka and Balarma. But in order to satisfy his wrath, Kasa arrested Vasudeva and his wife and shackled them in iron chains. Acting on the new information, Kasa immediately called for the Ke demon and asked him to go to Vndvana immediately to kill Balarma and Ka. In actuality, Kasa asked Ke to go to Vndvana to be killed by Ka and Balarma and thus get salvation. Then Kasa called for his expert elephant trainers, as well as for Cra, Muika, ala, Toala, etc., and he told them, My dear friends, try to hear me attentively. At Nanda Mahrjas place in Vndvana there are two brothers, Ka and Balarma. They are actually two sons of Vasudeva. As you know, I have been destined to be killed by Ka; there is a prophecy to this effect. Now I am requesting you to arrange for a wrestling match. People from different parts of the country will come to see the festival. I will arrange to get those two boys here, and you will try to kill Them in the wrestling arena.

Wrestling matches are still enjoyed by people in northern India, and it appears from the statements of rmad-Bhgavatam that five thousand years ago wrestling was also popular. Kasa planned to arrange such a wrestling competition and to invite people to visit. He also told the trainers of the elephants, Be sure to bring the elephant named Kuvalaypa and keep him at the gate of the wrestling camp. Try to capture Ka and Balarma on Their arrival and have the elephant kill Them.

Kasa also advised his friends to arrange to worship Lord iva by offering animal sacrifices and performing the sacrifice called Dhanur-yaja and the sacrifice performed on the fourteenth day of the moon, known as Caturda. This date falls three days after Ekda, and it is set aside for the worship of Lord iva. One of the plenary portions of Lord iva is called Klabhairava. This form of Lord iva is worshiped by demons who offer animals killed before him. The process is still current in India in a place called Vaidyantha-dhma, where the demons offer animal sacrifices to the deity of Klabhairava. Kasa belonged to this demoniac group. He was also an expert diplomat, and so he quickly arranged for his demon friends to kill Ka and Balarma.

He then called for Akrra, one of the descendants in the family of Yadu, in which Ka was born as the son of Vasudeva. When Akrra came to see Kasa, Kasa very politely shook hands with him and said, My dear Akrra, actually Ive no better friend than you in the Bhoja and Yadu dynasties. You are the most munificent person, so as a friend I am begging charity from you. Actually I have taken shelter of you exactly as King Indra takes shelter of Lord Viu. I request you to go immediately to Vndvana and find the two boys named Ka and Balarma. They are sons of Nanda Mahrja. Take this nice chariot, especially prepared for the boys, and bring Them here immediately. That is my request to you. Now, my plan is to kill these two boys. As soon as They come in the gate, there will be a giant elephant named Kuvalaypa waiting, and possibly he will be able to kill Them. But if somehow or other They escape, They will next meet the wrestlers and will be killed by them. That is my plan. And after killing these two boys, I shall kill Vasudeva and Nanda, who are supporters of the Vi and Bhoja dynasties. I shall also kill my father, Ugrasena, and his brother Devaka, because they are actually my enemies and are hindrances to my diplomacy and politics. Thus I shall get rid of all my enemies. Jarsandha is my father-in-law, and I have a great monkey friend named Dvivida. With their help it will be easy to kill all the kings on the surface of the earth who support the demigods. This is my plan. In this way I shall be free from all opposition, and it will be very pleasant to rule the world without obstruction. You may know also that ambara, Naraksura and Bsura are my intimate friends, and when I begin this war against the kings who support the demigods, they will help me considerably. Surely I shall be rid of all my enemies. Please go immediately to Vndvana and encourage the boys to come here to see the beauty of Mathur and take pleasure in the wrestling competition.

After hearing this plan of Kasas, Akrra replied, My dear King, your plan is very excellently made to counteract the hindrances to your diplomatic activities. But you should maintain equilibrium, for the result of your activities may be fruitful or may not be fruitful. After all, man proposes, God disposes. We may make very great plans, but unless they are sanctioned by the supreme authority, they will fail. Everyone in this material world knows that the supernatural power is the ultimate disposer of everything. One may make a very great plan with his fertile brain, but he must know that he will become subjected to the fruits, misery and happiness. But I have nothing to say against your proposal. As a friend, I shall carry out your order and bring Ka and Balarma here, as you desire.

After instructing his friends in various ways, Kasa retired, and Akrra went back to his home.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Thirty-sixth Chapter of Ka, Kasa Sends Akrra for Ka.

KB 37: Killing the Ke Demon and Vyomsura

CHAPTER THIRTY-SEVEN

Killing the Ke Demon and Vyomsura

After being instructed by Kasa, the demon Ke assumed the form of a terrible horse. He entered the area of Vndvana with the speed of the mind, his great mane flying and his hooves digging up the earth. He began to whinny and terrify the whole forest. Ka saw that the demon was terrifying all the residents of Vndvana with his whinnying and his tail wheeling in the sky like a big cloud. Ka could understand that the horse was challenging Him to fight. The Lord accepted his challenge and stood before the Ke demon, calling him to fight. The horse then ran toward Ka, making a horrible sound like a roaring lion, his jaws spread wide open as if to swallow the whole sky. Ke rushed toward the Lord with great speed and tried to trample Him with his legs, which were strong, forceful and as hard as stone. Ka, however, immediately caught hold of his legs and thus baffled him. Being somewhat angry, Ka began to whirl the horse around. After a few rounds, He contemptuously threw him a hundred yards away, just as Garua throws a big snake. Thrown by Ka, the horse immediately passed out, but after a little while he regained consciousness and with great anger and force again rushed toward Ka with his mouth open. As soon as Ke reached Him, Ka pushed His left arm within the horses mouth, and it looked as though a big snake had entered a hole in the field. The horse felt great pain because the arm of Ka felt to him like a hot iron rod. Immediately his teeth fell out. Kas arm within the mouth of the horse at once began to inflate, and Kes throat choked up. As the great horse suffocated, perspiration appeared on his body, and he threw his legs hither and thither. As his last breath came, his eyeballs bulged in their sockets and he passed stool and urine simultaneously. Thus the vital force of his life expired. When the horse was dead, his mouth became loose, and Ka could extract His hand without difficulty. He did not feel any surprise that the Ke demon was killed so easily, but the demigods in the sky were amazed, and out of their great appreciation they offered Ka greetings by showering flowers.

After this incident, Nrada Muni, the greatest of all devotees, came to see Ka in a solitary place and began to talk with Him. My dear Lord Ka, he said, You are the unlimited Supersoul, the supreme controller of all mystic powers, the Lord of the whole universe, the all-pervading Personality of Godhead. You are the resting place of the cosmic manifestation, the master of all the devotees and the Lord of everyone. My dear Lord, as the Supersoul of all living entities, You remain concealed within their hearts exactly as fire remains concealed in every piece of fuel. You are the witness of all the activities of the living entities, and You are the supreme controller within their hearts. You are self-sufficient; before the creation, You existed, and by Your energy You have created all the material elements. According to Your perfect plan, this material world is created by the interaction of the modes of nature, and by You it is maintained and annihilated. Although You are unaffected by all these activities, You are the supreme controller eternally. My dear Lord, You have advented Yourself on the surface of this earth just to kill all the so-called kings who are actually demons. These hobgoblins are cheating people in the dress of the princely order. You have advented Yourself to fulfill Your own statement that You come within this material world just to protect the principles of religion and annihilate unwanted miscreants. My dear Lord, I am therefore sure that the day after tomorrow I shall see demons like Cra, Muika and the other wrestlers and elephants, as well as Kasa himself, killed by You. I shall see this with my own eyes. After this I shall be able to see the killing of other demons, like akha, Yavana, Mura and Naraksura. I shall also see how You take away the prijta flower from the kingdom of heaven and how You defeat the King of heaven himself.

My dear Lord, Nrada Muni continued, I shall then be able to see how You marry princesses, the daughters of chivalrous kings, by paying the price of katriya strength. (Whenever a katriya wants to marry a very beautiful and qualified daughter of a great king, he must fight his competitors and emerge victorious. Then he is given the hand of the princess in charity.)

I shall also see how You save King Nga from a hellish condition, said Nrada Muni. This You shall enact in Dvrak. I shall also be able to see how You get Your wife and the Syamantaka jewel and how You save the son of a brhmaa from death after he has already been transferred to another planet. After this, I will be able to see You kill the Pauraka demon and burn to ashes the kingdom of K. I will see how You kill the King of Cedi and Dantavakra during the great sacrifice of Mahrja Yudhihira. Besides all this, it will be possible for me to see many other chivalrous activities while You remain in Dvrak. And all these activities performed by Your grace will be sung by great poets throughout the world. And at the Battle of Kuruketra You will take part as the chariot driver of Your friend Arjuna, and as the invincible death incarnation, eternal time, You will vanquish all belligerents assembled there. I shall see a large number of military forces killed in that battlefield. My Lord, let me offer my respectful obeisances unto Your lotus feet. You are situated completely in the transcendental position in perfect knowledge and bliss. You are complete in fulfilling all Your desires. By exhibiting Your internal potency, You have set up the influence of my. Your unlimited potency cannot even be measured by anyone. My dear Lord, You are the supreme controller. You are under Your own internal potency, and it is simply vain to think that You are dependent on any of Your creations.

You have taken birth in the Yadu dynasty, or the Vi dynasty. Your advent on the surface of the earth in Your original form of eternal blissful knowledge is Your own pastime. You are not dependent on anything but Yourself; therefore I offer my respectful obeisances unto Your lotus feet. After offering his respectful obeisances to Lord Ka, Nrada Muni took permission and left.

Nrada Muni wanted to impress upon people in general that Ka is fully independent. His activities, such as His appearance in the family of Yadu or His friendship with Arjuna, do not necessarily oblige Him to act to enjoy their results. They are all pastimes, and for Him they are all play. But for us they are actual, tangible facts.

After He had killed the Ke demon, Ka returned to tending the cows with His friends in the forest as though nothing had happened. Thus Ka is eternally engaged in His transcendental activities in Vndvana with His friends, the cowherd boys and gops, but sometimes He exhibits the extraordinary prowess of the Supreme Personality of Godhead by killing different types of demons.

Later that morning, Ka went to play with His cowherd boyfriends on the top of the Govardhana Hill. They were imitating the play of thieves and police. Some of the boys became police constables, and some became thieves, and some took the role of lambs. While they were thus enjoying their childhood pastimes, a demon known by the name of Vyomsura, the demon who flies in the sky, appeared on the scene. He was the son of another great demon, named Maya. These demons can perform wonderful magic. Vyomsura took the part of a cowherd boy playing as a thief and stole many boys who were playing the parts of lambs. One after another he took away almost all the boys and put them in the caves of the mountain and sealed the mouths of the caves with stones. Ka could understand the trick the demon was playing; therefore He caught hold of him exactly as a lion catches hold of a lamb. The demon tried to expand himself like a hill to escape arrest, but Ka did not allow him to get out of His clutches. He was immediately thrown on the ground with great force and killed, just as an animal is killed in the slaughterhouse. After killing the Vyoma demon, Lord Ka released all His friends from the caves of the mountain. He was then praised by His friends and by the demigods for these wonderful acts. He again returned to Vndvana with His cows and friends.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Thirty-seventh Chapter of Ka, Killing the Ke Demon and Vyomsura.

KB 38: Akrra's Arrival in Vndvana

CHAPTER THIRTY-EIGHT

Akrras Arrival in Vndvana

Nrada Muni did not mention Kas killing Vyomsura, which means that he was killed on the same day as the Ke demon. The Ke demon was killed in the early morning, and after that the boys went to tend the cows on Govardhana Hill, and it was there that Vyomsura was killed. Both demons were killed in the morning. Akrra was requested by Kasa to arrive in Vndvana by evening. After receiving instruction from Kasa, Akrra started the next morning via chariot for Vndvana. Because Akrra himself was a great devotee of the Lord, while going to Vndvana he began to pray to the Lord. Devotees are always absorbed in thoughts of Ka, and Akrra was constantly thinking of Lord Kas lotus eyes.

He did not know what sort of pious activities he must have performed to gain an opportunity to go see Lord Ka and Lord Balarma in Vndvana on that day. A pure Vaiava always thinks himself unfit to serve Ka. So Akrra began to think within himself that he was unfit for gaining the transcendental opportunity of seeing the Supreme Personality of Godhead. He considered himself as unfit for seeing Ka as a materialistic person is for understanding the science of God or as a fourth-class person (a dra) is for studying the Vedas. But then Akrra began to think, By the grace of Ka everything is possible, and thus if He likes, I will be able to see Him. Just as a blade of grass floating on the waves of a river may by chance come near the shore and gain shelter, a conditioned soul carried away by the waves of material existence may sometimes be saved by the grace of Ka. Akrra thus thought that if Ka willed, he would be able to see Him. Akrra considered himself most fortunate that he was going to see Ka, whom great mystic yogs desire to see. He was confident that on that day all the sinful reactions of his past life would be finished and his fortunate human form of life would be successful. Akrra also considered that he was very much favored by Kasa, who was sending him to bring back Ka and Balarma and thus enabling him to see the Lord. Akrra continued to consider that formerly great sages and saintly persons were liberated from the material world simply by seeing the shining nails of the lotus feet of Ka.

That Supreme Personality of Godhead has now come just like an ordinary human being, and it is my great fortune to be able to see Him face to face, Akrra thought. He was thrilled with expectations of seeing the very lotus feet which are worshiped by great demigods like Brahm, Nrada and Lord iva, which traverse the ground of Vndvana, and which touch the breasts of the gops, covered with tinges of kukuma. He thought, I am so fortunate that I will be able to see those very lotus feet on this day, and certainly I shall be able to see the beautiful face of Ka, which is marked on the forehead and the nose with tilaka. And I shall also see His smile and His curling black hair. I can be sure of this opportunity because I see that today the deer are passing on my right side. Today it will be possible for me to actually see the beauty of the spiritual kingdom of Viuloka because Ka is the Supreme Viu and He has advented Himself out of His own good will. He is the reservoir of all beauty; therefore today my eyes will achieve perfection.

Akrra knew beyond a doubt that Lord Ka is the Supreme Viu. Lord Viu glances over the material energy, and thus the cosmic manifestation comes into being. And although Lord Viu is the creator of this material world, He is free, by His own energy, from the influence of the material energy. By His internal potency He can pierce the darkness of the material energy. Similarly, Ka, the original Viu, by expanding His internal potency, created the inhabitants of Vndvana. In the Brahma-sahit it is confirmed that the paraphernalia and the abode of Ka are expansions of His internal potency. The same internal potency Ka exhibits in Goloka Vndvana is exhibited in the earthly Vndvana, where He enjoys Himself with His parents and in the company of His friends, the cowherd boys and gops. By the statement of Akrra it is clear that, since Ka is transcendental to the modes of material nature, the inhabitants of Vndvana, who are always engaged in loving service to the Lord, are also transcendental.

Akrra also considered the necessity of the transcendental pastimes of the Lord. He thought that the transcendental activities, instructions, qualities and pastimes of Ka are all for the good fortune of people in general. The people can remain constantly in Ka consciousness by discussing the Lords transcendental form, qualities, pastimes and paraphernalia. By doing so, the whole universe can actually live auspiciously and advance peacefully. But without Ka consciousness, civilization is but a decorated dead body. A dead body may be decorated very nicely, but without consciousness such decorations are useless. Human society without Ka consciousness is useless and lifeless.

Akrra thought, That Supreme Personality of Godhead, Ka, has now appeared as one of the descendants of the Yadu dynasty. The principles of religion are His enacted laws. Those who are abiding by such laws are demigods, and those who are not abiding are demons. He has advented Himself to give protection to the demigods, who are very obedient to the laws of the Supreme Lord. The demigods and the devotees of the Lord take pleasure in abiding by the laws of Ka, and Ka takes pleasure in giving them all sorts of protection. These activities of KaHis protecting the devotees and killing the demons, as confirmed in the Bhagavad-gtare always good for men to hear and narrate. The glorious activities of the Lord will ever increasingly be chanted by the devotees and demigods.

Ka, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, is the spiritual master of all spiritual masters; He is the deliverer of all fallen souls and the proprietor of the three worlds. Anyone who is able to see Him by eyes smeared with love of Godhead enjoys a festival of seeing. Today I shall be able to see the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who by His transcendental beauty has attracted the goddess of fortune to live with Him perpetually. As soon as I arrive in Vndvana, I will get down from this chariot and fall prostrate to offer my obeisances to the Supreme Lord, the master of material nature and all living entities. The lotus feet of Ka are always worshiped by great mystic yogs, so I shall also worship His lotus feet and become one of His friends in Vndvana like the cowherd boys. When I bow down before Lord Ka in that way, certainly He will place His fearless lotus hand on my head. His hand is offered to all conditioned souls who take shelter under His lotus feet. Ka is the ultimate goal of life for all people who fear material existence, and certainly when I see Him He will give me the shelter of His lotus feet. I am aspiring for the touch of His lotuslike hand on my head. When that hand touched the presentations of King Indra and King Bali, they became qualified to be lords of the universe, and when that hand touched the gops as they danced with Ka in the rsa-ll, it relieved all their fatigue.

In this way Akrra expected blessings from the hand of Ka. He knew that Indra, who is the King of heaven and the master of the three worldsthe upper, middle and lower planetary systemswas blessed by the Lord simply for his offering a little water which Ka accepted. Similarly, Bali Mahrja gave only three paces of land in charity to Vmanadeva, and he also offered a little water which Lord Vmanadeva accepted, and thereby Bali Mahrja attained the position of Indra. When the gops were dancing with Ka in the rsa dance, they became fatigued, and Ka wiped His hand, which is as fragrant as a lotus flower growing in Mnasa-sarovara Lake, over the pearllike drops of perspiration on the faces of the gops, and immediately they became refreshed. Thus Akrra was expecting benediction from that supreme hand of Ka. Kas hand is capable of bestowing benediction upon all kinds of men if they take to Ka consciousness. If one wants material happiness like the king of heaven, he can derive that benediction from the hand of Ka; if one wants liberation from the pangs of material existence, he can also get that benediction from the hand of Ka; and if one in pure transcendental love for Ka wants personal association and the touch of His transcendental body, he can also gain that benediction from His hand.

Akrra was afraid, however, of being deputed by Kasa, the enemy of Ka. He thought, I am going to see Ka as a messenger of the enemy. At the same time, he thought, Ka is in everyones heart as the Supersoul, so He must know my heart. Although Akrra was trusted by the enemy of Ka, his heart was clear. He was a pure devotee of Ka. He risked becoming Kasas deputy just to meet Ka. He was certain that although he was going as a representative of Kasa, Ka would not accept him as an enemy. Even though I am on a sinful mission, being deputed by Kasa, when I approach the Supreme Personality of Godhead, I shall stand before Him with all humility and folded hands. Surely He will be pleased with my devotional attitude, and maybe He will smile lovingly and look upon me and thereby free me from all kinds of sinful reactions. I shall then be on the platform of transcendental bliss and knowledge. Since Ka knows my heart, certainly when I approach Him, He will embrace me. Not only am I a member of the Yadu dynasty, but I am His relative and an unalloyed, pure devotee. By His merciful embrace, surely my body, heart and soul will be completely cleansed of the actions and reactions of my past life. When our bodies touch, I will immediately stand up with folded hands, with all humility. Certainly Ka and Balarma will call me Akrra, Uncle, and at that time my whole life will be glorious. Unless one is recognized by the Supreme Personality of Godhead, his life cannot be successful.

It is clearly stated here that one should try to be recognized by the Supreme Personality of Godhead by ones service and devotion, without which the human form of life is condemned. As stated in the Bhagavad-gt, the Supreme Lord, the Personality of Godhead, is equal to everyone. He has no friends and no enemies. But He is inclined to a devotee who renders Him service with devotional love. The Bhagavad-gt also declares that the Supreme Lord is responsive in proportion to the devotional service rendered by the devotee. Akrra thought that Ka was like the desire tree in the heavenly planets, which gives fruit according to the desire of the worshiper. The Supreme Personality of Godhead is also the source of everything. A devotee must know how to render service unto Him and thus be recognized by Him. In the Caitanya-caritmta it is therefore explained that one should serve both the spiritual master and Ka simultaneously and in that way make progress in Ka consciousness. Service rendered to Ka under the direction of the spiritual master is bona fide service because the spiritual master is the manifested representative of Ka. r Vivantha Cakravart hkura says that when one satisfies the spiritual master, he satisfies the Supreme Lord. It is exactly like service in a government office. One has to work under the supervision of the departmental head. If the supervisor of the department is satisfied with the service of a particular person, a promotion and increase in pay will automatically come.

Akrra then thought, When Ka and Balarma are pleased with my behavior, certainly They will take my hand, receive me within Their home and offer me all kinds of respectable hospitalities, and They will surely ask me about the activities of Kasa and his friends.

In this way, Akrra, the son of vaphalka, meditated on r Ka on his journey from Mathur. He reached Vndvana by the end of the day. Akrra passed the whole journey without knowing how long it took. When he reached Vndvana, the sun was setting. As soon as he entered the boundary of Vndvana, he saw the hoofprints of the cows and Lord Kas footprints, impressed with the signs of His solesthe flag, trident, thunderbolt and lotus flower. These symbols on the soles of the Lords transcendental lotus feet are worshiped by all the demigods and other great personalities throughout the three worlds. Upon seeing the footprints of Ka, Akrra immediately jumped down from the chariot out of respect. He became overwhelmed with all the symptoms of ecstasy; he wept, and his body trembled. Out of extreme jubilation upon seeing the dust touched by the lotus feet of Ka, Akrra fell flat on his face and began to roll on the ground.

Akrras journey to Vndvana is exemplary. One who intends to visit Vndvana should follow the ideal footsteps of Akrra and always think of the pastimes and activities of the Lord. As soon as one reaches the boundary of Vndvana, he should immediately smear the dust of Vndvana over his body without thinking of his material position and prestige. rla Narottama dsa hkura has sung in a celebrated song, viaya chiy kabe uddha habe mana: When my mind will be purified after leaving the contamination of material sense enjoyment, I shall be able to visit Vndvana. Actually, one cannot go to Vndvana by purchasing a ticket. The process of going to Vndvana is shown by Akrra.

When Akrra entered Vndvana, he saw Ka and Balarma engaged in supervising the milking of the cows. Ka was dressed in yellow garments and Balarma in bluish. Akrra also saw that Their eyes were exactly like the beautiful lotus flower that grows during the autumn season. He saw Ka and Balarma in the spring of Their youth. Although They had the same bodily features, Ka was blackish in complexion, whereas Balarma was whitish. Both were the shelter of the goddess of fortune. They had well-constructed bodies, beautiful hands and pleasing faces, and They were as strong as elephants. Now, after seeing Their footprints, marked with flag, trident, thunderbolt and lotus, Akrra actually saw Ka and Balarma face to face. Although They were the most influential personalities, They were glancing at him with smiling faces. Akrra could understand that both Ka and Balarma had returned from tending cows in the forest; They had taken Their baths and were dressed with fresh clothing and garlanded with flowers and necklaces made of valuable jewels. Their bodies were smeared with the pulp of sandalwood. Akrra greatly appreciated the aroma of flowers and sandalwood and Their bodily presence. He considered himself very fortunate to see Ka, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and His plenary expansion, Balarma, face to face, for he knew that They were the original personalities of the creation.

As stated in the Brahma-sahit, Ka is the original Personality of Godhead and the cause of all causes. Akrra could understand that the Supreme Personality of Godhead had appeared personally for the welfare of His creation, to reestablish the principles of religion and to annihilate the demons. With Their bodily effulgence the brothers were dissipating all the darkness of the world, as if They were mountains of sapphire and silver. Without hesitating, Akrra immediately got down from his chariot and fell flat, just like a rod, before Ka and Balarma. Upon touching the lotus feet of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, he became overwhelmed with transcendental bliss; his voice choked up, and he could not speak. Due to his transcendental pleasure, incessant torrents of tears fell from his eyes. He remained stunned in ecstasy, as if devoid of all powers to see and speak. Lord Ka, who is very kind to His devotees, raised Akrra with His hand and embraced him. It appeared that Lord Ka was very pleased with Akrra. Balarma also embraced Akrra. Taking him by the hand, Ka and Balarma brought him to Their sitting room, where They offered him a very nice sitting place and water for washing his feet. They also worshiped him with a suitable presentation of honey mixed with other ingredients. When Akrra was thus comfortably seated, Ka and Balarma offered Him a cow in charity and then brought very palatable dishes, and Akrra accepted them. When Akrra finished eating, Balarma gave him betel nut and spices, as well as pulp of sandalwood, just to make him more pleased and comfortable. The Vedic system of receiving a guest was completely observed by Lord Ka Himself to teach all others how to receive a guest at home. It is a Vedic injunction that even if a guest is an enemy he should be received so well that he does not apprehend any danger from the host. If the host is a poor man, he should at least offer a straw mat as a sitting place and a glass of water to drink. Ka and Balarma welcomed Akrra in a way just befitting his exalted position.

After Akrra was thus properly received and seated, Nanda Mahrja, the foster father of Ka, said, My dear Akrra, what shall I inquire from you? I know that you are being protected by Kasa, who is most cruel and demoniac. His protection is just like the slaughterhouse keepers protection of animals he will kill in the future. Kasa is so selfish that he has killed the sons of his own sister, so how can I honestly believe that he is protecting the citizens of Mathur? This statement is most significant. If the political or executive heads of the state are simply interested in themselves, they can never look after the welfare of the citizens.

As Nanda Mahrja spoke to Akrra with pleasing words, Akrra forgot all the fatigue of his days journey from Mathur to Vndvana.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Thirty-eighth Chapter of Ka, Akrras Arrival in Vndvana.

KB 39: Akrra's Return Journey and His Vision of Viuloka Within the Yamun River

CHAPTER THIRTY-NINE

Akrras Return Journey and His Vision of Viuloka Within the Yamun River

Akrra was warmly received by Lord Ka and Nanda Mahrja and offered a resting place for the night. In the meantime, the two brothers Balarma and Ka went to take Their supper. Akrra sat on his bed and began to reflect that all the desires he had contemplated while coming from Mathur to Vndvana had been fulfilled. Lord Ka is the husband of the goddess of fortune; being pleased with His pure devotee, He can offer whatever the devotee desires. But the pure devotee does not ask anything from the Lord for his personal benefit.

After taking His supper, Ka came to bid goodnight to Akrra and asked him how Kasa was dealing with Kas friends and relatives. He also inquired into Kasas plans. The Supreme Personality of Godhead then informed Akrra that his presence was very welcome. He inquired from him whether all his relatives and friends were well and free from all kinds of ailments. Ka stated that He was very sorry that His maternal uncle Kasa was the head of the kingdom; He said that Kasa was the greatest anomaly in the whole system of government and that they could not expect any welfare for the citizens while he ruled. Then Ka said, My father has undergone much tribulation simply from My being his son. For this reason also he has lost many other sons. I think Myself so fortunate that you have come as My friend and relative. My dear uncle Akrra, please tell Me the purpose of your coming to Vndvana.

After this inquiry, Akrra, who belonged to the dynasty of Yadu, explained the recent events in Mathur, including Kasas attempt to kill Vasudeva, the father of Ka. He related the things which happened after the disclosure by Nrada that Ka was the son of Vasudeva, hidden by Vasudeva in the house of Nanda Mahrja. Akrra narrated all the stories regarding Kasa. He told how Nrada met Kasa and how he himself was deputed by Kasa to come to Vndvana. Akrra explained to Ka that Nrada had told Kasa all about Kas being transferred from Mathur to Vndvana just after His birth and about His killing all the demons sent by Kasa. Akrra then explained to Ka the purpose of his coming to Vndvana: to take Him back to Mathur. After hearing of these arrangements, Balarma and Ka, who are very expert in killing opponents, mildly laughed at the plans of Kasa.

They immediately informed Nanda Mahrja that Kasa had invited all the cowherd men and boys to go to Mathur to participate in the ceremony known as Dhanur-yaja. Kasa wanted them all to go there to participate in the function. On Kas word, Nanda Mahrja at once called for the cowherd men and asked them to collect milk and all kinds of milk products to present to the King in the ceremony. He also sent instructions to the police chief of Vndvana to tell all the inhabitants about Kasas great Dhanur-yaja function and invite them to join. Nanda Mahrja informed the cowherd men that they would start the next morning. They therefore arranged for the cows and bulls to carry them all to Mathur.

When the gops heard that Akrra had come to take Ka and Balarma away to Mathur, they became overwhelmed with anxiety. Some of them became so aggrieved that their faces turned black and they began to breathe warmly and had palpitations of the heart. They discovered that their hair and clothes immediately loosened. Hearing the news that Ka and Balarma were leaving for Mathur, others, who were engaged in household duties, stopped working, as if they had forgotten everything, like a person who is called forth to die and leave this world at once. Others immediately fainted due to separation from Ka. Remembering His attractive smile and His talks with them, the gops became overwhelmed with grief. They all remembered the characteristics of the Personality of Godhead, how He moved within the area of Vndvana and how, with joking words, He attracted all their hearts. Thinking of Ka and of their imminent separation from Him, the gops assembled together with heavily beating hearts. They were completely absorbed in thought of Ka, and with tears falling from their eyes, they spoke as follows.

O Providence, you are so cruel! It appears that you do not know how to show mercy to others. By your arrangement, friends contact one another, but without fulfilling their desires you separate them. This is exactly like a childs game that has no meaning. It is very abominable that you arrange to show us beautiful Ka, whose bluish curling hair beautifies His broad forehead and sharp nose, and who is always smiling to minimize all grief in this material world, and then arrange to separate Him from us. O Providence, you are so cruel! But most astonishingly you appear now as Akrra, which means not cruel. In the beginning we appreciated your workmanship in giving us these eyes to see the beautiful face of Ka, but now, just like a foolish creature, you are taking away our eyes by not letting us see Ka here anymore. Ka, the son of Nanda Mahrja, is also very cruel! He must always have new friends; He does not like to keep friendship for a long time with anyone. We gops of Vndvana, having left our homes, friends and relatives, have become Kas maidservants, but He is neglecting us and going away. He does not even look upon us, although we are completely surrendered unto Him. Now all the young girls in Mathur will have the opportunity. They are expecting Kas arrival, and they will enjoy His sweet smiling face and will drink its honey. Although we know that Ka is very steady and determined, we are afraid that as soon as He sees the beautiful faces of the young girls in Mathur, He will forget Himself. We fear He will become controlled by them and will forget us, for we are simple village girls. He will no longer be kind to us. We therefore do not expect Ka to return to Vndvana. He will not leave the company of the girls in Mathur.

The gops began to imagine the great functions in the city of Mathur. Ka would pass through the streets, and the ladies and young girls of the city would see Him from the balconies of their respective houses. Mathur City contained different communities, known then as Darha, Bhoja, Andhaka and Stvata. All these communities were different branches of the same family in which Ka appeared, namely the Yadu dynasty. They were all expecting the arrival of Ka. It had already been ascertained that Ka, who is the resting place of the goddess of fortune and the reservoir of all pleasure and transcendental qualities, was going to visit Mathur City.

The gops then began to condemn the activities of Akrra. They stated that he was taking Ka, who was more dear than the dearest to them and who was the pleasure of their eyes. He was being taken from their sight without their being informed or solaced by Akrra. Akrra should not have been so merciless but should have taken compassion on them. The gops went on to say, The most astonishing feature is that Ka, the son of Nanda, without consideration, has already seated Himself on the chariot. From this it appears that Ka is not very intelligent. Yet He may be very intelligentbut He is not very merciful. Not only Ka but all the cowherd men are so callous that they are already yoking the bulls and calves for the journey to Mathur. The elderly persons in Vndvana are also merciless; they do not take our plight into consideration and stop Kas journey to Mathur. Even the demigods are very unkind to us; they are also not impeding His going to Mathur.

The gops prayed to the demigods to create some natural disturbance, such as a hurricane, storm or heavy rainfall, so that Ka could not go to Mathur. They then began to consider, Despite our parents and guardians, we shall personally stop Ka from going to Mathur. We have no alternative but to take this direct action. Everyone has gone against us to take away Ka from our sight. Without Him we cannot live for a moment. The gops thus decided to obstruct the passage through which the chariot of Ka was supposed to pass. They began to talk among themselves: We have passed a very long nightwhich seemed only a momentengaged in the rsa dance with Ka. We looked at His sweet smile and embraced Him and talked with Him. Now, how shall we live even for a moment if He goes away from us? At the end of the day, in the evening, along with His elder brother Balarma, Ka would return home with His friends. His face would be smeared with the dust raised by the hooves of the cows, and He would smile and play on His flute and look upon us so kindly. How shall we be able to forget Him? How shall we be able to forget Ka, who is our life and soul? He has already taken away our hearts in so many ways throughout our days and nights, and if He goes away, there is no possibility of our continuing to live. Thinking like this, the gops became more and more grief-stricken at Kas leaving Vndvana. They could not check their minds, and they began to cry loudly, calling the different names of Ka, O dear Dmodara! Dear Mdhava!

The gops cried all night before the departure of Ka. As soon as the sun rose, Akrra finished his morning bath, got on the chariot and started for Mathur with Ka and Balarma. Nanda Mahrja and the cowherd men got up on bullock carts after loading them with big earthen pots filled with yogurt, milk, ghee and other milk products, and then they began to follow the chariot of Ka and Balarma. In spite of Kas asking the gops not to obstruct their way, they all surrounded the chariot and stood up to see Ka with pitiable eyes. Ka was very much affected upon seeing the plight of the gops, but His duty was to start for Mathur, for this was foretold by Nrada. Ka, therefore, consoled the gops. He told them that they should not be aggrieved: He was coming back very soon after finishing His business. But they could not be persuaded to disperse. The chariot, however, began to head west, and as it proceeded, the minds of the gops followed it as far as possible. They watched the flag on the chariot as long as it was visible; finally they could see only the dust of the chariot in the distance. The gops did not move from their places but stood until the chariot could not be seen at all. They remained standing still, as if they were painted pictures. All the gops decided that Ka was not returning immediately, and with greatly disappointed hearts they returned to their respective homes. Being greatly disturbed by the absence of Ka, they simply thought all day and night about His pastimes and thus derived some consolation.

The Lord, accompanied by Akrra and Balarma, traveled in the chariot with great speed towards the bank of the Yamun. Simply by taking a bath in the Yamun, anyone can diminish the reactions of his sinful activities. Ka and Balarma took Their baths in the river and washed Their faces. After drinking the transparent, crystal-clear water of the Yamun, They took Their seats again on the chariot. The chariot was standing underneath the shade of big trees, and the two brothers sat down there. Akrra then took Their permission to also take a bath in the Yamun. According to Vedic ritual, after taking a bath in a river, one should stand at least half submerged and murmur the Gyatr mantra. While he was standing in the river, Akrra suddenly saw Balarma and Ka within the water. He was surprised to see Them there because he was confident that They were sitting on the chariot. Confused, he immediately came out of the water and went to see where the boys were, and he was very much surprised to see that They were sitting on the chariot as before. When he saw Them on the chariot, he began to wonder whether he had mistakenly seen Them in the water. He therefore went back to the river. This time he saw not only Balarma and Ka there but many of the demigods and all the Siddhas, Craas and Gandharvas. They were all bowing down before the Lord. He also saw Lord ea Nga, with thousands of hoods. Lord ea Nga was covered with bluish garments, and His necks were all white. The white necks of ea Nga appeared exactly like snowcapped mountains. On the coiled lap of ea Nga, Akrra saw Ka sitting very soberly, with four hands. His eyes were like the reddish petals of the lotus flower.

In other words, after returning to the Yamun, Akrra saw Balarma turned into ea Nga and Ka turned into Mah-Viu. He saw the four-handed Supreme Personality of Godhead, smiling very beautifully. He was very pleasing to all and was looking towards everyone with a merciful glance. He appeared beautiful with His raised nose, broad forehead, attractive ears and reddish lips. His arms, reaching to the knees, were very strongly built. His shoulders were high, His chest was very broad, and His neck was shaped like a conchshell. His navel was very deep, and His abdomen was marked with three lines. His waist was broad and big, resembling the hips of a woman, and His thighs resembled the trunks of elephants. The other parts of His legs, the joints and lower extremities, were all very beautiful, the nails of His feet were dazzling, and His toes were as beautiful as the petals of the lotus flower. His helmet was decorated with very valuable jewels. There was a nice belt around His waist, and He wore a sacred thread across His broad chest. Bangles were on His hands, and armlets on the upper portion of His arms. He wore bells on His ankles. He possessed dazzling beauty, and His palms were like the lotus flower. He was still more beautified by the different emblems of the viu-mrtithe conchshell, club, disc and lotus flowerwhich He held in His four hands. His chest was marked with the particular signs of Viu, and He wore fresh flower garlands. All in all, He was very beautiful to look at. Akrra also saw His Lordship surrounded by intimate associates like the four KumrasSanaka, Santana, Sananda and Sanat-kumraand other associates like Sunanda and Nanda, as well as demigods like Brahm and Lord iva. The nine great learned sages were there, and also devotees like Prahlda and Nrada and the eight Vasus. All were engaged in offering prayers to the Lord with clean hearts and pure words. After seeing the transcendental Personality of Godhead, Akrra immediately became overwhelmed with joy and great devotion, and all over his body there was transcendental shivering. Although for the moment he was bewildered, he retained his clear consciousness and bowed down his head before the Lord. With folded hands and faltering voice, he began to offer prayers to the Lord.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Thirty-ninth Chapter of Ka, Akrras Return Journey and His Vision of Viuloka Within the Yamun River.

KB 40: Prayers by Akrra

CHAPTER FORTY

Prayers by Akrra

Akrra offered his prayers as follows: My dear Lord, I offer my respectful obeisances unto You because You are the supreme cause of all causes and the original inexhaustible personality, Nryaa. From Your navel a lotus flower grows, and from that lotus Brahm, the creator of this universe, is born. Since Brahm is the cause of this universe, You are the cause of all causes. The elements of this cosmic manifestationearth, water, fire, air, ether, ego and the total material energy, as well as nature, the marginal energy, the living entities, the mind, the senses, the sense objects and the demigods who control the affairs of the cosmosare all produced from Your body. You are the Supersoul of everything, but no one knows Your transcendental form. Everyone within this material world is influenced by the modes of material nature. Even demigods like Lord Brahm, being covered by the influence of material nature, do not exactly know Your transcendental existence beyond the cosmic manifestation of the three modes of material nature. Great sages and mystics worship You as the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the original cause of all living entities, all cosmic manifestation and all demigods. They worship You as all-inclusive. Some of the learned brhmaas also worship You by observing Vedic ritualistic ceremonies. They offer different kinds of sacrifices in the names of different gods. And there are others also, who are fond of worshiping transcendental knowledge. They are very peaceful, and after giving up all kinds of material activities, they engage in the sacrifice known as jna-yaja, the philosophical search for You.

There are devotees, also known as bhgavatas, who worship You as the Supreme Personality of Godhead. After being properly initiated in the method of Pacartra, they decorate their bodies with tilaka and engage in worshiping Your different forms of viu-mrti. There are others also, known as aivites, followers of different cryas, who worship You in the form of Lord iva.

It is stated in the Bhagavad-gt that worship of demigods is also indirectly worship of the Supreme Lord. But such worship is not orthodox, because the worshipable Lord is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Nryaa. Demigods such as Brahm and iva are incarnations of the material qualities, which are also emanations from the body of Nryaa. Actually, there was no one existing before the creation except Nryaa, the Supreme Personality of Godhead. The worship of a demigod is not on the level with worship of Nryaa.

Akrra said, Although the minds of those who are devotees of the demigods are fixed on a particular demigod, because You are the Supersoul of all living entities, including the demigods, worship of the demigods indirectly goes to You. Sometimes, after flowing down from the mountains during the rainy season, small rivers fail to reach the sea; some reach the sea and some do not. Similarly, the worshipers of the demigods may or may not reach You. There is no guarantee. Their success depends on the strength of their worship.

According to the Vedic principles, when a worshiper worships a particular demigod, he also conducts some ritual for Nryaa, Yajevara, for, as it is mentioned in the Bhagavad-gt, the demigods cannot fulfill the desires of their worshipers without the sanction of Nryaa, or Ka. The exact words used in the Bhagavad-gt are mayaiva vihitn hi tn, which mean that the demigods can award some benediction after being authorized by the Supreme Lord. When a demigod worshiper comes to his senses, he can reason as follows: The demigods can offer benedictions only after being empowered by the Supreme Lord, so why not worship the Supreme Lord directly? Such a worshiper of the demigods may come to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, but others, who take the demigods as all in all, cannot reach the ultimate goal.

Akrra continued to pray, My dear Lord, the whole world is filled with the three material modes of nature, namely goodness, passion and ignorance. Everyone within this material world is covered by these modes, from Lord Brahm down to the immovable plants and trees. My dear Lord, I offer my respectful obeisances unto You because You are beyond the influence of the three modes. Except for You, everyone is being carried away by the waves of these modes. My dear Lord, fire is Your mouth, the earth is Your feet, the sun is Your eye, the sky is Your navel, and the directions are Your ears. Space is Your head, the demigods are Your arms, the oceans and seas are Your abdomen, and the winds and air are Your strength and vitality. All the plants and herbs are the hairs on Your body, the clouds are the hair on Your head, the mountains are Your bones and nails, the days and nights are the blinking of Your eyelids, Prajpati (the progenitor) is Your genitals, and the rains are Your semen.

My dear Lord, all living entities, including different grades of demigods and different grades of overlords, kings and other living entities, are resting in You as parts and parcels of the big unit. One cannot know You by experimental knowledge. One can simply understand Your transcendental existence to be like the great ocean, in which different grades of living entities are included, or like the uumbara fruit, out of which small mosquitoes come. My dear Lord, whatever eternal forms and incarnations You accept when You appear in this world are meant for relieving the living entities of their ignorance, illusion and lamentation. All people, therefore, can appreciate the incarnations and pastimes of Your Lordship and eternally glorify Your activities. No one can estimate how many forms and incarnations You have, nor can anyone estimate the number of universes that are existing within You.

Let me therefore offer my respectful obeisances unto the fish incarnation, who appeared in devastation although Your Lordship is the cause of all causes. Let me offer my respectful obeisances unto the Hayagrva incarnation, who killed the two demons Madhu and Kaiabha; let me offer my respectful obeisances unto You, who appeared as the gigantic tortoise that held up the great mountain Mandara and who appeared as the boar that rescued the earth planet, which had fallen into the water of the Garbhodaka. Let me offer my respectful obeisances unto Your Lordship, who appeared as Nsihadeva to deliver all kinds of devotees from the fearful condition of atheistic atrocities. Let me offer my respectful obeisances unto You, who appeared as Vmanadeva and covered the three worlds simply by extending Your lotus feet. Let me offer my respectful obeisances unto You, who appeared as the Lord of the Bhgus in order to kill all the infidel administrators of the world. And let me offer my respectful obeisances unto You, who appeared as Lord Rma to kill demons like Rvaa. You are worshiped by all devotees as the chief of the Raghu dynasty, Lord Rmacandra. Let me offer my respectful obeisances unto You, who appear as Lord Vsudeva, Lord Sakaraa, Lord Pradyumna and Lord Aniruddha. Let me offer my respectful obeisances unto You, who appear as Lord Buddha to bewilder the atheistic and demoniac. And let me offer my respectful obeisances unto You, who appear as Kalki to chastise the so-called royal order degraded to the abominable condition of the mlecchas, who are below the jurisdiction of Vedic regulative principles.

My dear Lord, everyone within this material world is conditioned by Your illusory energy. Under the impression of false identification and false possession, everyone is transmigrating from one body to another on the path of fruitive activities and their reactions. My dear Lord, I am no exception among these conditioned souls. I am falsely thinking myself happy in possessing my home, wife, children, state, property and friends. In this way I am acting as if in a dreamland, because none of these are permanent. I am a fool to be always absorbed in thoughts of such things, accepting them as permanent truths. My dear Lord, due to my false identification, I have accepted as permanent everything which is nonpermanent, such as this material body, which is not spiritual and is the source of all kinds of miserable conditions. Being bewildered by such concepts of life, I am always absorbed in thoughts of duality, and I have forgotten You who are the reservoir of all transcendental pleasure. I am bereft of Your transcendental association, being just like a foolish creature who leaves the water spot, which is covered by water-nourished vegetation, and goes in search of water in the desert. The conditioned souls want to quench their thirst, but they do not know where to find water. They give up the spot where there is actually a reservoir of water and run into the desert, where there is no water. My dear Lord, I am completely incapable of controlling my mind, which is now driven by the unbridled senses and is attracted by fruitive activities and their results. Therefore, my intelligence is very miserly. My dear Lord, Your lotus feet cannot be appreciated by any person in the conditioned stage of material existence, but somehow or other I have come near Your lotus feet, and I consider this to be Your causeless mercy upon me. You can act in any way because You are the supreme controller. I can thus understand that when a person becomes eligible to be delivered from the path of repeated birth and death, it is only by Your causeless mercy that he comes nearer to Your lotus feet and becomes attached to Your devotional service.

Akrra fell down before the Lord and said, My dear Lord, Your transcendental, eternal form is full of knowledge. Simply by concentrating ones mind upon Your form, one can understand in full knowledge everything that be, because You are the original source of all knowledge. You are the supreme powerful, possessing all kinds of energies. You are the Supreme Brahman and the Supreme Person, supreme controller and master of the material energies. I offer my respectful obeisances unto You because You are Vsudeva, the resting place of all creation. You are the all-pervading Supreme Personality of Godhead, and You are also the Supreme Soul residing in everyones heart and giving direction to act. Now, my Lord, I am completely surrendered unto You. Please give me Your protection.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Fortieth Chapter of Ka, Prayers by Akrra.

KB 41: Ka Enters Mathur

CHAPTER FORTY-ONE

Ka Enters Mathur

While Akrra was offering his prayers to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the Lord disappeared from the water, exactly as an expert dramatic actor changes his dress and assumes his original feature. After the viu-mrti disappeared, Akrra got out of the water. Finishing the rest of his ritualistic performance, he went near the chariot of Balarma and Ka and was struck with wonder. Ka asked whether he had seen something wonderful within the water or in space. Akrra said, My dear Lord, all wonderful things that are happening within this world, either in the sky or in the water or on the land, are factually appearing in Your universal form. So when I have seen You, what wonderful things have I not seen? This statement confirms the Vedic version that one who knows Ka knows everything and that one who has seen Ka has seen everything, regardless of how wonderful a thing may be. My dear Lord, Akrra continued, there cannot be anything more wonderful than Your transcendental form. When I have seen Your transcendental form, what is there left to see?

After saying this, Akrra immediately started driving the chariot, and by the end of the day they reached the precincts of Mathur. As they rode from Vndvana to Mathur, all the passersby along the way who saw Ka and Balarma could not help but look at Them again and again. In the meantime, the other inhabitants of Vndvana, headed by Nanda and Upananda, had already reached Mathur by going through the forests, and they were awaiting the arrival of Ka and Balarma in a garden. Upon reaching the entrance to Mathur, Ka and Balarma got down from the chariot and shook hands with Akrra. Ka informed him, You may go home now because We shall enter Mathur later, along with Our associates. Akrra replied, My dear Lord, I cannot go to Mathur alone, leaving You aside. I am Your surrendered servant. Please do not try to avoid me. Please, come along with me, with Your elder brother and cowherd boyfriends, and sanctify my house. My dear Lord, if You come, my home will be sanctified by the dust of Your lotus feet. The water emanating from the perspiration of Your lotus feet, namely the Ganges, purifies everyone, including the forefathers, the fire-god and all other demigods. Bali Mahrja has become famous simply by washing Your lotus feet, and he enjoyed all material opulences and later on was elevated to the highest position of liberation. The Ganges water not only sanctifies the three worlds but is carried on the head of Lord iva. The ancestors of Bhagratha, sanctified by this water, achieved the heavenly planets. O Supreme Lord of lords! O master of the universe! One can achieve piety simply by hearing about Your transcendental pastimes. O Supreme Nryaa, who are praised by selected verses, I offer my respectful obeisances unto You.

On hearing this, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Ka, replied, Akrra, I shall surely come to your home with My elder brother, Balarma, but only after killing all the demons who are envious of the Yadu dynasty. In this way I shall please all My relatives. Akrra became a little disappointed by these words of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, but he could not disregard the order. He therefore entered Mathur and informed Kasa about the arrival of Ka, and then he entered his own home.

After Akrras departure, Lord Ka, Balarma and the cowherd boys entered Mathur to see the city. They observed that the gate of Mathur was made of first-class marble, very well constructed, and that the doors were made of pure gold. There were gorgeous orchards and gardens all around, and the whole city was encircled by canals so that no enemy could enter very easily. They saw that all the crossings of the roads were decorated with gold and that there were copper and brass storehouses for stocking grain. And there were many rich mens houses, all appearing symmetrical, as if constructed by one engineer. The houses were decorated with costly jewels, and each and every house had nice compounds of trees bearing fruits and flowers. The corridors and verandas of the houses were decorated with silk cloth and embroidery work in jewels and pearls. In front of the balcony windows were pigeons and peacocks walking and cooing. All the grain dealers shops within the city were decorated with different kinds of flowers and garlands, newly grown grass and pleasing flowers like narcissus and roses. The entrance doors of the houses were decorated with waterpots filled with water. Water mixed with yogurt, sandalwood pulp and flowers was sprinkled all around the doors, which were also decorated with burning lamps of different sizes. Over the doors were decorations of fresh mango leaves and silk festoons. All the doors were decorated in that way.

When the news spread that Ka, Balarma and the cowherd boys were within Mathur City, all the inhabitants gathered, and the ladies and girls immediately went up to the roofs of the houses to see Them. They had been awaiting the arrival of Ka and Balarma with great anxiety, and in their extreme eagerness to see Ka and Balarma, the ladies did not dress themselves very properly. Some of them placed their clothes in the wrong place. Some anointed their eyes on one side only, and some wore ankle bells only on one leg or wore only one earring. Thus in great haste, not even decorated properly, they went to see Ka from the roofs. Some of them had been taking their lunch, but as soon as they heard that Ka and Balarma were in the city, they left their eating and ran to the roofs. Some of them were in the bathroom taking their baths, but without properly finishing their baths, they went to see Ka and Balarma. Some were engaged in feeding their children breast milk, but they put their babies aside and went to see Ka and Balarma. Passing by very slowly and smiling, Lord Ka immediately stole their hearts. He who is the husband of the goddess of fortune passed through the street like an elephant. For a very long time the women of Mathur had heard about Ka and Balarma and Their uncommon characteristics, and they were very much attracted and eager to see Them. Now when they actually saw Ka and Balarma passing on the street and saw Them sweetly smiling, the ladies joy reached the point of ecstasy. When they actually saw Them with their eyes, they took Ka and Balarma within their hearts and began to embrace Them to their fullest desire. Their bodily hairs stood up in ecstasy. They had heard of Ka, but they had never seen Him, and now their longing was relieved. After going up on the roofs of the palaces of Mathur, the ladies, their faces joyful, began to shower flowers upon Ka and Balarma. When the brothers were passing through the streets, all the brhmaas in the neighborhood also went out with sandal water and flowers and respectfully welcomed Them to the city. All the residents of Mathur began to talk among themselves about the elevated and pious activities of the people of Vndvana. The residents of Mathur were surprised at the pious activities the cowherd men in Vndvana must have performed in their previous lives to be able to see Ka and Balarma daily as cowherd boys.

While Ka and Balarma were passing in this way, They saw a washerman and dyer of clothing. Ka was pleased to ask him for some nice clothing. He also promised that if the washerman would deliver the nicest dyed cloth to Him, he would be very happy, and all good fortune would be his. Ka was not a beggar, nor was He in need of clothing, but by this request He indicated that everyone should be ready to offer Ka whatever He wants. That is the meaning of Ka consciousness.

Unfortunately, this washerman was a servant of Kasa and therefore could not appreciate the demand of Lord Ka, the Supreme Personality of Godhead. This is the effect of bad association. He could have immediately delivered the clothing to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who promised him all good fortune, but being a servant of Kasa, the sinful demon could not accept the offer. Instead of being pleased, he was very angry and refused the Lords request, saying, How is it that You are asking clothing which is meant for the King? The washerman then began to instruct Ka and Balarma: My dear boys, in the future dont be so impudent as to ask for things which belong to the King. Otherwise, You will be punished by the government men. They will arrest You and punish You, and You will be in difficulty. I have practical experience of this fact. Anyone who unlawfully wants to use the Kings property is very severely punished.

On hearing this, Lord Ka, the son of Devak, became very angry at the washerman, and striking him with the upper portion of His hand, He separated the mans head from his body. The washerman fell down dead on the ground. In this way Lord Ka confirmed the statement of the Brahma-sahit that every limb of His body is capable of doing everything He likes. Without a sword, but simply with His hand, He cut off the head of the washerman. This is proof that the Supreme Lord is omnipotent. If He wants to do something, He can do it without extraneous help.

After this ghastly incident, the employees of the washerman immediately dispersed, leaving the clothing. Ka and Balarma took possession of it and dressed according to Their choice; the rest of the clothes were offered to the cowherd boys, who also used them as they desired. What they did not use remained there. Ka, Balarma and the boys then proceeded along the main road. In the meantime, a devotee-tailor took the opportunity of service and prepared some nice clothes from the cloth for Ka and Balarma. Thus being very nicely attired, Ka and Balarma looked like elephants dressed with colored clothing on the full-moon day or the dark-moon day. Ka was very much pleased with the tailor and gave him the benediction of srpya-mukti, which means that after leaving his body he would be liberated and would attain a four-handed body exactly like that of Nryaa in the Vaikuha planets. He also granted him that as long as he would live he would earn sufficient opulence to be able to enjoy sense gratification. By this incident Ka proved that those who are Ka conscious devotees will not be lacking material enjoyment of sense gratification. They will have sufficient opportunity for such things, but after leaving this body they will be allowed to enter the spiritual planets of Vaikuhaloka or Kaloka, Goloka Vndvana.

After dressing nicely, Ka and Balarma went to a florist of the name Sudm. As soon as They reached the precinct of his house, the florist immediately came out and with great devotion fell down on his face to offer his respectful obeisances. He offered a nice seat to Ka and Balarma and asked his assistant to bring out flowers, betel nuts and pulp of candana. The florists welcome greatly satisfied the Lord.

The florist very humbly and submissively offered his prayers to the Lord, saying, My dear Lord, because You have come to my place, I think all my forefathers and all my worshipable superiors are pleased and delivered. My dear Lord, You are the supreme cause of all causes of this cosmic manifestation, but for the benefit of the residents of this earthly planet, You have appeared with Your plenary portion to give protection to Your devotees and annihilate the demons. You are equally disposed as the friend of all living entities; You are the Supersoul, and You do not discriminate between friend and enemy. Yet You are pleased to give Your devotees the special result of their devotional activities. My Lord, I am praying that You please tell me whatever You wish me to do, because I am Your eternal servant. If You would order me to do something, it would be a great favor to me. The florist, Sudm, was greatly pleased within his heart by seeing Ka and Balarma in his place, and thus, as his choicest desire, he made two exquisite garlands of various flowers and presented them to the Lord. Ka and Balarma were very pleased with his sincere service, and Ka offered the florist His salutation and benedictions, which He is always prepared to bestow upon the surrendered souls. When the florist was offered benedictions, he begged from the Lord that he might remain His eternal servant in devotional service and by such service do good to all living creatures. By this, it is clear that a devotee of the Lord in Ka consciousness should not be satisfied simply by his own advancement in devotional service; he must be willing to work for the welfare of all others. This example was followed by the six Gosvms of Vndvana. It is therefore stated in a prayer about them, lokn hita-kriau: Vaiavas, or devotees of the Lord, are not selfish. Whatever benefits they derive from the Supreme Personality of Godhead as benedictions they want to distribute to all other persons. That is the greatest of all humanitarian activities. Being satisfied with the florist, Lord Ka not only gave him whatever benedictions he wanted, but over and above that He offered him all material opulences, family prosperity, a long duration of life and whatever else his heart desired within the material world.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Forty-first Chapter of Ka, Ka Enters Mathur.

KB 42: The Breaking of the Bow in the Sacrificial Arena

CHAPTER FORTY-TWO

The Breaking of the Bow in the Sacrificial Arena

After leaving the florists place, Ka and Balarma saw a hunchbacked young woman carrying a dish of sandalwood pulp through the streets. Since Ka is the reservoir of all pleasure, He wanted to make all His companions joyous by cutting a joke with the hunchbacked woman. Ka addressed her, O tall young woman, who are you? Tell Me, for whom are you carrying this sandalwood pulp in your hand? I think you should offer this sandalwood to Me, and if you do so I am sure you will be fortunate. Ka is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and He knew everything about the hunchback. By His inquiry He indicated that there was no use in serving a demon; she would do better to serve Ka and Balarma and get an immediate result of the service.

The woman replied to Ka, My dear ymasundara, dear beautiful dark boy, You may know that I am engaged as a maidservant of Kasa. I am supplying him pulp of sandalwood daily. The King is very much pleased with me for supplying this nice thing, but now I see that there is no one who can better be served by this pulp of sandalwood than You two brothers. Being captivated by the beautiful features of Ka and Balarma, Their talking, Their smiling, Their glancing and Their other activities, the hunchbacked woman began to smear all the pulp of sandalwood over Their bodies with great satisfaction and devotion. The two transcendental brothers, Ka and Balarma, were naturally beautiful and had beautiful complexions, and They were nicely dressed in colorful garments. The upper portions of Their bodies were already very attractive, and when the hunchbacked woman smeared Their bodies with sandalwood pulp, They looked even more beautiful. Ka was very pleased by this service, and He began to consider how to reward her. In other words, in order to draw the attention of the Lord, the Ka conscious devotee has to serve Him in great love and devotion. Ka cannot be pleased by any action other than transcendental loving service unto Him. Thinking like this, Lord Ka pressed the feet of the hunchbacked woman with His toes and, capturing her cheeks with His fingers, gave her a jerk in order to make her straight. At once the hunchbacked woman looked like a beautiful straight girl, with broad hips, thin waist and very nice, well-shaped breasts. Since Ka was pleased with the service of the hunchbacked woman, and since she was touched by Kas hands, she became the most beautiful girl among women. This incident shows that by serving Ka the devotee immediately becomes elevated to the most exalted position in all respects. Devotional service is so potent that anyone who takes to it becomes qualified with all godly qualities. Ka was attracted to the hunchbacked woman not for her beauty but for her service; as soon as she rendered service, she immediately became the most beautiful woman. A Ka conscious person does not have to be qualified or beautiful; after becoming Ka conscious and rendering service unto Ka, he becomes very qualified and beautiful.

When the woman was turned by Kas favor into an exquisitely beautiful young girl, she naturally felt very much obliged to Ka, and she was also attracted by His beauty. Without hesitation, she caught the rear part of His cloth and began to pull it. She smiled flirtatiously and admitted that she was agitated by lusty desires. She forgot that she was on the street and before the elder brother of Ka and His friends.

She frankly proposed to Ka, My dear hero, I cannot leave You in this way. You must come to my place. I am already very much attracted to Your beauty, so I must receive You well, and since You are the best among males, You must also be very kind upon me. In plain words she proposed that Ka come to her home and satisfy her lusty desires. Ka, of course, felt a little bit embarrassed in front of His elder brother, Balarma, but He knew that the girl was simple and attracted; therefore He simply smiled at her words. Looking towards His cowherd boyfriends, He replied to the girl, My dear beautiful girl, I am very much pleased by your invitation, and I must come to your home after finishing My other business here. Such a beautiful girl as you is the only means of solace for persons like Us, who are away from home and not married. Certainly, a suitable girlfriend like you can give Us relief from all kinds of mental agitation. Ka satisfied the girl in this way with sweet words. Leaving her there, He proceeded down the street of the marketplace, where the citizens were prepared to receive Him with various kinds of presentations, especially betel nuts, flowers and sandalwood pulp.

The mercantile men in the market worshiped Ka and Balarma with great respect. When Ka was passing through the street, all the women in the surrounding houses came to see Him, and some of the younger ones almost fainted, being captivated by His beauty. Their hair and tight clothing loosened, and they forgot where they were standing.

Ka next inquired from the citizens as to the location of the place of sacrifice. Kasa had arranged for the sacrifice called Dhanur-yaja, and to designate this particular sacrifice he had placed a big bow near the sacrificial altar. The bow was very big and wonderful and resembled a rainbow in the sky. Within the sacrificial arena, this bow was protected by many constables and watchmen engaged by King Kasa. As Ka and Balarma approached the bow, They were warned not to go nearer, but Ka ignored this warning. He forcibly went up and immediately took the big bow in His left hand. After stringing the bow in the presence of the crowd, He drew it and broke it at the middle into two parts, exactly as an elephant breaks sugarcane in the field. Everyone present appreciated Kas power. The sound of the bow cracking filled both sky and land and was heard by Kasa. When Kasa heard what had happened, he began to fear for his life. The caretakers of the bow, who were standing by watching, became very angry, and with their respective weapons in hand they rushed towards Ka, shouting, Arrest Him! Arrest Him! Kill Him! Kill Him! Ka and Balarma were surrounded. When They understood the sinister motives of the guards, They became angry, and taking up the two pieces of the broken bow, They began to beat off all of Kasas caretakers. While this turmoil was going on, Kasa sent a small group of troops to assist the caretakers, but Ka and Balarma fought with them also and killed them.

After this, Ka did not proceed further into the sacrificial arena but went out the gate and proceeded towards Their resting camp. Along the way, He visited various places in Mathur City with great delight. Seeing the activities and wonderful prowess of Ka, all the citizens of Mathur began to consider the two brothers to be demigods who had come down to Mathur, and they all looked upon Them with great astonishment. The two brothers strolled carefree in the street, not caring for the law and order of Kasa.

As sunset approached, Ka, Balarma and Their cowherd boyfriends went to the outskirts of the city, where all their carts were assembled. Thus Ka and Balarma gave some preliminary hints of Their arrival to Kasa, and he could understand what severe type of danger was awaiting him the next day in the sacrificial arena.

When Ka and Balarma were going from Vndvana to Mathur, the inhabitants of Vndvana had imagined the great fortune of the citizens of Mathur in being able to see the wonderful beauty of Ka, who is worshiped by His pure devotees as well as the goddess of fortune. The fantasies of the residents of Vndvana were actually realized, for the citizens of Mathur became fully satisfied by seeing Ka.

When Ka returned to His camp, He was taken care of by servants who washed His lotus feet, gave Him a nice seat and offered Him milk and palatable dishes. After taking supper and thinking of the next days program, He very peacefully took rest. Thus He passed the night there.

On the other side, when Kasa came to understand about the breaking of his wonderful bow and the killing of the caretakers and soldiers by Ka, he could partially realize the power of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. He could realize that the eighth son of Devak had appeared and that now his death was imminent. Thinking of his imminent death, he was restless the entire night. He began to have many inauspicious visions, and he could understand that Ka and Balarma, who had approached the precincts of the city, were his messengers of death. Kasa saw various kinds of inauspicious signs while both awake and dreaming. When he looked in the mirror he could not see his head, although the head was actually present. He could see the luminaries in the sky in double, although there was only one set factually. He began to see holes in his shadow, and he could hear a high buzzing sound within his ears. All the trees before him appeared to be made of gold, and he could not see his own footprints in dust or muddy clay. In dreams he saw various kinds of ghosts being carried in a carriage drawn by donkeys. He also dreamed that someone gave him poison and he was drinking it. He dreamed also that he was going naked with a garland of flowers and was smearing oil all over his body. Thus, as Kasa saw various signs of death while both awake and sleeping, he could understand that death was certain, and thus in great anxiety he could not rest that night. Just after the night expired, he busily arranged for the wrestling match.

The wrestling arena was nicely cleansed and decorated with flags, festoons and flowers, and the match was announced by the beating of kettledrums. The platform appeared very beautiful due to streamers and flags. Different types of galleries were arranged for respectable personskings, brhmaas and katriyas. The various kings had reserved thrones, and others had arranged seats also. Kasa finally arrived, accompanied by various ministers and secretaries, and he sat on the raised platform especially meant for him. Unfortunately, although he was sitting in the center of all his governing executive heads, his heart was palpitating in fear of death. Cruel death evidently does not care even for a person as powerful as Kasa. When death comes, it does not care for anyones exalted position.

When everything was complete, the wrestlers who were to exhibit their skills before the assembly walked into the arena. They were decorated with nice ornaments and dress. Some of the famous wrestlers were Cra, Muika, ala, Ka and Toala. Being enlivened by the musical concert, they passed through with great alacrity. All the respectable cowherd men who came from Vndvana, headed by Nanda, were also welcomed by Kasa. After presenting Kasa with the milk products they had brought with them, the cowherd men also took their respective seats by the side of the King, on a platform especially meant for them.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Forty-second Chapter of Ka, The Breaking of the Bow in the Sacrificial Arena.

KB 43: The Killing of the Elephant Kuvalaypa

CHAPTER FORTY-THREE

The Killing of the Elephant Kuvalaypa

After taking Their baths and finishing all other morning duties, Ka and Balarma could hear the beating of the kettledrums in the wrestling camp. They immediately prepared Themselves to proceed to the spot to see the fun. When Ka and Balarma reached the gate of the wrestling camp, They saw a big elephant of the name Kuvalaypa being tended by a caretaker riding on its head. The caretaker was deliberately blocking Their entrance by keeping the elephant in front of the gateway. Ka could understand the purpose of the caretaker, and He prepared Himself by tightening His clothes before combating the elephant. He addressed the caretaker in a very grave voice, as resounding as a cloud: You miscreant caretaker, give way and let Me pass through the gate. If you block My way, I shall send you and your elephant to the house of death personified.

The caretaker, being thus insulted by Ka, became very angry, and in order to challenge Ka, as was previously planned, he provoked the elephant to attack. The elephant then moved before Ka like inevitable death. It rushed towards Him and tried to catch Him with its trunk, but Ka very dexterously moved behind the elephant. Being able to see only to the end of its trunk, the elephant could not see Ka hiding behind its legs, but it tried to capture Him with its trunk. Ka again very quickly escaped capture, and He again ran behind the elephant and caught its tail. Holding the elephant by its tail, Ka began to pull it, and with very great strength He dragged it for at least twenty-five yards, just as Garua drags an insignificant snake. Ka pulled the elephant from this side to that, from right to left, just as He used to pull a calf by its tail in His childhood. After this, Ka went in front of the elephant and gave it a strong slap. He then slipped away from the elephants view and ran to its back. Then, falling down on the ground, Ka placed Himself in front of the elephants two legs and caused it to trip and fall. Ka immediately got up, but the elephant, thinking that He was still lying down, tried to push an ivory tusk through the body of Ka by forcibly stabbing it into the ground. Although the elephant was harassed and angry, the caretaker riding on its head tried to provoke it further. The elephant then rushed madly towards Ka. As soon as it came within reach, Ka caught hold of the trunk and pulled the elephant down. When the elephant and caretaker fell, Ka jumped up on the elephant, broke off one of its tusks, and with it killed the elephant and the caretaker also. After killing the elephant, Ka took the ivory tusk on His shoulder. Decorated with drops of perspiration and sprinkled with the blood of the elephant, He looked very beautiful, and thus He proceeded towards the wrestling arena. Lord Balarma took the other tusk of the elephant on His shoulder. Accompanied by Their cowherd boyfriends, They entered the arena.

When Ka entered the wrestling arena with Balarma and Their friends, He appeared differently to different people according to their different relationships (rasas) with Him. Ka is the reservoir of all pleasure and all kinds of rasas, both favorable and unfavorable. He appeared to the wrestlers exactly like a thunderbolt. To the people in general He appeared as the most beautiful personality. To the females He appeared to be the most attractive male, Cupid personified, and thus increased their lust. The cowherd men who were present there looked upon Ka as their own kinsman, coming from the same village of Vndvana. The impious katriya kings who were present saw Him as the strongest ruler and their chastiser. To the parents of Ka, Nanda and Yaod, He appeared to be the most loving child. To Kasa, the king of the Bhoja dynasty, He appeared to be death personified. To the unintelligent, He appeared to be an incapable personality. To the yogs present, He appeared to be the Supersoul. To the members of the Vi dynasty He appeared to be the most celebrated descendant. Thus appreciated differently by different kinds of men present, Ka entered the wrestling arena with Balarma and His cowherd boyfriends. Having heard that Ka had already killed the elephant Kuvalaypa, Kasa knew beyond doubt that Ka was formidable. He thus became very much afraid of Him. Ka and Balarma had long arms. They were beautifully dressed, and They were attractive to all the people assembled there. They were dressed as if They were going to act on a dramatic stage, and They drew the attention of all people.

The citizens of Mathur City who saw Ka, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, became very much pleased and began to look on His face with insatiable glances, as if they were drinking the nectar of heaven. Seeing Ka gave them so much pleasure that it appeared as if they were not only drinking the nectar of seeing His face but were also smelling the aroma and licking up the taste of His body and were embracing Him and Balarma with their arms. They began to talk among themselves about the two transcendental brothers. For a long time they had heard of the beauty and activities of Ka and Balarma, but now they were personally seeing Them face to face. They thought that Ka and Balarma were two plenary incarnations of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Nryaa, who had appeared in Vndvana.

The citizens of Mathur began to recite Kas pastimesHis birth as the son of Vasudeva, His being taken into the care of Nanda Mahrja and his wife in Gokula, and all those events leading to His coming to Mathur to favor them. They spoke of the killing of the demon Ptan, as well as the killing of Tvarta, who came as a whirlwind. They also recalled the deliverance of the twin brothers from within the yamala-arjuna trees. The citizens of Mathur spoke among themselves: akhaca, Ke, Dhenuksura and many other demons were killed by Ka and Balarma in Vndvana. Ka also saved all the cowherd men of Vndvana from a devastating fire. He chastised the Kliya snake in the water of the Yamun, and He curbed the false pride of the heavenly King Indra. Ka held up the great Govardhana Hill in one hand for seven continuous days and saved all the people of Gokula from incessant rain, hurricane and hailstorm. They also began to remember other enlivening activities: The damsels of Vndvana were so pleased by seeing Kas beauty and participating in His activities that they forgot the troubles of material existence. By seeing Ka and thinking of Him, they forgot all sorts of fatigue. The Mathur citizens discussed the dynasty of Yadu, saying that because of Kas appearance in this dynasty the Yadus would remain the most celebrated family in the whole universe. The citizens of Mathur then began to talk about Balarma. They spoke of his very beautiful lotus-petal eyes, and they remarked of Him, This boy has killed the Pralamba demon and many others also. While they were thus talking about the activities of Ka and Balarma, they heard the vibrations of different bands announcing the wrestling match.

The famous wrestler Cra then began to talk with Ka and Balarma. My dear Ka and Balarma, he said, we have heard about Your past activities. You are great heroes, and therefore the King has called You. We have heard that Your arms are very strong. The King and all the people present here desire to see a display of Your wrestling abilities. A citizen should be obedient and please the mind of the ruling king; acting in that way, the citizen attains all kinds of good fortune. One who does not care to act obediently is made unhappy because of the kings anger. You are cowherd boys, and we have heard that while tending Your cows in the forest, You enjoy wrestling with each other. We wish, therefore, for You to join with us in wrestling so that all the people present here, along with the King, will be pleased.

Ka immediately understood the purpose of Cras statements, and He prepared to wrestle with him. But according to the time and circumstances, He spoke as follows: You are the subject of the King of the Bhojas, and you live in the jungle. We are also indirectly his subjects, and We try to please him as far as possible. This offer of wrestling is a great favor of his, but the fact is that We are simply boys. We sometimes play in the forest of Vndvana with Our friends who are Our own age. We think that to combat persons of equal age and strength is good for Us, but to fight great wrestlers like you would not be good for the audience. It would contradict their religious principles. Ka thus indicated that the celebrated, strong wrestlers should not challenge Ka and Balarma to fight.

In reply to this, Cra said, My dear Ka, we can understand very well that You are neither a child nor a young man. You are transcendental to everyone, as is Your big brother, Balarma. You have already killed the elephant Kuvalaypa, who was capable of fighting thousands of other elephants. You have killed him in a wonderful way. Because of Your strength, it behooves You to compete with the strongest wrestlers amongst us. I therefore wish to wrestle with You, and Your elder brother, Balarma, will wrestle with Muika.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Forty-third Chapter of Ka, The Killing of the Elephant Kuvalaypa.

KB 44: The Killing of Kasa

CHAPTER FORTY-FOUR

The Killing of Kasa

After Kasas wrestlers expressed their determination, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the killer of Madhu, confronted Cra, and Lord Balarma, the son of Rohi, confronted Muika. Ka and Cra and then Balarma and Muika locked themselves hand to hand, leg to leg, and each began to press against the other with a view to come out victorious. They joined palm to palm, calf to calf, head to head, chest to chest and began to strike each other. The fighting increased as they pushed each other from one place to another. One captured the other and threw him down on the ground, and another rushed from the back to the front of another and tried to overcome him with a hold. The fighting increased step by step. There was picking up, dragging and pushing, and then the legs and hands were locked together. All the arts of wrestling were perfectly exhibited by the parties, as each tried his best to defeat his opponent.

But the audience in the wrestling arena was not very much satisfied because the combatants did not appear to be equally matched. They considered Ka and Balarma to be mere boys before Cra and Muika, who were the strongest wrestlers, as solid as stone. Being compassionate and favoring Ka and Balarma, the many ladies in the audience began to talk as follows: Dear friends, there is injustice here. Another said, Even in front of the King this wrestling is going on between incompatible sides. The ladies had lost their sense of enjoyment. They could not encourage the fighting between the strong and the weak. Muika and Cra are just like thunderbolts, as strong as great mountains, and Ka and Balarma are two delicate boys of very tender age. The principle of justice has already left this assembly. Persons who are aware of the civilized principles of justice will not remain to watch this unfair match. Those taking part in this wrestling match are not very much enlightened; therefore whether they speak or remain silent, they are being subjected to the reactions of sinful activities. But my dear friends, another lady in the assembly spoke out, just look at the face of Ka. There are drops of perspiration on His face from chasing His enemy, and His face appears like the lotus flower with drops of water. Another lady said, Dont you see how the face of Lord Balarma has turned especially beautiful? There is a reddish hue on His white face because He is engaged in a strong wrestling match with Muika.

Another lady in the assembly addressed her friend, Dear friend, just imagine how fortunate is the land of Vndvana, where the Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself is present, always decorated with flower garlands and engaged in tending cows along with His brother, Lord Balarma. He is always accompanied by His cowherd boyfriends, and He plays His transcendental flute. The residents of Vndvana are fortunate to be able to constantly see the lotus feet of Ka and Balarma, which are worshiped by great demigods like Lord iva and by the goddess of fortune. We cannot estimate how many pious activities were executed by the damsels of Vrajabhmi so that they were able to enjoy the Supreme Personality of Godhead by looking upon the unparalleled beauty of His transcendental body. The beauty of the Lord is beyond compare. No one is higher than or equal to Him in beauty of complexion or bodily luster. Ka and Balarma are the reservoir of all kinds of opulencenamely wealth, strength, beauty, fame, knowledge and renunciation. The gops are so fortunate that they can see and think of Ka twenty-four hours a day, beginning from their milking the cows or husking the paddy or churning the butter in the morning. While engaged in cleaning their houses and washing their floors, they are always absorbed in thought of Ka.

The gops give a perfect example of how one can execute Ka consciousness even if he is in different types of material engagement. By constantly being absorbed in the thought of Ka, one cannot be affected by the contamination of material activities. The gops, therefore, are perfectly in trance, samdhi, the highest perfectional stage of mystic power. In the Bhagavad-gt, it is confirmed that one who is constantly thinking of Ka is a first-class yog among all kinds of yogs. My dear friends, one lady told another, we must accept the activities of the gops to be the highest form of piety; otherwise, how could they have achieved the opportunity of seeing Ka both morning and eveningin the morning when He goes to the pasturing ground with His cows and cowherd boyfriends, and in the evening when He returns with them, playing on His flute and smiling very brilliantly?

When Lord Ka, the Supersoul of every living being, understood that the ladies in the assembly were anxious for Him, He decided not to continue wrestling but to kill the wrestlers immediately. The parents of Ka and Balarma, namely Nanda Mahrja, Yaod, Vasudeva and Devak, were also very anxious because they did not know the unlimited strength of their children. Lord Balarma was fighting with the wrestler Muika in the same way that Ka, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, was fighting and wrestling with Cra. Lord Ka appeared to be cruel to Cra, and He immediately struck him thrice with His fist. The great wrestler was jolted, to the astonishment of the audience. Cra then took his last chance and attacked Ka, just as one hawk swoops upon another. Folding his two hands, he began to strike the chest of Ka, but Lord Ka was not even slightly disturbed, no more than an elephant that is hit by a flower garland. Ka quickly caught the two hands of Cra and began to wheel him around, and simply by this centrifugal action, Cra lost his life. Ka then threw him to the ground. Cra fell just like the flag of Indra, and all his nicely decorated ornaments were scattered hither and thither.

Muika also struck Balarma, and Balarma returned the stroke with great force. Muika began to tremble and vomit blood. Distressed, he gave up his vital force and fell down just as a tree falls down in a hurricane. After the two wrestlers were killed, a wrestler named Ka came forward. Lord Balarma immediately caught him in His left hand and killed him nonchalantly. A wrestler of the name ala came forward, and Ka immediately cracked his head with a kick. A wrestler named Toala came forward and was killed in the same way. Thus all the great wrestlers were killed by Ka and Balarma, and the remaining wrestlers fled from the assembly out of fear for their lives. All the cowherd boyfriends of Ka and Balarma approached Them and congratulated Them with great pleasure. While trumpets resounded and drums were beaten, the leg bells on the feet of Ka and Balarma tinkled.

All the people gathered there began to clap in great ecstasy, and no one could estimate the bounds of their pleasure. The brhmaas present began to praise Ka and Balarma ecstatically. Only Kasa was morose; he neither clapped nor offered benediction to Ka. Kasa resented that the trumpets and drums should be played for Kas victory, and he was very sorry that the wrestlers had been killed and had fled the assembly. He therefore immediately ordered the band to stop playing and addressed his men as follows: I order that these two sons of Vasudeva be immediately driven out of Mathur. The cowherd boys who have come with Them should be plundered and all their riches taken away. Nanda Mahrja should immediately be arrested and killed for his cunning behavior, and that rascal Vasudeva should also be killed without delay. Also my father, Ugrasena, who has always supported my enemies against my will, should be killed.

When Kasa spoke in this way, Lord Ka became very angry with him, and within a second He jumped onto the high dais of King Kasa. Kasa was prepared for Kas attack, for he knew from the beginning that He was to be the supreme cause of his death. He immediately unsheathed his sword and prepared to answer the challenge of Ka with sword and shield. As Kasa wielded his sword up and down, hither and thither, Lord Ka, the supreme powerful Lord, caught hold of him with great force. The Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is the shelter of the complete creation and from whose lotus navel the whole creation is manifested, immediately knocked the crown from the head of Kasa and grabbed his long hair in His hand. He then dragged Kasa from his seat to the wrestling dais and threw him down. Then Ka at once straddled his chest and began to strike him over and over again. Simply from the strokes of His fist, Kasa lost his vital force.

To assure His parents that Kasa was dead, Lord Ka dragged him just as a lion drags an elephant after killing it. When people saw this, there was a great roaring sound from all sides as some spectators expressed their jubilation and others cried in lamentation. From the day Kasa heard he would be killed by the eighth son of Devak, he was always thinking of Ka with His wheel in hand, and because he was very much afraid of his death, he was thinking of Ka in that form twenty-four hours a day, without stoppingeven while eating, while walking and while breathingand naturally he got the blessing of liberation. In the Bhagavad-gt it is stated, sad tad-bhva-bhvita: [Bg. 8.6] a person gets his next life according to the thoughts in which he is always absorbed. Kasa was thinking of Ka with His wheel, which means Nryaa, who holds a wheel, conchshell, lotus flower and club.

According to the opinion of authorities, Kasa attained srpya-mukti after death; that is to say, he attained the same form as Nryaa (Viu). On the Vaikuha planets all the inhabitants have the same bodily features as Nryaa. After his death, Kasa attained liberation and was promoted to Vaikuhaloka. From this instance we can understand that even a person who thinks of the Supreme Personality of Godhead as an enemy gets liberation or a place in a Vaikuha planet, so what to speak of the pure devotees, who are always absorbed in favorable thoughts of Ka? Even an enemy killed by Ka gets liberation and is placed in the impersonal brahmajyoti. Since the Supreme Personality of Godhead is all-good, anyone thinking of Him, either as enemy or as friend, gets liberation. But the liberation of the devotee and the liberation of the enemy are not the same. The enemy generally gets the liberation of syujya, and sometimes he gets srpya liberation.

Kasa had eight brothers, headed by Kaka, all of them younger than he, and when they learned that their elder brother had been killed, they combined together and rushed towards Ka in great anger to kill Him. Kasa and his brothers were all Kas maternal uncles, brothers of Kas mother, Devak. When Ka killed Kasa He killed His maternal uncle, which is against the regulations of Vedic injunctions. Although Ka is independent of all Vedic injunctions, He violates the Vedic injunctions only in inevitable cases. Kasa could not be killed by anyone but Ka; therefore Ka was obliged to kill him. But as far as Kasas eight brothers were concerned, Balarma took charge of killing them. Balarmas mother, Rohi, although the wife of Vasudeva, was not the sister of Kasa; therefore Balarma took charge of killing all of Kasas eight brothers. He immediately took up an available weapon (most probably the elephants tusk which He carried) and killed the eight brothers one after another, just as a lion kills a flock of deer. Ka and Balarma thus verified the statement that the Supreme Personality of Godhead appears in order to give protection to the pious and to kill the impious demons, who are always enemies of the demigods.

The demigods from the higher planetary systems showered flowers, congratulating Ka and Balarma. Among the demigods were powerful personalities like Lord Brahm and Lord iva, and all joined together in showing their jubilation over Kasas death. There were beating of drums and showering of flowers from the heavenly planets, and the wives of the demigods danced in ecstasy.

The wives of Kasa and his eight brothers were aggrieved at the sudden death of their husbands, and all of them struck their foreheads and shed torrents of tears. Crying loudly and embracing the bodies of their husbands, which lay on the wrestling dais, the wives of Kasa and his brothers lamented, addressing the dead bodies: Our dear husbands, you are so kind and are the protectors of your dependents. Now, after your death, we are also dead, along with your homes and children. We no longer look auspicious. On account of your death, the auspicious functions to take place, such as the sacrifice of the bow, have all been spoiled. Our dear husbands, you treated persons ill who were faultless, and as a result you have been killed. This is inevitable because a person who torments an innocent person must be punished by the laws of nature. We know that Lord Ka is the Supreme Personality of Godhead. He is the supreme master and supreme enjoyer of everything; therefore, one who neglects His authority can never be happy, and ultimately, as you have, he meets death.

Since Ka was kind and affectionate to His aunts, He solaced them as far as possible. The ritualistic ceremonies performed after death were then conducted under the personal supervision of Ka because He happened to be the nephew of all the dead princes. After finishing this business, Ka and Balarma immediately released Their father and mother, Vasudeva and Devak, who had been imprisoned by Kasa. Ka and Balarma fell at Their parents feet and offered them prayers. Vasudeva and Devak had suffered so much trouble from Kasa because Ka was their son. Devak and Vasudeva were fully conscious of Kas exalted position as the Supreme Personality of Godhead; therefore, although Ka touched their feet and offered them obeisances and prayers, they did not embrace Him but simply stood up to hear the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Although Ka was born as their son, Vasudeva and Devak were always conscious of His position.

Thus ends the Bhaktivedanta purport of the Forty-fourth Chapter of Ka, The Killing of Kasa.

KB 45: Ka Recovers the Son of His Teacher

CHAPTER FORTY-FIVE

Ka Recovers the Son of His Teacher

When Lord Ka saw Vasudeva and Devak standing in a reverential attitude, He immediately expanded His influence of yogamy so that they could treat Him and Balarma as children. As in the material world the relationship existing between father and mother and children can be established amongst different living entities by the influence of the illusory energy, so, by the influence of yogamy, the devotee can establish a relationship in which the Supreme Personality of Godhead is his child. After creating this situation by His yogamy, Ka, appearing with His elder brother, Balarma, as the most illustrious son in the dynasty of the Stvatas, very submissively and respectfully addressed Vasudeva and Devak: My dear father and mother, although you have always been anxious for the protection of Our lives, you could not enjoy the pleasure of having Us as your babies, as your growing boys and as your adolescent youths. Ka indirectly praised the fatherhood of Nanda Mahrja and motherhood of Yaod as most glorious because although He and Balarma were not their born sons, Nanda and Yaod actually enjoyed Their childhood pastimes. By natures own arrangement, the childhood of the embodied living being is enjoyed by his parents. Even in the animal kingdom, parents are found to be affectionate to their cubs. Being captivated by the activities of their children, they take much care for their well-being. As for Vasudeva and Devak, they were always anxious for the protection of their sons, Ka and Balarma. That is why Ka, after His appearance, was immediately transferred to anothers house. Balarma was also transferred, from Devaks womb to Rohis womb.

Vasudeva and Devak were full of anxieties for Kas and Balarmas protection, but they could not enjoy Their childhood pastimes. Ka said, Unfortunately, being ordered by Our fate, We could not be raised by Our own parents to enjoy childhood pleasures at home. My dear father and mother, a man cannot repay his debt to his parents, from whom he gets this body, which can bestow upon him all the benefits of material existence. According to the Vedic injunctions, this human form of life enables one to perform all kinds of religious activities, fulfill all kinds of desires and acquire all kinds of wealth. And only in this human form is there every possibility that one can get liberation from material existence. This body is produced by the combined efforts of the father and mother. Every human being should be obliged to his parents and understand that he cannot repay his debt to them. If, after growing up, a son does not try to satisfy his parents by his actions or by an endowment of riches, he is surely punished after death by the superintendent of death and made to eat his own flesh. If a person is able to care for or give protection to old parents, a chaste wife, children, the spiritual master, brhmaas and other dependents but does not do so, he is considered already dead, although he is supposedly breathing. My dear father and mother, you have always been anxious for Our protection, but unfortunately We could not render any service to you. Until now We have simply wasted Our time; We could not serve you for reasons beyond Our control. Mother and father, please excuse Us for Our sinfulness.

When the Supreme Personality of Godhead was speaking as an innocent boy in very sweet words, Vasudeva and Devak became captivated by parental affection and embraced Him with great pleasure. They were amazed and could not speak or answer the words of Ka but simply embraced Him and Balarma in great affection and remained silent, shedding incessant tears.

Thus having consoled His father and mother, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, appearing as the beloved son of Devak, approached His grandfather Ugrasena and announced that Ugrasena would now be the King of the Yadu kingdom. Kasa had been forcibly ruling the kingdom of Yadu, in spite of the presence of his father, whom he had arrested. But after the death of Kasa, Kasas father was released and announced to be the monarch of the Yadu kingdom. It appears that in those days in the western part of India there were many small kingdoms, ruled by the Yadu dynasty, Andhaka dynasty, Vi dynasty and Bhoja dynasty. Mahrja Ugrasena belonged to the Bhoja dynasty; therefore Ka indirectly declared that the King of the Bhoja dynasty would be the emperor of the other small kingdoms. Ka willingly asked Mahrja Ugrasena to rule over Himself and Balarma because They were his subjects. The word praj is used both for progeny and for citizens, so Ka belonged to the praj, both as a grandson of Mahrja Ugrasenas and as a member of the Yadu dynasty. Thus He voluntarily accepted the rule of Mahrja Ugrasena. He informed Ugrasena, Being cursed by Yayti, the kings of the Yadu dynasty will not occupy the throne. It will be Our pleasure to act as your servants. My full cooperation with you will make your position more exalted and secure so that the kings of other dynasties will not hesitate to pay their respective revenues. Protected by Me, you will be honored even by the demigods from the heavenly planets. My dear grandfather, out of fear of My late uncle Kasa, all the kings belonging to the Yadu, Vi, Andhaka, Madhu, Darha and Kukura dynasties were very anxious and disturbed. Now you can pacify them all and give them assurance of security. The whole kingdom will be peaceful.

All the kings in the neighboring area had left their homes in fear of Kasa and were living in distant parts of the country. Now, after the death of Kasa and the reinstallment of Ugrasena as king, the neighboring kings were given all kinds of presentations and comforts. Then they returned to their respective homes. After this nice political arrangement, the citizens of Mathur were pleased to live in Mathur, being protected by the strong arms of Ka and Balarma. On account of good government in the presence of Ka and Balarma, the inhabitants of Mathur felt complete satisfaction in the fulfillment of all their material desires and necessities, and because they saw Ka and Balarma daily, face to face, they soon forgot all material miseries completely. As soon as they saw Ka and Balarma coming out on the street, very nicely dressed and smiling and looking at the citizens with grace, the citizens were immediately filled with loving ecstasies simply by seeing the personal presence of Mukunda. The name Mukunda refers to one who can award liberation and transcendental bliss. Kas presence acted as such a vitalizing tonic that not only the younger generation but even the old men of Mathur became fully invigorated with youthful energy and strength by regularly seeing Him.

Nanda Mahrja and Yaod were also living in Mathur because Ka and Balarma were there, but after some time they wanted to go back to Vndvana. Ka and Balarma went before Nanda and Yaod and very affectionately embraced them, and then the two Lords spoke as follows: Dear father and mother, although We were born of Vasudeva and Devak, you have been Our real father and mother, because from Our very birth and childhood you raised Us with great affection and love. Your affectionate love for Us was more than anyone can offer ones own children. You are actually Our father and mother, because you raised Us as your own children when We were just like orphans. For certain reasons We were rejected by Our father and mother, and you protected Us. Dear father and mother, We know that you will feel separation upon returning to Vndvana and leaving Us here, but please rest assured that We shall come back to Vndvana just after giving some satisfaction to Our real father and mother, Vasudeva and Devak, and Our grandfather and other family members. Ka and Balarma thus satisfied Nanda and Yaod by sweet words and by presentations of various kinds of clothing, ornaments and copper utensils. They satisfied them, along with their friends and neighbors who had come with them from Vndvana to Mathur, as fully as possible. On account of excessive parental affection for Balarma and Ka, Nanda Mahrja felt tears in his eyes, and he embraced Them and started with the cowherd men for Vndvana.

After this, Vasudeva had his sons initiated by sacred thread as the token of second birth, which is essential for the higher castes of human society. Vasudeva called for his family priest and learned brhmaas, and the sacred thread ceremony of Ka and Balarma was duly performed. During this ceremony, Vasudeva gave various ornaments in charity to the brhmaas and endowed them with cows decorated with silken cloths and golden ornaments. Then Vasudeva remembered the cows he had wanted to give in charity to the brhmaas after the birth of Ka and Balarma. But being imprisoned by Kasa at that time, Vasudeva had been able to do so only within his mind, for Kasa had stolen all his cows. With the death of Kasa his cows were released, and now Vasudeva gave the actual cows to the brhmaas. Then Balarma and Ka were duly initiated with the sacred thread ceremony, and They repeated the chanting of the Gyatr mantra. The Gyatr mantra is offered to disciples after the sacred thread ceremony, and Balarma and Ka properly discharged the duties of chanting this mantra. Anyone who executes the chanting of this mantra has to abide by certain principles and vows. Although Balarma and Ka are transcendental personalities, They strictly followed the regulative principles. They were initiated by Their family priest, Gargcrya, usually known as Garga Muni, the crya of the Yadu dynasty. According to Vedic culture, every respectable family has an crya, or spiritual master. One is not considered a perfectly cultured man without being initiated and trained by an crya. It is said, therefore, that one who has approached an crya is actually in perfect knowledge. Lord Ka and Lord Balarma are the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the master of all education and knowledge. There was no need for Them to accept a spiritual master or crya, yet for the instruction of ordinary men They also accepted a spiritual master for advancement in spiritual knowledge.

It is customary, after being initiated in the Gyatr mantra, for one to live away from home for some time under the care of the crya, to be trained in spiritual life. During this period, one has to work under the spiritual master as an ordinary menial servant. There are many rules and regulations for a brahmacr living under the care of an crya, and Ka and Balarma strictly followed those regulative principles while living under the instruction of their spiritual master, Sndpani Muni, who was a resident of Avantpura, in the northern Indian district of Ujjain. According to scriptural injunctions, a spiritual master should be respected and regarded on an equal level with the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Ka and Balarma exactly followed those principles with great devotion and underwent the regulations of brahmacarya. Thus They satisfied Their spiritual master, who instructed Them in Vedic knowledge. Being very satisfied, Sndpani Muni instructed Them in all the intricacies of Vedic wisdom and in supplementary literature such as the Upaniads. Because Ka and Balarma happened to be katriyas, They were specifically trained in military science, politics and ethics. Politics includes such departments of knowledge as how to make peace, how to fight, how to pacify, how to divide and rule and how to give shelter. All these items were fully explained and instructed to Ka and Balarma.

The ocean is the source of water in a river. The cloud is created by the evaporation of ocean water, and the same water is distributed as rain all over the surface of the earth and then returns to the ocean in rivers. So Ka and Balarma, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, are the source of all knowledge, but because They were playing like ordinary human boys, They set the example so that everyone would receive knowledge from the right source. Thus They agreed to take knowledge from a spiritual master.

After hearing only once from Their teacher, Ka and Balarma learned all the arts and sciences. In sixty-four days and sixty-four nights, They learned all the necessary arts and sciences required in human society. During daytime They took lessons on a subject from the teacher, and by nightfall They were expert in that department of knowledge.

First of all They learned how to sing, how to compose songs and how to recognize the different tunes; They learned the favorable and unfavorable accents and meters, how to sing different kinds of rhythms and melodies, and how to follow them by beating different kinds of drums. They learned how to dance to the rhythm of melody and different songs. They learned how to write dramas, and They learned the various types of paintings, beginning from simple village arts up to the highest perfectional stage. They also learned how to paint tilaka on the face by making different kinds of dots on the forehead and cheeks. Then They learned the art of making paintings on the floor with liquid paste of rice and flour; such paintings are very popular at auspicious ceremonies performed at household affairs or in the temple. They learned how to make a resting place with flowers and how to decorate clothing and limbs with colorful paintings. They also learned how to set valuable jewels in ornaments. They learned the art of ringing waterpots. Waterpots are filled with water to a certain measurement so that as one beats on the pots, different tones are produced, and when the pots are beaten together they produce a melodious sound. They also learned how to splash water in the rivers or lakes while taking a bath among friends. They learned how to decorate with flowers. This art of decorating can still be seen in various temples of Vndvana during the summer season. It is called phulla-bi. The dais, the throne, the walls and the ceiling are all fully decorated, and a small, aromatic fountain of flowers is fixed in the center. Because of these floral decorations, the people, fatigued from the heat of the summer, become refreshed.

Ka and Balarma learned the art of dressing hair in various styles and fixing a helmet in different positions on the head. They also learned how to set up a theatrical stage, how to decorate dramatic actors with clothes and with flower ornaments over the ear, and how to sprinkle sandalwood pulp and water to produce a nice fragrance. They also learned the art of performing magical feats. Within the magical field there is an art called bahu-rp, by which a person dresses himself in such a way that when he approaches a friend he cannot be recognized. Ka and Balarma also learned how to make various syrups and beverages required at various times, having various tastes and intoxicating effects. They also learned different types of sewing and embroidery work, as well as how to manipulate thin threads for dancing puppets. This art includes how to string wires on musical instruments, such as the v, sitar, esraj and tamboura, to produce melodious sounds. Then