Chapter Eighteen

                Lord Vamanadeva, the Dwarf Incarnation


   This chapter describes how Lord Vamanadeva appeared and how He went to the sacrificial arena of Maharaja Bali, who received Him well and fulfilled His desire by offering Him benedictions.

   Lord Vamanadeva appeared in this world from the womb of Aditi completely equipped with conchshell, disc, club and lotus. His bodily hue was blackish, and He was dressed in yellow garments. Lord Visnu appeared at an auspicious moment on Sravana-dvadasi when the Abhijit star had arisen. At that time, in all the three worlds (including the higher planetary system, outer space and this earth), all the demigods, the cows, the brahmanas and even the seasons were happy because of God's appearance. Therefore this auspicious day is called Vijaya. When the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who has a sac-cid-ananda body, appeared as the son of Kasyapa and Aditi, both of His parents were very astonished. After His appearance, the Lord assumed the form of a dwarf (Vamana). All the great sages expressed their jubilation, and with Kasyapa Muni before them they performed the birthday ceremony of Lord Vamana. At the time of Lord Vamanadeva's sacred thread ceremony, He was honored by the sun-god, Brhaspati, the goddess presiding over the planet earth, the deity of the heavenly planets, His mother, Lord Brahma, Kuvera, the seven rsis and others. Lord Vamanadeva then visited the sacrificial arena on the northern side of the Narmada River, at the field known as Bhrgukaccha, where brahmanas of the Bhrgu dynasty were performing yajnas. Wearing a belt made of munja straw, an upper garment of deerskin and a sacred thread and carrying in His hands a danda, an umbrella and a waterpot (kamandalu), Lord Vamanadeva appeared in the sacrificial arena of Maharaja Bali. Because of His transcendentally effulgent presence, all the priests were diminished in their prowess, and thus they all stood from their seats and offered prayers to Lord Vamanadeva. Even Lord Siva accepts on his head the Ganges water generated from the toe of Lord Vamanadeva. Therefore, after washing the Lord's feet, Bali Maharaja immediately accepted the water from the Lord's feet on his head and felt that he and his predecessors had certainly been glorified. Then Bali Maharaja inquired of Lord Vamanadeva's welfare and requested the Lord to ask him for money, jewels or anything He might desire.


                                TEXT 1




                            sri-suka uvaca

                  ittham virinca-stuta-karma-viryah

                    pradurbabhuvamrta-bhur adityam

                  catur-bhujah sankha-gadabja-cakrah

                    pisanga-vasa nalinayateksanah




   sri-sukah uvaca--Sri Sukadeva Gosvami said; ittham--in this way; virinca-stuta-karma-viryah--the Personality of Godhead, whose activities and prowess are always praised by Lord Brahma; pradurbabhuva--became manifested; amrta-bhuh--whose appearance is always deathless; adityam--from the womb of Aditi; catuh-bhujah--having four arms; sankha-gada-abja-cakrah--decorated with conchshell, club, lotus and disc; pisanga-vasah--dressed in yellow garments; nalina-ayata-iksanah--having blooming eyes like the petals of a lotus.




   Sukadeva Gosvami said: After Lord Brahma had thus spoken, glorifying the Supreme Lord's activities and prowess, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is never subject to death like an ordinary living being, appeared from the womb of Aditi. His four hands were decorated with a conchshell, club, lotus and disc, He was dressed in yellow garments, and His eyes appeared like the petals of a blooming lotus.




   The word amrta-bhuh is significant in this verse. The Lord sometimes appears like an ordinary child taking birth, but this does not mean that He is subject to birth, death or old age. One must be very intelligent to understand the appearance and activities of the Supreme Lord in His incarnations. This is confirmed in Bhagavad-gita (4.9): janma karma ca me divyam evam yo vetti tattvatah. One should try to understand that the Lord's appearance and disappearance and His activities are all divyam, or transcendental. The Lord has nothing to do with material activities. One who understands the appearance, disappearance and activities of the Lord is immediately liberated. After giving up his body, he never again has to accept a material body, but is transferred to the spiritual world (tyaktva deham punar janma naiti mam eti so 'rjuna).


                                TEXT 2




                   syamavadato jhasa-raja-kundala-

                 tvisollasac-chri-vadanambujah puman

                  srivatsa-vaksa balayangadollasat-





   syama-avadatah--whose body is blackish and free from inebriety; jhasa-raja-kundala--of the two earrings, made in the shape of sharks; tvisa--by the luster; ullasat--dazzling; sri-vadana-ambujah--having a beautiful lotus face; puman--the Supreme Person; srivatsa-vaksah--with the mark of Srivatsa on His bosom; balaya--bracelets; angada--arm bands; ullasat--dazzling; kirita--helmet; kanci--belt; guna--sacred thread; caru--beautiful; nupurah--ankle bells.




   The body of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, blackish in complexion, was free from all inebrieties. His lotus face, decorated with earrings resembling sharks, appeared very beautiful, and on His bosom was the mark of Srivatsa. He wore bangles on His wrists, armlets on His arms, a helmet on His head, a belt on His waist, a sacred thread across His chest, and ankle bells decorating His lotus feet.


                                TEXT 3




                  madhu-vrata-vrata-vighustaya svaya

                    virajitah sri-vanamalaya harih

                   prajapater vesma-tamah svarocisa

                 vinasayan kantha-nivista-kaustubhah




   madhu-vrata--of bees always hankering for honey; vrata--with a bunch; vighustaya--resounding; svaya--uncommon; virajitah--situated; sri--beautiful; vana-malaya--with a flower garland; harih--the Supreme Lord; prajapateh--of Kasyapa Muni, the Prajapati; vesma-tamah--the darkness of the house; sva-rocisa--by His own effulgence; vinasayan--vanquishing; kantha--on the neck; nivista--worn; kaustubhah--the Kaustubha gem.




   An uncommonly beautiful garland of flowers decorated His bosom, and because the flowers were extremely fragrant, a large group of bees, making their natural humming sounds, invaded them for honey. When the Lord appeared, wearing the Kaustubha gem on His neck, His effulgence vanquished the darkness in the home of the Prajapati Kasyapa.


                                TEXT 4




                   disah praseduh salilasayas tada

                   prajah prahrsta rtavo gunanvitah

                  dyaur antariksam ksitir agni-jihva

                   gavo dvijah sanjahrsur nagas ca




   disah--all directions; praseduh--became happy; salila--of water; asayah--the reservoirs; tada--at that time; prajah--all living entities; prahrstah--very happy; rtavah--the seasons; guna-anvitah--full of their respective qualities; dyauh--the upper planetary system; antariksam--outer space; ksitih--the surface of the earth; agni-jihvah--the demigods; gavah--the cows; dvijah--the brahmanas; sanjahrsuh--all became happy; nagah ca--and the mountains.




   At that time, there was happiness in all directions, in the reservoirs of water like the rivers and oceans, and in the core of everyone's heart. The various seasons displayed their respective qualities, and all living entities in the upper planetary system, in outer space and on the surface of the earth were jubilant. The demigods, the cows, the brahmanas and the hills and mountains were all filled with joy.


                                TEXT 5




                      sronayam sravana-dvadasyam

                       muhurte 'bhijiti prabhuh

                       sarve naksatra-taradyas

                      cakrus taj-janma daksinam




   sronayam--when the moon was situated in the Sravana lunar mansion; sravana-dvadasyam--on the twelfth lunar day of the bright fortnight in the month of Bhadra, the day famous as the Sravana-dvadasi; muhurte--in the auspicious moment; abhijiti--in the first portion of the Sravana lunar mansion known as the Abhijit-naksatra and in the Abhijit-muhurta (occurring at midday); prabhuh--the Lord; sarve--all; naksatra--stars; tara--planets; adyah--beginning with the sun and followed by the other planets; cakruh--made; tat-janma--the birthday of the Lord; daksinam--very munificent.




   On the day of Sravana-dvadasi [the twelfth day of the bright fortnight in the month of Bhadra], when the moon came into the lunar mansion Sravana, at the auspicious moment of Abhijit, the Lord appeared in this universe. Considering the Lord's appearance very auspicious, all the stars and planets, from the sun to Saturn, were munificently charitable.




   Srila Visvanatha Cakravarti Thakura, an expert astrologer, explains the word naksatra-taradyah. The word naksatra means "the stars," the word tara in this context refers to the planets, and adyah means "the first one specifically mentioned." Among the planets, the first is Surya, the sun, not the moon. Therefore, according to the Vedic version, the modern astronomer's proposition that the moon is nearest to the earth should not be accepted. The chronological order in which people all over the world refer to the days of the week--Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday and Saturday--corresponds to the Vedic order of the planets and thus circumstantiates the Vedic version. Apart from this, when the Lord appeared the planets and stars became situated very auspiciously, according to astrological calculations, to celebrate the birth of the Lord.


                                TEXT 6




                       dvadasyam savitatisthan

                        madhyandina-gato nrpa

                        vijaya-nama sa prokta

                       yasyam janma vidur hareh




   dvadasyam--on the twelfth day of the moon; savita--the sun; atisthat--was staying; madhyam-dina-gatah--on the meridian; nrpa--O King; vijaya-nama--by the name Vijaya; sa--that day; prokta--is called; yasyam--on which; janma--the appearance; viduh--they know; hareh--of Lord Hari.




   O King, when the Lord appeared--on dvadasi, the twelfth day of the moon--the sun was at the meridian, as every learned scholar knows. This dvadasi is called Vijaya.


                                TEXT 7




                       sankha-dundubhayo nedur



                       nirghosas tumulo 'bhavat




   sankha--conchshells; dundubhayah--kettledrums; neduh--vibrated; mrdanga--drums; panava-anakah--drums named panavas and anakas; citra--various; vaditra--of these vibrations of musical sound; turyanam--and of other instruments; nirghosah--the loud sound; tumulah--tumultuous; abhavat--became.




   Conchshells, kettledrums, drums, panavas and anakas vibrated in concert. The sound of these and various other instruments was tumultuous.


                                TEXT 8




                       pritas capsaraso 'nrtyan

                       gandharva-pravara jaguh

                         tustuvur munayo deva

                        manavah pitaro 'gnayah




   pritah--being very pleased; ca--also; apsarasah--the celestial dancing girls; anrtyan--danced; gandharva-pravarah--the best of the Gandharvas; jaguh--sang; tustuvuh--satisfied the Lord by offering prayers; munayah--the great sages; devah--the demigods; manavah--the Manus; pitarah--the inhabitants of Pitrloka; agnayah--the fire-gods.




   Being very pleased, the celestial dancing girls [Apsaras] danced in jubilation, the best of the Gandharvas sang songs, and the great sages, demigods, Manus, Pitas and fire-gods offered prayers to satisfy the Lord.


                              TEXTS 9-10






                        carana yaksa-raksamsi

                        suparna bhujagottamah


                        gayanto 'tiprasamsanto

                        nrtyanto vibudhanugah

                         aditya asrama-padam

                         kusumaih samavakiran




   siddha--the inhabitants of Siddhaloka; vidyadhara-ganah--the inhabitants of Vidyadhara-loka; sa--with; kimpurusa--the inhabitants of Kimpurusa-loka; kinnarah--the inhabitants of Kinnaraloka; caranah--the inhabitants of Caranaloka; yaksa--the Yaksas; raksamsi--the Raksasas; suparnah--the Suparnas; bhujaga-uttamah--the best of the inhabitants of the serpent loka; gayantah--glorifying the Lord; ati-prasamsantah--praising the Lord; nrtyantah--dancing; vibudhanugah--the followers of the demigods; adityah--of Aditi; asrama-padam--the place of residence; kusumaih--by flowers; samavakiran--covered.




   The Siddhas, Vidyadharas, Kimpurusas, Kinnaras, Caranas, Yaksas, Raksasas, Suparnas, the best of serpents, and the followers of the demigods all showered flowers on Aditi's residence, covering the entire house, while glorifying and praising the Lord and dancing.


                               TEXT 11




                drstvaditis tam nija-garbha-sambhavam

                   param pumamsam mudam apa vismita

                    grhita-deham nija-yoga-mayaya

                   prajapatis caha jayeti vismitah




   drstva--seeing; aditih--mother Aditi; tam--Him (the Supreme Personality of Godhead); nija-garbha-sambhavam--born of her own womb; param--the Supreme; pumamsam--the Personality of Godhead; mudam--great happiness; apa--conceived; vismita--being very much astonished; grhita--accepted; deham--body, or transcendental form; nija-yoga-mayaya--by His own spiritual potency; prajapatih--Kasyapa Muni; ca--also; aha--said; jaya--all glories; iti--thus; vismitah--being astonished.




   When Aditi saw the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who had appeared from her own womb, having accepted a transcendental body by His own spiritual potency, she was struck with wonder and was very happy. Upon seeing the child, Prajapati Kasyapa exclaimed, "Jaya! Jaya!" in great happiness and wonder.


                               TEXT 12




                 yat tad vapur bhati vibhusanayudhair

                 avyakta-cid-vyaktam adharayad dharih

                   babhuva tenaiva sa vamano vatuh

                 sampasyator divya-gatir yatha natah




   yat--which; tat--that; vapuh--transcendental body; bhati--manifests; vibhusana--with regular ornaments; ayudhaih--and with weapons; avyakta--unmanifested; cit-vyaktam--spiritually manifested; adharayat--assumed; harih--the Lord; babhuva--immediately became; tena--with that; eva--certainly; sah--He (the Lord); vamanah--dwarf; vatuh--a brahmana brahmacari; sampasyatoh--while both His father and mother were seeing; divya-gatih--whose movements are wonderful; yatha--as; natah--a theatrical actor.




   The Lord appeared in His original form, with ornaments and weapons in His hands. Although this ever-existing form is not visible in the material world, He nonetheless appeared in this form. Then, in the presence of His father and mother, He assumed the form of Vamana, a brahmana-dwarf, a brahmacari, just like a theatrical actor.




   The word natah is significant. An actor changes dress to play different parts, but is always the same man. Similarly, as described in the Brahma-samhita (5.33, 39), the Lord assumes many thousands and millions of forms (advaitam acyutam anadim ananta-rupam adyam purana-purusam). He is always present with innumerable incarnations (ramadi-murtisu kala-niyamena tisthan nanavataram akarod bhuvanesu kintu). Nonetheless, although He appears in various incarnations, they are not different from one another. He is the same person, with the same potency, the same eternity and the same spiritual existence, but He can simultaneously assume various forms. When Vamanadeva appeared from the womb of His mother, He appeared in the form of Narayana, with four hands equipped with the necessary symbolic weapons, and then immediately transformed Himself into a brahmacari (vatu). This means that His body is not material. One who thinks that the Supreme Lord assumes a material body is not intelligent. He has to learn more about the Lord's position. As confirmed in Bhagavad-gita (4.9), janma karma ca me divyam evam yo vetti tattvatah. One has to understand the transcendental appearance of the Lord in His original transcendental body (sac-cid-ananda-vigraha).


                               TEXT 13




                       tam vatum vamanam drstva

                         modamana maharsayah

                         karmani karayam asuh

                        puraskrtya prajapatim




   tam--Him; vatum--the brahmacari; vamanam--dwarf; drstva--seeing; modamanah--in a happy mood; maha-rsayah--the great saintly persons; karmani--ritualistic ceremonies; karayam asuh--performed; puraskrtya--keeping in front; prajapatim--Kasyapa Muni, the Prajapati.




   When the great sages saw the Lord as the brahmacari-dwarf Vamana, they were certainly very pleased. Thus they placed before them Kasyapa Muni, the Prajapati, and performed all the ritualistic ceremonies, such as the birthday ceremony.




   According to Vedic civilization, when a child is born in the family of a brahmana, the birthday ceremony, known as jata-karma, is first performed, and then other ceremonies are also gradually performed. But when this vamana-rupa appeared in the form of a vatu, or brahmacari, His sacred thread ceremony was also performed immediately.


                               TEXT 14





                        savitrim savitabravit

                       brhaspatir brahma-sutram

                       mekhalam kasyapo 'dadat




   tasya--of Lord Vamanadeva; upaniyamanasya--at the time of His being offered the sacred thread ceremony; savitrim--the Gayatri mantra; savita--the sun-god; abravit--chanted; brhaspatih--Brhaspati, the guru of the demigods; brahma-sutram--the sacred thread; mekhalam--the belt of straw; kasyapah--Kasyapa Muni; adadat--offered.




   At the sacred thread ceremony of Vamanadeva, the sun-god personally uttered the Gayatri mantra, Brhaspati offered the sacred thread, and Kasyapa Muni offered a straw belt.


                               TEXT 15




                       dadau krsnajinam bhumir

                        dandam somo vanaspatih

                        kaupinacchadanam mata

                     dyaus chatram jagatah pateh




   dadau--gave, offered; krsna-ajinam--the skin of a deer; bhumih--mother earth; dandam--a brahmacari's rod; somah--the moon-god; vanah-patih--the king of the forest; kaupina--the underwear; acchadanam--covering the body; mata--His mother, Aditi; dyauh--the heavenly kingdom; chatram--an umbrella; jagatah--of the whole universe; pateh--of the master.




   Mother earth gave Him a deerskin, and the demigod of the moon, who is the king of the forest, gave Him a brahma-danda [the rod of a brahmacari]. His mother, Aditi, gave Him cloth for underwear, and the deity presiding over the heavenly kingdom offered Him an umbrella.


                               TEXT 16




                       kamandalum veda-garbhah

                        kusan saptarsayo daduh

                         aksa-malam maharaja

                        sarasvaty avyayatmanah




   kamandalum--a waterpot; veda-garbhah--Lord Brahma; kusan--kusa grass; sapta-rsayah--the seven sages; daduh--offered; aksa-malam--a string of Rudraksa beads; maharaja--O King; sarasvati--the goddess Sarasvati; avyaya-atmanah--to the Supreme Personality of Godhead.




   O King, Lord Brahma offered a waterpot to the inexhaustible Supreme Personality of Godhead, the seven sages offered Him kusa grass, and mother Sarasvati gave Him a string of Rudraksa beads.


                               TEXT 17




                         tasma ity upanitaya

                       yaksa-rat patrikam adat

                       bhiksam bhagavati saksad

                          umadad ambika sati




   tasmai--unto Him (Lord Vamanadeva); iti--in this way; upanitaya--who had undergone His sacred thread ceremony; yaksa-rat--Kuvera, the treasurer of heaven and King of the Yaksas; patrikam--a pot for begging alms; adat--delivered; bhiksam--alms; bhagavati--mother Bhavani, the wife of Lord Siva; saksat--directly; uma--Uma; adat--gave; ambika--the mother of the universe; sati--the chaste.




   When Vamanadeva had thus been given the sacred thread, Kuvera, King of the Yaksas, gave Him a pot for begging alms, and mother Bhagavati, the wife of Lord Siva and most chaste mother of the entire universe, gave Him His first alms.


                               TEXT 18




                       sa brahma-varcasenaivam

                       sabham sambhavito vatuh


                          atyarocata marisah




   sah--He (Vamanadeva); brahma-varcasena--by His Brahman effulgence; evam--in this way; sabham--the assembly; sambhavitah--having been welcomed by everyone; vatuh--the brahmacari; brahma-rsi-gana-sanjustam--filled with great brahmana sages; ati-arocata--surpassing, appeared beautiful; marisah--the best of the brahmacaris.




   Having thus been welcomed by everyone, Lord Vamanadeva, the best of the brahmacaris, exhibited His Brahman effulgence. Thus He surpassed in beauty that entire assembly, which was filled with great saintly brahmanas.


                               TEXT 19




                       samiddham ahitam vahnim

                         krtva parisamuhanam

                       paristirya samabhyarcya

                       samidbhir ajuhod dvijah




   samiddham--blazing; ahitam--being situated; vahnim--the fire; krtva--after making; parisamuhanam--properly; paristirya--surpassing; samabhyarcya--after offering worship; samidbhih--with sacrificial offerings; ajuhot--completed the fire sacrifice; dvijah--the best of the brahmanas.




   After Lord Sri Vamanadeva set a sacrificial fire, He offered worship and performed a fire sacrifice on the sacrificial field.


                               TEXT 20




                  srutvasvamedhair yajamanam urjitam

                  balim bhrgunam upakalpitais tatah

                   jagama tatrakhila-sara-sambhrto

                   bharena gam sannamayan pade pade




   srutva--after hearing; asvamedhaih--by asvamedha sacrifices; yajamanam--the performer; urjitam--very glorious; balim--Bali Maharaja; bhrgunam--under the guidance of the brahmanas born in the Bhrgu dynasty; upakalpitaih--performed; tatah--from that place; jagama--went; tatra--there; akhila-sara-sambhrtah--the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the essence of all creation; bharena--with the weight; gam--the earth; sannamayan--depressing; pade pade--at every step.




   When the Lord heard that Bali Maharaja was performing asvamedha sacrifices under the patronage of brahmanas belonging to the Bhrgu dynasty, the Supreme Lord, who is full in every respect, proceeded there to show His mercy to Bali Maharaja. By His weight, He pushed down the earth with every step.




   The Supreme Personality of Godhead is akhila-sara-sambhrta. In other words, He is the proprietor of everything essential in this material world. Thus although the Lord was going to Bali Maharaja to beg something, He is always complete and has nothing to beg from anyone. Indeed, He is so powerful that in His full opulence He pressed down the surface of the earth at every step.


                               TEXT 21




                   tam narmadayas tata uttare baler

                  ya rtvijas te bhrgukaccha-samjnake

                  pravartayanto bhrgavah kratuttamam

                   vyacaksatarad uditam yatha ravim




   tam--Him (Vamanadeva); narmadayah--of the River Narmada; tate--on the bank; uttare--northern; baleh--of Maharaja Bali; ye--who; rtvijah--the priests engaged in ritualistic ceremonies; te--all of them; bhrgukaccha-samjnake--in the field named Bhrgukaccha; pravartayantah--performing; bhrgavah--all the descendants of Bhrgu; kratu-uttamam--the most important sacrifice, named asvamedha; vyacaksata--they observed; arat--nearby; uditam--risen; yatha--like; ravim--the sun.




   While engaged in performing the sacrifice in the field known as Bhrgukaccha, on the northern bank of the Narmada River, the brahminical priests, the descendants of Bhrgu, saw Vamanadeva to be like the sun rising nearby.


                               TEXT 22




                     te rtvijo yajamanah sadasya

                    hata-tviso vamana-tejasa nrpa

                  suryah kilayaty uta va vibhavasuh

                  sanat-kumaro 'tha didrksaya kratoh




   te--all of them; rtvijah--the priests; yajamanah--as well as Bali Maharaja, who had engaged them in performing the yajna; sadasyah--all the members of the assembly; hata-tvisah--decreased in their bodily effulgence; vamana-tejasa--by the brilliant effulgence of Lord Vamana; nrpa--O King; suryah--the sun; kila--whether; ayati--is coming; uta va--either; vibhavasuh--the fire-god; sanat-kumarah--the Kumara known as Sanat-kumara; atha--either; didrksaya--with a desire to observe; kratoh--the sacrificial ceremony.




   O King, because of Vamanadeva's bright effulgence, the priests, along with Bali Maharaja and all the members of the assembly, were robbed of their splendor. Thus they began to ask one another whether the sun-god himself, Sanat-kumara or the fire-god had personally come to see the sacrificial ceremony.


                               TEXT 23




                  ittham sasisyesu bhrgusv anekadha

                   vitarkyamano bhagavan sa vamanah

                 chatram sadandam sajalam kamandalum

                   vivesa bibhrad dhayamedha-vatam




   ittham--in this way; sa-sisyesu--with their disciples; bhrgusu--among the Bhrgus; anekadha--in many ways; vitarkyamanah--being talked and argued about; bhagavan--the Supreme Personality of Godhead; sah--that; vamanah--Lord Vamana; chatram--umbrella; sadandam--with the rod; sa-jalam--filled with water; kamandalum--waterpot; vivesa--entered; bibhrat--taking in hand; hayamedha--of the asvamedha sacrifice; vatam--the arena.




   While the priests of the Bhrgu dynasty and their disciples talked and argued in various ways, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Vamanadeva, holding in His hands the rod, the umbrella and a waterpot full of water, entered the arena of the asvamedha sacrifice.


                             TEXTS 24-25




                       maunjya mekhalaya vitam


                        jatilam vamanam vipram

                         maya-manavakam harim


                      pravistam viksya bhrgavah

                       sasisyas te sahagnibhih

                       pratyagrhnan samutthaya

                       sanksiptas tasya tejasa




   maunjya--made of munja straw; mekhalaya--with a belt; vitam--circled; upavita--sacred thread; ajina-uttaram--wearing a deerskin upper garment; jatilam--having matted locks of hair; vamanam--Lord Vamana; vipram--a brahmana; maya-manavakam--the illusory son of a human being; harim--the Supreme Personality of Godhead; pravistam--entered; viksya--seeing; bhrgavah--the priests who were descendants of Bhrgu; sa-sisyah--with their disciples; te--all of them; saha-agnibhih--with the fire sacrifice; pratyagrhnan--properly welcomed; samutthaya--standing up; sanksiptah--being diminished; tasya--His; tejasa--by brilliance.




   Appearing as a brahmana boy, wearing a belt of straw, a sacred thread, an upper garment of deerskin, and matted locks of hair, Lord Vamanadeva entered the arena of sacrifice. His brilliant effulgence diminished the brilliance of all the priests and their disciples, who thus stood from their seats and welcomed the Lord properly by offering obeisances.


                               TEXT 26




                         yajamanah pramudito

                         darsaniyam manoramam


                         tasma asanam aharat




   yajamanah--Bali Maharaja, who had engaged all the priests in performing the sacrifice; pramuditah--being very jubilant; darsaniyam--pleasing to see; manoramam--so beautiful; rupa--with beauty; anurupa--equal to His bodily beauty; avayavam--all the different parts of the body; tasmai--unto Him; asanam--a sitting place; aharat--offered.




   Bali Maharaja, jubilant at seeing Lord Vamanadeva, whose beautiful limbs contributed equally to the beauty of His entire body, offered Him a seat with great satisfaction.


                               TEXT 27





                        padau bhagavato balih

                          avanijyarcayam asa





   su-agatena--by words of welcome; abhinandya--welcoming; atha--thus; padau--the two lotus feet; bhagavatah--of the Lord; balih--Bali Maharaja; avanijya--washing; arcayam asa--worshiped; mukta-sanga-manoramam--the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is beautiful to the liberated souls.




   Thus offering a proper reception to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is always beautiful to the liberated souls, Bali Maharaja worshiped Him by washing His lotus feet.


                               TEXT 28




                  tat-pada-saucam jana-kalmasapaham

               sa dharma-vin murdhny adadhat sumangalam

                 yad deva-devo girisas candra-maulir

                  dadhara murdhna paraya ca bhaktya




   tat-pada-saucam--the water that washed the lotus feet of the Lord; jana-kalmasa-apaham--which washes away all the sinful reactions of the people in general; sah--he (Bali Maharaja); dharma-vit--completely aware of religious principles; murdhni--on the head; adadhat--carried; su-mangalam--all-auspicious; yat--which; deva-devah--the best of the demigods; girisah--Lord Siva; candra-maulih--who carries on his forehead the emblem of the moon; dadhara--carried; murdhna--on the head; paraya--supreme; ca--also; bhaktya--with devotion.




   Lord Siva, the best of demigods, who carries on his forehead the emblem of the moon, receives on his head with great devotion the Ganges water emanating from the toe of Visnu. Being aware of religious principles, Bali Maharaja knew this. Consequently, following in the footsteps of Lord Siva, he also placed on his head the water that had washed the Lord's lotus feet.




   Lord Siva is known as Ganga-dhara, or one who carries the water of the Ganges on his head. On Lord Siva's forehead is the emblem of the half-moon, yet to give supreme respect to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Siva placed the water of the Ganges above this emblem. This example should be followed by everyone, or at least by every devotee, because Lord Siva is one of the mahajanas. Similarly, Maharaja Bali also later became a mahajana. One mahajana follows another mahajana, and by following the parampara system of mahajana activities one can become advanced in spiritual consciousness. The water of the Ganges is sanctified because it emanates from the toe of Lord Visnu. Bali Maharaja washed the lotus feet of Vamanadeva, and the water with which he did so became equal to the Ganges. Bali Maharaja, who perfectly knew all religious principles, therefore took that water on his head, following in the footsteps of Lord Siva.


                               TEXT 29




                           sri-balir uvaca

                      svagatam te namas tubhyam

                       brahman kim karavama te

                      brahmarsinam tapah saksan

                      manye tvarya vapur-dharam




   sri-balih uvaca--Bali Maharaja said; su-agatam--all welcome; te--unto You; namah tubhyam--I offer my respectful obeisances unto You; brahman--O brahmana; kim--what; karavama--can we do; te--for You; brahma-rsinam--of the great brahmana sages; tapah--austerity; saksat--directly; manye--I think; tva--You; arya--O noble one; vapuh-dharam--personified.




   Bali Maharaja then said to Lord Vamanadeva: O brahmana, I offer You my hearty welcome and my respectful obeisances. Please let us know what we may do for You. We think of You as the personified austerity of the great brahmana-sages.


                               TEXT 30




                        adya nah pitaras trpta

                        adya nah pavitam kulam

                       adya svistah kratur ayam

                        yad bhavan agato grhan




   adya--today; nah--our; pitarah--forefathers; trptah--satisfied; adya--today; nah--our; pavitam--purified; kulam--the whole family; adya--today; su-istah--properly executed; kratuh--the sacrifice; ayam--this; yat--because; bhavan--Your Lordship; agatah--arrived; grhan--at our residence.




   O my Lord, because You have kindly arrived at our home, all my forefathers are satisfied, our family and entire dynasty have been sanctified, and the sacrifice we are performing is now complete because of Your presence.


                               TEXT 31




                   adyagnayo me suhuta yatha-vidhi

                   dvijatmaja tvac-caranavanejanaih

                  hatamhaso varbhir iyam ca bhur aho

                  tatha punita tanubhih padais tava




   adya--today; agnayah--the sacrificial fires; me--executed by me; su-hutah--properly offered oblations; yatha-vidhi--in terms of the sastric injunction; dvija-atmaja--O son of a brahmana; tvat-carana-avanejanaih--which washed Your lotus feet; hata-amhasah--who have become cleansed of all sinful reactions; varbhih--by the water; iyam--this; ca--also; bhuh--the surface of the globe; aho--oh; tatha--as well; punita--sanctified; tanubhih--small; padaih--by the touch of the lotus feet; tava--Your.




   O son of a brahmana, today the fire of sacrifice is ablaze according to the injunction of the sastra, and I have been freed from all the sinful reactions of my life by the water that has washed Your lotus feet. O my Lord, by the touch of Your small lotus feet the entire surface of the world has been sanctified.


                               TEXT 32




                yad yad vato vanchasi tat praticcha me

                  tvam arthinam vipra-sutanutarkaye

                  gam kancanam gunavad dhama mrstam

                  tathanna-peyam uta va vipra-kanyam

                  graman samrddhams turagan gajan va

                  rathams tatharhattama sampraticcha




   yat yat--whatever; vato--O brahmacari; vanchasi--You desire; tat--that; praticcha--You may take; me--from me; tvam--You; arthinam--desiring something; vipra-suta--O son of a brahmana; anutarkaye--I consider; gam--a cow; kancanam--gold; gunavat dhama--a furnished residence; mrstam--palatable; tatha--as well as; anna--food grains; peyam--drink; uta--indeed; va--either; vipra-kanyam--the daughter of a brahmana; graman--villages; samrddhan--prosperous; turagan--horses; gajan--elephants; va--either; rathan--chariots; tatha--as well as; arhat-tama--O best of those who are worshipable; sampraticcha--You may take.




   O son of a brahmana, it appears that You have come here to ask me for something. Therefore, whatever You want You may take from me. O best of those who are worshipable. You may take from me a cow, gold, a furnished house, palatable food and drink, the daughter of a brahmana for Your wife, prosperous villages, horses, elephants, chariots or whatever You desire.


Thus end the Bhaktivedanta purports of the Eighth Canto, Eighteenth Chapter, of the Srimad-Bhagavatam, entitled "Lord Vamanadeva, the Dwarf Incarnation."

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